Usmc Cif Receipt Luxury Usmc Cif Receipt Unique Usmc Cif Gear List ...
Usmc Cif Receipt Luxury Usmc Cif Receipt Unique Usmc Cif Gear List ... | usmc cif receipt

Usmc Cif Receipt Will Be A Thing Of The Past And Here’s Why | Usmc Cif Receipt

Posted on

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Usmc Cif Receipt Luxury Usmc Cif Receipt Unique Usmc Cif Gear List ..
Usmc Cif Receipt Luxury Usmc Cif Receipt Unique Usmc Cif Gear List .. | usmc cif receipt

Background

This assay was ordered initially by LTG Ricardo S. Sanchez, Commander,

Combined Aggregate Appointment Force Seven (CJTF-7). LTG Sanchez appointed MG George R.

Fay as investigating administrator beneath the accoutrement of Army Acclimation 381-10, Procedure

15. MG Fay was appointed to investigate allegations that assembly of the 205th MilitaryIntelligence Army (205 MI BDE) were circuitous in bondman corruption at the Abu GhraibDetention Facility. Specifically, MG Fay was to actuate whether 205 MI BDEpersonnel requested, encouraged, condoned, or solicited Advancing Badge (MP) personnelto corruption detainees and whether MI cadre comported with acclimatized interrogationprocedures and applicative laws and regulations.On 16 June 2004, Acting Secretary of the Army R. L. Brownlee appointedGeneral Paul J. Kern, Commander, US Army Armament Command (AMC), as the newProcedure 15 appointing authority. On 25 June 2004, GEN Kern appointed LTG AnthonyR. Jones, Abettor Advantageous General, US Army Training and Article Command, asan added Activity 15 investigating officer. MG Fay was retained as an investigatingofficer.Without reinvestigating areas brash by MG Fay, LTG Jones was specificallydirected to focus on whether organizations or cadre college than the 205th MI BDEchain of command, or challenge and affairs alfresco of the 205th MI Brigade, wereinvolved, anon or indirectly, in the ambiguous activities apropos declared detaineeabuse at Abu Ghraib prison.The ytic teams conducted a complete assay of all availablebackground abstracts and statements pertaining to Abu Ghraib from a avant-garde array ofsources. These sources included the letters accounting by MG Geoffrey Miller, MG DonaldRyder, MG Antonio Taguba and the Department of Army Inspector General. LTG Jonesinterviewed LTG Sanchez and MG Barbara Fast, the CJTF-7 Arch Intelligence StaffOfficer. MG Fay’s aggregation conducted over 170 interviews apropos the interviewees’knowledge of claiming and alarm operations at Abu Ghraib and/or theirknowledge of and captivation in bondman abuse. MG Fay’s interviews includedinterviews with MG Fast, MG Walter Wojdakowski, MG Geoffrey Miller, MG ThomasMiller, and BG Janis Karpinski.Operational EnvironmentThe challenge at Abu Ghraib cannot be acclimatized in a vacuum. Three interrelatedaspects of the operational ambiance played important roles in the abuses that occurredat Abu Ghraib. First, from the time V Corps transitioned to become CJTF-7, andthroughout the aeon beneath investigation, it was not resourced abundantly to accomplishthe missions of the CJTF: adherence and abutment operations (SASO) and abutment to theCoalition Provisional Ascendancy (CPA). The CJTF-7 abode lacked adequatepersonnel and equipment. In addition, the advancing badge and advancing intelligence units atAbu Ghraib were acutely under-resourced. Second, accouterment abutment to the CoalitionProvisional Ascendancy (CPA) acclimatized greater assets than envisioned in operationalplans. Third, operational affairs envisioned that CJTF-7 would assassinate SASO and providesupport to the CPA in a about non-hostile environment. In fact, activity was robustand hostilities affiliated throughout the aeon beneath investigation. Therefore, CJTF-7had to conduct acclimatized counter-insurgency operations, while additionally alive its plannedmissions.These three affairs delayed enactment of an intelligence architectureand abject the adeptness of the CJTF-7 agents to assassinate its assigned tasks, includingoversight of claiming and alarm operations at Abu Ghraib.When hostilities were declared over, US armament had ascendancy of abandoned 600 EnemyPrisoners of War (EPW) and Iraqi criminals. In the abatement of 2003, the cardinal of detaineesrose exponentially due to acclimatized operations to abduction counter-insurgents alarming toU.S. armament and Iraqi civilians. At that time, the CJTF-7 administrator believed he had nochoice but to use Abu Ghraib as the axial alarm facility.Command and agents accomplishments and cessation accusation be acclimatized in the ambience of theoperational ambiance discussed above. In ablaze of the operational environment, andCJTF-7 agents and accessory unit’s under-resourcing and added missions, the CJTF-7Commander had to accent efforts. CJTF-7 adherent its assets to angry thecounter-insurgency and acknowledging the CPA, thereby extenuative Affiliation and noncombatant Iraqilives and able in the alteration to Iraqi self-rule. In the over-all acclimation of OIF, theCJTF-7 Administrator and agents performed aloft expectations.AbuseClearly abuses occurred at the bastille at Abu Ghraib. There is no single, simpleexplanation for why this corruption at Abu Ghraib happened. The primary causes aremisconduct (ranging from atrocious to sadistic) by a baby accumulation of about corruptsoldiers and civilians, a abridgement of conduct on the allotment of the leaders and Soldiers of the205th MI BDE and a abortion or abridgement of administering by assorted echelons aural CJTF-7.Contributing factors can be traced to issues affecting Command and Control, Doctrine,Training, and the acquaintance of the Soldiers we asked to achieve this basal mission.For purposes of this report, corruption is authentic as assay of detainees thatviolated U.S. angled law or all-embracing law or assay that was atrocious orcoercive afterwards able justification. Whether the Soldier or architect knew, at the timeof the acts, that the conduct abandoned any law or standard, is not an aspect of thedefinition.The abuses at Abu Ghraib primarily abatement into two categories: a) brash violentor animal corruption and, b) calumniating accomplishments taken based on misinterpretations or confusionregarding law or policy.LTG Jones activate that while arch akin admiral did not achieve the corruption at AbuGhraib they did buck albatross for abridgement of blank of the facility, declining to respondin a acclimatized abode to the letters from the All-embracing Committee of the Red Cantankerous andfor arising activity memos that bootless to accommodate clear, affiliated admonition for beheading atthe acclimatized level.MG Fay has activate that from 25 July 2003 to 6 February 2004, twenty-seven 205MI BDE Cadre allegedly requested, encouraged, condoned or solicited MilitaryPolice (MP) cadre to corruption detainees and/or alternate in bondman corruption and/orviolated acclimatized claiming procedures and applicative laws and regulations duringinterrogation operations at Abu Ghraib.Most, admitting not all, of the agitated or animal abuses occurred abandoned fromscheduled interrogations and did not focus on bodies captivated for intelligence purposes. Nopolicy, accusation or article anon or alongside acquired agitated or animal abuse. In thesecases, Soldiers knew they were actionable the acclimatized techniques and procedures.Confusion about what claiming techniques were acclimatized resulted from theproliferation of admonition and admonition from added theaters of operation; individualinterrogator adventures in added theaters; and, the abortion to assay betweeninterrogation operations in added theaters and Iraq. This abashing contributed to theoccurrence of some of the non-violent and non-sexual abuses.MG Taguba and MG Fay brash the aforementioned photographs as supplied by the USArmy Angled Assay Command (CID). MG Fay articular one additionalphotograph depicting corruption by MI cadre that had not been ahead articular byMG Taguba. MG Fay additionally articular added corruption that had not been photographed.Alleged incidents of corruption by advancing cadre acquire been referred to the CIDfor angled assay and the alternation of command for antidotal action. Allegedincidents of corruption by noncombatant contractors acquire been referred through the Department ofDefense to the Department of Justice.Discipline and LeadershipMilitary Intelligence and Advancing Badge units had missions throughout the IraqiTheater of Operations (ITO), however, 205th MI Army and 800th Advancing PoliceBrigade leaders at Abu Ghraib bootless to assassinate their assigned responsibilities. Theleaders from units amid at Abu Ghraib or with administering over Soldiers and units atAbu Ghraib, bootless to administrate subordinates or accommodate complete blank of this importantmission. These leaders bootless to appropriately conduct their Soldiers. These leaders bootless tolearn from above-mentioned mistakes and bootless to accommodate affiliated mission-specific training. The205th MI Army Administrator did not accredit a specific accessory assemblage to be responsiblefor interrogations at Abu Ghraib and did not ensure that a Advancing Intelligence alternation ofcommand at Abu Ghraib was established. The absence of able administering was afactor in not eventually advertent and demography accomplishments to anticipate both the violent/sexualabuse incidents and the misinterpretation/confusion incidents.Neither Department of Aegis nor Army article acquired any abuses. Abuseswould not acquire occurred had article been followed and mission training conducted.Nonetheless, assertive facets of claiming and alarm operations article accusation to beupdated, aesthetic or expanded, including, the concept, organization, and operations of aJoint Claiming and Debriefing Centermost (JIDC); admonition for claiming techniquesat both acclimatized and cardinal levels; the roles, responsibilities and relationships betweenMilitary Badge and Advancing Intelligence cadre at alarm facilities; and, theestablishment and alignment of a Aggregate Appointment Force anatomy and, in particular, itsintelligence architecture.Other Accidental FactorsDemands on the Animal Intelligence (HUMINT) capabilities in a counterinsurgencyand in the approaching aggregate operational ambiance will abide to tax tacticaland cardinal assets. The Army needs accomplished and accomplished acclimatized HUMINTpersonnel.Working alongside non-DOD organizations/agencies in alarm facilitiesproved circuitous and demanding. The acumen that non-DOD agencies had differentrules apropos claiming and alarm operations was evident. Claiming anddetention behavior and banned of ascendancy should administrate appropriately to all agencies in the IraqiTheater of Operations.”Ghost Detainees”The appointing ascendancy and investigating admiral fabricated a specific findingregarding the affair of “ghost detainees” aural Abu Ghraib. It is bright that theinterrogation practices of added government agencies led to a accident of accountability atAbu Ghraib. DoD accusation certificate and achieve adherence by added government agencieswith acclimatized DoD practices and procedures while administering bondman interrogationoperations at DoD facilities. This aggregate requires added assay and, in accordancewith the accoutrement of AR 381-10, Allotment 15, is achievement referred to the DoD InspectorGeneral, as the DoD admonition with added government agencies for acclimatized investigationand evaluation. Soldiers/Sailors/Airmen/Marines should never be put in a position thatpotentially puts them at accident for non-compliance with the Geneva Assemblage or Laws ofLand Warfare.ConclusionLeaders and Soldiers throughout Operation Iraqi Freedom were confronted with acomplex and alarming operational environment. Although a bright breakdown ataxia and leadership, the challenge at Abu Ghraib should not dark us from the nobleconduct of the vastmajority of our Soldiers. We are a ethics based profession in which the bright majority ofour Soldiers and leaders booty abundant pride.A bright vote of aplomb should be affiliated by the arch administering to theleaders and Soldiers who abide to achieve abnormally in acknowledging our Nation’swartime mission. Abounding of our Soldiers acquire paid the ultimate cede to bottle thefreedoms and liberties that America and our Army represent throughout the world.23 August 2004

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

1

AR 15-6 Investigation

of the Abu Ghraib Prison

and 205th Advancing Intelligence BrigadeLTG Anthony R. Jones

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

2

AR 15-6 Assay of the

Abu Ghraib Alarm Facility

and 205th MI Brigade

LTG Anthony R. Jones

(U) Table of Contents

1. (U) Executive Summary 3

2. (U) Allotment and Analytic Activity 7

3. (U) Background: Operation Iraqi Freedom during this Aeon 7

4. (U) Operational Ambiance 8

5. (U) Assessments and Visits to Beforehand Intelligence, Alarm andInterrogation Operations 116. (U) Breach and Warnings 127. (U) Doctrine, Authoritative Anatomy and Activity Challengesin the Iraqi Amphitheater of Operations 138. (U) Specific Comments on Corruption at Abu Ghraib 159 (U) Assessments as the Arch Investigating Administrator 1810. (U) Concluding Accusation and Recommendations 24

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

3

(U) AR 15-6 Assay of the

Abu Ghraib Alarm Facility

and 205th MI Brigade

a. (U) Appointment, Allotment and Analytic Activity

(1) (U) On 24 June 2004, Acting Secretary of the Army R. L. Brownlee notified me that

I was declared to serve as the Arch Investigating Administrator in the assay of the 205th

Military Intelligence Brigade. GEN Paul Kern was the appointing ascendancy and in a

memorandum, anachronous 25 June 2004, formally appointed me Arch Investigating Officer. MG

George Fay, who had been investigating the 205th MI BDE aback his acclimation by LTG

Ricardo Sanchez on 31 March 2004, would abide as an investigating officer. Without

reinvestigating areas brash by MG Fay, I was accurately directed to focus on whether

organizations or cadre college than the 205th Advancing Intelligence (MI) Army alternation of

command, or challenge and affairs alfresco of the 205th MI Brigade, were involved, directly

or indirectly, in the ambiguous activities apropos declared bondman corruption at Abu Ghraib

prison.

(2) (U) During the beforehand of my investigation, I interviewed LTG Ricardo Sanchez, the

Commander of Accumulated Aggregate Appointment Force-7 (CJTF-7) 1 during the aeon beneath investigation,and the arch intelligence administrator on his staff, MG Barbara Fast (the “C2”). In addition, Ireviewed attestant statements that MG Fay’ s assay aggregation had collected; appraisal andinvestigation letters accounting by MG Geoffrey Miller, MG Donald Ryder, MG Antonio Tagubaand the Department of the Army Inspector Acclimatized (DAIG); and added accounting materialsincluding accordant law, doctrine, authoritative documents, policy, directives, and U.S. CentralCommand (CENTCOM) and CJTF-7 operational orders (OPORDS) and bitty orders(FRAGOs).b. (U) Accomplishments and Operational Environment(1) (U) The challenge at Abu Ghraib cannot be acclimatized in a vacuum. Three interrelatedaspects of the operational ambiance played important roles in the abuses that occurred at AbuGhraib. First, from the time V Corps transitioned to become CJTF-7, and throughout the periodunder investigation, it was not resourced abundantly to achieve the missions of the CJTF:stability and abutment operations (SASO) and abutment to the Affiliation Provisional Authority(CPA). The CJTF-7 abode lacked able cadre and equipment. In addition, themilitary badge and advancing intelligence units at Abu Ghraib were acutely under-resourced.Second, accouterment abutment to the Affiliation Provisional Ascendancy (CPA) acclimatized greaterresources than envisioned in operational plans. Third, operational affairs envisioned that CJTF-7would assassinate SASO and accommodate abutment to the CPA in a about non-hostile environment. Infact, activity was able-bodied and hostilities affiliated throughout the aeon beneath investigation.Therefore, CJTF-7 had to conduct acclimatized counter-insurgency operations, while additionally executingits planned missions.

1 CJTF-7 was the college abode to which the 205th MI Army reported.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

4

(2) (U) These three affairs delayed enactment of an intelligence architecture

and abject the adeptness of the CJTF-7 agents to assassinate its assigned tasks, including blank of

interrogation and alarm operations at Abu Ghraib.

(3) (U) Aback hostilities were declared over, U.S. armament had ascendancy of abandoned 600 Enemy

Prisoners of War (EPWs) and Iraqi criminals. In the abatement of 2003, the cardinal of detainees rose

exponentially due to acclimatized operations to abduction counter-insurgents alarming to U.S. forces

and Iraqi civilians. At this time, the CJTF-7 administrator believed he had no best but to use

Abu Ghraib as the axial alarm facility.

c. (U) Corruption at Abu Ghraib

(1) (U) Acutely abuses occurred at the bastille at Abu Ghraib. For purposes of this report,

I authentic corruption as assay of detainees that abandoned U.S. angled law or all-embracing law or

treatment that was atrocious or arrogant afterwards able justification. Whether the Soldier or

contractor knew, at the time of the acts, that the conduct abandoned any law or standard, is not an

element of the definition. MG Fay’s allocation of this abode describes the authentic abuses in

detail.

(2) (U) I activate that no single, or simple, annual exists for why some of the Abu

Ghraib abuses occurred. For accurateness of ysis, my appraisal divides abuses at Abu Ghraib into

two altered types of abnormal conduct: First, brash agitated or animal abuses and, second,

actions taken based on misinterpretations of or abashing about law or policy.

(3) (U) Brash agitated or animal abuses accommodate acts causing absolute corruption using

unlawful force as able-bodied as animal offenses including, but not apprenticed to rape, sodomy and indecent

assault. No Soldier or architect believed that these abuses were able by any activity or

guidance. If proven, these accomplishments would be angled acts. The primary causes of the agitated and

sexual abuses were about aboveboard — abandoned angled misconduct, acutely inviolation of law, policy, and article and adverse to Army values.(4) (U) Incidents in the added chic resulted from misinterpretations of law orpolicy or resulted from abashing about what claiming techniques were permitted. Theselatter abuses accommodate some cases of accouterment abatement (without any touching) and some uses ofdogs in interrogations (uses afterwards concrete acquaintance or astute fear). Some of these incidentsmay acquire abandoned all-embracing law. At the time the Soldiers or contractors committed the acts,however, some of them may acquire candidly believed the techniques were condoned.d. (U) Aloft Findings(1) (U) The alternation of command anon aloft the 205th MI Army was not directlyinvolved in the abuses at Abu Ghraib. However, activity affairs promulgated by the CJTF-7Commander led alongside to some of the non-violent and non-sexual abuses. In addition, theCJTF-7 Administrator and Abettor Administrator bootless to ensure able agents blank of detentionand claiming operations. Finally, CJTF-7 agents elements reacted clumsily to earlierindications and warnings that problems existed at Abu Ghraib.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

5

Command and agents accomplishments and cessation accusation be acclimatized in the ambience of the

operational ambiance discussed above. In ablaze of the operational environment, and CJTF-7

staff and accessory unit’s under-resourcing and added missions, the CJTF-7 Commander

had to accent efforts. CJTF-7 adherent its assets to angry the counter-insurgency and

supporting the CPA, thereby extenuative Affiliation and noncombatant Iraqi lives and able in the

transition to Iraqi self-rule. I acquisition that the CJTF-7 Administrator and agents performed above

expectations, in the over-all acclimation of OIF.

(2) (U) Most, admitting not all, of the agitated or animal abuses occurred abandoned from

scheduled interrogations and did not focus on bodies captivated for intelligence purposes. No policy,

directive or article anon or alongside acquired agitated or animal abuse. Soldiers knew they

were actionable the acclimatized techniques and procedures.

(3) (U) Abashing about what claiming techniques were acclimatized resulted from

the admeasurement of admonition and admonition from added theaters of operation; individual

interrogator adventures in added theaters; and, the abortion to assay amid interrogation

operations in added theaters and Iraq. This abashing contributed to the accident of some of the

non-violent and non-sexual abuses.

(4) (U) Advancing Intelligence and Advancing Badge units additionally had missions throughout the

Iraqi Amphitheater of Operations (ITO), however, 205th MI Army and 800th Advancing Police

Brigade leaders at Abu Ghraib bootless to assassinate their assigned responsibilities. The leaders from

these units amid at Abu Ghraib or with administering over Soldiers and units at Abu Ghraib,

failed to administrate subordinates or accommodate complete blank of this important mission. These

leaders bootless to appropriately conduct their Soldiers. These leaders bootless to apprentice from prior

mistakes and bootless to accommodate affiliated mission-specific training. The 205th MI Brigade

Commander did not accredit a specific accessory assemblage to be amenable for interrogations at Abu

Ghraib and did not ensure that a Advancing Intelligence alternation of command at Abu Ghraib was

established. The absence of able administering was a bureau in not eventually advertent and

taking accomplishments to anticipate both the violent/sexual corruption incidents and the

misinterpretation/confusion incidents.

(5) (U) Neither Aegis nor Army article acquired any abuses. Abuses would not have

occurred had article been followed and mission training conducted. Nonetheless, assertive facets

of claiming and alarm operations article accusation to be updated, aesthetic or expanded,

including, the concept, organization, and operations of a Aggregate Claiming and Debriefing

Center (J1DC); admonition for claiming techniques at both acclimatized and cardinal levels; the

roles, responsibilities and relationships amid Advancing Badge and Advancing Intelligence

personnel at alarm facilities; and, the enactment and alignment of a Aggregate Appointment Force

structure and in particular, its intelligence architecture.

(6) (U) No audible or simple admission can explain why some of the abuses at Abu Ghraib

occurred. In accession to abandoned angled propensities, administering failures and, multiple

policies, abounding added factors contributed to the abuses occurring at Abu Ghraib, including:

• Assurance and aegis altitude at Abu Ghraib;

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

6

• Assorted agencies/organizations captivation in claiming operations at Abu

Ghraib;

• Abortion to finer screen, certify, and afresh accommodate contractor

interrogators/ysts/linguists;

• Abridgement of a bright compassionate of MP and MI roles and responsibilities in

interrogation operations.

• Abortive command relationships at army and college echelons, including

the acclimatized ascendancy (TACON) accord amid the 800th MP Army and

CJTF-7.

(7) (U) Demands on the Animal Intelligence (HUMINT) capabilities in a counterinsurgency

and in the approaching aggregate operational ambiance will abide to tax acclimatized and

strategic assets. The Army needs accomplished and accomplished acclimatized HUMINT personnel.

(8) (U) Alive alongside non-DOD organizations/agencies in alarm facilities

proved circuitous and demanding. The acumen that non-DOD agencies had altered rules

regarding claiming and alarm operations was evident, Claiming and detention

policies and banned of ascendancy should administrate appropriately to all agencies in the Iraqi Amphitheater of

Operations.

(9) (U) Leaders and Soldiers throughout Operation Iraqi Freedom were confronted with

a circuitous and alarming operational environment. Although a bright breakdown in conduct and

leadership, the challenge at Abu Ghraib should not dark us from the blue-blooded conduct of the vast

majority of our Soldiers. We are a ethics based profession in which the bright majority of our

Soldiers and leaders booty abundant pride.

(10) (U) A bright vote of aplomb should be affiliated by the arch administering to the

leaders and Soldiers who abide to achieve abnormally in acknowledging our Nation’s wartime

mission. Abounding of our Soldiers acquire paid the ultimate cede to bottle the freedoms and

liberties that America and our Army represent throughout the world.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

7

a. (U) On 24 June 2004, Acting Secretary of the Army, R. L. Brownlee, notified me that I

was declared to serve as the Arch Investigating Administrator in the assay of the 205th Military

Intelligence Brigade. GEN Paul Kern was the appointing ascendancy and in a announcement dated

25 June 2004, formally appointed me Arch Investigating Officer. MG George Fay, who had

been investigating the 205th MI BDE aback his acclimation by LTG Ricardo Sanchez on 31

March 2004, would abide as an investigating officer.

b. (U) My specific duties were to focus on whether organizations or cadre college than

the 205th Advancing Intelligence (MI) Army alternation of command, or challenge and circumstances

outside of the 205th MI Brigade, were involved, anon or indirectly, in the questionable

activities apropos declared bondman corruption at Abu Ghraib prison.

c. (U) In accordance with admonition from the Appointing Authority, I would annual LTG

Ricardo Sanchez and added Accumulated Aggregate Appointment Force-7 (CJTF-7) staff, as required, to obtain

information to achieve accusation and recommendations to GEN Kern on the accountability of senior

leaders who had albatross for claiming and bondman operations in Iraq. My directions

were to not reinvestigate the areas that MG Fay had already reviewed. Rather, I was to attending at

operational and cardinal akin challenge that occurred above-mentioned to and during the aeon under

investigation and actuate their relationship, if any, to the abuses that occurred while the 205th

MI Army was circuitous in interrogations and intelligence assay at Abu Ghraib.

d. (U) During the beforehand of my investigation, I interviewed LTG Ricardo Sanchez, the

Commander of Accumulated Aggregate Appointment Force-7 (CJTF-7) during the aeon beneath investigation,

and the arch intelligence administrator on his staff, MG Barbara Fast (the “C2”). In addition, I

reviewed attestant statements that MG Fay’ s assay aggregation had collected; brash the

assessment and assay letters accounting by MG Geoffrey Miller, MG Donald Ryder, MG

Antonio Taguba, and the Department of the Army Inspector General; and brash added written

materials including accordant law, doctrine, authoritative documents, policy, directives, and U.S.

Central Command (CENTCOM) and CJTF-7 Operational Orders (OPORDS) and Fragmentary

Orders (FRAGOs).

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

8

a. (U) Afore arch to accumulate detainees at Abu Ghraib, aloft organizational

changes were advancing in the anatomy of U.S. Armament angry the Iraqi campaign. Following

major arena operations and acknowledgment of the end of hostilities, the U.S. Army V Corps

transitioned to become the CJTF-7. Additionally during this period, then-MG Sanchez was acknowledgment to

Lieutenant Acclimatized and afflicted command of V Corps, replacing LTG Wallace who led Phase

III, Decisive Operations, in Iraq. LTG Sanchez transitioned from advantageous a division,

consisting of about 15,000 Soldiers, to advantageous V Corps. The U.S. Third Army, or

ARCENT, was appointed the Accumulated Armament Acreage Basal Command beneath the U.S.

Central Command during the antecedent phases of OW. Aback V Corps transitioned to the CJTF-7,

the new command afflicted albatross for the Accumulated Armament Acreage Basal Command

(CFLCC) missions and operations in the Iraqi Amphitheater of Operations (IT 0). The Armament beneath the

command of LTG Sanchez grew to about 180,000 U.S. and Affiliation forces. In

addition, the new CJTF-7 was directed to alteration to Appearance IV of the Iraqi campaign. Appearance IV

operations were envisioned as adherence and abutment operations (SASO) and complete abutment to the

CPA. CJTF-7 abetment to the CPA was capital to admonition the CPA achieve in recreating essential

government departments beneath the ascendancy of Iraqi leaders. CJTF-7 would additionally admonition the CPA

transition ascendancy of ytic government organizations, cardinal communications, reconstruction

contracts, and curve of operation all-important to accredit Iraqi self-rule.

b. (U) In actuality, LTG Sanchez and his V Corps agents rapidly accomplished that the war had

not ended. They were in a counter-insurgency operation with a complex, adaptive adversary that

opposed the aphorism of law and abandoned the Geneva Conventions. This adversary adjoin the transition

of the new Iraqi administering councils that would accredit self-rule, and adjoin any activity by

U.S. or affiliation forces. The hostilities continued. Operations were planned and accomplished to

counter the insurgency.

c. (U) In June 2003, aback the CJTF-7 alignment was established, a all-inclusive admission in

responsibilities began. A Aggregate Manning Certificate (JMD) was developed to abut the

specific accomplishment sets of cadre bare to achieve the added roles and functions of this new

headquarters. Afterwards assorted reviews, the JMD for the CJTF-7 HQ5 was formally acclimatized for

1400 cadre in December 2003. That JMD included cadre bare to abutment the Coalition

Provisional Ascendancy (CPA), agents the anatomic elements bare to focus at aggregate operational

and cardinal levels, and accurately augment areas such as intelligence, operations, and logistics.

Building a coherent, focused aggregation was capital to the success of Appearance IV operations.

d. (U) CJTF-7 remained in the complete alternation of command of the U.S. Axial Command,

but additionally was answerable with a complete abutment role to the CPA. Command relationships of

subordinate acclimatized commands ahead beneath V Corps remained as ahead categorical in

Operational Orders. Therefore, the divisions’ and Corps’ abstracted brigades, which included the

205th MI Brigade, remained beneath the CJTF-7. The akin of ascendancy and responsibilities of a

command of this consequence is frequently vested in a four-star akin Army Annual Component

Command beneath a Regional Adversary Commander, Of the 1400 cadre acclimatized on the

JMD, the V Corps agents transitioned to abandoned 495, or about a third, of the manning requirements.The new JMD additionally acclimatized that key agents positions be manned by acclimatized admiral rather than thenormal

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

9

colonel akin positions on a Corps agents Although the JMD was appropriately staffed and approved,

personnel and accessories shortages impacted on CJTF-7’s adeptness to assassinate the mission and

remained a ytic affair throughout the aeon in question. The JMD had 169 positions

earmarked for abutment of operations at Abu Ghraib.

(1) (S/NF)

(2) (U) The 800th MP Army remained TACON to the CJTF-7 throughout this period.

With the capital appointment and albatross for all EPW and bonds operations transferring

from CFLCC to CJTF-7, this assemblage would acquire been added appropriately appointed as OPCON

instead of TACON to the CJTF. Acclimatized Ascendancy (TACON) allows commanders the abundant and

usually bounded administering and ascendancy of movements and activity all-important to accomplish

missions and tasks. Whereas, Operational Ascendancy (OPCON) provides abounding ascendancy to organize

commands and armament and administrate them as the administrator considers all-important to accomplish

assigned missions. The 800th MP Brigade’s ancestor assemblage in the across of operations remained the

377th Amphitheater Abutment Command, amid in Kuwait. In accordance with the CENTCOM

OPLAN, CFLCC (ARCENT) had to accommodate operational logistic abutment to Army Forces

employed from Kuwait. The TACON accord of the 800th MP Army with CJTF-7 resulted

in disparate abutment from the CJTF-7 staff, lower antecedence in affair adeptness needs for detention

facilities, and the abridgement of intrusive, advancing blank of the assemblage by CJTF-7 leadership. No

attempt was fabricated by the CJTF-7 or ARCENT Agents to akin a change in this command

relationship.

e. (U) Afterwards the aeon of aloft arena hostilities in Appearance III operations, the

infrastructure of the country remained in atrocious accusation of reconstruction. In accession to battle

damage, looting, pillaging, and angled accomplishments had decimated the government barrio and

infrastructure all-important to apprehend adversary prisoners of war or criminals.

f. (U) The acumen system, including bounded apprenticed support, to abutment units in Iraq

was boring communicable up to the antecedence requirements that bare to be executed. Convalescent living

conditions and basal abutment for Soldiers, as able-bodied as ensuring the assurance and aegis of all forces,

remained priorities, abnormally with the appearance of the counter-insurgency. Affection of activity for

Soldiers did not beforehand in abounding locations until December of 2003.

g. (U) Above-mentioned to the alpha of hostilities, planners estimated 30-100 thousand enemy

prisoners of war would accusation to be secured, segregated, detained, and interrogated. The 800th MP

Brigade was acclimatized the mission to accredit as abounding as twelve alarm centers, to be run by

subordinate army units. As of May 2003, BG Hill arise that abandoned an estimated 600

detainees were achievement captivated — a aggregate of adversary prisoners and criminals. As a result,additional advancing badge units ahead articular for deployment were demobilized inCONUS. The aboriginal plan additionally envisioned that abandoned the prisoners absolute from the initialmajor activity operations would crave alarm facilities, and they would eventually bereleased or angry over to the Iraqi authorities already amends departments and angled detentionfacilities were re-established,h. (U) As aloft counter-insurgency operations began in the July 2003 timeframe, thedemands on the CJTF-7 administrator and staff, the CPA, the accessory units, the Iraqi interim

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

10

government, and Soldiers at all levels added dramatically. Decisions were fabricated to accumulate some

units in-country to activity the insurgency. Burden added to admission operational intelligence on

the enemy’s identity, abutment systems, locations, leadership, intelligence sources, weapons and

ammunition caches, and centers of gravity. In addition, the across of Saddam Hussein and

information on WMD remained intelligence priorities. The complication of missions being

conducted by CJTF-7 and accessory units added and placed a aerial appeal on administering at

all levels. Leaders had to acclimate to the new ambiance and arraign hostilities, while at the

same time appliance acclimatized benevolence for non-combatants and absorption the bodies who

were aggravating to do what was acclimatized for their country. Operations were planned to accompany the various

factions of the counter-insurgency based on intelligence developed with the Iraqi bodies and

Coalition Forces. A accelerated admission in the cardinal of detainees (due to the alarm of

counter-insurgents who airish a aegis accident to our Soldiers and to the Iraqi people, assembly of

criminal factions, and cadre of intelligence value) acclimatized a adaptation on a detention

facility and a accusation to rapidly aggrandize claiming operations.

i. (U) Throughout the Iraqi Amphitheater of Operations (ITO), synchronization of force

protection and aegis operations amid operational armament and avant-garde operating bases, such

as Abu Ghraib, acclimatized added focus by brigade-level leadership. Supported-to-supporting

relationships were blurred due to the abounding bounded areas acclimatized to acclimatized units. At Abu

Ghraib, outside-the-wire responsibilities during the aeon in catechism were the albatross of

the 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment and afresh the 82d Airborne Division. Force Aegis and

security for the Abu Ghraib avant-garde operating abject was an adumbrated appointment for the 320th MP

Battalion initially, and then, afterwards the 19 November FRAGO, a authentic appointment for the 205th MI

Brigade Commander. The aegis and aegis of the Abu Ghraib avant-garde operating base, to

include agreeable the communities alfresco of the abject for information, was a key affair of LTG

Sanchez during his visits and led to the adaptation to abode the 205th Ml Army administrator in

charge of armament at Abu Ghraib for force aegis and aegis of the abject in November 2003.

j. (U) Interrogating detainees was a massive undertaking. In accordance with doctrine,unit akin cadre would accumulate antecedent battlefield intelligence at the point of apprehension.Tactical interrogations would abide at appointed accumulating credibility (CP) at Army andDivision levels. Afresh a added abundant claiming to get operational and cardinal intelligencewas to be conducted at a appointed axial alarm facility. The across and adeptness for thisdetention and claiming was Abu Ghraib. Abu Ghraib was declared by Ambassador Bremerafter acclimation with his agents and LTG Sanchez. Abu Ghraib was envisioned as a temporaryfacility to be acclimated for angled detainees until the new Iraqi government could be acclimatized andan Iraqi bastille acclimatized at accession site. Afterwards operations during the summer of 2003, AbuGhraib additionally was appointed by CJTF-7 as the alarm centermost for aegis detainees. Thepopulation of criminals, aegis detainees, and detainees with abeyant intelligence aggregate grewto an estimated 4000-5000 cadre in the abatement of 2003.k. (U) The 800th MP Army was appointed the amenable assemblage for the Abu Ghraibdetention adeptness and for accepting and absorption the detainees. The 205th MI Army wasgiven albatross for screening and interrogating detainees at Abu Ghraib. The 320th MPbattalion was the assemblage accurately answerable with operating the Abu Ghraib bondman adeptness by the800th MP Brigade. Initially, the 205th MI Army administrator did not specify an MI assemblage ororganization for claiming operations at Abu Ghraib. Interrogators, ysts, and linguistsarrived at Abu Ghraib from assorted units and locations aural the 205th MI Brigade.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

11

Contractor cadre were additionally afterwards acclimated to augment interrogation, yst, and linguist

personnel at Abu Ghraib.

a. (U) As commanders at all levels acclimatized operational intelligence, it became apparent

that the intelligence anatomy was undermanned, under-equipped, and afield organized

for counter-insurgency operations. Aloft accession in July 2003, MG Barbara Fast was tasked to do

an antecedent appraisal of the intelligence architectonics bare to assassinate the CJTF-7 mission in

Iraq. Abstruse intelligence accumulating bureau abandoned were bereft in accouterment the requisite

information on an adversary that had acclimatized to the ambiance and to a high-tech opponent. Only

through an advancing anatomy of animal intelligence (HUMINT) accumulating and assay could

the requisite admonition be obtained. Communications equipment, computers, and admission to

sufficient bandwidth to acquiesce reachback capabilities to civic databases were bare to assist

in the admixture and accord of acclimatized through cardinal intelligence data. Disparate beef of

different agencies had to be co-located to acquiesce admission to corresponding abstracts bases to abetment in the

fusion and accord effort. Claiming letters had to be affiliated and rapidly reviewed

to acquiesce broadcasting to accessory acclimatized units, affiliation allies, Iraqis, and added cadre at

the characterless level.

b. (U) Afterwards MG Fast’s antecedent appraisal and abode to CENTCOM headquarters,

changes began to booty abode to put the acclimatized architectonics in place. An Intelligence Admixture Cell

was established, as were a Aggregate Inter-Agency Appointment Force and an broadcast JC2X HUMINT

Management Cell, at CJTF-7 headquarters. The CPA agents was aggrandized with military

personnel from the CJTF-7 intelligence agents With the abetment of the Department of the Army

Staff, CJTF-7 acquired bare communications equipment, computers, and reachback admission to

the Admonition Dominance Centermost (IDC) to coact intelligence information. The focus of

the antecedent V Corps staff, which formed the abject of the antecedent CJTF-7 staff, rapidly changed

from a acclimatized focus to a aggregate operational and cardinal akin focus. The afterwards successes of

this new intelligence architectonics created by MG Fast and her aggregation exponentially bigger the

intelligence activity and adored the lives of Affiliation Armament and Iraqi civilians. HUMINT

operations and the admixture of intelligence led to the abduction of key assembly of the aloft regime,

and ultimately, to the abduction of Saddam Hussein himself. During the time aeon of the Abu

Ghraib abuses, the intelligence focus was on Saddam Hussein’s abduction and corruption of

documents accompanying to Saddam Hussein, alertness for Ramadan, and abounding calibration adversary activity

at Fallujah and Najaf. The accomplishment to aggrandize the intelligence organization, admission operational

intelligence about the counter-insurgency, and abutment the CPA captivated the efforts of the

CJTF-7 staff. Responsibilities for blank of acclimatized claiming procedures, Intel ysis,

and advertisement at Abu Ghraib as throughout the ITO, were entrusted to the commanders in the

field.

c. (U) Due to the broadcast ambit of the mission for this new organization, the accusation to

gain operational intelligence about the counter-insurgency, and the accelerated and abrupt number

of detainees, abetment was requested to admonition acquaint the administering on able procedures,

techniques, and changes bare for success. The appraisal acclimation by MG Ryder abundantly assisted

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

12

the assay and beforehand of alarm operations. Ryder’s recommendations to automate the

in-processing and accountability of detainees application the Biometrics Automatic Apparatus Set (BATS),

to conduct the assay aisle of detainees from point of abduction to the axial alarm facility, and

to appropriately choose altered groups, were implemented.

d. (S/NF)

e. (U) MG Fast’s antecedent appraisal and abode on the intelligence alignment and the

needed systems architectonics to abutment the mission was invaluable to establishing a roadmap for

needed intelligence resources. LTG Alexander, the DA G2, was alive in providing

needed accessories and admonition to beforehand the intelligence accumulating and admixture capabilities in

Iraq. LTG Alexander was accurately attainable in accepting the accessories all-important to abutment the

intelligence architectonics from the acclimatized to the cardinal admixture levels.

6. (U) Breach and Warnings

a. (U) In retrospect, breach and warnings had akin at the CJTF-7 akin that

additional blank and antidotal accomplishments were bare in the administering of detainees from point

of abduction through the axial accumulating facilities, to accommodate Abu Ghraib. Examples of these

indications and warnings include: the assay of an adventure at Afflicted Cropper, the

International Committee of the Red Cantankerous (ICRC) letters on administering of detainees in

subordinate units, ICRC letters on Abu Ghraib bondman altitude and treatment, CID

investigations and antidotal accomplishments achievement taken by commanders, the afterlife of an OGA

detainee at Abu Ghraib, the abridgement of an able acclimation for identification and accountability of

detainees, and assay commanders’ around-the-clock apropos that intelligence admonition was not

returning to the acclimatized akin already detainees were abandoned to the axial captivation facility. The

Commander, CJTF-7, acclimatized the accusation to abode accent on able administering of detainees and

proper assay of the Iraqi bodies in aing adjacency to operations. In October and December

2003, CDR, CJTF-7 arise two activity memos advantaged “Proper assay of the Iraqi people

during activity operations” and “Dignity and annual while administering operations.” Letters from

the assessments of MG Miller and MG Ryder acutely acclimatized the CJTF-7 Commander’s

instincts that activity was bare to beforehand procedures and set the altitude for success in

intelligence and alarm operations. The abode from the CID in January 2004 and subsequent

investigation by MG Taguba acclimatized that abuses occurred at Abu Ghraib during the period

under investigation.

b. (U) I would be behindhand if I did not reemphasize that the 180,000 U.S. and coalition

forces, beneath all echelons of command aural the CJTF-7, were prosecuting this complex

counter-insurgency operation in a abundantly alarming environment, and were assuming above

all expectations. Leaders and Soldiers confronted a faceless adversary whose abhorrence of the United

States knew no limits. The accomplishments of a few adverse Soldiers at Abu Ghraib have

overshadowed the affectionate annual acclimatized every day, twenty-four hours a day, by the vast

majority of our Soldiers and civilians on the battlefield. We, as a Nation, owe a debt of gratitude

to our annual assembly who acquire answered our Nation’s alarm and are in harm’s way, every day.

This achievement became altogether bright to me as I conducted my investigation.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

13

7. (U) Doctrine, Authoritative Anatomy and Activity Challenges in theIraqi Amphitheater of Operations

a. (U) Article and Authoritative Structures

(1) (U) Article could not accommodate quick solutions for all the situations that confronted

CJTF-7. In abounding cases, the situation, mission, and ambiance dictated the decisions and the

actions taken by the CJTF leadership. This bearings is not uncommon. Rarely does war follow

the pre-planned strategy. As the V Corps agents morphed to anatomy the abject of the CJTF-7 staff,

doctrine was not attainable to appoint a abundant acclimation to calmly and finer execute

the transition. The new JMD focused on accession the V Corps abode anatomy to

perform the acclimatized mission in the Iraqi ambiance — adherence and abutment operations andsupport of the CPA.(2) (U) Aggregate Claiming and Debriefing Center. In accordance with JP 2.01, the useof a JIDC by a JTF is situation-dependent. No authentic alignment exists for implementing theJIDC concept. At Abu Ghraib, a JIDC was acclimatized based on the advocacy of MGMiller during his assessment. At the time, Abu Ghraib had abandoned a few hundred detainees. LTCJordan was beatific to Abu Ghraib to baby-sit the enactment of the JIDC. On 19 November 2003,when COL Thomas Pappas afflicted the role of administrator of the avant-garde operating base, hedirected activities of the JIDC and LTC Jordan became the abettor administrator of the JIDC. Thereare adverse statements apropos who had the responsibilities to apparatus and baby-sit theJIDC at Abu Ghraib. In accordance with doctrine, the CJTF-7 C2, MG Fast, through her JC2-Xstaff, provided antecedence intelligence requirements for the interrogators and ysts in the J1IDC.A allocation of the acclimatized CJTF-7 JMD acclimatized 169 cadre for the interrogationoperations and assay beef in the JIDC. Abounding of these positions were afterwards abounding withcontractor personnel. Although a arch administrator was directed to be the Chief, JIDC, theestablishment and able operation of the JIDC was added complicated by the abridgement of anorganizational MI assemblage and alternation of command at Abu Ghraib abandoned amenable for MI personneland intelligence operations.(3) (U) MI & MP Responsibilities at Abu Ghraib The curve of responsibilities forinterrogations amid the advancing intelligence and advancing badge may not acquire beenunderstood by some Soldiers and some leaders. The doctrinal implications of this affair arediscussed afterwards in this report. At Abu Ghraib, the abridgement of an MI administrator and alternation ofcommand precluded the allocation bare for able operations. At the aforementioned time, LTCJordan bootless to assassinate his responsibilities as Chief, JIDC. Acclimatized article states thatinterrogators should specify to the guards what types of behavior on their allotment will facilitatescreening of detainees. Normally, claiming accessories are collocated with alarm facilities,requiring aing allocation amid the MPs who are amenable for alarm operations, andthe MI cadre who are amenable for screening and interrogations. Both doctrinal manuals,for advancing badge and advancing intelligence operations, acutely accommodate that Soldiers and unitsmust obey rules of acreage warfare and, specifically, the Geneva Conventions aback handlingdetainees. At Abu Ghraib, the curve of responsibilities seems to acquire been blurred whenmilitary badge Soldiers, green in claiming operations, were acclimated to accredit interrogations.Problems arose in the afterwards areas: use of dogs in interrogations, beddy-bye abnegation as aninterrogation abode and use of a as an claiming technique.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

14

(4) (U) CJTF-7 Agents Responsibility. CJTF-7 albatross for agents blank of

detention operations, facilities, intelligence assay and fusion, and banned of ascendancy of

interrogation techniques was broadcast amid the arch and acclimatized agents Overall

responsibility for alarm operations was vested in the C3, MG Tom Miller, with further

delegation to the Provost Marshal. Abutment of accessories was a C4 responsibility, with priorities of

work acclimatized by the DCG, MG Walter Wojdakowski. MG Wojdakowski additionally had direct

responsibility and blank of the abstracted brigades assigned or TACON to CJTF-7. Priorities

for intelligence collection, assay and admixture were the albatross of the C2, MG Fast.

Lastly, LTG Sanchez acclimated his Agents Judge Advocate, Colonel Marc Warren, to admonish him on the

limits of ascendancy for claiming and acquiescence with the Geneva Conventions for the memos

published. The abridgement of one actuality on the agents to baby-sit alarm operations and facilities, and

the responsibilities of all units at a alarm adeptness complicated able and efficient

coordination amid the agents Accessory army commanders and their staffs additionally had to

coordinate altered accomplishments for abutment with the assorted agents sections amenable for the support

requested.

b. (U) Policy

(1) (U) Activity Guidance. DOD-wide, bookish accounting behavior for interrogation

techniques acquire been assigned by assorted levels of command and authority. In best cases, the

doctrinal advertence is FM 34-52, Intelligence Interrogation, anachronous September 1992. As stated, this

manual is currently beneath afterlight by the proponent. During the aeon beneath investigation, there

was ambagious and sometimes adverse admonition affiliated from the cardinal of activity memos

and the specific areas of operation the assorted behavior were brash to cover. Anniversary theater’s

techniques for claiming and counter-resistance were brash by acclimatized legal

authorities and subjected to alien assessments afore commanders were brash of their

acceptability. In the wartime settings of anniversary theater, commanders were annoyed that appropriate

oversight had been conducted for procedures achievement acclimated for interrogations. However, when

reviewing the assorted letters on the cardinal of abuses in the ITO, it became bright there is no

agreed aloft ogue of corruption amid all legal, investigating and blank agencies.

(2) (U) Claiming techniques, including Counter-Resistance Techniques, were

developed and acclimatized for the detainees in Guantanamo and Afghanistan who were determined

not to be EPWs or able bodies beneath the Geneva Conventions of 1949. The OSD memo

promulgated in December 2002, acknowledging techniques and safeguards for claiming of

unlawful combatants in GTMO, included the use of dogs to abet accent and the abatement of

clothing as Counter-Resistance Techniques. This announcement was rescinded in January 2003. A

General Admonition Claiming Alive Accumulation was afterwards formed and arise a revised

memo in April 2003 beneath the signature of the SECDEF on Counter-Resistance Techniques. This

memo produced by the Alive Accumulation and the techniques categorical in FM 34-52 were referenced

by Colonel Warren and his agents to beforehand the banned of ascendancy announcement for LTG Sanchez. The

provisions of Geneva Assemblage IV, About to Aegis of Noncombatant Bodies in Time of War,

did administrate to detainees in Iraq.

(3) (U) Initially, no theater-specific admonition on acclimatized claiming techniques was

published by CJTF-7 for the ITO. Thus, LTG Sanchez reemphasized the banned of ascendancy for

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

15

interrogations in his memos anachronous 14 September 2003 and 12 October 2003. The aboriginal was

rescinded, and the added addressed abandoned aegis detainees and, inadvertently, larboard assertive issues

for interpretation: namely, the albatross for accouterment detainees, the use of dogs in

interrogation, and annual of techniques to detainees who were not categorized as “security

detainees.” Furthermore, some advancing intelligence cadre alive their interrogation

duties at Abu Ghraib had ahead served as interrogators in added theaters of operation,

primarily Afghanistan and GTMO. These above-mentioned claiming adventures complicated

understanding at the interrogator level. The admeasurement of “word of mouth” techniques that were

passed to the interrogators in Abu Ghraib by abetment teams from Guantanamo, Fort Huachuca,

or amidst themselves due to above-mentioned assignments is cryptic and able absurd to definitively

determine. The bright cilia in the CJTF-7 activity memos and arise article is the humane

treatment of detainees and the annual of the Geneva Conventions. Experienced

interrogators will affirm that claiming is an art, not a science, and alive the banned of

authority is crucial. Therefore, the actuality of ambagious and inconsistent interrogation

technique behavior contributed to the acceptance that added claiming techniques were

condoned in acclimation to accretion intelligence.

8. (U) Specific Comments on Corruption at Abu Ghraib

a. (U) This report, so far, has discussed the OPLAN background, operational environment,

and policy, article and structural decisions that created altitude which acclimatized the abuses at

Abu Ghraib to occur. The beforehand investigations appropriately declared what happened at Abu Ghraib.

MG Taguba activate that “numerous incidents of sadistic, blatant, and wanton angled abuses

were inflicted on detainees.” MG Fay articular forty-four incidents of bondman corruption and his

report describes the authentic abuses in detail. In this section, I await on the statements and other

investigative activity from MG Fay. The conclusions, however, are my own. Clearly, shameful

events occurred at the alarm adeptness of Abu Ghraib and the amiss MI and MP Soldiers and

leaders should be captivated responsible. In this section, I set alternating an ytic framework for

categorizing the abuses adduce causes for the incidents of abuse, and additionally altercate the culpability

of organizations and cadre college than the 205th MI Army Commander.

b. (U) For purposes of this report, I authentic corruption as assay of detainees that violated

U.S. angled law (including the Accordant Code of Advancing Amends (UCMJ)) or all-embracing law,

or assay that was atrocious or arrogant afterwards able justification. Whether the Soldier or

contractor knew, at the time of the acts, that the conduct abandoned any law or standard, is not an

element of the definition. In added words, conduct that met the ogue would be “abuse”

independent of the actor’s adeptness that the conduct abandoned any law or standard.

c. (U) For accurateness of ysis, my appraisal divides abuses at Abu Ghraib into two

different types of abnormal conduct: first, brash agitated or animal abuses and, second,

actions taken based on baloney of or abashing about law or policy.

(1) (U) Brash agitated or animal abuses, for purposes of this report, accommodate acts

causing absolute corruption application actionable force as able-bodied as animal offenses including, but not apprenticed to

rape, sodomy and blue assault.2 These incidents of concrete or animal corruption are serious

2 .As those offenses are authentic in the Accordant Code of Advancing Justice.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

16

enough that no Soldier or architect believed the conduct was based on official activity or

guidance. If proven, these accomplishments would be angled acts. I activate that no policy, directive, or

doctrine acquired the agitated or animal corruption incidents. Soldiers knew they were actionable the

approved techniques and procedures. The primary causes of these accomplishments were relatively

straight-forward — abandoned angled misconduct, acutely in corruption of law, policy, and doctrineand adverse to Army values.(2) (U) The added chic of corruption consists of incidents that resulted frommisinterpretations of law or activity or resulted from abashing about what interrogationtechniques were able by law or bounded SOPs. I activate that baloney as to acceptedpractices or abashing occurred due to the admeasurement of admonition and admonition from othertheaters of operation; abandoned interrogator adventures in added theaters; and, the abortion todistinguish amid able claiming techniques in added amphitheater environments and Iraq.These abuses accommodate some cases of accouterment abatement (without any touching), some use of dogsin interrogations (uses afterwards concrete acquaintance or astute fear) and some instances of improperimposition of isolation. Some of these incidents absorb conduct which, in retrospect, violatedinternational law. However, at the time some of the Soldiers or contractors committed the acts,they may acquire candidly believed the techniques were condoned. Some of these incidents eithertook abode during interrogations or were accompanying to interrogation. Often, these incidents consistedof MP Soldiers, rather than MI personnel, implementing claiming techniques.d. (U) Some abuses may in achievement abatement in amid these two categories or acquire elements ofboth. For instance, some Soldiers beneath the guise of abashing or baloney may actuallyhave anxiously abandoned acclimatized claiming techniques. For example, a Soldier may knowthat accouterment abatement is prohibited, but still removed some of a detainee’s accouterment to try toenhance claiming techniques. This Soldier can afterwards affirmation to acquire believed the accomplishments werecondoned. Soldier accountability in this across is best larboard to abandoned angled or commandinvestigations. While no ytic acclimation can appropriately assort all misconduct, I anticipate application thetwo categories set alternating aloft helps explain why the complete ambit of abuses occurred.e. (U) The acclimation announcement directed me to actuate whether organizations orpersonnel college than the 205th MI Army alternation of command were circuitous anon orindirectly, in the ambiguous activities apropos declared bondman corruption at Abu Ghraib prison.(1) (U) I acquisition no alignment or abandoned college in the alternation of command of the 205thMI Army were anon circuitous in the ambiguous activities apropos declared bondman abuseat Abu Ghraib prison.(2) (U) CJTF-7 leaders and agents actions, however, contributed alongside to thequestionable activities apropos declared bondman corruption at Abu Ghraib.(a) (U) Activity affairs promulgated by the CJTF-7 Administrator led alongside tosome of the non-violent and non-sexual abuses. The activity memos promulgated at the CJTF-7level acclimatized for estimation in several areas, including use of dogs and abatement of clothing.Particularly, in ablaze of the avant-garde spectrum of interrogator qualifications, maturity, andexperiences (i.e. in GTMO and Afghanistan), the memos did not abundantly set alternating the limitson claiming techniques. Misinterpretations of CJTF activity memos led to some of the abusesat Abu Ghraib, but did not accord to the agitated or animal abuses.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

17

(b) (U) Cessation at the CJTF-7 agents akin may acquire additionally contributed to the abortion to

discover and anticipate abuses afore January 2004. As discussed above, agents albatross for

detention and claiming operations was broadcast amid the Abettor Advantageous General,

C2, C3, C4 and SJA. The abridgement of a audible CJTF-7 agents backer for alarm and interrogation

operations resulted in no abandoned agents affiliate absorption on these operations. As discussed in

Section V, assertive admonishing signs existed. In addition, there is able affirmation to reasonably

believe that cadre in the CJTF-7 staff, principally in the OSJA and JC2X had adeptness of

potential abuses and delinquency in corruption of the Geneva Conventions at Abu Ghraib. This

knowledge was not presented to the CJTF-7 leadership. Had the clip of activity operations and

support to the CPA not been so overwhelming, the CJTF-7 agents may acquire provided additional

oversight to claiming operations at Abu Ghraib. The Commander, CJTF-7 had to prioritize

efforts and CJTF-7, by necessity, adherent its assets to angry the counter-insurgency and

supporting the CPA, thereby extenuative U.S. and noncombatant Iraqi lives and able in the alteration to

Iraqi self-rule. Further, LTG Sanchez and MG Wojdakowski relied aloft two arch officer

Brigade Commanders (BG Janice Karpinski and COL Pappas) to run alarm and interrogation

operations at Abu Ghraib. In my able opinion, in ablaze of all the circumstances, the

CJTF-7 agents did aggregate they could acquire ytic been acclimatized to do to successfully

complete all their assigned missions.

f. (U) Assessing the abstracts from MG Fay and from MG Taguba, I accede that leadership

failure, at the army akin and below, acutely was a bureau in not eventually advertent and taking

actions to anticipate both the violent/sexual corruption incidents and the misinterpretation/confusion

incidents. At Abu Ghraib, claiming operations were additionally bedeviled by a abridgement of an

organizational alternation of command attendance and by a abridgement of able accomplishments to accredit standards

and training by the arch leaders present.

(1) (U) The leaders from 205th MI and 800th MP Brigades amid at Abu Ghraib or

with administering over Abu Ghraib, bootless to administrate subordinates or accommodate complete blank of

this important mission. The abridgement of command presence, decidedly at night, was clear.

(2) (U) The 205th Army Administrator did not accurately accredit albatross for

interrogation operations to a specific accessory MI assemblage at Abu Ghraib and did not ensure that a

chain of command for the claiming operations mission was acclimatized at Abu Ghraib. The

presence of a bright alternation of Advancing Intelligence command and associated responsibilities would

have added able operations.

(3) (U) The leaders from 205th MI and 800th MP Brigades amid at Abu Ghraib or

with administering over Soldiers and units at Abu Ghraib, bootless to appropriately conduct their

Soldiers and bootless to beforehand and apprentice from AARs and acquaint learned.

(4) (U) These leaders bootless to accommodate able mission-specific training to assassinate a

mission of this consequence and complexity.

(5) (U) A abortive command accord existed amid the MI Army and the

MP Brigade, including:

(a) Abortion to akin and certificate specific roles and responsibilities;

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

18

(b) Abashing at the Soldier akin apropos the accurateness of the MP role in

interrogations.

(6) (U) Admitting these administering deficiencies, the primary annual of the best egregious

violent and animal abuses was the abandoned angled propensities of the authentic perpetrators.

These individuals should not abstain claimed responsibility, admitting the failings of the alternation of

command.

g. (U) Added Accidental Factors. No single, or simple, annual explains why some of the

Abu Ghraib abuses happened. In accession to the administering failings discussed above, other

contributing factors include:

(1) (U) Assurance and aegis altitude at Abu Ghraib. Assets that adeptness otherwise

have been put arise alarm operations instead had to be committed to force protection. In

addition, the difficult affairs for Soldiers, including a poor affection of activity and the constant

threat of afterlife or ascetic injury, contributed to Soldiers’ frustrations and added their levels of

stress. Accessories at Abu Ghraib were poor. Alive and alive altitude created a poor climate

to conduct claiming and alarm operations to standard.

(2) (U) The abridgement of bright and affiliated guidance, promulgated at the CJTF akin on

interrogation procedures accompanying with the availability of admonition on Counter-Resistance

Techniques acclimated in added theaters.

(3) (U) Soldier adeptness of claiming techniques able in GTMO and

Afghanistan and abortion to assay amid those environments and Iraq.

(4) (U) Alternation with OGA and added bureau interrogators who did not chase the

same rules as U.S. Forces. There was at atomic the perception, and conceivably the reality, that non-

DOD agencies had altered rules apropos claiming and alarm operations. Such a

perception encouraged Soldiers to aberrate from assigned techniques.

(5) (U) Affiliation of some contractors afterwards training, qualifications, and

certification created abortive claiming teams and the abeyant for non-compliance with

doctrine and applicative laws.

(6) (U) Under-resourcing of cadre in both the 800th MP BDE (including the

inability to alter cadre abrogation theater) and in the 205th MI Brigade, accurately in the

interrogator, yst, and linguist fields. (Under-resourcing at the CJTF-7 akin additionally contributed

and was ahead discussed.)

(7) (U) Abridgement of a bright compassionate of MP and MI roles and responsibilities by

some Soldiers and leaders.

(8) (U) Abridgement of bright roles and responsibilities for tactical, as adjoin to, strategic

interrogation.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

19

a. (U) Introduction. Due to the antecedent assessments and investigations conducted on Abu

Ghraib, I was able to beforehand my own assessments based on interviews I conducted, the findings

and abstracts in the beforehand reports, as able-bodied as the abstracts in MG Fay’s report. The following

assessments accommodate acumen on the challenges that CJTF-7 faced, as able-bodied as areas that accusation to be

addressed by our advancing in the a future. The specific investigations and assessments were

provided by the letters of MG Miller, MG Ryder, MG Taguba, the DAIG, and MG Fay.

b. (U) Charters. MG Miller’s and MG Ryder’s assessments were conducted on

interrogation and alarm operations as a aftereffect of the appeal and/or discussions by the CJTF

Commander and the Commander, CENTCOM. MG Taguba and MG Fay were directed to

investigate cadre in the MP Army and the MI Army afterwards the assay of abuses at Abu

Ghraib. The DAIG was accurately tasked to conduct an appraisal of Bondman Operations as

the Army executes its role as DOD Executive Abettor for Adversary Prisoners of War and Detention

Program.

c. (U) Summaries of appraisal visits. The abetment visits by MG Miller and MG

Ryder, discussed briefly above, acclimatized the instincts of the Commander, CJTF-7, and

provided solid recommendations for convalescent procedures. MG Miller’s appraisal set forth

what had to be done to accord intelligence efforts, and provided altered techniques in

interrogation and ysis. MG Ryder provided processes for added able and able chain

of aegis of, and accountability for, detainees. MG Taguba’s and MG Fay’s investigative

reports acclimatized that abuses occurred and assigned specific albatross for the actions. The

DAIG abode provided insights aloft doctrine, organizations, training, materiel, leadership,

personnel and accessories (DOTMLPF) and on adequacy and standards shortfalls. I activate that the

assistance visits by arch leaders with acquaintance in alarm and claiming operations,

subject aggregate experts, and adaptable training teams were acutely attainable in acceptance needed

procedures and accretion the adequacy of claiming and alarm operations. The

investigative letters and DAIG accusation will be acclimated to fix deficiencies that acquire been activate in

current operations.

d. (U) Doctrine.

(1) (U) Article is meant to be a guideline to focus efforts in a specific area. Article is

the acme of years of experience, Article allows leaders at all levels to acclimate to the

different environments and situations that their units may encounter. Aback prosecuting

hostilities, article does not alter the inherent responsibilities of commanders to assassinate their

missions, affliction for the assurance and aegis of their Soldiers, alternation their Soldiers and their

organizations to be competent and assured in their assigned duties and responsibilities, or

uphold the aphorism of law and accustomed ascendancy such as the Geneva Convention. An overarching

doctrine allows commanders the across to beforehand tactics, techniques, and procedures, as well

as assemblage acclimatized operating procedures, to focus Soldier and assemblage operations. Administrator policies

and directives about supplement or accent specific items that the administrator wants to ensure

are acutely acclimatized aural their command.

(2) (U) Basal Army and Aggregate article for alarm and claiming operations served

as a guideline for operations in OIF. Article did not annual the abuses at Abu Ghraib. Had Army

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

20

doctrine and training been followed, the abuses at Abu Ghraib would not acquire occurred. Several

areas, however, accusation to be updated, aesthetic or expanded: roles, responsibilities and relationships

between MP and MI personnel; the concept, structure, and alignment of a JIDC; the transition

to and alignment of a JTF anatomy and in particular, the intelligence alignment aural the

JTF headquarters.

(a)(U) Roles, responsibilities and relationships amid MP and MI personnel. The

various investigations advertise that the curve of responsibilities for interrogations between

the advancing intelligence and advancing badge may not acquire been acclimatized by some Soldiers and

some leaders. At Abu Ghraib, non-violent and non-sexual abuses may acquire occurred as a result

of abashing in three areas of aboveboard MI/MP overlap: use of dogs during interrogations, nudity,

and accomplishing of beddy-bye deprivation. Doctrinal manuals appoint responsibilities for

military intelligence and advancing badge cadre at alarm facilities. These manuals do not

address command or abutment relationships. Accessory units of the advancing intelligence brigade

of a Corps are frequently tasked with alive the Corps Claiming Adeptness (CIF). Centralized

EPW accumulating and captivation areas, as able-bodied as alarm centers, are the albatross of the

Military Badge with agents blank by the Provost Marshal. FM 34-52, Intelligence

Interrogation, does accompaniment that in the screening activity of EPWs, MPs and MI Soldiers should

coordinate roles.

(b)(U) Relationships amid MP and MI cadre and administering responsibilities

at a alarm adeptness of this consequence accusation to be added prescriptive. Article establishes the

need for allocation and designates alarm operations as a advancing badge responsibility.

Responsibility for claiming of detainees charcoal with the advancing intelligence community.

Doctrine for Claiming operations states that MPs can enable, in allocation with MI

personnel, a added accustomed interrogation. Exact procedures for how MP Soldiers abetment with

informing interrogators about detainees or abetment with enabling interrogations can be larboard to

interpretation. Our doctrinal manuals are bright on accommodating assay of detainees and compliance

with the Geneva Conventions by MI, MP and all U.S. Forces. The acclimatized adaptation of FM 34-52,

Intelligence Interrogation, is beneath afterlight to absorb acquaint abstruse in advancing theaters of

operations. Acquaint abstruse acquire additionally resulted in changes to programs of apprenticeship by military

police and advancing intelligence proponents. My appraisal is that the advancing afterlight of

Intelligence Claiming manuals will abetment in description of roles and responsibilities. At Abu

Ghraib, doctrinal issues did not avert on-site leaders from demography acclimatized activity to

execute their missions.

(c)(U) The Aggregate Claiming and Debriefing Center. The JIDC was formed at Abu

Ghraib by cadre from a cardinal of organizations, creating an ad hoc relationship. Further,

the enactment of the JIDC at Abu Ghraib, accompanying with implementing the new Tiger Team

approach to interrogations (where an interrogator, yst, and linguist achieve as a team) were

new to Abu Ghraib cadre and acclimatized conception of a abundant acclimatized operating procedure

(SOP). A SOP was initially developed and arise in October 2003 by MI cadre at the

facility. Aggregate article needs to aggrandize on the operation and alignment for a JIDC at

centralized alarm facilities. A acclimation for a JIDC needs to be developed, to include

identifying Aggregate and added bureau assets with cardinal claiming expertise, to provide

insight for adversary commanders in specific areas of operation.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

21

(d)(U) Aggregate article and activity should additionally abode the roles of advancing personnel

and added agencies in collocated alarm and claiming facilities. All detainees accusation be inprocessed,

medically screened, accounted for, and appropriately authentic aback interned in a

military facility. This did not arise at Abu Ghraib.

(3) (U) Alteration to and Alignment of JTF Anatomy and its Intelligence

Architecture. The intelligence architectonics for the missions tasked to the CJTF-7 was inadequate

due to the broadcast mission and assiduity of hostilities in theater. Several letters declared that

lack of manning provided cogent challenges due to the added mission appointment aggregate and the

environment. Certainly, the V Corps Abode was not trained, manned or able to

assume the role of a CJTF. Although the mission was initially brash to be SASO, in fact

hostilities continued. CI/HUMINT capabilities in acclimatized force structure, amid all services,

needs a holistic review. The Army has decidedly bargain acclimatized interrogators aback Desert

Shield/Desert Storm. Conception of the Aegis HUMINT Annual and accustomed demands for

these abilities has depleted the cardinal of accomplished interrogators that may be bare in the

future aggregate operational environment. The HUMINT administering alignment aural the

Intelligence Agents of a JTF needs to be institutionalized and resourced. Specifically, appointment needs

to be done to allocate the cadre and accessories needs for approaching command and control

headquarters to accommodate the JIATF and C2X beef aural a JTF intelligence staff.

(4) (U) In addition, the advancing assay by the Army and Aggregate Armament Command to

create JTF able abode and Continuing Aggregate Appointment Force Abode amoebic to

combatant commands should be expedited and resourced. Such efforts may acquire helped

transition V Corps to the CJTF-7 agents added rapidly by allotment a Continuing Aggregate Appointment Force to

the CJTF-7. Similarly, the Army’s activity to beforehand angle abandoned command and control

headquarters, currently acclimatized as Units of Employment, that are JTF-capable would acquire greatly

facilitated the alteration of the V Corps agents to the new organization.

e. (U) Activity and Procedures

(1) (U) Alarm Operations. At first, at Abu Ghraib and abroad in Iraq, the

handling of detainees, appropriately documenting their capture, and anecdotic and accounting

for them, were all abortive processes, application little or no automation tools. The assistance

visits by MG Miller and MG Ryder arise the accusation to attach to acclimatized behavior and

guidance, conduct the process, appropriately choose detainees, and use bigger automation

techniques to annual for detainees and to accommodate acclimatized information.

(2) (U) Claiming Techniques Policy. A assay of altered theaters’ interrogation

technique behavior reveals the accusation for bright admonition for claiming techniques at both the

tactical and cardinal levels, abnormally across assorted agencies are circuitous in interrogation

operations. The basal Field Manuals accommodate admonition for Soldiers administering interrogations at

the acclimatized level. Altered techniques and altered authorities currently abide for added agencies.

When Army Soldiers and added bureau cadre achieve in the aforementioned areas, guidelines become

blurred. The approaching aggregate operational ambiance presents a abeyant for a mix of able and

unlawful combatants and a array of altered categories of detainees. Techniques acclimated during

initial battlefield interrogations as adjoin to at a axial alarm adeptness alter in acceding of

tactical adjoin added cardinal akin admonition collection. The experience, maturity, and source

of interrogators at anniversary of these locations may additionally behest a change in techniques. In each

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

22

theater, commanders were gluttonous admonition and admonition on the annual of the articles

of the Geneva Conventions to specific citizenry sets and on what techniques could be acclimated to

improve intelligence assembly and abide aural the banned of able authorities.

(a)(U) At Abu Ghraib, the abridgement of affiliated activity and command oversight

regarding claiming techniques, accompanying with alteration policies, contributed to the confusion

concerning which techniques could be used, which acclimatized college akin approval, and what

limits activated to able techniques. Initially, CJTF-7 had no theater-specific admonition other

than the basal Field Manuals which administrate Intelligence Interrogations and Bondage and

Resettlement operations. Behavior for claiming techniques including behavior for Counter-

Resistance Techniques, were provided for altered theaters of operation—-namely Guantanamo,

Afghanistan, and Iraq. Some interrogators administering operations at Abu Ghraib had experience

in altered theaters and acclimated their adventures to beforehand procedures at Abu Ghraib. An

example of this is the SOP for the JIDC created by cadre of the 519th MI Battalion.(b)(U) Aback policies, SOPs, or article were available, Soldiers wereinconsistently afterwards them. In addition, in some units, training on acclimatized procedures ormission tasks was inadequate. In my assessment, I do not acquire that assorted behavior resultedin the agitated or animal abuses aboveboard at Abu Ghraib. However, abashing over policiescontributed to some of the non-violent and non-sexual abuses. There is a need, therefore, tofurther assay claiming techniques and banned of ascendancy at the acclimatized adjoin the strategiclevel, and amid Soldiers and added bureau personnel.(3) (U) Use of Advancing Alarm Centers by Added Agencies. In aggregate advancing detentioncenters, annual assembly should never be put in a position that potentially puts them at accident fornon-compliance with the Geneva Conventions or Laws of Acreage Warfare. At AbuGhraib, detainees were acclimatized from added agencies and casework afterwards able in-processing,accountability, and documentation. These detainees were referred to as “ghost detainees.” Properprocedures accusation be followed, including, segregating detainees of advancing intelligence aggregate andproperly accounting and caring for detainees bedfast at advancing alarm centers. Thenumber of apparition detainees briefly captivated at Abu Ghraib, and the assay aisle of personnelresponsible for capturing, medically screening, absorption and appropriately interrogating the“ghost detainees,” cannot be determined.f. (U) Training. The accusation for added training during the mobilization appearance or incountryon assemblage and specific abandoned tasks was acutely an affair in the letters and assessments.Some advancing badge units activate themselves administering alarm operations which was not anormal assemblage mission capital task, and those units bare added training to properlyaccomplish the missions they were given. The allocation and admixture of added bureau andcivilian cadre administering alarm and claiming operations became ambagious for juniorleaders and Soldiers not frequently acclimatized to alive with added organizations. Collectivetraining to acclimatized by MP and MI units in accumulated scenarios as authentic as the situations facedin OIF is bare to acclimate for the future.In addition, V Corps personnel, to accommodate commanders and staff, were not accomplished toexecute a JTF mission. The alteration from aloft activity operations to a abode focusedon SASO and abutment to the Affiliation Provisional Ascendancy was a aloft alteration which theunit did not acquire time to alternation or prepare. Best importantly, we accusation abide to abode accurateness and

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

23

values in our training regimen. Our ethics are basal for assembly of our profession.

They are what a able advancing force represents to the world. As addressed before, leaders

need authentic training to be able to acclimate to this akin of complexity.

g. (U) Materiel. Priorities for logistical abutment remained with the operational units who

were administering activity operations and accouterment force aegis and aegis of U.S. and

coalition forces. Creating an intelligence alignment to accommodate acclimatized through strategic

intelligence in a seamless abode and the affecting admission in alarm operations demanded

communications, computers, and a acclimation to abutment operations. The abstraction of a Joint

Logistics Command should be added brash application acquaint abstruse from OIF/OEF.

Automation accessories bare to accommodate seamless connectivity of intelligence admonition from

tactical through cardinal levels, and accredit an Intelligence Admixture Centermost in a JTF should be

documented and anchored in JTF able headquarters. Accessories currently undergoing

research and development and bartering off—the-shelf solutions which accredit CI/HUMINT

operations and accredit Soldiers to serve as sensors and collectors should be rapidly pursued. The

process of accounting for detainees, their equipment, and their claimed property, and

documenting their intelligence value, should be automatic from the acclimatized akin to the

centralized alarm facilities.

h. (U) Baton Development. The OIF ambiance acclimatized adaptive, confident, and

competent administering at all echelons. Leaders accusation set the archetype and be at the ytic centers

of force for their corresponding operations. Leaders set the archetype in a values-based profession.

The accident to Soldiers and the aegis of all cadre acclimatized affiliated baton captivation in

operations, planning, after-action reviews, and bright broadcasting of acquaint learned, to acclimate to

the dynamics of the counter-insurgency. Accustomed leaders were circuitous in their operations and

were at the tip of the extra during ytic periods. Administering abortion was aboveboard aback leaders

did not booty charge, bootless to accommodate acclimatized guidance, and did not conduct continual

training. In some cases, leaders bootless to acquire albatross or administrate able acumen in

executing assigned responsibilities. This closing achievement is axiomatic in the abridgement of a accommodating defense

at Abu Ghraib, inconsistent training and standards, and abridgement of conduct by Soldiers.

Commanders and leaders at all levels abide amenable for beheading of their mission and the

welfare of their Soldiers, In Iraq, leaders had to acclimate to a new circuitous operational environment.

Some of our leaders acclimatized faster than others. We accusation abide to put accurateness in our baton and

unit training. Leaders accusation be accomplished for authoritativeness and accomplished for uncertainty. The adeptness to

know how to anticipate rather than what to anticipate is ytic in the approaching Aggregate Operational

Environment. Specific baton and Soldier failures in the 800th MP Army and the 205th MI

Brigade are articular in the ytic letters by MG Taguba and MG Fay. As discussed

above, my assay of echelons aloft army arise that CJTF-7 leaders were not directly

involved in the abuses at Abu Ghraib. Their accomplishments and cessation did alongside accord to the

non-sexual and non-violent abuses.

i. (U) Facilities. Accessories and affection of activity for Soldiers and detainees were

representative of the altitude throughout the AOR initially. Abandoned aback the acumen system

became acknowledging to the needs of units and Soldiers, application mechanisms were put in place

to abutment operations, and the busline acclimation accomplished to move supplies, were

improvements aboveboard in accessories and affection of life. The altitude at Abu Ghraib were

representative of the altitude activate throughout the country during column Appearance III, Decisive

Operations. The apathetic activity of developing the acumen acclimation and accouterment defended curve of

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

24

communication anon impeded Soldier aegis and affection of life.

a. (U) SUMMARY AS SENIOR INVESTIGATING OFFICER. I acquired these findings

and recommendations from the observations and assessments discussed in sections 2-9, from the

interviews I conducted, and from the abstracts I acquire reviewed. Furthermore, I abutment the

recommendations of the Fay and Taguba Letters apropos abandoned accountability for actions

that abandoned U.S. angled law (including the Accordant Code of Advancing Amends (UCMJ)) or

international law, or that was atrocious or arrogant afterwards able justification. The personnel

who committed these acts did not act in accordance with the conduct and ethics that the U.S.

Army represents. Leaders who had complete responsibilities for the accomplishments of these individuals

failed to abundantly exercise their responsibilities in the beheading of this mission.

b. (U) RESPONSIBILITY ABOVE 205th MI BRIGADE

(1) (U)Findings:

(a) (U) I acquisition that the alternation of command aloft the 205th MI Army was not directlyinvolved in any of the abuses that occurred at Abu Ghraib.(b) (U) I acquisition that the alternation of command aloft the 2OSthMI Army promulgatedpolicy affairs that, inadvertently, larboard allowance for estimation and may acquire alongside led tosome of the non-violent and non-sexual corruption incidents.(c) (U) I acquisition that LTG Sanchez, and his DCG, MG Wojdakowski, bootless to ensureproper agents blank of alarm and claiming operations. As ahead stated, MGWojdakowski had complete blank of two new Army Commanders. Further, agents elements ofthe CJTF-7 reacted clumsily to some of the Breach and Warnings discussed above.However, in ablaze of the operational environment, and CJTF-7’s under-resourcing and unplannedmissions, and the Commander’s affiliated accusation to accent efforts, I acquisition that the CJTF-7Commander and agents performed aloft expectations, in the over-all acclimation of OIF.(d) (U) I acquisition that the TACON accord of the 800th MP Army to the CJTF-7created a abortive accord for able blank and able alarm operations in thelraqi Amphitheater of Operations (ff0). In addition, the accord amid leaders and agents of the205th MI Army and 800th MP Army was abortive as they bootless to aftereffect propercoordination of roles and responsibilities for alarm and claiming operations.(e) (U) I acquisition that a cardinal of causes alfresco of the ascendancy of CJTF-7 alsocontributed to the abuses at Abu Ghraib. These are discussed in Across 8 and include,individuals’ angled propensity; Soldier adeptness of claiming techniques able inGTMO and Afghanistan and abortion to assay amid those environments and Iraq;interaction with OGA and added bureau interrogators who did not chase the aforementioned rules as U.S.Forces; affiliation of some contractors afterwards training, qualifications, and certification; underresourcingof cadre in both the 800th MP BDE (including the disability to alter personnelleaving theater) and in the 205th MI Brigade, accurately in the interrogator, yst, and linguistfields.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

25

(2) (U) Recommendations:

(a) (U) That CJTF-7 baptize a audible agents backer for Alarm and

Interrogation Operations. The brand of this administrator should be able with the akin of

responsibilities of the authentic operation. Further, that the Army in concert with JFCOM should

review the abstraction and assay responsibilities for a audible agents position for Alarm and

Interrogation operations as allotment of a JTF able organization.

(b) (U) That CJTF-7 in concert with CENTCOM broadcast bright admonition that applies

to all units and agencies on roles and responsibilities for Alarm and Claiming Operations,

and broadcast bright admonition on the banned of claiming ascendancy for claiming techniques as

pertains to the bondman citizenry in the ITO.

(c) (U) That CENTCOM assay command accord and responsibilities for the

800th MP Army with CJTF-7 in the conduct of alarm operations in the ITO.

(d) (U) That the CJTF-7 Inspector Acclimatized be appointed the agents backer to

rapidly investigate ICRC allegations. That the CJTF-7 Inspector Acclimatized periodically conduct

unscheduled inspections of alarm and claiming operations accouterment complete acknowledgment to

the commander.

c. (U) DOCTRINE

(1) (U) Finding: Army and Aggregate article did not anon accord to the abuses found

at Abu Ghraib. Abuses would not acquire occurred had article been followed. Nonetheless,

certain areas accusation to updated, broadcast or refined.

(2) (U) Recommendations:

(a) (U) That JFCOM in concert with the Army amend Aggregate and Army publications

to acutely abode the concept, alignment and operations of a Aggregate Claiming and

Debriefing Centermost in a approaching aggregate operational environment.

(b) (U) That the Army amend claiming operations article to clarify

responsibilities for claiming techniques at both acclimatized and cardinal levels. The ongoing

revision and amend of FM 34-52, Intelligence Interrogations, should assay the roles and

responsibilities of MP and MI units at centralized alarm facilities.

(c)(U) That DOD appraise the appulse of acclimatized behavior on Alarm and

Interrogation Operations. That DOD assay the banned of ascendancy for claiming techniques

and broadcast admonition that applies to all casework and agencies.

d. (U) V CORPS TRANSITION TO CJTF

(1) (U)Findings:

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

26

(a)(U) V Corps was never abundantly resourced as a CJTF. The claiming of

transitioning from V Corps HQ5 to CJTF-7 afterwards able personnel, equipment, and

intelligence architecture, acutely abject the administrator and agents during transition. Personnel

shortages authentic in the JMD affiliated to avert operational capabilities.

(b)(U) Command and ascendancy abode that can achieve as a Aggregate Appointment Force in

a aggregate operational ambiance will be the barometer for the future. This achievement warrants activity by

supporting commands and casework to adeptness and alternation JTF able abode for success.

(2) (U) Recommendations:

(a)(U) That the Army beforehand the development and alteration of Corps-level

command and ascendancy abode into JTF-capable organizations.

(b)(U) That the Army in concert with JFCOM allocate and adeptness the

personnel and accessories needs of approaching JTF-capable headquarters, including the intelligence

architecture of such headquarters.

e. (U) INTELLIGENCE ARCHITECTURE and INTELLIGENCE PERSONNEL

RESOURCES

(I) (U)Findings:

(a)(U) Demands on the HUMINT capabilities in a counter-insurgency and in the

future aggregate operational ambiance will abide to tax acclimatized and cardinal assets. An

Intelligence Admixture Center, a Aggregate Inter-agency Appointment Force and a JC2X are capital to provide

seamless acclimatized through cardinal akin intelligence in a JTF headquarters.

(b)(U) Approaching acreage forces, abnormally the Army, accusation accomplished and experienced

tactical HUMINT cadre to achieve in the approaching Aggregate Operational Environment,

(2) (U) Recommendations:

(a) (U) That the Army conduct a holistic assay of the CIIHUMINT intelligence

force anatomy and accent needs for the approaching aggregate operational environment. The review

should accede the personnel, accessories and assets bare to accommodate a seamless

intelligence adequacy from the acclimatized to the cardinal akin to abutment the combatant

commander.

(b) (U) That the Army adjust and alternation HUMINT assets geographically to leverage

language abilities and adeptness of culture.

(c) (U) That acreage forces, decidedly MI and MP personnel, conduct rigorous

collective training to carbon the circuitous ambiance accomplished in OIF and in able future

areas of conflict.

f. (U) FACILITIES

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

27

(1) (U) finding: Abu Ghraib alarm adeptness was bare for safe and secure

detention and claiming operations. CJTF-7 lacked applicative alternatives due to the depleted

infrastructure in Iraq.

(2) (U) Recommendation: That the Army assay the abstraction of bondman contingency

facilities that can be rapidly deployed and acclimatized to aegis and defended detainees, while

providing all-important accessories to conduct screening and interrogations (similar to the abstraction of

the Force Provider or Red Horse accident facilities, across pre-fabricated barrio can be set

up quickly). Adopting this advocacy would accommodate commanders an advantage for rapidly

deploying and establishing alarm facilities.

g. (U) OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCIES

(1) (U) Findings:

(a) (U) Alive alongside non-military organizations/agencies to appropriately execute

missions for our Nation, accustomed to be circuitous and ambitious on advancing units at the tactical

level. There was at atomic the acumen that non-DOD agencies had altered rules regarding

interrogation and alarm operations. Behavior and specific banned of ascendancy accusation assay to

ensure annual to all organizations operating in the appointed amphitheater of operations

(b) (U) Seamless administering of operational intelligence was hindered by abridgement of a

fusion centermost that received, yzed, and broadcast all intelligence calm by CJTF-7 units

and added agencies/units alfresco of the CJTF-7 alternation of command.

(c) (U) Admeasurement of Claiming and Counter-Resistance Technique

memorandums, with specific assay of actionable combatants in assorted theaters of

operations, and the inter-mingling of tactical, strategic, and added bureau interrogators at the

central alarm adeptness of Abu Ghraib, provided a acquiescent and compromising altitude for

Soldiers.

(d) (U) Soldiers/Sailors/Airmen/Marines should never be put in a position that

potentially puts them at accident for non-compliance with the Geneva Conventions or Laws of Land

Warfare

(2) (U) Recommendations:

(a)(U) That DOD assay inter-agency behavior to ensure that all parties in a specific

theater of operations are acclimatized to attach to the aforementioned admonition and rules in the use of military

Interrogation and Alarm Facilities, including banned of ascendancy for claiming techniques.

(b)(U) That CENTCOM broadcast admonition for acquiescence by all

agencies/organizations utilizing advancing alarm accessories in the Iraqi amphitheater of operation.

(c)(U) That DOD assay the responsibilities for interrogations by added agencies and

other agencies responsibilities to the adversary administrator to accommodate intelligence information

and support.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

28

(d)(U) That DOD appraise the appulse of acclimatized behavior and admonition on unlawful

combatants in the conduct of Alarm and Claiming Operations. And, that DOD assay the

limits of ascendancy for use of claiming techniques and broadcast admonition that is applicative to

all parties application advancing facilities.

h. (U) LEADERSHIP and SUCCESSES

(1) (U) Findings:

(a) (U) Leaders throughout Operation Iraqi Freedom were confronted with a

complex operational environment. The acceleration at which leaders at all echelons acclimatized to this

environment assorted based on akin of training, adeptness in command, and adeptness to see the

battlefield. The adeptness of leaders in approaching operational environments will be critical.

(b) (U) In Operation Iraqi Freedom, as the intelligence architectonics accomplished and

became appropriately able and organized, and aing alive relationships with all intelligence

agencies and added OlF armament developed, there were bright successes in accepting intelligence.

(c) (U) HUMINT administering and Intelligence Admixture were capital to enable

success in this circuitous operational environment.

(2) (U) Recommendations.

(a) (U) That authentic baton training in our institutions, at home stations, and at the

Army’s Training Centers (Joint Readiness Training Center, Civic Training Center, Combat

Maneuver Training Center, and Activity Command Training Program) continue.

(b) (U) That DOD/CENTCOM and the arch leaders of all casework admit and

provide a vote of aplomb to our military’s leaders and Soldiers alive the OIF mission

and acknowledging the Iraqi people.

CLASSIFIED BY: AR 380-6

DECLASSIFY ON: OADR

AR 15-6 INVESTIGATION OF THE

ABU GHRAIB DETENTION FACILITY AND

205th MILITARY INTELLIGENCE BRIGADE (U)

MG GEORGE R. FAY

INVESTIGATING OFFICER

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. (U) Appointing Official’s Instructions and Assay Methodology 4

2. (U) Executive Summary 7

3. (U) Accomplishments and Ambiance 10

a. (U) Operational Ambiance 10

b. (U) Law, Policy, Article and Training 11

(1) (U) Applicative Law 11

(2) (U) Army Acclimation 190-8 14

(3) (U) Advancing Intelligence Article and Training 15

(4) (U) Advancing Badge Article and Training 20

(5) (U) Intelligence and Claiming Activity Development 21

(6) (U) Added Authoritative Procedural Admonition 29

4. (U) Summary of Challenge at Abu Ghraib 30

a. (U) Advancing Intelligence Appointment Alignment and Assets 31

(1) (U) Appointment Organization

(2) (U) Resources

b. (U) Enactment of the Bastille at Abu Ghraib 33

c. (U) Alarm Operations and Absolution Procedures 34

d. (U) Enactment of Advancing Badge Attendance at Abu Ghraib 39

e. (U) Enactment of Advancing Intelligence Attendance at Abu Ghraib 40

f. (U) Establishment, Organization, and Operation of the

Joint Claiming and Debriefing Centermost (JIDC) 41

g. (U) Acclimation Interrogators and Linguists 47

h. (U) Added Government Agencies and Abu Ghraib 52

i. (U) The Move of the 205th Advancing Intelligence Brigade

Commander to Abu Ghraib 55

j. (U) Advisory and Training Aggregation Deployments 57

(1) (U) MG G. Miller Visit

(2) (U) JTF-GTMO Training Team

(3) (U) Fort Huachuca Adaptable Training Team

k. (U) All-embracing Committee of the Red Cantankerous (ICRC) 64

5. (U) Summary of Abuses at Abu Ghraib 68

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

3

TABLE OF CONTENTS (cont)

6. (U) Accusation and Recommendations 109

a. (U) Aloft Accusation 109

b. (U) Added Accusation and Recommendations 109

c. (U) Abandoned Albatross for Bondman Corruption at Abu Ghraib 120

7. (U) Cadre Listing 137

8. (U) Appointment Force Assembly 138

9. (U) Acronyms 139

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

4

1. (U) Appointing Officials’ Instructions and Analytic Methodology

a. (U) Appointing Officials’ Instruction.

(1) (U) On 31 March 2004, LTG Ricardo S. Sanchez, Commander, Accumulated Aggregate Task

Force 7 (CJTF-7), appointed MG George R. Fay as an Army Acclimation (AR) 381-10 Procedure

15 Investigating Officer. LTG Sanchez determined, based aloft MG Antonio Taguba’s out brief

of the after-effects of an Article 15-6 assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness in Iraq, that

another assay was warranted. MG Fay was to investigate allegations that assembly of the

205th Advancing Intelligence Army were circuitous in bondman corruption at the Abu Ghraib DetentionFacility.(a) (U) MG Fay was instructed as follows: Pursuant to AR 381-10, Activity 15, youare hereby appointed as an investigating administrator to conduct an assay in accordance with(IAW) Army Acclimation (AR) 15-6 into all the accordant facts and affairs surrounding thealleged delinquency on the allotment of cadre assigned and/or absorbed to the 205th MilitaryIntelligence (MI) Brigade, to accommodate noncombatant interrogators and/or interpreters, from 15 August2003 to 1 February 2004 at the Abu Ghraib (AG) Alarm Facility.(b) (U) Specifically, you will investigate the afterwards areas:[1] (U) Whether 205th MI Army cadre requested, encouraged, condoned, orsolicited Advancing Badge (MP) cadre to corruption detainees at AG as alertness forinterrogation operations.[2] (U) Whether 205th MI Army cadre comported with establishedinterrogation procedures and applicative laws and regulations aback ytic Iraqi securityinternees at the Aggregate Claiming and Debriefing Center.(2) (U) The Commander, United States Axial Command (CENTCOM) requested a newappointing ascendancy and investigating administrator be assigned to the investigation. On 14 June 2004,Secretary of Aegis (SECDEF) Donald Rumsfeld requested the Acting Secretary of the Army(SECARMY) R.L.Brownlee accredit an “officer arch to LTG Sanchez” to accept his duties asappointing authority, and a new or added investigating administrator should one be required.SECDEF provided the afterwards added admonition to the Acting SECARMY:(U) The new appointing ascendancy shall accredit recommendations apropos issues atthe Department of the Army akin to the Department of the Army and recommendationsconcerning issues at the Department of Aegis (DoD) akin to the Department of Aegis forappropriate action. The appointing ascendancy shall accredit the completed abode to the Commander,

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

5

United States Axial Command for added activity as appropriate, including forwarding to the

ATSD(IO) [Assistant to the Secretary of Aegis for Intelligence Oversight] in accordance with

DoD Accusation 5240.1-R and CJCS-I 5901.01. Affairs apropos accountability, if any, should

be referred by the appointing authority, afterwards recommendation, to the acclimatized akin of the

chain of command for disposition.

(3) (U) On 16 June 2004, Acting SECARMY Brownlee appointed GEN Paul J. Kern,

Commander of the US Army Armament Command, as the new Activity 15 appointing authority.

Acting SECARMY Brownlee’s instructions included the following:

(a) (U) I am anecdotic you as the appointing authority. Aloft Acclimatized Fay remains

available to achieve duties as the investigating officer. If you determine, however, after

reviewing the cachet of the investigation, that a new or added investigating administrator is

necessary, amuse present that appeal to me.

(b) (U) Aloft cancellation of the investigation, you will accredit all recommendations

concerning issues at the Department of the Army akin to me and all recommendations

concerning issues at the Department of Aegis akin to the Secretary of Aegis for appropriate

action. You will accredit the completed abode to the Commander, United States Axial Command,

for added activity as appropriate, including forwarding to ATSD(IO) IAW DoD Directive

5240.1-R and CJCS-I 5901.01. Finally, you should accredit affairs apropos accountability, if

any, afterwards recommendation, to the acclimatized akin of the alternation of command for disposition.

If you actuate that you accusation added accustomed assets to achieve this mission, you should

contact the Judge Advocate General.

(4) (U) On 25 June 2004, GEN Kern appointed LTG Anthony R. Jones, Deputy

Commanding General, US Army Training and Article Command (TRADOC), as an additional

Procedure 15 investigating officer. GEN Kern’s instructions to LTG Jones included the

following:

(a) (U) Pursuant to AR 381-10, Activity 15, and AR 15-6, you are hereby appointed

as an investigating administrator to conduct an assay of declared delinquency involving personnel

assigned or absorbed to the 205th Advancing Intelligence Army at the Abu Ghraib Detention

Facility. Your acclimation is as an added investigating officer. MG Fay and his

investigative aggregation are attainable to abetment you.

(b) (U) Specifically, the purpose of the assay is to actuate the facts and to

determine whether the ambiguous activity at Abu Ghraib is accustomed and is affiliated with

applicable policy. In LTG Sanchez’s 31 March 2004 acclimation letter to MG Fay, which I have

adopted, he authentic three areas into which the assay was to look: whether the 205th

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

6

Military Intelligence Army had been circuitous in Advancing Badge bondman corruption at Abu Ghraib;

whether 205th Advancing Intelligence Army cadre complied with acclimatized procedures,regulations, and laws aback ytic internees at the Aggregate Claiming and DebriefingCenter; and the facts abaft several articular affidavit statements. In addition, your investigationshould actuate whether organizations or cadre college in the alternation of command of the205th Advancing Intelligence Army were circuitous anon or alongside in any questionableactivities apropos declared bondman corruption at Abu Ghraib.b. (U) Analytic Methodology.(1) (U) The ytic aggregation conducted a complete and all-embracing assay ofavailable accomplishments abstracts and statements pertaining to the operations of the 205thMilitary Intelligence (MI) Army (205 MI BDE) at Abu Ghraib from a avant-garde array of sources,to accommodate all antecedent investigations. Across possible, allocation was acclimatized with otherongoing investigations of the aforementioned nature.(2) (U) Over 170 cadre were interviewed (some assorted times) during the beforehand ofthe assay (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1). These interviews included personnelassigned or absorbed to the 205 MI BDE, the 800th Advancing Badge (MP) Army (800 MP BDE),CJTF-7, Aggregate Appointment Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO), 28th Activity Abutment Hospital (CSH), theUnited States Army Intelligence Centermost (USAIC), the United States Navy, Titan Corporation,CACI International, Inc., and three detainees at Abu Ghraib. Accounting affidavit statements wereprepared as a aftereffect of these interviews. Several cadre invoked their rights beneath Article 31,Uniform Code of Advancing Amends (UCMJ) and the 5th Alteration of the US Constitution. Inthese cases and in cases across no affidavit statements were collected, Affairs for Record(MFR) were able to alarm the attributes of and admonition addressed in the interview.(3) (U) Over 9,000 abstracts were collected, catalogued and archived into a database.Advanced ytic accoutrement were acclimated to organize, collate, and assay this abstracts as able-bodied as allcollected annual data. Added ytic accoutrement were acclimated to acclimate bright representations ofthe data.(4) (U) The ytic aggregation consisted of 26 cadre to accommodate investigators, ysts,subject aggregate experts and accustomed advisors.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

7

2. (U) Executive Summary

a. (U) Background.

(1) (U) This assay was ordered initially by LTG Ricardo S. Sanchez, Commander,

CJTF-7. LTG Sanchez appointed MG George R. Fay as investigating administrator beneath the

provisions of AR 381-10. MG Fay was appointed to investigate allegations that assembly of the

205 MI BDE were circuitous in bondman corruption at the Abu Ghraib Alarm Facility.

Specifically, he was to actuate whether 205 MI BDE cadre requested, encouraged,

condoned, or solicited MP cadre to corruption detainees and whether MI cadre comported

with acclimatized claiming procedures and applicative laws and regulations. The investigative

team conducted a complete assay of all attainable accomplishments abstracts and statements

pertaining to Abu Ghraib from a avant-garde array of sources. Over 170 bodies were interviewed

concerning their adeptness of claiming and alarm operations at Abu Ghraib and/or their

knowledge of and captivation in bondman abuse. On 16 June 2004, GEN Paul J. Kern,

Commander, US Army Armament Command (AMC), was appointed as the new Activity 15

appointing authority. On 25 June 2004, GEN Kern appointed LTG Jones, Abettor Commanding

General, TRADOC, as an added Activity 15 investigating officer. MG Fay was retained as

an investigating officer.

(2) (U) This assay articular forty-four (44) declared instances or challenge of detainee

abuse committed by MP and MI Soldiers, as able-bodied as noncombatant contractors. On sixteen (16) of

these occasions, corruption by the MP Soldiers was, or was declared to acquire been, requested,

encouraged, condoned, or solicited by MI personnel. The abuse, however, was directed on an

individual abject and never acutely accustomed or approved. MI abode of MP abuse

included the use of a with acoustic deprivation, abatement of accouterment and humiliation, the

use of dogs as an claiming apparatus to abet fear, and concrete abuse. In eleven (11) instances,

MI cadre were activate to be anon circuitous in the abuse. MI cadre were additionally activate not

to acquire absolutely comported with acclimatized claiming procedures and applicative laws and

regulations. Amphitheater Claiming and Counter-Resistance Behavior (ICRP) were activate to be

poorly defined, and afflicted several times. As a result, claiming activities sometimes

crossed into calumniating activity.

(3) (U) This assay activate that assertive individuals committed offenses in corruption of

international and US law to accommodate the Geneva Conventions and the UCMJ and abandoned Army

Values. Leaders in key positions bootless appropriately to administrate the claiming operations at Abu

Ghraib and bootless to accept the dynamics created at Abu Ghraib. Leaders additionally bootless to react

appropriately to those instances across bondman corruption was reported, either by added service

members, contractors, or by the All-embracing Committee of the Red Cantankerous (ICRC). Fifty-four

(54) MI, MP, and Medical Soldiers, and noncombatant contractors were activate to acquire some aggregate of

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

8

responsibility or abetment in the abuses that occurred at Abu Ghraib. Twenty-seven (27) were

cited in this abode for some aggregate of accountability and seventeen (17) were cited for

misunderstanding of policy, acclimation or law. Three (3) MI Soldiers, who had previously

received corruption beneath UCMJ, were recommended for added investigation. Seven (7)

MP Soldier articular in the MG Taguba Abode and currently beneath angled investigation

and/or accuse are additionally axial abstracts in this assay and are included in the above

numbers. One (1) actuality cited in the MG Taguba Abode was exonerated.

(4) (U) Attractive aloft claimed responsibility, baton albatross and command

responsibility, systemic problems and issues additionally contributed to the airy ambiance in

which the corruption occurred. These systemic problems included: bare claiming doctrine

and training, an astute curtailment of MP and MI Soldiers, the abridgement of bright curve of responsibility

between the MP and MI chains of command, the abridgement of a bright claiming activity for the Iraq

Campaign, and acute burden acquainted by the cadre on the arena to after-effects actionable

intelligence from detainees. Twenty-four (24) added accusation and two (2) observations

regarding systemic failures are included in the final ytic report. These accusation ranged

from article and activity concerns, to administering and command and ascendancy issues, to resource

and training issues.

b. (U) Problems: Doctrine, Policy, Training, Organization, and Added Government Agencies.

(1) (U) Blemish of article for alarm operations and claiming operations was a

contributing bureau to the situations that occurred at Abu Ghraib. The Army’s apogee doctrine

for the conduct of claiming operations is Field Chiral (FM) 34-52, Intelligence

Interrogation, anachronous September 1992. Non-doctrinal approaches, techniques, and practices were

developed and acclimatized for use in Afghanistan and GTMO as allotment of the All-around War on

Terrorism (GWOT). These techniques, approaches, and practices became abashed at Abu

Ghraib and were implemented afterwards able authorities or safeguards. Soldiers were not

trained on non-doctrinal claiming techniques such as beddy-bye adjustment, isolation, and the use

of dogs. Abounding interrogators and cadre administering claiming operations at Abu Ghraib

had above-mentioned acknowledgment to or acquaintance in GTMO or Afghanistan. Concepts for the non-doctrinal,

non field-manual approaches and practices came from abstracts and cadre in GTMO and

Afghanistan. By October 2003, claiming activity in Iraq had afflicted three times in beneath than

thirty canicule and it became absolute ambagious as to what techniques could be alive and at what

level non-doctrinal approaches had to be approved.

(2) (U) MP cadre and MI cadre operated beneath altered and about incompatible

rules for assay of detainees. The advancing badge referenced DoD-wide authoritative and

procedural admonition that clashed with the amphitheater claiming and counter-resistance policies

that the advancing intelligence interrogators followed. Further, it appeared that neither accumulation knew

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

9

or acclimatized the banned imposed by the other’s authoritative or procedural admonition apropos the

treatment of detainees, affiliated in anticipated astriction and confusion. This confusion

contributed to calumniating claiming practices at Abu Ghraib. Safeguards to ensure compliance

and to assure adjoin corruption additionally bootless due to abashing about the behavior and the leadership’s

failure to adviser operations adequately.

(3) (U) By December 2003, the JIDC at Abu Ghraib had a complete of about 160

personnel with 45 interrogators and 18 linguists/translators assigned to conduct interrogation

operations. These cadre were from six altered MI battalions and groups – the 519 MI BN,

323 MI BN, 325 MI BN, 470 MI GP, the 66th MI GP, the 500 MI GP. To complicate matters,

interrogators from a US Army Intelligence Centermost and School, Adaptable Training Aggregation (MTT)

consisting of ysts and interrogators, and three claiming teams consisting of six personnel

from GTMO, came to Abu Ghraib to abetment in convalescent claiming operations. Additionally,

contract interrogators from CACI and acclimation linguists from Titan were assassin in an beforehand to

address shortfalls. The JIDC was created in a absolute abbreviate time aeon with genitalia and pieces of

various units. It lacked assemblage integrity, and this abridgement was a baleful flaw.

(4) (U) The appellation Added Government Agencies (OGA) best frequently referred to the

Central Intelligence Bureau (CIA). The CIA conducted unilateral and aggregate interrogation

operations at Abu Ghraib. The CIA’s alarm and claiming practices contributed to a loss

of accountability and corruption at Abu Ghraib. No announcement of compassionate existed on the

subject claiming operations amid the CIA and CJTF-7, and bounded CIA admiral convinced

military leaders that they should be acclimatized to achieve alfresco the acclimatized bounded rules and

procedures. CIA detainees in Abu Ghraib, acclimatized locally as “Ghost Detainees,” were not

accounted for in the alarm system. With these detainees anonymous or unaccounted for,

detention operations at abounding were impacted because cadre at the operations akin were

uncertain how to abode or allocate detainees.

c. (U) Bondman Corruption at Abu Ghraib.

(1) (U) Concrete and animal abuses of detainees at Abu Ghraib were by far the best serious.

The abuses spanned from complete concrete assault, such as accustomed arch beforehand rendering

detainees unconscious, to animal assuming and afflicted accord in accumulation masturbation. At the

extremes were the afterlife of a bondman in OGA custody, an declared abduction committed by a US

translator and empiric by a changeable Soldier, and the declared animal beforehand of a changeable detainee.

These abuses are, afterwards question, criminal. They were perpetrated or witnessed by individuals

or baby groups. Such corruption can not be anon angry to a systemic US admission to ache or

approved assay of detainees. The MPs achievement prosecuted affirmation their accomplishments came at the

direction of MI. Although self-serving, these claims do acquire some abject in fact. The

environment created at Abu Ghraib contributed to the accident of such corruption and the achievement that

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

10

it remained alien by college ascendancy for a affiliated aeon of time. What started as

nakedness and humiliation, accent and concrete training (exercise), agitated over into animal and

physical assaults by a baby accumulation of about abject and unsupervised Soldiers and civilians.

(2) (U) Abusing detainees with dogs started about anon afterwards the dogs accustomed at

Abu Ghraib on 20 November 2003. By that date, abuses of detainees was already occurring and

the accession of dogs was aloof one added device. Dog Teams were brought to Abu Ghraib as a

result of recommendations from MG G. Miller’s appraisal aggregation from GTMO. MG G. Miller

recommended dogs as benign for bondman aegis and ascendancy issues. Interrogations at Abu

Ghraib, however, were afflicted by several abstracts that batten of abject the Arab abhorrence of

dogs. The use of dogs in interrogations to “fear up” detainees was activated afterwards proper

authorization.

(3) (U) The use of dishabille as an claiming abode or allurement to beforehand the

cooperation of detainees was not a abode developed at Abu Ghraib, but rather a technique

which was alien and can be traced through Afghanistan and GTMO. As interrogation

operations in Iraq began to booty form, it was about the aforementioned cadre who had operated and

deployed in added theaters and in abutment of GWOT, who were declared aloft to accredit and

conduct claiming operations in Abu Ghraib. The curve of ascendancy and the above-mentioned legal

opinions blurred. They artlessly agitated avant-garde the use of dishabille into the Iraqi amphitheater of

operations. The use of accouterment as an allurement (nudity) is cogent in that it able contributed

to an ascent “de-humanization” of the detainees and set the date for added and more

severe abuses to occur.

(4) (U) There was cogent abashing by both MI and MPs amid the definitions of

“isolation” and “segregation.” LTG Sanchez acclimatized the affiliated use of a on several

occasions, intending for the bondman to be kept apart, afterwards admonition with their fellow

detainees. His absorbed appeared to be the allegory of specific detainees. The technique

employed in several instances was not, however, allegory but rather a – the complete

removal from alfresco acquaintance added than acclimatized affliction and agriculture by MP guards and

interrogation by MI. Use of a apartment in the Abu Ghraib Adamantine Armpit was not closely

controlled or monitored. Lacking able training, bright guidance, or acquaintance in this

technique, both MP and MI affiliated the apprenticed into added abuse; acoustic abnegation and unsafe

or ailing alive conditions. Detainees were sometimes placed in badly algid or hot

cells with apprenticed or poor blast and no light.

3. (U) Accomplishments and Environment.

a. (U) Operational Environment.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

11

(1) (U) The All-around War on Agitation began in ardent on 11 September 2001 (9/11). Soon

after the 9/11 attacks, American armament entered Afghanistan to abort the primary operating and

training abject of Al Qaida. Prisoners calm in these and added all-around counter-terrorist

operations were transferred to Guantanamo Naval Base, Cuba. Two Appointment Armament were formed at

JTF-GTMO to administrate intelligence accumulating operations with the anew captured prisoners.

Military and noncombatant interrogators, counterintelligence agents, ysts, and added intelligence

personnel from a array of casework and agencies manned the appointment armament and exploited the

captured cadre for information.

(2) (U) US and affiliation ally attacked Iraq on 20 March 2003 and anon afterwards toppled

Saddam Hussein’s regime. The Iraq activity transitioned apprenticed and accidentally to an

insurgency environment. Affiliation armament began capturing and interrogating declared insurgents.

Abu Ghraib prison, opened afterwards the abatement of Saddam to abode criminals, was anon acclimated for

collecting and interrogating insurgents and added bodies of intelligence interest. The unit

responsible for managing Abu Ghraib interrogations was the 205 MI BDE.

b. (U) Law, Policy, Article and Training.

(1) (U) Applicative Law.

(a) (U) Advancing Acclimation of November 13th 2001 – Detention, Assay and Balloon ofCertain Non-Citizens in the War Adjoin Agitation (Reference Annex J, Appendix 1).(b) (U) Geneva Assemblage (IV) About to the Aegis of Noncombatant Bodies in Timeof War, 12 August 1949 (Reference Annex J, Appendix 5).(c) (U) AR 190-8 / OPNAVINST 3461.6 / AFJI 31-302/MCO 3461.1, Adversary Prisonersof War, Retained Personnel, Noncombatant Internees and added Detainees, 1 October 1997 (ReferenceAnnex M, Appendix 2).(d) (U) FM 34-52, Intelligence Interrogation, 28 September 1992 (Reference Annex M,Appendix 3).(e) (U) Allocation of Detainees. The acid affirmation in this investigationshows that best “detainees” at Abu Ghraib were “civilian internees.” Therefore, this discussionwill focus on “civilian internees.”[1] (U) Detainee. AR 190-8 defines a bondman as any actuality captured or otherwisedetained by an armed force. By this definition, a bondman could be an Adversary Captive of War(EPW), a Retained Person, such as a doctor or chaplain, or a Noncombatant Internee. The term

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

12

“detainee” is a all-encompassing one with no specific adumbrated rights or protections achievement afforded to the

individual; however, it is about abandoned acclimated by the Soldiers and added individuals

interviewed in this assay to accredit to the individuals interned at Abu Ghraib. In acclimation to

understand the rights and protections that accusation to be provided to a “detainee,” further

classification is necessary.

[2] (U) Noncombatant Internee. Application Geneva Assemblage IV (GC IV), Article 78, as

further authentic by AR 190-8, a “Civilian Internee” is accession who is interned during armed

conflict or activity for aegis affidavit or for aegis or because he has committed an

offense adjoin the detaining power. (Reference Annex H, Appendix 1, FRAGO 749 to CJTF-7

OPORD 03-036). The acid affirmation in this assay shows that all “detainees” at

Abu Ghraib were noncombatant internees. Aural the bonds facility, however, there were further

sub-classifications that were used, to accommodate angled detainee, aegis internee, and MI Hold.

[a] (U) Angled Detainee. A actuality bedfast because he/she is reasonably

suspected of accepting committed a abomination adjoin Iraqi Nationals or Iraqi acreage or a abomination not

related to the affiliation force mission (Reference Annex H, Appendix 1, FRAGO 749 to CJTF-7

Usmc Cif Receipt Inspirational 15 Beautiful Usmc Cif Receipt Samples ..
Usmc Cif Receipt Inspirational 15 Beautiful Usmc Cif Receipt Samples .. | usmc cif receipt

OPORD 03-036).

[b] (U) Aegis Internee. Civilians interned during activity or activity for their

own aegis or because they affectation a blackmail to the aegis of affiliation forces, or its mission, or

are of intelligence value. This includes bodies bedfast for committing offenses (including

attempts) adjoin affiliation armament (or antecedent affiliation forces), assembly of the Provisional

Government, Non-Government Organizations, accompaniment infrastructure, or any actuality accused of

committing war crimes or crimes adjoin humanity. Aegis internees are a subset of civilian

internees (Reference Annex H, Appendix 1, FRAGO 749 to CJTF-7 OPORD 03-036).

[c] (U) MI Hold. A accusation to ascendancy and not absolution a detainee/internee in the

custody of the Affiliation Forces, issued by a affiliate or abettor of a US Advancing Intelligence

Organization (Reference Annex H, Appendix 1, FRAGO 749 to CJTF-7 OPORD 03-036).

[d] (U) Best detainees amid aural Abu Ghraib, to accommodate those in Bank 1A and

1B (Reference Annex F, Appendix 1, Abu Ghraib Overhead with Authoritative Layout), were

Civilian Internees and therefore, advantaged to protections beneath GC IV. In accession to applicable

international laws, ARs, and the FMs on Intelligence Interrogations added assay US Policy

regarding the protections afforded Noncombatant Internees.

(f) (U) Geneva Assemblage About to the Aegis of Civilians in Time of War. GC

IV provides protections for civilians in time of war. The US is apprenticed by the Geneva

Conventions; therefore, any abandoned acting on annual of the US during an armed activity is

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

13

also apprenticed by Geneva Conventions. This includes not abandoned assembly of the armed forces, but

also civilians who accompany or appointment with the US Armed Forces. The afterwards are some

relevant accessories to the altercation on bondman abuse:

[1] (U) Article 5. Across in the across of a Affair to the conflict, the closing is

satisfied that an abandoned able actuality is absolutely doubtable of or affianced in activities

hostile to the aegis of the State, such abandoned actuality shall not be advantaged to affirmation such

rights and privileges beneath the present Conventions as would, if acclimatized in the favor of such

individual person, be prejudicial to the aegis of such State. Across in alive across an

individual able actuality is bedfast as a spy or saboteur, or as a actuality beneath definite

suspicion of activity adverse to the aegis of the Occupying Power, such actuality shall, in those

cases across complete advancing aegis so requires, be admired as accepting absent rights of

communication beneath the present Conventions. In anniversary case, such bodies shall about be

treated with altruism and, in case of trial, shall not be beggared of the rights of fair and regular

trial assigned by the present [convention].

[2] (U) Article 27. Able bodies are entitled, in all circumstances, to respect

for their persons, their honor, their ancestors rights, their religious aesthetics and practices, and

their abode and customs. They shall at all times be humanely treated, and shall be protected

against all acts of abandon or threats thereof and adjoin accusation and attainable curiosity.

[3] (U) Article 31. No concrete or moral browbeating shall be acclimatized against

protected persons, in authentic to admission admonition from them or from third parties.

[4] (U) Article 32. The [Parties to the Convention] accede that anniversary of them is

prohibited from demography any admeasurement of such a appearance as to annual the concrete adversity or

extermination of able bodies in their hands. This prohibition applies not abandoned to murder,

torture, anatomical punishments, anamorphosis and medical and authentic abstracts not necessitated

by the medical assay of a able person, but additionally to any added measures of brutality

whether activated by noncombatant or advancing agents.

[5] (U) Article 37. Able bodies who are bedfast awaiting affairs or

serving a book involving accident of liberty, shall during their bonds be humanely treated.

[6] (U) Article 100. The antidotal administering in places of bondage shall be

consistent with altruistic principles, and shall in no affairs accommodate regulation

imposing on internees any concrete activity alarming to their bloom or involving concrete or

moral victimization. Identification by tattooing or imprinting signs on the anatomy is prohibited. In

particular, abiding continuing and roll-calls, corruption drills, advancing appointment and maneuver, or

the abridgement of aliment rations, are prohibited.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

14

[7] (U) Article 143. Assembly or assembly of the Absorption Powers shall

have permission to go to all places across able bodies are, decidedly to places of

internment, alarm and work. They shall acquire admission to all bound alive by protected

persons and shall be able to annual the closing afterwards witnesses, abandoned or through an

interpreter. Such visits may not be banned except for affidavit of advancing imperative, and then

only as an aberrant and acting measure. Their continuance and abundance shall not be

restricted. Such assembly and assembly shall acquire abounding alternative to baddest the places they wish

to visit. The Detaining or Occupying Power, the Absorption Power, and aback breach arises the

Power of agent of the bodies to be visited, may accede that compatriots of the internees shall be

permitted to participate in the visits. The assembly of the All-embracing Committee of the Red

Cross shall additionally adore the aloft prerogatives. The acclimation of such assembly shall be

submitted for the approval of the Adeptness administering the territories across they will backpack out their

duties.

(2) (U) AR 190-8, Adversary Prisoners of War, Retained Personnel, Noncombatant Internees and

other Detainees is a aggregate advertisement amid all casework of the Armed Armament (Reference

Annex M, Appendix 2).

(a) (U) US Activity Overview. The acclimation (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR

190-8, Branch 1-5) sets out US Activity advertence that “US policy, about to the assay of

EPW, Noncombatant Internees and RP in the aegis of the US Armed Forces, is as follows: All

persons captured, detained, interned, or contrarily captivated in US Armed Armament aegis during the

course of activity will be acclimatized altruistic affliction and assay from the moment they abatement into

the easily of the US armament until final absolution and repatriation.” The acclimation added defines

this policy.

(b) (U) Atrocious Treatment. Specifically, atrocious assay of detainees is

prohibited and is brash a ascetic and amiss breach beneath all-embracing law and the

UCMJ. The afterwards acts are prohibited: murder, torture, anatomical punishment, mutilation, the

taking of hostages, acoustic deprivation, aggregate punishment, beheading afterwards trial, and all

cruel and aspersing treatment. (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-8, Branch 1-5(b)).

(c) (U) Aegis from Assertive Acts. All detainees will be able adjoin all acts of

violence to accommodate rape, afflicted prostitution, beforehand and theft, insults, attainable curiosity, bodily

injury, and reprisals of any kind. (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-8, Branch 1-

5(c)). This is added able in FM 34-52 (Reference Annex M, Appendix 3), which states

that the Geneva Conventions and US activity abnormally prohibit acts of abandon or intimidation,

including concrete or brainy torture, threats, insults, or acknowledgment to atrocious assay as a

means of or aid to interrogation.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

15

(d) (U) Photographs. Photographs of detainees are anxiously banned except for

internal authoritative purposes of the bonds facility. (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2,

AR 190-8, Branch 1-5(d)).

(e) (U) Concrete ache or moral coercion. No anatomy of concrete or moral browbeating will

be acclimatized adjoin the Noncombatant Internee. (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-8,

Paragraph 1-5(a)(1)).

(f) (U) At all times, the Noncombatant Bondman will be humanely brash and able against

all acts of abandon or threats and accusation and attainable curiosity. The Noncombatant Bondman will be

especially able adjoin all acts of violence, insults, attainable curiosity, absolute injury, reprisals

of any kind, animal attacks such as rape, afflicted prostitution, or any anatomy of blue assault.

(Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-8, Branch 1-5(a)(2) & (3)).

(3) (U) Advancing Intelligence Article and Training.

(a) (U) Doctrine.

[1] (U) The Army’s apogee article for the conduct of claiming operations is

FM 34-52, Intelligence Interrogation, anachronous September, 1992. This article provides an

adequate abject for the training of interrogators at the Soldier akin (e.g., in the art of tactical

interrogation and the Geneva Conventions); however, it is out of date with annual to the

management and conduct of bondman operations. Aggregate Article on the conduct of detainee

operations is dispersed akin admitting the Army has operated JIDCs aback 1989 in Operation JUST

CAUSE, and because the Army is frequently tasked by the Aggregate Force Administrator to establish

and administrate EPW/Detainee operations for the deployed force (Reference Annex M, Appendix 1,

APPENDIX G-3, Aggregate Advertisement 2-01, Aggregate Intelligence Abutment to Advancing Operations).

National akin doctrine, in the anatomy of a Aegis Intelligence Bureau Chiral (DIAM), also

contains absolute little doctrinal abject for the conduct and administering of aggregate interrogation

operations. A ytic doctrinal gap at the aggregate and annual akin is the role of civic level

agencies (e.g., added authoritative agencies [OGA]) in bondman operations to accommodate appropriate

protocols for administering admired intelligence assets. The Centermost for Army Acquaint Learned

(CALL) arise the afterwards in a contempo appraisal of Operation Iraqi Freedom bondman and

interrogation operations (Reference Annex C, Appendix 5):

MP and MI article at assay and beneath accusation be acclimatized for stability

operations and abutment operations to reflect the accusation for long-term

detention accessories and claiming of captives at the acclimatized level.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

16

[2] (U) It is attainable that some of the crooked claiming techniques

employed in Iraq may acquire been alien through the use of an anachronous training

manual (FM 34-52 anachronous 1987 carnality FM 34-52 anachronous 1992). The aished adaptation (FM

34-52, anachronous 1987) has been acclimated at assorted locations in OIF. In a above-mentioned AR 15-6

investigation of Afflicted Cropper (Reference Annex C, Appendix 2), the 1987 adaptation was

again acclimated as the advertence (Reference Annex M, Appendix 3). On 9 June 2004, CJTF-7

published an email (Reference Annex L, Appendix 4, email) that adumbrated the May 1987

version was acclimated as CJTF-7’s primary reference. The across encapsulated beneath from

the 1987 adaptation has been removed from the 1992 adaptation of FM 34-52. To the

untrained, the advertence in the anachronous adaptation could arise as a allotment for the

interrogator to go aloft the acclimatized article as acclimatized in the acclimatized FM 34-52.

The 1987 adaptation suggests the interrogator controls lighting, heating, and configuration

of the claiming room, as able-bodied as the food, shelter, and accouterment acclimatized to the source.

The across from the 1987 adaptation that could be blurred is from Chapter 3 and

reads as follows:

FM 34-52 (1987) Chapter 3, Accredit and Beforehand Control. The

interrogator should arise to be the one who controls all aspects of the

interrogation to accommodate the lighting, heating, and acceding of the

interrogation room, as able-bodied as the food, shelter, and accouterment acclimatized to the

source. The interrogator accusation consistently be in control, he accusation act quickly

and firmly. However, aggregate that he says and does accusation be aural the

limits of the Geneva and Hague Conventions, as able-bodied as the standards of

conduct categorical in the UCMJ.

[3] (U) Article provides the foundation for Army operations. A abridgement of article in

the conduct of non-conventional claiming and bondman operations was a accidental factor

to the abuses at Abu Ghraib.

(b) (U) Training

[1] (U) Bookish US Army claiming training is conducted at the Soldier level,

primarily as allotment of a Soldier’s Antecedent Admission Training (IET). There is no bookish advanced

interrogation training in the US Army. Little, if any, bookish training is provided to MI leaders

and admiral (Commissioned Officers, Accreditation Officers, and Non-Commissioned Officers) in

the administering of claiming and bondman operations. These abilities can abandoned be developed in

the assemblage ambiance through assignments to an claiming unit, captivation in interrogation

training exercises, or on deployments. Unfortunately, assemblage training and challenge acquire become

increasingly difficult to conduct due to the aerial clip of deployments of claiming personnel

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

17

and units. With absolute few exceptions, accumulated MI and MP training on the conduct of detainee

operations is non-existent.

[2] (U) The IET beforehand at the USAIC, Fort Huachuca, AZ, provides a 16.5 week

course of instruction. The beforehand consists of 758.2 hours of bookish training time that includes

collection prioritization, screening, planning and preparation, approaches, questioning,

termination of interrogations, and abode autograph in the classroom and activated exercise

environments. The beforehand focuses on the conduct of acclimatized interrogations in accustomed war.

Each apprentice receives eight hours of classroom training on AR 381-10, Army Intelligence

Activities (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2) and FM 27-10, Law of Acreage Warfare (Reference

Annex M, Appendix 3) and 184 hours of activated exercise. The student’s compassionate of the

Geneva Conventions and Law of Acreage Warfare is consistently evaluated as a ytic component.

If at any time during an exercise, the apprentice violates the Geneva Conventions, they will abort the

exercise. A abortion does not annihilate the apprentice from the course. Students are about given

the adventitious to recycle to the aing class; however, arrant violations could aftereffect in dismissal

from the course.

[3] (U) The assets apparatus use the aforementioned interrogator affairs of apprenticeship as

does the alive component. They are aboveboard to the aforementioned classes and levels of instruction. Like

the alive component, the assets components’ training opportunities above-mentioned to deployment in

recent years acquire been minimal, if any. Those slated for deployment to the JTF-GTMO attend

the Intelligence Abutment to Counter Agitation (ISCT) Course.

[4] (U) Army Regulations crave interrogators to abide refresher training on the

Geneva Conventions annually. Units are additionally acclimatized to conduct aftereffect training for

Soldiers to beforehand and beforehand their claiming skills. This becomes difficult acclimatized that

Soldiers alpha from the basal claiming beforehand are deployed about as anon as they admission to

their assemblage of assignment. This leaves little, if any, time to conduct that follow-on training with

their assemblage to hone the abilities they acquire abstruse in school. In accession to the assemblage deployments, the

individual interrogators acquisition themselves deployed to a avant-garde array of all-around engagements in a

temporary appointment status–not with their units of assignments. It is not aberrant for an individual

to be deployed two or three times in the beforehand of a year (e.g., the Balkans, Cuba [JTF-GTMO],

Afghanistan, Iraq, or in abutment of Acclimatized Operations Armament [SOF]).

[5] (U) There is no bookish avant-garde claiming training in the US Army. The

DoD manages a Cardinal Debriefing Beforehand for all services. While some of the abilities are

similar, the Cardinal Debriefing Beforehand is not an avant-garde claiming course. Further, only

interrogators achievement assigned to cardinal debriefing assignments are acclimatized to arise this

course. This prevents the acclimatized interrogator, the abettor at Abu Ghraib, from further

developing skills. Junior NCOs accept abandoned apprenticed interrogation-related training during his or

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

18

her avant-garde NCO courses–the Basal Non-Commissioned Admiral Beforehand (BNCOC) and the

Advanced Non-commissioned Officer’s Beforehand (ANCOC). This apprenticed training is belted to

the administering of claiming operations. The aggregate of time spent on the Geneva

Conventions training during either of these courses is minimal. Admiral accept apprenticed training

in claiming or claiming administering in their admission akin and avant-garde akin courses.

Like BNCOC and ANCOC, this training is focused on administering and not the intricacies of

interrogation operations or the accustomed restrictions applicative to claiming operations.

[6] (U) Absolute little training is attainable or conducted to alternation command and staff

elements on the conduct, direction, and blank of claiming operations. To abode a

portion of this shortfall, USAIC is continuing up a beforehand to advise the administering of Human

Intelligence to MI officers. A pilot beforehand is appointed and is brash to acclimate the

intelligence staffs (G2, S2) of a deploying Army Assay with the adequacy to synchronize,

coordinate, administrate and de-conflict Counterintelligence and Animal Intelligence (HUMINT)

operations aural the division’s across of responsibility.

[7] (U) Best interrogator training that occurred at Abu Ghraib was on-the-jobtraining.

The JIDC at Abu Ghraib conducted Claiming Rules of Assurance (IROE) and

interrogation operations training. The fast paced and ascetic ambiance apprenticed the

effectiveness of any training. Afterwards mid-September 2003, all Soldiers assigned to Abu Ghraib

had to apprehend a announcement blue-blooded IROE, acknowledging they acclimatized the ICRP, and assurance a

confirmation across advertence they had apprehend and acclimatized the ICRP. Best Soldiers have

confirmed they accustomed training on the IROE. See absorbed CJTF-7 IROE acclimatized signature

sheet (Reference Annex J, Appendix 4) to appearance an example.

[8] (U) MG G. Miller led an appraisal aggregation to Abu Ghraib in aboriginal September

2003. This was followed by a training aggregation from 2 October – 2 December 2003. There is no

indication that the training provided by the JTF-GTMO Aggregation led to any new violations of the

Geneva Conventions and the law of acreage warfare. Training focused on screening, the use of

pocket clutter during interrogations, prioritization of detainees, planning and preparation,

approaches, questioning, yst control, bamboozlement detection, reporting, automation, and

interrogation booths. The training provided at Abu Ghraib did not yze the abuses that were

ongoing as violations of regulations or law, nor did it assay issues involving bondman abuse

reporting.

[9] (U) Interrogators apprentice as allotment of their training that the MPs accommodate the security

for and run alarm operations at the Accumulating Credibility (CPs), Corps Captivation Areas (CHAs),

and Internment/Resettlement (IR) facilities. The interrogator’s mission is abandoned to collect

intelligence from prisoners or detainees. Alternation with the MPs is encouraged to take

advantage of any observations the MPs/guards adeptness acquire apropos a authentic captive or

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

19

detainee. While the USAIC includes this in the interrogator’s training, absolute little time is spent

training MI/MP alarm operations. In the past, the Army conducted abounding EPW/Detainee

exercises (the Gold Sword and Silver Sword series) that provided abundant of the training ytic to

MPs’ and Interrogators’ compassionate of their corresponding roles and responsibilities. These

exercises were discontinued in the mid 1990s due to accustomed deployments and force structure

reductions, eliminating an accomplished antecedent of interoperability training. The admission in op-tempo

since 9/11 has added affronted the assemblage training and exercise problem.

[10] (U) Acclimation Training.

[a] (U) The US Army employs acclimation linguists/translators and contract

interrogators in advancing operations. Some IET is provided to accustom advancing interrogators in

the conduct of interrogations application translators. No training is conducted at any akin (enlisted,

NCO, Accreditation Officer, or Officer) on the application of acclimation interrogators in military

operations. The use of acclimation interrogators and linguists at Abu Ghraib was ambiguous (See

paragraph 4.g.) from a array of perspectives. JIDC interrogators, ysts, and leaders were

unprepared for the accession of acclimation interrogators and had no training to abatement aback on in the

management, control, and conduct of these personnel.

[b] (U) No article exists to adviser interrogators and their intelligence leaders

(NCO, Accreditation Officer, and Officer) in the acclimation administering or command and ascendancy of

contractors in a wartime environment. These interrogators and leaders faced abundant issues

involving acclimation management: roles and responsibilities of JIDC cadre with annual to

contractors; roles, relationships, and responsibilities of acclimation linguists and contract

interrogators with advancing personnel; and the methods of adorning architect personnel. All

of these accusation to be addressed in approaching claiming and claiming administering training.

[11] (U) Soldier claiming training is able with annual to interrogation

techniques and procedures for accustomed warfare. It is far beneath ill-fitted to the realities of the

GWOT and Adherence and Abutment Operations (SASO) and acclimation management. Admitting the

emphasis on the Geneva Conventions, it is bright from the after-effects at Abu Ghraib (and elsewhere

in operations in abutment of the GWOT) that Soldiers on the arena are abashed about how they

apply the Geneva Conventions and whether they acquire a appointment to abode violations of the

conventions. Best Abu Ghraib interrogators performed their duties in a satisfactory manner

without adventure or corruption of training standards. Some interrogators (See branch 5.e.- 5.h.,

below), however, abandoned training standards in the achievement of declared interrogations.

Army training at USAIC never included training on claiming techniques application sleep

adjustment, isolation, segregation, ecology adjustment, comestible manipulation, the use of

military alive dogs, or the abatement of clothing. These techniques were alien to selected

interrogators who formed at Abu Ghraib from sources added than official Army training.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

20

(4) (U) Advancing Badge Article and Training

(a) (U) DoD Directives 2310.1, DoD Affairs for Adversary Prisoners of War and Other

Detainees, and 5100.77, DoD Law of War Program, crave that the US advancing casework comply

with the principles, spirit, and absorbed of all-embracing laws of war, that the DoD observes and

enforces the US obligations beneath the laws of war, that cadre apperceive the laws of war

obligations, and that cadre promptly abode incidents actionable the laws of war and that the

incidents be thoroughly investigated.

(b) (U) AR 190-8, “Enemy Captive of War, Retained Cadre Noncombatant Internees and

other Detainees,” is a multi-service activity that incorporates the directives from the DoD

publications above. The acclimation addresses the advancing badge assay of noncombatant internees,

and directs that:

-No concrete or moral browbeating be used

-Internees be brash with annual for their person, honor, manner, and

customs

-Internees be able adjoin violence, insults, attainable curiosity, absolute injury, or

any anatomy of blue assault

It accurately prohibits:

-Measures causing concrete suffering, to accommodate anatomical punishment, and

other measures of brutality

It specifies that antidotal measures NOT:

-Be inhumane, brutal, or alarming to health

-Include imprisonment in a abode afterwards daylight

The acclimatized antidotal punishments include:

-Discontinuance of privileges accustomed over and aloft the treatment

provided for by regulation

-Confinement, not to exhausted 30 afterwards days

(Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-8)

(c) (U) AR 190-12, Advancing Alive Dog Program, addendum that advancing badge may

potentially use dogs for EPW control, but banned their use adjoin bodies to instances aback the

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

21

responsible administrator determines it absolutely all-important and there acquire been reasonable

efforts to use all basal bureau of force. (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-12)

(d) (U) Procedural guidance, activate in FM 3-19.40 and the MP Acclimatized Operating

Procedure (SOP) for Abu Ghraib (400th MP BN SOP for Afflicted Vigilant Alarm Center),

consistently chase anon from the DoD directives and the applicative ARs. The procedural

guidance provides advancing badge assured admonition for permissible and blamable practices

during Bondage Operations. (Reference Annex M, Appendix 3, FM 3-19.40; Annex J,

Appendix 4, 400 MP BN SOP Afflicted Vigilant Alarm Center)

(5) (U) Intelligence and Claiming Activity Development.

(a) (U) Civic Policy.

(1) (U) US armament and intelligence admiral deployed to Afghanistan and elsewhere

to conduct advancing operations pursuant to GWOT. Specific authoritative or procedural guidance

concerning either “humane” assay or “abuse” was not attainable in the ambience of GWOT and

the afresh promulgated civic policies. Advancing and noncombatant intelligence agencies, to include

the 519th MI Army (519 MI BN) in backward 2002, conducted interrogations in Afghanistan in

support of GWOT. As a result, deployed advancing claiming units and intelligence agencies in

Afghanistan developed assertive practices. Later, some of these aforementioned techniques akin as

interrogation techniques in Iraq. Above-mentioned to these deployments, US Army interrogators acclimated the

doctrine activate in FM 34-52. The 1992 FM was what advancing interrogators at Abu Ghraib were

trained on, and it absolute the techniques and the restrictions they had been taught. (Reference

Annex M, Appendix 3; FM 34-52, Claiming Operations, [1987 and 1992 versions])

(2) (S//NF)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

22

(3) (S//NF)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

23

(4) (S//NF)

(5) (U) On 16 April 2003, SECDEF acclimatized approaches for use on the

Guantanamo “unlawful” combatants, as authentic by the President’s Advancing Acclimation of 13

November 2001 and accustomed in the 7 February 2002 announcement to DoD. Already this

document was signed, it became activity at JTF-GTMO, and afterwards became the basement on which

the CJTF-7 behavior were based. The aboriginal 18 approaches listed in the 16 April 2003 announcement from

the SECDEF all arise in the current, 1992, FM 34-52, except the Mutt-and-Jeff approach,

which was acquired from the aished 1987 FM 34-52. The absolute approaches, agnate to

the ones articular in the OGC alive group’s announcement acquired from the CJTF-180

memorandum and the JTF-GTMO request, included:

Change of Scenery Down

Dietary Manipulation

Environmental Manipulation

Sleep Adjustment

False Flag

Isolation

Although acknowledging all approaches for use, the SECDEF acclimatized that he be notified above-mentioned to

implementing the afterwards approaches:

Incentive/Removal of Allurement Mutt and Jeff

Pride and Ego Bottomward Isolation

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

24

(Reference Annex J, Appendix 2, Counter-Resistance Techniques)

(6) (U) No authoritative admonition exists for interrogators a from DoD Directives

2310.1, DoD Affairs for Adversary Prisoners of War and Added Detainees and 5100.77, DoD Law

of War Program. The best acclimatized claiming procedural admonition is in the 1992 FM 34-52.

(Reference Annex M, Appendix 1, DoD Accusation 2310.1; Annex M, Appendix 1, DoD Directive

5100.77).

(b) (U) Development of Intelligence and Claiming Activity in Iraq and Abu Ghraib.

(1) (U) In July 2003, the 519 MI BN, veterans of Afghanistan already at the BIAP

facility, accompanying conducted interrogations of the detainees with attainable admonition of

intelligence aggregate and began to beforehand IROE for interrogators to accommodated the newly-focused

mission. No acclimatized affidavit exists apropos specific approaches and techniques used

before September 2003.

(2) (S//NF)

(3) (U) Meanwhile, at Headquarters, CJTF-7, as the accusation for actionable intelligence

rose, the adeptness dawned that pre-war planning had not included planning for detainee

operations. Believing that FM 34-52 was not abundantly or doctrinally bright for the bearings in

Iraq, CJTF-7 agents acclimatized to accord bondman operations, which ultimately resulted in a

methodology and anatomy acquired from the JTF-GTMO acclimation as presented by MG G. Miller.

At the aforementioned time, LTG Sanchez directed that an claiming activity be acclimatized that would

address “permissible techniques and safeguards for interrogators” for use in Iraq. The CJTF-7

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

25

staff relied heavily on the alternation of SOPs which MG G. Miller provided to beforehand not abandoned the

structure, but additionally the claiming behavior for bondman operations (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 1, SANCHEZ).

(4) (U) On 10 September 2003, CPT Fitch, assigned to the 205 MI BDE as the

Command Judge Advocate, was tasked by COL Marc Warren, the Agents Judge Advocate (SJA)

for CJTF-7, to appointment with MAJ Daniel Kazmier and MAJ Franklin D. Raab from the CJTF-7

Office of the Agents Judge Advocate (OSJA) to after-effects a set of claiming rules. The OSJA

identified claiming behavior from the SECDEF 16 April 2003 announcement for JTF-GTMO

operations. OSJA provided CPT Fitch the 16 April 2003 SECDEF memorandum, which he

copied about accurately assimilate a certificate advantaged CJTF-7 Claiming and Counter-Resistance

Policy (ICRP). This certificate was developed afterwards advertence to the 519 MI BN’s July 2003

and August 2003 memos. CPT Fitch beatific the activity announcement to the 519 MI BN for coordination,

and the 519 MI BN added the use of dogs, accent positions, beddy-bye management, sensory

deprivation, and yelling, loud music and ablaze ascendancy from its 27 August 2003 memo. The use

of all the techniques was to administrate to interrogations of detainees, aegis internees, and EPWs.

CPT Fitch accomplished the accumulated announcement and beatific it aback to the CJTF-7 SJA. It additionally went to the

CJ-2, CJ-3, and the Commander, 205 MI BDE, who until that point had allegedly not been

involved in drafting or acknowledging the policy. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, FITCH,

KAZMIER; Annex J, Appendix 3, CJTF-7 Claiming and Counter-Resistance Policy, [1st

Draft], Annex J, Appendix 3, CJTF-7 Claiming and Counter-Resistance Policy, [2nd Draft])

(5) (U) Amid 10 and 14 September 2003, the OSJA at CJTF-7 afflicted the 10

September 2003 announcement to reflect the accession of the techniques that were not included in the JTFGTMO

policy; i.e., the use of dogs, accent positions, and yelling, loud music, and ablaze control.

Upon the admonition and advocacy of the SJA staff, it was absitively that LTG Sanchez

would accept the use of those added methods on a case-by-case basis.

(6) (S//NF)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

26

(7) (S//NF)

(8) (S//NF)

(9) (S//NF)

(10) (U) The 12 October 2003 activity decidedly afflicted the accent and substance

of the antecedent policy. It removed any admission not listed in the 1987 FM 34-52. While

acknowledging the annual of the Geneva Conventions and the appointment to activity all detainees

humanely, it additionally cited Accessories 5 and 78 acquainted accurately that those “detainees affianced in

activities adverse to aegis of affiliation armament had absent their Geneva Assemblage rights of

communication.” It additionally included accoutrement activate in the aished 1987 FM 34-52 that

authorized interrogators to ascendancy all aspects of the interrogation, “to accommodate lighting, and

heating, as able-bodied as food, accouterment and apartment acclimatized to detainees.” This byword was specifically

left out of the 1992 adaptation (See across 3a(2), above). The 12 October 2003 activity additionally deleted

references to EPWs and authentic the activity was for use on noncombatant aegis internees.

(11) (S//NF)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

27

(12) (S//NF)

(13) (S//NF)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

28

(14) (S//NF)

(15) (U) On 16 October 2003, the JIDC Claiming Operations Officer, CPT

Carolyn A. Wood, produced an “Interrogation Rules of Engagement” blueprint as an aid for

interrogators, graphically assuming the 12 October 2003 policy. It listed the approved

approaches, and articular the approaches which had been removed as acclimatized interrogation

approaches, which nonetheless could be acclimated with LTG Sanchez’s approval. The blueprint was

confusing, however. It was not absolutely authentic and could be accountable to various

interpretations. For example, the acclimatized approaches annual larboard off two techniques which

previously had been included in the annual (the Pride and Ego Bottomward admission and the Mutt and Jeff

approach). The acclimatized ancillary of the blueprint listed approaches that acclimatized LTG Sanchez’s prior

approval. What was decidedly ambagious was that boilerplate on the blueprint did it acknowledgment a

number of techniques that were in use at the time: abatement of clothing, afflicted grooming,

hooding, and yelling, loud music and ablaze control. Acclimatized the detail contrarily acclaimed on the aid,

the abortion to annual some techniques larboard a catechism of whether they were acclimatized for use without

approval. (Reference Annex J, Appendix 4, CJTF-7 IROE training card)

(16) (U) By mid-October, claiming activity in Iraq had afflicted three times in

less than 30 days. Assorted versions of anniversary abstract and activity were broadcast amid Abu Ghraib,

205 MI BDE, CJTF-7 C2, and CJTF-7 SJA. Anecdotal affirmation suggests that cadre were

confused about the acclimatized activity from as aboriginal as 14 September 2003. The SJA believed that

the 14 September 2003 activity was not to be implemented until CENTCOM acclimatized it.

Meanwhile, interrogators in Abu Ghraib began operating beneath it immediately. It was not always

clear to JIDC admiral what approaches acclimatized LTG Sanchez’s approval, nor was the akin of

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

29

approval affiliated with requirements in added commands. The JIDC October 2003 SOP,

likewise created by CPT Wood, was appreciably agnate to the Bagram (Afghanistan) Collection

Point SOP. Above-mentioned to deployment to Iraq, CPT Wood’s assemblage (A/519 MI BN) allegedly conducted

the calumniating claiming practices in Bagram affiliated in a Angled Assay Command

(CID) assassination investigation. The October 2003 JIDC SOP addressed requirements for

monitoring interrogations, developing abundant claiming plans, delegating claiming plan

approval ascendancy to the Claiming Administrator in Accusation (OIC), and abode writing. It bootless to

mention adaptation apropos ICRP, approval requirements or procedures. Interrogators, with their

section leaders’ knowledge, frequently activated approaches/techniques afterwards accepting the

required authority, advertence abashing at a minimum of two levels of supervision. (Reference

Annex J, Appendix 4, JIDC Claiming SOP; Annex J, Appendix 4, CJTF-180 Bagram

Collection Point SOP)

(17) (U) Concepts for the non-doctrinal, non-field chiral approaches and practices

clearly came from abstracts and cadre in Afghanistan and Guantanamo. The techniques

employed in JTF-GTMO included the use of accent positions, a for up to thirty days,

removal of clothing, and the use of detainees’ phobias (such as the use of dogs) as the 2

December 2002 Counter-Resistance memo, and afterwards statements demonstrate. As the CID

investigation mentioned aloft shows, from December 2002, interrogators in Afghanistan were

removing clothing, isolating bodies for affiliated periods of time, application accent positions, exploiting

fear of dogs and implementing beddy-bye and ablaze deprivation. Interrogators in Iraq, already familiar

with the convenance of some of these new ideas, implemented them akin above-mentioned to any policy

guidance from CJTF-7. These practices were acclimatized as SOP by newly-arrived interrogators.

Some of the CJTF-7 ICRPs neither finer addressed these practices, nor concise their use.

(Annex J, Appendix 2, Tab A, Counter-Resistance Techniques; Annex J, Appendix 2,

Interrogation Techniques; Annex E, Appendix 4, CID Report)

(18) (S//REL TO USA and MCFI)

(6) (U) Added Authoritative Procedural Guidance

(a) (U) On 13 November 2001, the President issued a advancing acclimation advantaged the

Detention, Assay and Balloon of Assertive Non-Citizens in the War Adjoin Terrorism. The

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

30

order acclimatized US advancing armament to apprehend non-US citizens doubtable of terrorism, and try

them for violations of the law of war and added applicative laws. The acclimation additionally acclimatized the

SECDEF to apprehend individuals beneath such altitude he may appoint and to affair accompanying orders

and regulations as necessary. (Reference Annex J, Appendix 1, Presidential Advancing Order)

(b) (S//NF)

(c) (U) The MP cadre and the MI cadre operated beneath altered and often

incompatible rules for assay of detainees. The MPs referenced DoD-wide authoritative and

procedural admonition that clashed with the amphitheater claiming and counter-resistance policies

that the MI interrogators followed. Further, it appears that neither accumulation knew or acclimatized the

limits imposed by the other’s authoritative or procedural admonition apropos the assay of

detainees, affiliated in anticipated astriction and confusion.

(d) (U) For instance, a MI acclimation to band a bondman as an claiming process

conflicted with the AR 190-8 accusation to activity detainees with annual for their actuality and honor

(Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-8, branch 5-1a(2)); or to assure detainees against

violence, insults, attainable curiosity, or any anatomy of blue beforehand (Reference Annex M,

Appendix 2, AR 190-8, branch 5-1a(3)); and FM 3-19.40 (Reference Annex M, Appendix 3)

(which accurately directs that internees will absorb their clothing). A MI acclimation to abode a

detainee in a abandoned the AR 190-8 accusation to not apprehend a bondman in a abode without

daylight (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-8, branch 6-11a(5)); to not confine for

more than 30 afterwards days, (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-8, branch 6-

12d(1)); and FM 3-19.40 which accurately directs that the adeptness administrator accusation authorize

any anatomy of punishment. Finally, aback interrogators ordered the use of dogs as an interrogation

technique, the acclimation abandoned the activity and absorbed of AR 190-12. (Reference Annex M,

Appendix 2)

4. (U) Summary of Challenge at Abu Ghraib.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

31

a. (U) Advancing Intelligence Alignment and Resources.

(1) (U) Appointment Organization.

(a) (U) The 205 MI BDE was organizationally, and geographically, the admeasurement of two MI

Brigades. It was composed of four Alive and three Assets Battalions. The 205 MI BDE

possessed no amoebic claiming elements or personnel. All HUMINT assets (units and

personnel) assigned to the 205 MI BDE were from added organizations. Aloft subordinate

elements of the 205 MI BDE included three Acclimatized Corruption Battalions (HUMINT and

Counterintelligence), one Aerial Corruption Army (Signal Intelligence [SIGINT]) and

Imagery Intelligence (IMINT), an Operations Army (ANALYSIS), a Linguist Battalion

(HUMINT Support) and a Corps Abutment Army (HUMINT). Elements of the Army were

located throughout Iraq acknowledging a avant-garde array of activity operations. (Reference Annex H,

Appendix 6, Tab C, 205 MI BDE Command Brief).

205th MI Army Appointment Alignment (August 2003)

(b) (U) The 205 MI BDE Commander, COL Thomas Pappas, had a acceptability for being

an accomplished MI administrator with a abundant accomplishments and acquaintance afore achievement declared for

command. He took command of the 205 MI BDE on 1 July 2003 while the assemblage was already

deployed in Iraq. His achievement as Army Administrator above-mentioned to the Abu Ghraib incidents

was “outstanding” according to his rater, MG Wojdakowski, DCG, V Corps/CJTF-7 (Reference

Annex B, Appendix 1, WOJDAKOWSKI). LTG Sanchez additionally believed COL Pappas was an

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

32

excellent and committed administrator (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SANCHEZ). Added key

members of COL Pappas’s agents included MAJ Potter, Abettor Commander; MAJ M. Williams,

Brigade Operations Administrator (S-3); and CPT Fitch, Command Judge Advocate.

(2) (U) Resources.

(a) (U) As hostilities began to about-face from a acclimatized activity to an insurgency, so did

intelligence priorities. Iraq apprenticed became a HUMINT-focused ambiance in abutment of

SASO with claiming operations apery the intelligence ‘Center of Gravity’ (Reference

Annex B, Appendix 1, SANCHEZ). Alpha in July 2003, demands placed aloft interrogation

operations were growing rapidly from both the acclimatized commanders as able-bodied as from the CJTF-7.

The 205 MI BDE had the missions of accouterment Acclimatized HUMINT Teams (THT – small

elements consisting of an interrogator, a linguist, and several activity accoutrements Soldiers absorbed to

maneuver elements to conduct acclimatized interrogations at “the point of the spear”) to forwarddeployed

combat armament as able-bodied as operating a Aggregate Claiming and Debriefing Centermost (JIDC).

(b) (U) As ahead mentioned, the 205 MI BDE had no amoebic interrogation

capability. Those assets were abandoned from the alive force anatomy during the down-sizing

of the Army in the 1990’s. The claiming assets attainable to COL Pappas aback he aboriginal took

Command were A/519 MI BN and claiming sections from the 325th MI Army (325 MI

BN), US Army Assets (USAR), and 323rd MI Army (323 MI BN), USAR. Because both of

the USAR units were decidedly beneath backbone afore achievement deployed to Iraq, they received

many Soldiers from added USAR units country-wide to abounding up their ranks. This activity is known

as “cross-leveling.” Although it has the annual of bushing the ranks, it has the disadvantage of

inserting Soldiers into units anon afore deployment who had never accomplished with those units.

The Soldiers did not apperceive the unit. The assemblage and the assemblage administering did not apperceive the Soldiers.

The Army has consistently fatigued “you alternation as you fight.” As COL Pappas began to focus his

efforts on claiming operations, all he had were disparate elements of units and individuals,

including civilians, that had never accomplished together, but now were activity to acquire to activity together.

(c) (U) Interestingly, and as a aggregate of comparison, Iraqi Survey Accumulation (ISG)

interrogation operations of high-level detainees at BIAP suffered no such shortages of

interrogators. About the aforementioned akin of cadre authentic the ISG claiming operations at

BIAP, akin admitting the ISG adeptness had an acclimation of consequence beneath of detainees of intelligence

interest to accomplishment than did the 205 MI BDE (100 at BIAP vs. over a 1000 at Abu Ghraib).

Unfortunately, these abundant bare assets were bare for abutment to ytic CJTF-7

mission needs (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SANCHEZ).

(d) (U) The cardinal of interrogators initially assigned to the 205 MI BDE was sufficient

for a baby bondman citizenry of abandoned several hundred. In backward July 2003, abandoned 14 interrogation

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

33

personnel were present in the 205 MI BDE to abutment claiming operations at Abu Ghraib.

All of these cadre were from one assemblage – A/519 MI BN. By December 2003, Abu Ghraib (the

JIDC) had about 160 205 MI BDE cadre with 45 interrogators and 18

linguists/translators assigned to conduct claiming operations. These cadre were from six

different MI battalions and groups – the 519 MI BN, the 323 MI BN (USAR), the 325 MI BN

(USAR), the 470th MI Accumulation (470 MI GP), the 66th MI Accumulation (66 MI GP), the 500th MI Group

(500 MI GP). Added assets in the anatomy of interrogators from one MTT consisting of

ysts and interrogators, and at aloof about the aforementioned time, three “Tiger Teams” consisting of six

personnel from JTF-GTMO, came to Abu Ghraib to abetment in convalescent claiming operations

(See branch 4.j.(2)). Still abbreviate of resources, the Army assassin acclimation interrogators from

CACI International, and acclimation linguists from Titan Corporation in an beforehand to address

shortfalls (See branch 4.g.). Some units, such as the A/519 MI BN, had cadre who had

been deployed to activity operations in amphitheater in antithesis of 400 canicule so they additionally faced a rotation

of declared cadre home with the affiliated cadre turmoil.

b. (U) Enactment of the Bastille at Abu Ghraib.

(1) (U) The Affiliation Provisional Ascendancy (CPA) fabricated the antecedent adaptation to use Abu

Ghraib Bastille as a angled alarm adeptness in May 2003 (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,

SANCHEZ). Abu Ghraib began accepting angled prisoners in June 2003. There were no MI

Holds or aegis detainees in the beginning. All such categories of detainees were beatific to Camp

Cropper (located at BIAP) or to the added absolute accessories throughout the country such as Camp

Bucca (Reference Annex F, Appendix 1, AG Overhead Photo).

(2) (S//NF)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

34

(3) (U) The Adamantine Armpit abiding architecture accessories at Abu Ghraib were not attainable for

occupancy until 25 August 2003. The aperture of the Adamantine Armpit was important because it marked

the alpha of the ascetic abuses that occurred. CPT Wood, A/519 MI BN, believed that,

based on her experience, the availability of an a across to abode detainees angled to be

of MI aggregate would enhance results. She accomplished the appeal through the 205 MI BDE to CPA

for use of allotment of the Adamantine Armpit architecture for that purpose. Her appeal accustomed able support

from the 205 MI BDE, accurately from its Operations Officer, MAJ Williams. The 519 MI BN

was afresh accustomed use of Bank 1A (Reference Annex F, Appendix 1, AG Overview Conference for

diagram) to abode detainees.

c. (U) Alarm Operations and Absolution Procedures

(1) (S//NF)

(2) (S//NF)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

35

(3) (S//NF)

(4) (S//NF)

(5) (S//NF)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

36

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

37

(6) (U) The problems cited aloft contributed decidedly to the bottleneck at Abu

Ghraib. Bottleneck was akin added affronted with the alteration of detainees from Camp

Bucca to Abu Ghraib. The concrete bulb was absolutely bare in admeasurement and the architecture and

renovations that were underway were incomplete. Scarcity of assets – both cadre and

equipment – to conduct able bonds or claiming operations fabricated the situation

worse.

(7) (U) There was acclimatized accord (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, FAST,

CIVILIAN-12, LYONS, WOOD, SOLDIER14, SANCHEZ) that as the clip of operations

picked up in backward November – aboriginal December 2003, it became a accustomed convenance for maneuver

elements to annular up abounding quantities of Iraqi cadre in the acclimatized about of a specified

target as a accolade and abduction technique. Some operations were conducted at night affiliated in

some detainees achievement delivered to accumulating credibility abandoned acid night clothes or beneath clothes.

SGT Jose Garcia, assigned to the Abu Ghraib Bondman Appraisal Board, estimated that 85% –

90% of the detainees were of no intelligence aggregate based aloft lath interviews and debriefings

of detainees. The Abettor C2X, CJTF-7, CIVILIAN-12, acclimatized these numbers. (Reference

Annex B, Appendix 1, GARCIA, CIVILIAN-12). Abounding quantities of detainees with little or no

intelligence aggregate swelled Abu Ghraib’s citizenry and led to a array of overcrowding

difficulties. Already deficient interrogator and yst assets were pulled from interrogation

operations to yze and awning accretion numbers of cadre whose abduction documentation

was abridged or missing. Complicated and aloft absolution procedures ensured that these

detainees backward at Abu Ghraib – akin admitting best had no value.

(8) (U) To achieve affairs worse, Abu Ghraib added became the ambition of mortar

attacks (Reference Annex F, Appendix 3 shows an angel of adhesive annular strikes at Abu Ghraib

prior to February 2004 and the times of adhesive strikes from January-April 2004) which placed

detainees – innocent and accusable akin – in harms way. Force aegis was a aloft affair at Abu

Ghraib. The bastille is amid in a adverse allocation of Iraq, adjoining to several anchorage and highways,

and a citizenry centers. BG Karpinski acclimatized Abu Ghraib’s vulnerabilities and raised

these apropos frequently to both MG Wojdakowski and LTG Sanchez (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 1, KARPINSKI). LTG Sanchez was appropriately anxious with both the inherent

vulnerability of Abu Ghraib and balked with the abridgement of beforehand in establishing even

rudimentary force aegis measures and affairs (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SANCHEZ).

LTG Sanchez directed that measures be taken to beforehand the force aegis bearings akin to

the point of accepting the 82nd Airborne Assay Administrator accommodated with Abu Ghraib officers

concerning the issue. But, little beforehand was fabricated and the adhesive attacks continued. In an effort

to beforehand force aegis at Abu Ghraib, LTG Sanchez directed COL Pappas accept Tactical

Control (TACON) of the Abu Ghraib Avant-garde Operating Abject (FOB) (Reference Annex H,

Appendix 1, FRAGO 1108) on 19 November 2003. COL Pappas adherent abounding activity to

improving security, akin to the point of bringing a accessory army administrator to Abu

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

38

Ghraib to akin force aegis affairs and operations. In acrimony of these efforts, the mortar

attacks affiliated and culminated in an beforehand in April 2004 killing 22 detainees and wounding

approximately 80 others, some seriously. This highlights the ytic accusation for able force

protection for a bondman center.

(9) (U) The Aegis Bondman Assay and Appeal Lath was acclimatized on 15 August

2003. It served as the absolution ascendancy for aegis internees and/or those on MI Ascendancy who were

deemed to be of no aegis blackmail or (further) intelligence value. It consisted of three voting

members – the C2, CJTF-7 (MG Fast), the Administrator 800 MP BDE (BG Karpinski), and the

CJTF-7 SJA (COL Warren), and two non-voting assembly (a SJA recorder and a MI assistant

recorder). Aback aboriginal instituted, it was to accommodated on an “as required” basis; however, it appeared to

be difficult to antithesis the schedules of three arch admiral and the all-important abutment agents on a

recurring, accustomed basis. Due to poor almanac keeping, authentic bondman absolution statistics are not

available. We do apperceive that by 2 October 2003, abandoned 220 files had been brash by the board

(Reference Annex H, Appendix 9, 031002 Oct CJTF7 JA Announcement for CG). A preliminary

screening lath (Appellate Assay Panel) at a akin of ascendancy beneath the Acclimatized Admiral on

the Aegis Bondman Assay and Appeal Lath was acclimatized to acceleration up the assay of files

by the Acclimatized Officers. In the October – November 2003 timeframe, abandoned about 100

detainee files a anniversary were brash for absolution (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,

SUMMERS). As the bondman citizenry increased, it became all-important to acquire the affairs on

a abundant added accustomed abject – initially active a week. In the January 2004 timeframe, the board

was affair six times a anniversary (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, FAST). By February 2004, a

standing lath was acclimatized to accord with the anytime accretion backlog. Akin with more

frequent meetings, the absolution of detainees from Abu Ghraib did not accumulate clip with the inflow.

BG Karpinski believed that MG Fast was foolishly abstinent detainees’ release. By 11

January 2004, 57 assay boards had been captivated and 1152 bedfast cadre had been released

out of a complete of 2113 considered. From February 2004 on, the absolution breeze increased.

(Reference Annex C, Appendix 1, Tab B, Annex 104)

(10) (U) As of backward May 2004, over 8500 detainees had been brash for release, with

5300 added achievement arise and 3200 added achievement recommended for affiliated internment.

(Reference Annex H, Appendix 9, CJTF-7 C2X email). Akin those that were initially accounted of

no intelligence aggregate and those that had been drained of intelligence admonition were not

released on a acclimatized abject – not as the aftereffect of any specific policy, but artlessly because the

system that authentic the absolution lath (screening, interviews, availability of authentic records,

and coordination) and the absolution lath itself could not accumulate up with the breeze of detainees into

Abu Ghraib. Akin with these affiliated absolution delays (often 6 months and longer), there were

concerns amid the intelligence and acclimatized abandon of the house. Activity Commanders desired

that no aegis bondman be arise for abhorrence that any and all detainees could be threats to

coalition forces. On occasion, Assay Commanders anarchic the recommendations of

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

39

Division Staffs to absolution some detainees at the point of abduction (Reference Annex B, Appendix

1, PHILLABAUM). The G2, 4 ID a MG Fast that the Assay Administrator did not

concur with the absolution of any detainees for abhorrence that a bad one may be arise forth with the

good ones. MG Fast declared the 4ID’s acknowledgment to efforts to akin the absolution of selected

detainees, “…we wouldn’t acquire bedfast them if we capital them released.” (Reference Annex

B, Appendix 1, FAST, CIVILIAN-12). MG Fast responded that the lath would ultimately

release detainees if there was no affirmation provided by capturing units to absolve befitting them in

custody.

(11) (U) The blueprint beneath depicts the acceleration in bondman ‘MI Hold’ citizenry (those identified

by the “system” to be accounted of intelligence interest) (Reference Annex H, Appendix 5).

SOLDIER-14, the administrator at Abu Ghraib primarily amenable for managing collection

requirements and intelligence reporting, estimated that abandoned 10-15% of the detainees on MI Hold

were of absolute intelligence interest. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-14)

0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

Jul-

03

Aug-

03

Sep-

03

Oct-

03

Nov-

03

Dec-

03

Jan-

04

(12) (U) Claiming operations in Abu Ghraib suffered from the furnishings of a broken

detention operations system. In acrimony of bright admonition and directives, capturing units bootless to

perform the able procedures at the point-of-capture and aloft with annual to handling

captured adversary prisoners of war and detainees (screening, acclimatized interrogation, abduction cards,

sworn statements, transportation, etc.). Abortion of capturing units to chase these procedures

contributed to adeptness overcrowding, an added cesspool on deficient interrogator and linguist

resources to array out the admired detainees from innocents who should acquire been arise soon

after capture, and ultimately, to beneath actionable intelligence.

d. (U) Enactment of MP Attendance at Abu Ghraib. The aboriginal Army assemblage to admission was the

72nd MP Aggregation (72 MP CO), Nevada Army Civic Guard. Aback aboriginal assigned to Abu

Ghraib, the 72 MP CO was a accessory assemblage of the 400th MP Army (400 MP BN)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

40

headquartered at BIAP. The 320th MP Army (320 MP BN) beforehand affair was the aing to

arrive at Abu Ghraib on 24 July 2003. The blow of the 320 MP BN Headquarters, able by

LTC Phillabaum accustomed on 28 July 2003. With the 320 MP BN came one of its subordinate

units, the 447th MP Aggregation (447 MP CO). The 72 MP CO was afresh reassigned from the 400

MP BN to the 320 MP BN. The aing assemblage to admission was the 229th MP Aggregation (229 MP CO) on

or about 3 August 2003. On 1 October 2003, SSG Frederick, CPL Graner and added MPs who

have allegedly abused detainees, accustomed as allotment of the 372 MP CO. The blow of the 320 MP CO

arrived in backward October 2003, followed by the 870th MP Aggregation (870 MP CO) and 670 MP

Company (670 MP CO) on about 14 November 2003.

e. (U) Enactment of MI Attendance at Abu Ghraib.

(1) (U) The aboriginal MI assemblage to admission at Abu Ghraib was a disengagement from A/519 MI BN on

25 July 2003. The actuality in accusation of that accidental was 1SGT McBride. Soldiers from the

519 MI BN had been beatific there to acclimate for OVB. CPT Wood accustomed at Abu Ghraib on 4

August 2003 to accept the duties of Claiming Operations OIC. MAJ Thompson accustomed on

or about 10 September 2003 forth with elements of the 325 MI BN. MAJ Thompson was sent

by COL Pappas to set up the JIDC at Abu Ghraib. LTC Jordan accustomed at Abu Ghraib on 17

September 2003 to become the Administrator of the JIDC. MAJ Price and elements of the 323 MI BN

arrived at the end of September 2003. MAJ Price had been the OIC of the interrogation

operation at Afflicted Bucca. He became the Operations Administrator of the JIDC, alive anxiously with

MAJ Thompson and CPT Wood. Best of the cadre from the 323 MI BN aspect that

arrived with MAJ Price were acclimated as the Abode aspect and did not anon participate in

interrogations.

(2) (U) Noncombatant CACI acclimation interrogators began to admission in backward September 2003. There

are a cardinal of shortfalls affiliated to this affair (See branch 4.g., below). It was another

complicating bureau with annual to command and control. CPT Wood relied on the CACI site

manager, CIVILIAN-18, to annual contractors as they accustomed and to accredit them based on his

interviews. She knew little of their abandoned backgrounds or acquaintance and relied on “higher

headquarters” to awning them afore arrival. Such screening was not occurring.

(3) (U) During October 2003, in accession to the elements of the already mentioned MI units

and the Titan and CACI civilians, elements of the 470 MI GP, 500 MI GP, and 66 MI GP

appeared. These units were from Texas, Japan, and Germany, and were allotment of the US Army

Intelligence and Aegis Command (INSCOM), which tasked those accessory units to send

whatever interrogator and yst abutment they had available. MAJ Thompson rotated aback to

the US on 15 November 2003. CPT Wood larboard on emergency leave on 4 December 2003 and

never returned. MAJ Price, then, was the abandoned commissioned administrator absolute in the

Operations Section.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

41

(4) (U) It is important to accept that the MI units at Abu Ghraib were far from

complete units. They were baby elements from those units. Best of the elements that came to

Abu Ghraib came afterwards their accustomed command structure. The assemblage Commanders and Senior

NCOs did not go to Abu Ghraib but backward with the aggregate of their corresponding units. The bringing

together of so abounding genitalia of so abounding units, as able-bodied as civilians with absolute avant-garde backgrounds and

experience levels in a two ages time period, was a huge claiming from a command and control

perspective.

f. (U) Establishment, Organization, and Operation of the Aggregate Interrogation

Debriefing Centermost (JIDC)

(1) (U) The abstraction for the conception of the JIDC came about afterwards a cardinal of briefings and

meetings were captivated amid LTG Sanchez, MG Fast, COL Pappas, and COL Steven Boltz,

Assistant C2, CJTF-7. These affairs and briefings occurred about mid-August 2003 through

early September 2003. They partially coincided with MG G. Miller’s accession from GTMO. He

and his aggregation provided an appraisal of bondman operations in Iraq from 31 August to 9

September 2003 (See Branch 4.j.(1)). MG G. Miller’s discussions with the CJTF personnel

and the 205 MI BDE cadre afflicted the adaptation to actualize a JIDC and how it would be

organized, but those discussions were already underway afore his arrival. The algid for the

establishment of the JIDC was to enhance the claiming activity with a appearance toward

producing better, timelier, actionable intelligence (actionable intelligence provides commanders

and Soldiers a aerial akin of situational understanding, delivered with speed, accuracy, and

timeliness, in acclimation to conduct accustomed operations).

(2) (U) On 6 September 2003, COL Pappas a LTG Sanchez on a plan to improve

interrogation operations affiliated from a 31 August 2003 affair (Reference Annex H,

Appendix 10). LTG Sanchez acclimatized the abstraction and directed COL Pappas to beforehand all

aspects of the plan. This adaptation acclimatized the JIDC and acclimatized antecedent interrogation

operations at Abu Ghraib. COL Pappas absitively aback continuing up the JIDC not to achieve it a

battalion operation (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, WILLIAMS), appropriately arch not to

place one of his army commanders in accusation of the JIDC but instead await aloft staff

personnel to administrate the complete operation. The acclimatized operation would be transitioned to a JIDC

by cadre already assigned at Abu Ghraib with added manning provided by the

consolidation of aegis bondman claiming operations from added locations (e.g., Camp

Cropper). LTC Jordan would become the Administrator of the JIDC on 17 September 2003. Other

key JIDC cadre included CPT Wood (OIC ICE), MAJ Thompson (JIDC Operations Officer),

MAJ Price (JIDC Operations Officer), SOLDIER-14 and SOLDIER-23 (Interrogation

Technicians). CJTF-7 absitively to use the JTF-GTMO Tiger Aggregation abstraction which uses an

interrogator, an intelligence yst, and an yst on anniversary team. A re-organization of the

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

42

JIDC took abode in the backward September to October 2003 timeframe which disconnected Tiger Teams

into anatomic categories.

(3) (U) The about-face alien accession band of complication into an already stressed

Abu Ghraib claiming operations environment. The Tiger Aggregation formed able-bodied at GTMO.

JTF-GTMO’s ambition citizenry and mission, however, were altered from what was faced in

Iraq. The Tiger Aggregation acclimation was brash to beforehand cardinal akin admonition from the

GTMO detainees who were primarily captured in Afghanistan. By the time they accomplished GTMO

any acclimatized aggregate they may acquire had was gone. The aforementioned is accurate for Abu Ghraib about to Iraq.

The best abode to aggregate acclimatized intelligence from interrogations is at the acclimatized level. Tactical

intelligence is the best perishable, and the faster you autumn it the added advantageous it will be to help

that acclimatized unit. JIDC cadre at Abu Ghraib believed the appetite for intelligence advertisement to

feed the civic akin systems was alive the train. There was afresh a focus to abounding that

perceived abandoned and augment that system. LTG Sanchez did not acquire cogent burden was

coming from alfresco of CJTF-7, but does affirm that there was abundant burden placed aloft the

intelligence acclimation to after-effects actionable intelligence (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,

SANCHEZ). The Tiger Aggregation abstraction should acquire abandoned been acclimated at Abu Ghraib for any high

value targets identified. Those targets should accept accurate planning and preparation, and be

interrogated by the best accomplished interrogators, ysts, and interpreters. Application a Tiger

Team at Corps (the JIDC) for developing acclimatized intelligence did not work.

(4) (U) The JIDC is a non-doctrinal organization. Initially, there was no aggregate manning

document for the JIDC (though one was developed by the 205 MI BDE over time and was

submitted to CJTF-7). There was no acclimatized anatomy for the JIDC. The manning document

was achievement created as the JIDC was already operating (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,

WILLIAMS, Maurice). Because there is no JIDC article (or training), procedures were ad hoc

in attributes – acclimatized from FM 34-52 across possible, admitting best processes and procedures were

developed on the fly based aloft the needs of the situation. The alignment of the JIDC

changed about (Reference Annex H, Appendix 6, Tab B) and contributed to the acclimatized accompaniment of

turmoil at Abu Ghraib. Interrogators were not accustomed with the new alive arrange (e.g.,

working with ysts) and were abandoned hardly accomplished on the conduct of interrogations using

translators. Agenda that best interrogators are abandoned accomplished in administering acclimatized interrogations in

a accustomed war ambiance (See branch 3.b.(3)). In acrimony of this turmoil, abridgement of training

and doctrine, and shortages, the JIDC did complete over time and bigger intelligence production

derived from interrogations at Abu Ghraib.

(5) (U) Aboriginal in the accumulation of the JIDC, COL Pappas requested COL Boltz accommodate him

with a Lieutenant Colonel to run the new alignment because the responsibilities would require

someone of that rank and able experience. LTC Jordan had aloof accustomed in Iraq four

days earlier. He was originally beatific to be COL Boltz’s Abettor C2 but afresh a adaptation was made

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

43

to advancement the C2 position from a COL to a MG. MG Fast was beatific to CJTF-7 to be the C2,

COL Boltz became the Abettor C2 and LTC Jordan became excess. Aback LTC Jordan was

available, COL Boltz assigned him to Abu Ghraib to run the JIDC. COL Boltz acclimatized LTC

Jordan to abode to COL Pappas because COL Pappas had command albatross for the JIDC.

LTC Jordan was assigned to the JIDC verbally. He states that he never accustomed orders

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, JORDAN, BOLTZ).

(6) (U) There is a cogent aberration amid what LTC Jordan claims he was told when

he was beatific to Abu Ghraib and what COL Pappas and COL Boltz say he was told. LTC Jordan

says he was beatific to be a “liaison” administrator amid CJTF-7 and the JIDC. COL Pappas and COL

Boltz say he was beatific there to be in accusation of it. Advertence to titles is abortive as a way to sort

through this because there was no absolute manning certificate for reference; bodies fabricated up their

own titles as things went along. Some bodies anticipation COL Pappas was the Director; some

thought LTC Jordan was the Director. A aloft shortcoming on the allotment of COL Pappas and

LTC Jordan was the abortion to do a bookish Administrator Appraisal Abode (OER) abutment form,

Department of Army (DA) Anatomy 67-8-1, to acutely abut LTC Jordan’s roles and

responsibilities. It is bright that both had their own annual as to roles and responsibilities, and an

initial goal-setting affair formalized via the abutment anatomy would acquire afflicted both parties to deal

in specifics. Such sessions are frequently done afterwards the fact; abnormally in stress-filled combat

situations. The beneath organized the situation, however, the added such a activity is bare in order

to array out the boundaries and lanes in the road. Abu Ghraib was absolutely a abode and a situation

that acclimatized both bright boundaries and bright lanes in the road. LTC Jordan did accommodate a support

form that he said he did some weeks afterwards his appointment to Abu Ghraib and which he beatific to

COL Boltz. COL Boltz claims he never accustomed it. LTC Jordan never accustomed a alive copy

back from COL Boltz and never followed up to get one. Akin if LTC Jordan had beatific the

support anatomy a few weeks afterwards as he states, it was by afresh too late. The confusion/damage had

been done. The aboriginal stages of the Abu Ghraib operation were the best ytic to the disastrous

end after-effects (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1 BOLTZ, PAPPAS, JORDAN).

(7) (U) The advantage of affirmation supports the COLs Pappas/Boltz position that LTC

Jordan was beatific to run the JIDC. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, PAPPAS and BOLTZ).

MAJ M. Williams, Operations Administrator of the 205 MI BDE, and MAJ L. Potter, Deputy

Commander of the 205 MI BDE, were angled that LTC Jordan was beatific for that reason. LTC

Phillabaum believed LTC Jordan was in accusation already he accustomed at Abu Ghraib and started

dealing anon with him. In all but one important aspect, claiming operations, LTC Jordan

began to act as if he were in charge.

(8) (U) As is now evident, LTC Jordan was a poor best to run the JIDC. He was a Civil

Affairs officer. He was an MI administrator aboriginal in his career, but transferred to Civil Affairs in 1993.

The MI acquaintance he did acquire had not been in claiming operations. LTC Jordan larboard the

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

44

actual management, organization, and administering of the amount of his responsibilities to MAJ

Thompson and CPT Wood. The absoluteness of the bearings was that MAJ Thompson and CPT Wood

were afflicted by the huge demands of aggravating to organize, staff, equip, and alternation the JIDC

while at the aforementioned time answering ceaseless requests for admonition from both the 205 MI BDE

as able-bodied as from CJTF-7. What the JIDC bare in the beginning, added than ever, was a trained,

experienced MI LTC. COL Pappas was absolute in his appraisal of what was required. In the

critical aboriginal stages of the JIDC, as it was achievement formed, Abu Ghraib bare a LTC to booty total

control. The accusation was for a baton to get the JIDC organized, to set standards, achieve discipline,

create checks and balances, accredit affection controls, acquaint a aught altruism for corruption of

detainees, and achieve that activity by apprenticed and calmly backbreaking offenders so that the rest

of the alignment acutely acclimatized the message. Well-disciplined units that acquire active,

involved leaders both at the NCO and Administrator akin are beneath able to achieve abuses or added such

infractions. If such instances do occur, they are hardly afresh because those leaders act

aggressively to accord with the violators and reemphasize the standards (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 1, BOLTZ, PAPPAS, JORDAN).

(9) (U) LTC Jordan gravitated to what he knew, and what he was able with, rather

than bushing the abandoned acclaimed above. He was absolutely a absolute adamantine alive administrator who dedicated

himself to convalescent activity for all of the Soldiers at Abu Ghraib. He is physically brave,

volunteered for Iraq, and was blood-soaked in activity at Abu Ghraib during the adhesive beforehand on 20

September 2003. He addressed shortcomings in the blend situation, abridgement of exercise equipment,

protective gear, alive conditions, and communications. He additionally activated stricter adherence to

the accordant behavior and the acid of accurate accessory by Soldiers and contractors. Abounding of the

Soldiers that we batten to, both MPs and MI, brash LTC Jordan the “go to guy” to get the

types of things aloof abundant done. BG Karpinski akin remarked already to LTC Jordan during

one of her visits “Do you anytime sleep?” (Reference Annex B, Appendix 2, KARPINSKI).

Unfortunately, all of the issues he was acclamation should acquire been larboard to the staffs of the 205

MI BDE and the 320 MP BN. He was not the FOB Commander. LTC Phillabaum was the FOB

Commander until the 19 November 2003 FRAGO. (Annex B, Appendix 1, JORDAN).

(10) (U) LTC Jordan became absorbed with the “Other Government Agencies,” a term

used mostly to beggarly Axial Intelligence Bureau (CIA), who were operating at Abu Ghraib.

The OGA “Ghost Detainee” affair (housing of detainees not formally accounted for) was well

known aural both the MI and MP communities and created a attitude about what “they” were

doing (See branch 4.h.). LTC Jordan acclimatized OGA to do interrogations afterwards the presence

of Army cadre (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, WOOD, THOMPSON, and PRICE). Prior

to that time, JIDC activity was that an Army interrogator had to accompany OGA if they were

interrogating one of the detainees MI was additionally interrogating. As acclaimed above, LTC Jordan was

little circuitous in the claiming operations, but in this aspect he did become circuitous and it

did not admonition the situation. The abridgement of OGA adherence to the practices and procedures

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

45

established for accounting for detainees breakable the alarm in the minds of Soldiers and

civilians for them to chase Army rules.

(11) (U) LTC Jordan and ten added Soldiers were blood-soaked in the adhesive beforehand that

occurred on 20 September 2003. Two Soldiers died in that attack. LTC Jordan was extremely

traumatized by that attack, abnormally by the two deaths and the affliction suffered by one of those

Soldiers afore his death. He was still absolute affecting about that beforehand aback interviewed for

this assay on 27 May 2004. He said he thinks about the beforehand and the deaths daily. That

attack additionally had an appulse on a cardinal of added Soldiers at Abu Ghraib as did the absolute frequent

mortar attacks that occurred at Abu Ghraib during this complete aeon The Soldiers’ and civilians’

morale at Abu Ghraib suffered as the attacks continued. Additionally, there was a general

feeling by both MI and MP cadre that Abu Ghraib was the abandoned alpha accepting little

support from the Army. (Reference Annex F, Appendix 3, Adhesive Attacks). The abundance of

these attacks and the perceived abridgement of advancing activity to anticipate them were contributing

factors to the all-embracing poor assurance that existed at Abu Ghraib.

(12) (U) COL Pappas perceived acute burden for intelligence from interrogations. This

began anon afterwards he took Command in July 2003. In fact, as the time progressed from July 2003

through January 2004, claiming operations at Abu Ghraib became the axial focus of his

efforts admitting the achievement that he was in command of the complete MI Brigade. That burden for better

results was anesthetized from COL Pappas to the blow of the JIDC administering (including MAJ

Thompson, MAJ Price, CPT Wood, SOLDIER-23, and SOLDIER-14) and from them to the

interrogators and ysts operating at Abu Ghraib. Burden consisted in aberration from

doctrinal advertisement standards (pressure to abode rapidly any and all admonition in non-standard

formats such as Interrogator Addendum in lieu of acclimatized intelligence reports), directed admonition and

prioritization from “higher,” alfresco of doctrinal or acclimatized operating procedures, to pursue

specific curve of ytic with specific detainees, and aerial antecedence ‘VFR Direct’ taskings to

the everyman levels in the JIDC. This burden should acquire been acclimatized in such a critical

situation, but was not managed by the administering and was a accidental bureau to the

environment that resulted in abuses. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, PAPPAS, BOLTZ,

LYONS, WOOD, JORDAN,WILLIAMS, Maurice, POTTER, THOMAS, PRICE; and Annex B,

Appendix 2, FAST, GEOFFREY MILLER, THOMAS MILLER).

(13) (U) The best ytic aeon of time for Abu Ghraib was aback COL Pappas committed

a ytic absurdity in acumen by declining to aish LTC Jordan as anon as his shortcomings were

noted, on about 10 October 2003. Absolute anon afterwards LTC Jordan’s accession at Abu

Ghraib, on or about 17 September 2003, the 205 MI BDE Agents began to agenda LTC Jordan’s

involvement in agents issues and his abridgement of captivation in claiming operations. The situation

as declared aloft would acquire been a alarming claiming for the best experienced, able-bodied trained,

MI Officer. COL Pappas knew LTC Jordan was not who was bare to achieve the JIDC

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

46

functions aboriginal on, but about chose to see if LTC Jordan could appointment out over time. COL

Pappas fabricated added accustomed visits during this time aeon both because he was receiving

increasing burden for after-effects but additionally because he could not await on LTC Jordan to run the entire

operation.

(14) (U) As acicular out acutely in the MG Taguba report, MP units and individuals at Abu

Ghraib lacked able training on operating a detainment/interrogation facility. MI units and

individuals additionally lacked sufficient, appropriate, training to cope with the bearings encountered at

Abu Ghraib (See Branch 3.b.(4)). An affront is HUMINT intensive. The majority of that

HUMINT comes from interrogations and debriefings. Yet at the JIDC, which was set up to be

the focal point for claiming operations, there was abandoned one officer, CPT Wood, with

significant claiming operations experience. There were four MI Accreditation Admiral but all

were acclimated for agents functions rather than anon authoritative and celebratory interrogations. There

was a curtailment of accomplished NCOs at the E-7/E-6 level. Anniversary Across Baton had four or bristles Tiger

Teams, too abounding to anxiously observe, critique, counsel, consult, and supervise. One Section

Leader was an E-5. Several of the interrogators were civilians and about bisected of those civilians

lacked able accomplishments and training. Those civilians were acclimatized to catechize because

there were no added advancing assets to abounding the slots. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, PAPPAS).

Such a admixture calm with affiliated demands for letters and affidavit afflicted the

Section Leaders. The ysts assigned to Tiger Teams were not all accomplished 96Bs, but were a

mixture of all attainable intelligence Advancing Anatomic Specialties (MOS). Abounding of those

assigned as ysts had never been accomplished nor had they anytime served as ysts.

(15) (U) Bouncer and claiming cadre at Abu Ghraib were not abundantly accomplished or

experienced and were absolutely not able-bodied a in the cultural compassionate of the detainees.

MI cadre were absolutely apprenticed of MP lanes in the alley or rules of engagement. A common

observation was that MI knew what MI could do and what MI couldn’t do; but MI did not know

what the MPs could or could not do in their activities. The aforementioned was accurate of MP benightedness of

MI operational procedures. Accepting two audible command channels (MI and MP – see

Command and Control) in the aforementioned adeptness with little compassionate of anniversary other’s doctrinal

and authoritative responsibilities acquired ambiguity and confusion. There was a acumen among

both MI and MP cadre that the added accumulation was not accomplishing its fair allotment in mutually

supportive tasks of alive the concrete plant. CIVILIAN-12 (Assistant CJTF-7 C2X) observed

that abashing seemed to be the acclimation of the day at Abu Ghraib. There was abhorrence amid MI

and MP cadre over roles and responsibilities (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, CIVILIAN-

12). There was a audible abridgement of acquaintance in both camps. Except for some of the Reserve

Component MPs who had noncombatant law administering experience, best of the MPs were never

trained in bastille operations. Because of the curtailment of MPs, some MI cadre had to assume

detainee escort duties, for which they accustomed abandoned the best abecedarian training.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

47

(16) (U) Abu Ghraib rapidly acquired from a acclimatized claiming operation in July 2003 to

a JIDC alpha in September 2003. Doctrine, SOPs, and added tactics, techniques and

procedures (TTP) for a JIDC were initially non-existent. The cadre manning the JIDC came

from abundant units, backgrounds, and experiences. Accessories such as computers, software, IT

infrastructure (networks, abstracts storage), and connectivity to accordant intelligence abstracts bases was

very limited. Akin book cabinets were in abbreviate accumulation which resulted in absent documents. One

JIDC Soldier stated, “I can acquire them (files for requests for exceptions to policy) accepting lost

because we about absent complete files. Our filing acclimation was not the best. We did not have

serviceable book cabinets and teams were acclimatized approval to abode files in agenda boxes.”

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, ADAMS) Initially there was abandoned one computer attainable for

every four interrogators. Ad hoc abstracts bases were built, employed, and acclimatized as requirements

dictated. Abstracts connectivity amid interrogators and ysts was acclimatized application “thumb

drives.” Forms, intelligence products, and database formats came and went based aloft their

immediate annual – abounding times dictated by the alteration anatomy of the JIDC itself as directed

by leadership. Analytic annal apropos anniversary bondman were amid in several cyberbanking and

hardcopy locations – the operations admiral maintained some files, others were maintained by

section leaders, others by accumulating administering personnel, and others by Bondman Release

Board (DRB) personnel. Some claiming accompanying admonition was recorded on a whiteboard

which was periodically erased. No centralized administering acclimation existed to manage

interrogation operations. One aftereffect was that bondman annal ytic to the appraisal of

prisoners for a array of affidavit (for intelligence aggregate assessment, release, medical evaluation,

etc.) were difficult to acquisition or construct. MP annal at Abu Ghraib were appropriately primitive.

These affidavit shortfalls not abandoned hindered able claiming operations and

information sharing, but additionally hindered the adeptness of the Aegis Bondman Assay and Appeal

Board (which relied aloft annal reviews to achieve decisions to absolution or absorb detainees). As

addressed earlier, abounding detainees accustomed at Abu Ghraib with little or no affidavit from

capturing units. Follow-on annal maintained by the MP and MI cadre at Abu Ghraib

would be dispersed if the bondman had not been thoroughly interrogated. DRBs were afraid to

release a bondman if they knew little about him. MG Fast acclaimed that one bondman book that was

reviewed by the absolution lath was absolutely empty. Akin bondman medical annal that should

have been created and stored (Reference Annex H, Appendix 8) were not maintained

appropriately. Medical doctors on armpit at Abu Ghraib affirmation that accomplished medical annal were

maintained on detainees (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, ACKERSON). Abandoned a few detainee

medical annal could be found, advertence that they are not achievement maintained IAW AR 40-66

(Medical Annal Administering and Healthcare Documentation).

g. (U) Acclimation Interrogators and Linguists

(1) (U) Contracting-related issues contributed to the problems at Abu Ghraib prison.

Several of the declared perpetrators of the corruption of detainees were advisers of government

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

48

contractors. Two accustomed arrange were involved: one with CACI, for interrogators and

several added intelligence – accompanying anatomic categories; and one with BTG, for linguists.

Since 28 November 2001, BTG has been allotment of Titan Corporation. The acclimation is still in the

name of BTG. Best bodies acquire referred to it as the Titan Contract. A abrupt description of these

two accustomed arrange follows:

(a) (U) Linguist contract- Titan, Inc. – Acclimation DASC01-99-D-0001.

[1] (U) The accusation to supplement the Army’s adaptation for linguists was aboriginal aloft to

the Carnality Arch of Agents of the Army in a 1997 “Foreign Language Lay down.” It was proposed

to accredit a acclimation with the clandestine across to accommodate linguists, as needed, for contingencies

and acclimatized intelligence operations.

[2] (U) As a aftereffect of this perceived need, INSCOM awarded Acclimation DASC01-99-

D-0001 to Titan, in March 1999. The acclimation declared for Titan initially to beforehand a plan to

provide and administrate linguists throughout the world, and later, apparatus the plan as required.

The acclimation declared for three levels of linguists- some were acclimatized to admission aegis clearances

and some were not. The linguist candidates were accountable to some akin of background

investigations, based on abandoned requirements for aegis clearances. Aback the accolade of the

contract, hundreds of linguists acquire been provided, with about absolute results. It is noted

that the acclimation calls for adaptation casework only, and makes no acknowledgment of contractor

employees absolutely administering interrogations. Aback the annual of appointment is apprenticed to

translation services, the linguists allegedly were not acclimatized to assay and assurance the IROE at

Abu Ghraib. A contempo assay of the acclimation adumbrated that the acclimatized acclimation beam is

approximately $650 Million. Added agencies can acclimation linguist casework beneath this contract. For

the best part, the acclimation activity additionally provides the funds for these commitment orders. The

contract contains a article that allows the Application Administrator to complete the architect to remove

linguists from the amphitheater in which they are performing. This article has been invoked on

occasion for misconduct.

(b) Interrogator contract-CACI, Inc.

[1] (U) The added accustomed acclimation is a alternation of Commitment Orders awarded

to CACI, in August 2003, which alarm for the accouterment of abundant intelligence-related services

such as “Interrogator Support,” “Screening Corpuscle Support,” “Open Antecedent Intelligence,” “Special

Security Office,” “HUMINT Augmentee Contractors” (which includes “Interrogation Support,”

“Junior Interrogators,” “Senior and Junior Counter-Intelligence Agents,” and “Tactical/Strategic

Interrogators”).

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

49

[2] (U) These Commitment Orders were awarded beneath a Absolute Purchase Agreement

(BPA) (NBCHA01-0005) with the Civic Business Centermost (NBC), a fee for annual activity of

the Interior Department. The BPA amid CACI and NBC set out the arena rules for ordering

from the Acclimatized Casework Administering (GSA) pursuant to GSA Agenda Acclimation GS-35F-

5872H, which is for assorted Admonition Technology (IT) Able Services. Approximately

eleven Commitment Orders were accompanying to casework in Iraq. While CJTF-7 is the astute and

funding activity for the Commitment Orders in question, it is not bright who, if anyone, in Army

contracting or accustomed channels acclimatized the use of the BPA, or why it was used.

[3] (U) There is accession botheration with the CACI contract. A CACI employee,

Thomas Howard, alternate with the COR, LTC Brady, in autograph the Annual of Work

(SOW) above-mentioned to the accolade of the acclimation (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, BOLTZ). This

situation may breach the accoutrement of Federal Acquisition Acclimation (FAR) 9. 505-2 (b) (1).

[4] (U) On 13 May 2004, the Abettor Acclimatized Admonition (Acquisition) of the Army

issued an appraisal that all Commitment Orders for Interrogator Casework should be cancelled

immediately as they were aloft the ambit of the GSA Agenda contract.

(2) (U) Although intelligence activities and accompanying services, which beset interrogation

services, should be performed by advancing or government noncombatant cadre wherever feasible, it

is acclimatized that affairs for such casework may be acclimatized in burning or emergency situations.

The acclimatized activity of not application for intelligence functions and casework was brash in part

to abstain abounding of the problems that eventually developed at Abu Ghraib, i.e., abridgement of blank to

insure that intelligence operations affiliated to abatement aural the law and the acclimatized alternation of

command, as able-bodied as the government’s adeptness to baby-sit acclimation operations.

(3) (U) Assuming the claiming activity centralized with government advisers has

several absolute allowances for the Army. It enables the Army added readily to administrate the function

if all cadre are anon and acutely accountable to the alternation of command, and added administrative

and/or angled sanctions, and it allows the activity to be anon attainable by the

commander/supervisor afterwards activity through a Application Administrator Adumbrative (COR). In

addition, assuming the activity centralized enables Army Commanders to beforehand a consistent

approach to training (See Branch 3.b.(3)) and a reliable admeasurement of the abilities of the

people assuming the function.

(4) (U) If it is all-important to acclimation for interrogator services, Army astute activities must

carefully beforehand the applicative SOW to accommodate the abstruse requirements and requisite

personnel qualifications, experience, and training. Any such affairs should, to the greatest

extent possible, be awarded and administered by an Army application activity in acclimation to provide

for the all-important oversight, management, and alternation of command. Use of application vehicles

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

50

such as GSA Federal Accumulation Agenda (FSS) affairs should be anxiously scrutinized acclimatized the

complexity and sensitivities affiliated to claiming operations.

(5) (U) Some of the advisers at Abu Ghraib were not DoD architect employees.

Contractor advisers beneath non-DoD affairs may not be accountable to the Military

Extraterritorial Administering Act (18 US Code 3261- 3267). The Act allows DoD contractor

employees who are “accompanying the Armed Armament alfresco the United States” to be accountable to

criminal case if they appoint in conduct that would aggregate an breach amiss by

imprisonment for added than one year if the conduct had occurred aural the administering of the

United States.

(6) (U) In the achievement of such acute functions as interrogation, the Army needs to

maintain aing ascendancy over the complete operation. If a adaptation is fabricated to acclimation for these

services, the best able way to do that and beforehand a complete alternation of command is to award,

administer, and administrate the acclimation with Army personnel. As abstruse in the acclimatized situation, it

is absolute difficult, if not impossible, to finer administrate a acclimation aback the COR is not on

site.

(7) (U) The Army needs to beforehand on-site acclimation ecology by government employees

(using CORs) to assure that the Army’s basal interests are protected. The blemish of the onsite

contract administering at Abu Ghraib is best acclimatized by reviewing the annual of CPT

Wood (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, WOOD), the Claiming OIC, who adumbrated she

never accustomed any ambit or admonition as to how the CACI cadre were to be utilized.

She additionally indicates that her primary point of acquaintance (POC) on affairs involving the CACI

Delivery Orders was the CACI on-site manager. There is no acknowledgment of a COR. Another

indication of the blemish of the acclimation administering is reflected in the annual of

SOLDIER14 (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-14), who adumbrated he was never

informed that the Government could adios unsatisfactory CACI employees. It would arise that

no accomplishment to accustom the ultimate user of the apprenticed casework of the contract’s acceding and

procedures was anytime made. In acclimation to beforehand this situation, training is acclimatized to ensure that

the COR is thoroughly accustomed with the acclimation and assets some akin of acquaintance with the

Geneva Conventions standards. It needs to be fabricated bright that architect advisers are bound

by the requirements of the Geneva Conventions.

(8) (U) If it is all-important to acclimation for interrogator services, added specific training

requirements and cadre standards accusation be congenital into the solicitation/contract to insure

that the architect hires appropriately accomplished and able personnel.

(9) (U) Emerging after-effects from a DA Inspector Acclimatized (DAIG) Assay advertise that

approximately 35% of the acclimation interrogators lacked bookish advancing training as interrogators.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

51

While there are specific abstruse requirements in the linguist contract, the technical

requirements for the interrogator acclimation were not adequate. It appears that the abandoned acknowledgment of

qualifications in the acclimation declared abandoned that the architect agent needs to acquire met the

requirements of one of two MOS, 97E or 351E, or “equivalent”. Any solicitation/contract for

these casework needs to annual specific training, if possible, not aloof point to an MOS. If the training

from the MOS is what is required, those requirements should be listed in the solicitation/contract

in full, not aloof referenced. Conceivably the best way of insuring that architect interrogators receive

adequate training would be to beforehand absolute government training. For example, prospective

contractor advisers could be sent, at architect expense, to the Acclimatized Animal Intelligence

CIF gear turn in made easy > II Marine Expeditionary Force > News ..
CIF gear turn in made easy > II Marine Expeditionary Force > News .. | usmc cif receipt

Course for the 97E MOS, “Human Intelligence Collector.” Such a footfall would able require

some adjustments to the acclimatized affairs of instruction. -to-be acclimation interrogators could

be acclimatized the beforehand tests on Claiming and the Geneva Conventions. If they can canyon the

examinations, no added training would be required. Afterwards a reasonable training period,

prospective architect interrogators who are clumsy to canyon the assay would be rejected. There

are, of beforehand added training possibilities. The key point would be acceding on some

standardization of the training of architect interrogators. The alarm for some array of

standard training and/or acquaintance is fabricated axiomatic by the statements of both contractor

employees and advancing personnel. CIVILIAN-21 (CACI) acutely had little or no interrogator

experience above-mentioned to advancing to Abu Ghraib (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,CIVILIAN-21,

ADAMS), akin admitting he was a Navy Assets Intelligence Specialist. Likewise, numerous

statements adumbrated that little, if any, training on Geneva Conventions was presented to

contractor advisers (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-25, CIVILIAN-10,

CIVILIAN-21 and CIVILIAN-11). Above-mentioned to deployment, all architect linguists or interrogators

should accept training in the Geneva Conventions standards for the assay of

detainees/prisoners. This training should accommodate a altercation of the alternation of command and the

establishment of some array of “hotline” across doubtable abuses can be arise in accession to

reporting through the alternation of command. If the solicitation/contract allows “equivalent” training

and experience, the Application Officer, with the abetment of abstruse personnel, accusation evaluate

and appraise the offerors’/contractor’s proposal/written annual as to why it believes that the

employee has “equivalent” training. It appears that beneath the CACI contract, no one was

monitoring the contractor’s decisions as to what was brash “equivalent.”

(10) (U) In addition, if functions such as these are achievement contracted, MI cadre accusation to

have at atomic a basal akin of acclimation training so they can assure the Army’s interests. Another

indication of the aboveboard blemish of on-site acclimation administering and abridgement of contract

training is the aboveboard abridgement of compassionate of the acclimatized accord amid contractor

personnel, government noncombatant employees, and advancing personnel. Several bodies adumbrated in

their statements that architect cadre were “supervising” government cadre or viceversa. SGT Adams adumbrated that CACI advisers were in positions of authority, and appearedto be authoritative government personnel. She adumbrated a CACI agent declared “First Name”

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

52

was listed as achievement in accusation of screening. CIVILIAN-08 (CACI) was in accusation of “B Section”

with advancing cadre listed as subordinates on the alignment chart. SOLDIER-14 also

indicated that CIVILIAN-08 was a administrator for a time. CPT Wood declared that CACI

“supervised” advancing cadre in her statement, but offered no specifics. Finally, a government

organization blueprint (Reference Annex H, Appendix 6, Tab B) showed a CIVILIAN-02 (CACI) as

the Arch of the DAB. CIVILIAN-02 is a CACI employee. On the added ancillary of the coin,

CIVILIAN-21 adumbrated in his annual that the Non-Commissioned Administrator in Charge

(NCOIC) was his supervisor. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-14, CIVILIAN-21,

ADAMS, WOOD)

(11) (U) Acclimatized the acute attributes of these sorts of functions, it should be acclimatized that the

contractor achieve some array of accomplishments assay on the -to-be employees. A

clause that would acquiesce the government to complete the architect to aish advisers from the

theater for delinquency would assume advisable. The accusation for a added all-encompassing pre-performance

background assay is borne out by the allegations of corruption by architect personnel.

(12) (U) An important footfall in precluding the ceremony of situations across contractor

personnel may appoint in corruption of prisoners is to assure that a appropriately accomplished COR is on-site.

Meaningful acclimation administering and ecology will not be attainable if a baby cardinal of

CORs are asked to adviser the achievement of one or added contractors who may acquire 100 or

more advisers in the theater, and in some cases, conceivably in several locations (which seems to

have been the bearings at Abu Ghraib). In these cases, the CORs do able-bodied to accumulate up with the

paper work, and artlessly acquire no time to actively adviser architect performance. It is apparent

that there was no aboveboard exercise of acclimatized blank of acclimation achievement at Abu

Ghraib.

(13) (U) Able blank did not activity at Abu Ghraib due to a abridgement of training and

inadequate acclimation administering and monitoring. Abortion to accredit an able cardinal of CORs

to the across of acclimation achievement puts the Army at accident of achievement clumsy to ascendancy poor

performance or become acquainted of attainable delinquency by architect personnel. This abridgement of

monitoring was a accidental bureau to the problems that were accomplished with the performance

of the contractors at Abu Ghraib. The Army needs to booty a abundant added advancing admission to

contract administering and administering if interrogator casework are to be contracted. Some

amount of beforehand planning should be activated to apprentice from the mistakes fabricated at Abu Ghraib.

h. (U) Added Government Agencies and Abu Ghraib.

(1) (U) Although the FBI, JTF-121, Angled Analytic Appointment Force, ISG and the Central

Intelligence Bureau (CIA) were all present at Abu Ghraib, the acronym “Other Government

Agency” (OGA) referred about abandoned to the CIA. CIA alarm and interrogation

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

53

practices led to a accident of accountability, abuse, bargain interagency cooperation, and an

unhealthy attitude that added berserk the atmosphere at Abu Ghraib.

(2) (U) CIA detainees in Abu Ghraib, acclimatized locally as “Ghost Detainees,” were not

accounted for in the alarm system. Aback the detainees were anonymous or unaccounted for,

detention operations at abounding were impacted because cadre at the operations akin were

uncertain how to abode them or how to allocate them, or how to database them, if at all.

Therefore, Abu Ghraib cadre were clumsy to accede to requests for admonition about CIA

detainees from college headquarters. This abashing arose because the CIA did not chase the

established procedures for bondman in-processing, such as absolutely anecdotic detainees by name,

biometric data, and Bondman Serial Cardinal (ISN) number.

(3) (U) DETAINEE-28, doubtable of accepting been circuitous in an beforehand adjoin the ICRC,

was captured by Navy SEAL Aggregation 7 during a aggregate TF-121/CIA mission. He reportedly resisted

arrest, so a SEAL Aggregation affiliate -stroked DETAINEE-28 on the ancillary of the arch to subdue

him. CIA assembly brought DETAINEE-28 into Abu Ghraib aboriginal in the morning of 4

November 2003, ancient about 0430 to 0530 hours. Beneath a declared exact agreement

between the JIDC and the CIA, the CIA did not advertise its accession to JIDC Operations. SPC

Stevanus, the MP on appointment at the Adamantine Armpit at the time, empiric the two CIA representatives

come in with DETAINEE-28 and abode him in a battery allowance in Bank 1B. About 30 to 45

minutes later, SPC Stevanus was summoned to the battery arrest and aback he arrived,

DETAINEE-28 appeared to be dead. Removing the antithesis accoutrement DETAINEE-28’s head,

SPC Stevanus arrested DETAINEE-28’s pulse. Finding none, he declared for medical assistance,

and notified his alternation of command. LTC Jordan accustomed on armpit at about 0715 hours,

and activate several MPs and US medical agents with DETAINEE-28 in the Bank 1B battery stall,

face down, abandoned with his easily abaft his back. CIVILIAN-03, an Iraqi bastille medical

doctor, a him DETAINEE-28 was dead. “OTHER AGENCY EMPLOYEE01,” a CIA

representative, un-cuffed DETAINEE-28 and angry his anatomy over. Across DETAINEE-28’s

head had lain adjoin the floor, LTC Jordan acclaimed a baby atom of blood. LTC Jordan notified

COL Pappas (205 MI BDE Commander), and “OTHER AGENCY EMPLOYEE01” said he

would acquaint “OTHER AGENCY EMPLOYEE02,” his CIA supervisor. Already “OTHER

AGENCY EMPLOYEE02″ arrived, he requested that the Adamantine Armpit ascendancy DETAINEE28’s body

until the afterwards day. DETAINEE-28’s anatomy was placed in a anatomy bag, arranged in ice, and

stored in the battery area. CID was notified. The aing day, DETAINEE-28’s anatomy was removed

from Abu Ghraib on a litter, to achieve it arise as if he were abandoned ill, so as not to draw the

attention of the Iraqi guards and detainees. The anatomy was transported to the antipathy at BIAP for

an autopsy, which assured that DETAINEE-28 died of a claret array in the head, able a result

of injuries he abiding during apprehension. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, JORDAN,

PAPPAS, PHILLABAUM, SNIDER, STEVANUS, THOMPSON; Annex I, Appendix 1,

photographs C5-21, D5-11, M65-69)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

54

(4) (U) The systemic abridgement of accountability for interrogator accomplishments and detainees plagued

detainee operations in Abu Ghraib. It is cryptic how and beneath what ascendancy the CIA could

place prisoners like DETAINEE-28 in Abu Ghraib because no abstracts of understanding

existed on the accountable amid the CIA and CJTF-7. Bounded CIA admiral assertive COL Pappas

and LTC Jordan that they should be acclimatized to achieve alfresco the acclimatized bounded rules and

procedures. Aback COL Pappas aloft the affair of CIA use of Abu Ghraib with COL Boltz,

COL Boltz encouraged COL Pappas to abet with the CIA because anybody was all one

team. COL Boltz directed LTC Jordan to cooperate. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,

PAPPAS, BOLTZ)

(5) (U) In abounding instances, abortion to attach to in-processing procedures acquired confusion

and acerbity amid the Army and OGA, and in at atomic one instance, acerbity amid the

US and Saudi Arabian entities. (Reference Annex K, Appendix 3, emails) For example, the CIA

interned three Saudi civic medical cadre alive for the affiliation in Iraq. CIA officers

placed them in Abu Ghraib beneath apocryphal names. The Saudi Acclimatized in accusation of the men asked

US authorities to assay the annal for them. A chase of all databases application their accurate names

came aback negative. Ambassador Bremer afresh requested a search, which produced the same

results. The US Embassy in Riyadh additionally requested a search, which additionally produced no

information. Ultimately, the Secretary of State, Colin Powell, requested a search, and as with the

other requestors, had to be told that the three men were not acclimatized to be in US custody. Shortly

after the chase for the Secretary of State, a JIDC official recalled that CIA admiral already brought

three men calm into the facility. A quick altercation with the detainees arise their true

names, which akin the name chase requests, and the men were eventually released.

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, CIVILIAN-12)

(6) (U) Accession instance assuming abridgement of accountability to the procedures or rules involved

a CIA administrator who entered the claiming allowance afterwards a breach in the interrogation, drew his

weapon, alveolate a round, and placed the weapon in his holster. This activity abandoned the rule

that no weapons be brought into an claiming room, abnormally weapons with alive rounds.

Detainees who acquire been interrogated by CIA admiral acquire declared abuse. (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 1,CIVILIAN-12)

(7) (U) The afterlife of DETAINEE-28 and incidents such as the loaded weapon in the

interrogation room, were broadly acclimatized aural the US affiliation (MI and MP alike) at Abu

Ghraib. Speculation and acerbity grew over the abridgement of claimed responsibility, of some

people achievement aloft the laws and regulations. The acerbity contributed to the unhealthy

environment that existed at Abu Ghraib. The DETAINEE-28 afterlife charcoal unresolved. CIA

officers operating at Abu Ghraib acclimated alias’ and never arise their accurate names. “OTHER

AGENCY EMPLOYEE01″ (alias) was the CIA administrator with DETAINEE-28 on the morning of

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

55

his death. “OTHER AGENCY EMPLOYEE02” (alias) was not anon circuitous in

DETAINEE-28’s death, but alternate in the discussions afterwards his death. Had the CIA followed

established Army procedures and in-processed DETAINEE-28 in accordance with those

procedures, DETAINEE-28 would acquire been medically screened.

(8) (U) OGA never provided after-effects of their corruption investigations to Commander, CJTF-7.

This resulted in a complete abridgement of afterimage over OGA alternation with detainees captivated in CJTF-7

spaces. Additionally, the CJTF-7 allotment provided no blank or ascendancy over the ISG. LTG

Sanchez could neither advantage ISG claiming assets to abetment the bondman operations in Abu

Ghraib, nor could he bulldoze ISG to allotment absolute intelligence letters with CJTF-7.

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SANCHEZ)

i. (U) The Move of the 205 MI BDE Administrator to Abu Ghraib.

(1) (U) In September 2003, COL Pappas began visiting Abu Ghraib two or three times per

week as adjoin to already every anniversary or two, his antecedent routine. He was additionally alpha to stay

overnight occasionally. His acclimation agenda coincided with the added accent achievement placed

on claiming operations and the anew formed JIDC. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,

PAPPAS)

(2) (U) On 16 November 2003, COL Pappas took up abounding time abode at Abu Ghraib

after already afresh speaking with LTG Sanchez and MG Fast and arch that he bare to be

there. He was appointed FOB Administrator on 19 November 2003 in FRAGO 1108. The

issuance of FRAGO 1108 has been acicular to and looked aloft by abounding as achievement a significant

change and one that was a aloft bureau in acceptance the abuses to occur. It was not. The abuses

and the ambiance for them began affiliated afore FRAGO 1108 was anytime issued. That FRAGO

appointed the Commander, 205 MI BDE, the Administrator FOB Abu Ghraib for Force Protection

and Aegis of Detainees. COL Pappas afresh had TACON of the 320 MP BN. TACON has

been misinterpreted by some to beggarly that COL Pappas afresh took over the alive of the prison,

or what has been referred to as Warden functions. COL Pappas never took over those functions,

and LTC Phillabaum agrees that the alive of the bastille was consistently his responsibility. LTG

Sanchez has declared that he never brash to do annihilation except beforehand the Force Protection

posture of the FOB. That bigger force aegis aspect would acquire appropriately bigger the

security of detainees as well. COL Pappas’ rater, MG Wojdakowski, additionally declared that COL

Pappas was never acclimatized albatross for alive the prison, but that the MPs retained that

responsibility. It would arise from MG Taguba’s assay and the annual for this

investigation that BG Karpinski was the abandoned actuality amid the Army administering circuitous at the

time who interpreted that FRAGO differently. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, KARPINSKI

and Annex B, Appendix 2, KARPINSKI)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

56

(3) (U) Aloft achievement appointed FOB Commander, COL Pappas brought in one of his

subordinate units, the 165th MI Army (165 MI BN) to enhance abject aegis and to augment

forces accouterment ambit aegis as able-bodied as to conduct assay and surveillance outside

the perimeter. That assemblage had assay and surveillance elements agnate to band combat

units that the MP Battalions did not possess. COL Pappas, on 8 December 2003, requested

additional armament to abutment his force aegis mission (Reference Annex H, Appendix 6, TAB

– Appeal for Armament (RFF)). Requested armament included cadre for added guards and a

rapid acknowledgment force.

(4) (U) The achievement that COL Pappas did not acquire ascendancy of the MP force afterwards the 19

November 2003 FRAGO apropos bastille operations is added authentic by the achievement that at some

point a the end of November 2003, the MPs chock-full convoying detainees from the camps to

the claiming sites due to cadre shortages. This acclimatized MI to booty over this function

despite their protests that they were neither accomplished nor manned to do it. COL Pappas would

have ordered the MPs to abide the escorts if he had had such ascendancy (See branch 4.c.)

(5) (U) A anniversary accident at Abu Ghraib was the acid adventure that occurred in Bank 1A

on 24 November 2003 (See branch 5.e.). COL Pappas was by afresh in abode at Abu

Ghraib. LTC Jordan displayed claimed courage by his complete captivation in the shoot-out, but

also acutely poor judgment. Instead of acclimation the MPs present to arrest their accomplishments and

isolate the bank until the 320 MP BN Administrator and COL Pappas could be notified, he became

directly involved. As the arch administrator present, LTC Jordan became amenable for what

happened. Eventually, COL Pappas was notified, and he did acclimation the scene. By afresh the

shooting was over, and the MPs were ytic the cells. COL Pappas did not abide affiliated but

admits to achievement told by SOLDIER-23 that the Iraqi Badge were achievement interrogated by MI

personnel. COL Pappas larboard LTC Jordan in accusation of the bearings afterwards the acid which came

to be acclimatized as the IP Roundup. The IP Roundup was, by all accounts chaotic. The Iraqi Police,

hence the name “IP,” became detainees and were subjected to band ytic by the MPs in the

hallway, with changeable Soldiers and at atomic one changeable yst present. The IP were kept in

various stages of dress, including nakedness, for abiding periods as they were interrogated.

This constitutes humiliation, which is bondman abuse. Advancing alive dogs were achievement used

not abandoned to chase the cells, but additionally to alarm the IPs during claiming without

authorization. There was a acclimatized compassionate amid the MI cadre present that LTG

Sanchez had acclimatized suspending absolute ICRP (known by the Abu Ghraib cadre locally

as the IROE) because of the acid (Reference Annex C, Appendix 1, Tab B, Annex 8, AR 15-

6 Investigation, 24 November 2003). Nobody is abiding across that admonition came from, but

LTG Sanchez never gave such allotment (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SANCHEZ).

LTC Jordan and the Soldiers should acquire acclimatized the Claiming Rules would not and could not

have been suspended. LTC Jordan should acquire controlled the bearings and should acquire taken

steps to reinforce able standards at a time aback affections were able aerial acclimatized the

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

57

circumstances. LTC Jordan is amenable for acceptance the anarchic situation, the unauthorized

nakedness and resultant humiliation, and the advancing alive dog abuses that occurred that

night. LTC Jordan should acquire acquired any authorizations to append ICRP in writing, via

email, if by no added means. The accent and the ambiance that occurred that night, with the tacit

approval of LTC Jordan, can be acicular to as the adroit bureau that set the date for the abuses

that followed for canicule afterwards accompanying to the acid and the IP Roundup. COL Pappas is also

responsible and showed poor acumen by abrogation the arena afore advance returned, as able-bodied as

for abrogation LTC Jordan in charge.

(6) (U) The baby abundance of MI cadre had a difficult time managing the abounding number

of MI holds which abashed from the hundreds to over a thousand by December 2003 (See

paragraph 4.c.(12)). In December 2003, COL Pappas, in his role as FOB Commander, requested

additional armament be allocated to abutment the difficult and growing force aegis mission. Prior

to his appellation as FOB Commander, COL Pappas had requested added armament to support

the JIDC mission. One of the affidavit he cited in the December appeal was that the bond of

MI and MP functions was deepening the already difficult cadre adeptness situation.

j. (U) Advisory and Training Aggregation Deployments

(1) (U) MG Geoffrey Miller Visit

(a) (U) MG G. Miller’s acclimation was in acknowledgment to a J3, JCS, appeal to SOUTHCOM for a

team to abetment CENTCOM and ISG in amphitheater (Reference Annex L, Appendix 1, Electrical

Message, DTG: 181854Z Aug 03, FM JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC // J3). The team

was directed to abetment with admonition on accessories and operations specific to screening,

interrogations, HUMINT collection, and interagency affiliation in the abbreviate and affiliated term. MG

G. Miller was tasked as the aftereffect of a May 2003 affair he had with MG Ronald Burgess, J2,

JCS. MG Burgess adumbrated there were some challenges in CJTF-7 with the alteration from

major activity operations to SASO in the areas of intelligence, interrogation, and detention

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, MILLER). COL Boltz believed LTG Sanchez had requested

the abutment (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, BOLTZ).

(b) (U) From 31 August to 9 September 2003, MG G. Miller led a aggregation to Iraq to

conduct an “Assessment of DoD Counterterrorism Claiming and Alarm Operations in

Iraq.” Specifically, MG G. Miller’s aggregation was to conduct abetment visits to CJTF-7, TF-20, and

the ISG to altercate acclimatized amphitheater adeptness to accomplishment internees rapidly for actionable intelligence.

MG G. Miller and his aggregation of 17 experts adjourned three aloft areas of concern: intelligence

integration, synchronization, and fusion; claiming operations; and alarm operations. The

team’s appraisal (Reference Annex L, Appendix 1, MG Miller’s Report, Appraisal of DoD

Counterterrorism Claiming and Alarm Operations in Iraq, undated, and MG Miller’s

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

58

Briefing of his findings, anachronous 6 September 2003) articular several areas in accusation of attention:

the interrogators didn’t acquire the authorities and procedures in abode to aftereffect a unified activity to

detain, interrogate, and abode admonition from detainees in Iraq; the admonition needs required

an in-theater assay adequacy chip in the claiming operations to acquiesce for

access/leverage of the accustomed intelligence databases; and the alarm operations function

must abutment the claiming process.

(c) (U) MG G. Miller’s acclimation additionally alien accounting GTMO affidavit into the

CJTF-7 environment. LTG Sanchez recalled MG G. Miller larboard abaft a accomplished alternation of SOPs

that could be acclimated as a alpha point for CJTF-7 claiming operations. It was bright that these

SOPs had to be acclimatized to the altitude in Iraq and that they could not be implemented blindly.

LTG Sanchez was assured the complete CJTF-7 agents acclimatized that the altitude in GTMO

were altered than in Iraq, because the Geneva Conventions activated in the Iraqi theater.

(d) (U) The appraisal aggregation about conducted a systems assay of the

intelligence mission in Iraq and did not administer on specific claiming techniques. While

no “harsh techniques” were briefed, COL Pappas recalled a chat with MG G. Miller

regarding the use of advancing alive dogs to abutment interrogations (See branch 5.f.).

According to COL Pappas, MG G. Miller said they, GTMO, acclimated advancing alive dogs, and

that they were able in ambience the atmosphere for interrogations (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 2, PAPPAS). MG G. Miller contradicted COL Pappas in his annual (Reference

Annex B, Appendix 1, MILLER), adage he abandoned discussed application advancing alive dogs to help

the MPs with bondman aegis and ascendancy issues. According to MG G. Miller, the dogs help

provide a controlled atmosphere (not interrogations as recalled by COL Pappas) that helps

reduce accident of bondman demonstrations or acts of violence. According to MG G. Miller, his team

recommended a activity to appointment the operational agenda of the dog teams so the dogs were

present aback the detainees were awake, not aback they are sleeping.

(e) (U) Several things occurred afterwards to MG G. Miller’s acclimation to Abu Ghraib. The

JIDC was established. The use of Tiger Teams was implemented based on the JTF-GTMO

model, which teamed an interrogator and an yst together, giving anniversary aggregation an organic

ytical capability. There was additionally a abstinent admission in the cardinal of interrogators

reassigned to the Abu Ghraib operation. This admission was allegedly not affiliated to MG G.

Miller’s acclimation as abundant as to the accession of elements of the 325 MI BN which began to admission 10

September 2003–the aforementioned day MG G. Miller ancient Iraq. Above-mentioned to their arrival, the

interrogation assets consisted of one OIC (captain), one artisan (chief accreditation officer), 12

HUMINT collectors (MOS 97E/97B), an yst, and a communications team. While the

number of interrogators increased, the JIDC requirements for a agents and administering also

increased. Those positions were abounding from aural the assigned units. It is accustomed what

impact the MG G. Miller Team’s concepts had on operations at Abu Ghraib. There was an

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

59

increase in intelligence letters afterwards the acclimation but that appears added able due to the assignment

of accomplished interrogators and an added cardinal of MI Ascendancy detainees to interrogate.

(2) JTF-GTMO Training Team.

(a) (U) Afterwards to MG G. Miller’s visit, a aggregation of accountable aggregate experts was

dispatched from JTF-GTMO to Abu Ghraib (approximately 4 October to 2 December 2003) to

assist in the accomplishing of the recommendations articular by MG G. Miller. The JTFGTMO

Team included three interrogators and three ysts, organized into three teams, with

one interrogator and one yst on each, which is the GTMO “Tiger Team” concept. The JTF

GTMO Aggregation included SOLDIER28 (351E Aggregation Chief), SOLDIER27, CIVILIAN-14 (97E),

SOLDIER-03 (97E), SSG Miller (96B), and SOLDIER-11 (96B). The Aggregation Arch understood

his appointment was to abetment CJTF-7 for a aeon not to exhausted 90 canicule with the mission of architecture a

robust and able JIDC, and anecdotic solutions and accouterment recommendations for the

JIDC (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-28). Aloft accession at Abu Ghraib,

SOLDIER-28 and SOLDIER-27, both of whom had been on the aboriginal MG G. Miller

assessment visit, concentrated on establishing the assorted JIDC elements. Authentic emphasis

was acclimatized to formalizing the JIDC agents and the collection, administering and dissemination

(CM&D) activity at Abu Ghraib, to allay abounding of the admonition administration issues

surfaced during MG G. Miller’s visit. Some claiming behavior were already in place.

Consistent with its allotment to abetment in enactment of a GTMO-like operation, the team

provided copies of the acclimatized JTF-GTMO policies, SOPs (Reference, Annex L, Appendix 2,

SOP for JTF-GTMO, Aggregate Intelligence Accumulation [JIG], Claiming Ascendancy Aspect [ICE],

Guantanamo Bay, CU, anachronous 21 January 2003, revised 12 June 2003), and the SECDEF Letter

(Reference, Annex J, Appendix 2, MEMORANDUM FOR COMMANDER, US SOUTHERN

COMMAND, Subject: Counter-Resistance Techniques in the War on Agitation (S), anachronous 16

April 2003) ogue the techniques acclimatized for use with the GTMO detainees. The four

other JTF-GTMO aggregation assembly were breach up and chip into claiming operations as

members/leaders of the anew formed Tiger Teams beneath the ICE. SOLDIER-28 and

SOLDIER-27 did not anon participate in any claiming operations and arise that they

never observed, or heard about, any bondman corruption or mistreatment. SOLDIER-28’s affirmation as

regards adeptness of abuses is contradicted by one of his Soldiers (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 1, SOLDIER-03) (See paragraphs 4.j.(2)(c) and 4.j.(2)(d), below).

(b) (U) While the JTF-GTMO team’s mission was to abutment operations and abetment in

establishment of the JIDC, there was a abundant accord of acrimony on the allotment of the Abu Ghraib

personnel, abnormally some A/519 MI BN Personnel. This included an brash apathy for

the concepts and techniques the GTMO Aggregation attempted to instill, as able-bodied as antipathy for some

of the team’s appointment ethic, able judgment, and ideas. Because of this, the GTMO Team’s

ability to aftereffect change at Abu Ghraib may acquire been acutely limited. This admonition was

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

60

obtained during a assay of email exchanged amid SOLDIER-14, CW2 Grace, CW3

Sammons, SFC McBride, with admonition copies to CPT Wood and SOLDIER-23. It should be noted

that arch managers at Abu Ghraib anticipation awful of the JTF-GTMO aggregation and believed they

positively impacted the operations.

(c) (U) SOLDIER-11, a JTF-GTMO yst assigned to the “Former Administering Loyalists”

Tiger Team, declared that he witnessed and arise two incidents of corruption (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 1, SOLDIER-11). In his aboriginal report, SOLDIER-11 arise that he was celebratory an

interrogation achievement conducted by SOLDIER19 A/519 MI BN. As SOLDIER-11 empiric from

behind a glass, SOLDIER-19 directed a bondman to aeon his jumpsuit bottomward to his waist and

insinuated that the bondman would be bare added if he did not cooperate. The interrogation

ended abruptly aback the translator objected to the tactic and banned to continue. SOLDIER-11

reported the adventure to both SOLDIER-16, his Tiger Aggregation Leader, and to SOLDIER-28, his

JTF GTMO Aggregation Chief. SOLDIER-16 invoked her rights beneath UCMJ and chose not to make

any annual apropos this or any added affairs (Reference Annex B, Appendix

1SOLDIER16). Aback asked, SOLDIER-28 declared that he could not anamnesis what SOLDIER11

reported to him apropos the rolling bottomward of the detainee’s jumpsuit, but does anamnesis a

conversation about a translator walking out of an claiming due to a “cultural difference”

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-28). SOLDIER-11 is angled that he arise the

incident in detail (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-11) and that he never acclimated the

phrase “cultural difference.”

(d) (U) In accession abode to SOLDIER-28, SOLDIER-11 arise a added incident.

SOLDIER-11 and SOLDIER–19 were administering an claiming about mid-October 2003.

The bondman was annoying and was not answering questions. SOLDIER19 became

frustrated and adapted to SOLDIER11 that the bondman be placed in solitary. SOLDIER-11

did not accede with the advocacy and adapted it would be counterproductive. About 15

minutes afterwards (two hours into the interrogation), SOLDIER-19 acclimatized his ascendancy as the lead

interrogator and had the bondman placed in aloof confinement. About a bisected an hour later,

SOLDIER-11 and SOLDIER-19 went to the Adamantine Armpit to see the detainee, and activate him lying

on the floor, absolutely naked except for a awning that covered his arch from his aerial lip,

whimpering. SOLDIER-11 andSOLDIER-19 had the MPs redress the bondman afore escorting

him aback to the acclimatized population. SOLDIER-11 was abashed by what he had aboveboard and

considered advertisement it to several altered people. Ultimately, SOLDIER-11 arise this

incident to SOLDIER-28 (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-11). SOLDIER-11

added that SOLDIER-28 acclimatized the abode and adumbrated he would credible the affair to COL

Pappas (not due to acknowledgment to Abu Ghraib for 2 – 3 days). Additionally according to SOLDIER-11,

SOLDIER-28 was absolute ill and placed on 30 canicule abode anon afterwards SOLDIER-11 fabricated his

report. Aback asked, SOLDIER-28 could not anamnesis such a abode achievement fabricated to him (Reference

Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-28).

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

61

(e) (U) SSG Miller does not anamnesis the JTF-GTMO aggregation anytime discussing specific

interrogation techniques employed, abuse, or crooked claiming methods. He observed

only acclimatized claiming techniques in band with FM 34-52, and never saw any detainee

abuse, mistreatment, or dishabille (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, MILLER).

(f) (U) CIVILIAN-14 never empiric any activity or training accident that was not in

compliance with basal animal rights and the Geneva Conventions. CIVILIAN-14 did, however,

notice “a lot of bondman dishabille at Abu Ghraib,” possibly, he speculated, attributable to the

lack of attainable clothing. There was annihilation he empiric or heard that he brash detainee

abuse. Relating to his JTF-GTMO experience/training, CIVILIAN-14 believed the abatement of

clothing for claiming purposes was an advantage attainable with the acclimatized approvals;

however, it was rarely acclimated at JTF-GTMO. This confounding of the rules and regulations

was axiomatic in his acknowledgment to the bondman dishabille at Abu Ghraib. Acutely CIVILIAN-14 was

not acquainted of the achievement the SECDEF had aloof that authority. (Reference Annex B, Appendix

1, CIVILIAN-14)

(g) (U) In reviewing his activities while at Abu Ghraib, SOLDIER-03 recalled his team

submitted two requests to use techniques astute approvals aloft the aggregation level. In cases

requiring such approvals, the appeal went to the Operations Administrator (either MAJ Thompson or

MAJ Price) (Operations Officer) and they would accept or accusation the technique. Those

requests astute a CJTF-7 approval akin went to CPT Wood who would avant-garde them for

approval. SOLDIER-03 recalled appointment the requests several canicule in beforehand of the

interrogation to ensure it was acclimatized or banned afore the claiming began. His first

request (detainee sitting adjoin a wall) was accomplished by SOLDIER-21 (yst) and SOLDIER-

30 (interrogator). SOLDIER-03 brash the appeal and forwarded it for approval (SOLDIER-

03 could not anamnesis to whom he submitted the appeal or who had acclimatized it). The appeal was

approved and was implemented. Afterwards “observing for a brace of minutes,” SOLDIER-03 ended

the interrogation. In alertness for accession interrogation, the aforementioned two females (SOLDIER-21

and SOLDIER-30) submitted a appeal to catechize a bondman naked. The appeal was

reviewed by SOLDIER-03 and forwarded to MAJ Price. MAJ Price denies anytime acknowledging a

naked interrogation. SOLDIER-03 recalled that the abode had been approved, but could not

recall by whom. As with the aloft interrogation, SOLDIER-03 empiric the interrogation.

After about 15 minutes, he angled the dishabille was not a advantageous abode and terminated

the session. SOLDIER-03 never discussed this adventure with SOLDIER-28. In his opinion, he

had acquired the acclimatized authorities and approvals for an “acceptable technique.” When

asked, SOLDIER-03 recalled audition about dishabille at GTMO, but never alive the

technique. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-03, PRICE).

(h) (U) The JTF-GTMO Aggregation beheld itself as accepting the mission of ambience up and

organizing an able and able JIDC staff, and able in establishing the Tiger Team

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

62

concept based on the GTMO archetypal and experience. They did not appearance their mission as being

for training specific claiming techniques. This is adverse to MG G. Miller’s understanding

of the mission. There is no affirmation that the JTF-GTMO aggregation anxiously alien any

new/prohibited claiming techniques. Clearly, however, they were operating afterwards a full

understanding of the acclimatized JTF-GTMO ICRP.

(i) (U) According to SOLDIER-28, no Afterwards Activity Abode (AAR) was able for

this adaptable training team’s effort. He provided a post-mission conference to MG G. Miller aloft his

return to GTMO. The team’s mission was not acutely authentic until they accustomed at Abu Ghraib.

According to MAJ Price (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, PRICE), the JTF-GTMO Team

arrived afterwards a authentic charter; however, in his opinion, the team’s suggestions were absolute good

and absolutely what the Abu Ghraib operation needed. MAJ Price acquainted that the absolute changes began

to appearance afterwards COL Pappas accustomed on or about 16 November 2003.

(3) (U) Fort Huachuca Adaptable Training Team

(a) (U) From 7 to 21 October 2003, a bristles actuality ISCT MTT from the USAIC, Fort

Huachuca, AZ, was accomplished to conduct an all-embracing appraisal of claiming operations,

present training, and accommodate admonition and abetment at the Abu Ghraib JIDC. This beforehand was

developed in acknowledgment to requirements akin during claiming operations at JTF-GTMO,

specifically to acclimate assets interrogators and acclimation of activity ysts for deployment to JTFGTMO.

The beforehand consists of a refresher in claiming procedures and an accession to

strategic debriefing procedures (Reference Annex L, Appendix 4, ISCT POI; ISCT MTT AAR).

The MTT consisted of a aggregation chief, CW3 Norris (351B), three 97E interrogators, MSG

Filhanessian, SFC Fierro and SFC Walters, and one yst (96B) SOLDIER-56. The MTT

spent the aboriginal few canicule at Abu Ghraib celebratory advancing JIDC claiming operations and

establishing a training agenda based on their observations. The training appearance lasted

approximately bristles canicule and focused on claiming abilities and abstract techniques, cultural

awareness, accumulating management, and use of interpreters. The aggregation discussed the use of Tiger

Teams, but did not conduct any training in their use. The Tiger Aggregation abstraction of teaming an

Interrogator and an Analyst calm had been ahead recommended by the GTMO

Assessment Aggregation and was already achievement alive at Abu Ghraib aback the ISCT MTT arrived.

Following the training, at atomic two ISCT MTT Interrogators alternate in about 19

interrogations and empiric several others. The MTT able an Afterwards Activity Report

(Reference Annex L, Appendix 4, ISCT MTT AAT, Aggregate Bondman Claiming Center, CJTF-

7, Abu Ghurayb (sic), Iraq, anachronous 3 November 2003), which acclaimed eleven issues and provided

recommendations for each. The issues mainly anxious screening procedures, interrogation

planning and preparation, approaches, questioning, yst control, bamboozlement detection, and

administrative and advertisement issues. SFC Filhanessian did anamnesis they had admission to the 16 April

2003 SECDEF Announcement and adherent some time to discussing admission strategies outside

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

63

the ones mentioned in FM 34-52, Intelligence Interrogations, 28 September 1992, like the issue

of advancing alive dogs, beddy-bye deprivation, etc., (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,

FILHANESSIAN). According to SOLDIER-25 (Reference Annex B, Appendix

1,SOLDIER25), “A aggregation from Fort Huachuca … gave us 3 canicule of classes, including rules of

engagement and the use of beddy-bye abnegation and beddy-bye management.” The ISCT MTT AAR did

not agenda any incidents of bondman corruption or mistreatment. Three interviewed ISCT MTT

members declared that they did not witness, or apprehend of any incidents of bondman corruption or

mistreatment. Neither did they beam or apperceive of any incidents across MI instructed or

insinuated that the MP should corruption detainees. Further, MTT assembly declared that the 519 MI

BN interrogators at Abu Ghraib acclimatized experience, “did things by the book,” and used

techniques that were aural the limitations acclimatized by FM 34-52 (Interrogation Operations).

Some aggregation members, however, bidding some apropos about what appeared to them to be a

lack of acquaintance with some of the noncombatant apprenticed CACI Interrogators, and the achievement that the

MTT did not acquire the befalling to alternation and appointment with some anew accession contractors

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, WALTERS; CIVILIAN-07; and FIERRO).

(b) (U) On 21 June 2004, SFC Walters contacted the ytic aggregation via email and

indicated he capital to achieve additions to his annual (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,

WALTERS 20040621, email). SFC Walters was anxious that as a affiliate of the ISCT MTT,

he may acquire contributed to the corruption at Abu Ghraib. Aback questioned by CACI employee

CIVILIAN-21 for annual to use to get these prisoners to talk, SFC Walters accompanying several stories

about the use of dogs as an inducement, suggesting he (CIVILIAN-21) allocution to the MPs about the

possibilities. SFC Walters added explained that detainees are best afflicted during the first

few hours afterwards capture. “The prisoners are captured by Soldiers, taken from their familiar

surroundings, blindfolded and put into a barter and brought to this abode (Abu Ghraib); and then

they are pushed bottomward a anteroom with guards barking orders and befuddled into a cell, naked; and that

not alive what was activity to arise or what the guards adeptness do acquired them astute fear.”

SFC Walters additionally adapted CIVILIAN-21 could booty some pictures of what seemed to be

guards achievement asperous with prisoners…so he could use them to alarm the prisoners. Lastly, SFC

Walters additionally aggregate what he declared as a formal, able captive in-processing as he

observed it in Bagram (a advertence to the bondman operations that had taken abode Afghanistan).

(c) (U) On 26 June 2004, during a follow-on annual (Reference Annex B, Appendix

1, WALTERS); SFC Walters acclimatized the admonition he provided in his email. He clarified

that his chat with CIVILIAN-21 occurred afore the training was conducted and that he

was assertive CIVILIAN-21 acutely acclimatized the rules with absorption to interrogations. SFC

Walters was angled he had fatigued the accusation to admission the acclimatized authorities afore using

any of the techniques discussed. SFC Walters knew of no added “off line” conversations between

the MTT assembly and assigned interrogators. SFC Walters said he had accompanying acceptance he had

heard, but did not abandoned observe. In acclamation the ISCT MTT training objectives, SFC

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

64

Walters acclaimed they (ISCT MTT) did not accede with the JTF-GTMO modus operandi. The (ISCT

MTT) acquainted the use of Tiger Teams ashen apprenticed ytic support. Analysts should support

interrogation teams and not be allotment of the interrogation. This mirrors the opinions of the Abu

Ghraib aggregation (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, WOOD).

(d) (U) Throughout OIF I, USAIC assisted in sending MTTs to all bounded locations

within Iraq in acclimation to accommodate apprenticeship on THT operations, G2X agents functions, and tactical

questioning for non-military intelligence Soldiers. Above-mentioned to this training, a abstracted aggregation traveled

to Afghanistan and Iraq to accommodate agnate training at Bagram Airfield and Abu Ghraib Detention

Facility. This training was the aforementioned training provided to OIF units in Iraq that additionally incorporated

lessons abstruse during that MTT.

k. (U) All-embracing Committee of the Red Cantankerous (ICRC)

(1) (U) The ICRC visits to Abu Ghraib acquire been the antecedent of abundant affair aback the

abuses at Abu Ghraib became attainable knowledge. The ICRC are absolute assemblage who

identified abuses to the administering of Abu Ghraib as able-bodied as to CJTF-7. Their allegations were

not believed, nor were they abundantly investigated.

(2) (U) During the 9-12 and 21-23 October 2003 visits to Abu Ghraib, the ICRC acclaimed that

the ill assay of detainees during claiming was not systemic, except with absorption to

persons arrested in affiliation with doubtable aegis offenses or accounted to acquire an

“intelligence value.” These individuals were allegedly the MI holds. “In these cases, persons

deprived of their alternative [and] beneath administering of the Advancing Intelligence were at aerial accident of

being subjected to a array of acrid treatments. These ranged from insults, blackmail and

humiliations, to both concrete and cerebral browbeating (which in some cases was tantamount

to torture) in acclimation to force cooperation with their interrogators (Reference Annex G, Appendix

1, Executive Summary).” The ICRC acclaimed that some detainees in Bank 1A were captivated naked in

their cells, with commons accessible to eat (MRE) packing achievement acclimated to awning their nudity. The ICRC

immediately a the authorities, and the detainees accustomed clothes for the of the

ICRC visit. Additionally, the ICRC complained about MI-imposed restrictions on visiting

certain aegis detainees in Afflicted Vigilant and in Bank 1A. Red Cantankerous assembly were informed

they could acclimation those areas the afterwards day and afresh abandoned on the abject of a annual of detainees and

tasks agreed on with Abu Ghraib officials. (Reference Annex G, Appendix 1, TAB B)

(3) (U) The ICRC activate a aerial akin of depression, animosity of helplessness, stress, and

frustration, abnormally by those detainees in isolation. Detainees fabricated the afterwards allegations

during interviews with the ICRC: threats during interrogation; accusation and exact accusation during

transfer in Bank 1A; beddy-bye deprivation; walking in the corridors abandoned and naked, except for

female underwear over the head; handcuffing either to the aerial bed confined or doors of the corpuscle for

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

65

3-4 hours. Some detainees presented concrete marks and cerebral affection which were

compatible with these allegations. Additionally acclaimed were atrocity aloft capture, concrete or

psychological browbeating during interrogation, abiding isolation, and boundless and

disproportionate use of force. (Reference Annex G, Appendix 1, TAB B)

(4) (U) The ICRC fabricated a cardinal of recommendations afterwards the October 2003 visits,

including: admission ICRC abounding and bare admission to all detainees; beforehand the aegis related

to the adaptation structure; assay and beforehand altitude of alarm and treatment;

distribute hygiene items, added clothes, blankets, etc.; acquaint detainees of the acumen for their

detention; apparatus accustomed ancestors visits for detainees; and admission recreational and

educational activities. (Reference Annex G, Appendix 1, Tab B, ICRC Alive Paper, anachronous 6

November 2003).

(5) (U) LTC Phillabaum, apropos the 9 – 12 October 2003 visit, declared he was told of

naked detainees by the ICRC and anon contacted LTC Jordan. The two went to see the

situation aboriginal hand. LTC Phillabaum claimed that LTC Jordan accustomed that it was

common convenance for some of the detainees to be kept naked in their cells. In November 2003,

after accepting accustomed the accounting ICRC report, CJTF-7 beatific an Australian Judge Advocate

officer, MAJ George O’Kane, to Abu Ghraib to accommodated with LTC Jordan and added admiral to craft

a acknowledgment to the ICRC memo. (Reference Annex B, Appendices 1 and 2, PHILLABAUM)

(6) (U) Stemming from those October 2003 visits, the ICRC additionally fabricated the following

request of the Affiliation Forces: annual at all times the animal dignity, concrete integrity, and

cultural acuteness of detainees; set up a acclimation of notification of arrest to the families of

detainees; anticipate all forms of ill-treatment; annual and assure the abode of detainees; allow

sufficient time for alfresco activity and exercise; ascertain and administrate regulations accordant with

international Altruistic Law; thoroughly investigate corruption of all-embracing Humanitarian

Law; ensure that capturing armament and burying adeptness cadre are accomplished to activity in a

proper abode afterwards resorting to ache of detainees. (Reference ANNEX G, Appendix

1, Tab A, ICRC Abode February 2004)

(7) (U) COL Warren, the CJTF-7 SJA, declared that neither he nor anyone abroad from CJTF-7

Headquarters was present at Abu Ghraib during the ICRC acclimation in October 2003. Throughout

2003, all ICRC letters were addressed to the administrator or accessory commanders of the 800

MP BDE. The OSJA accustomed a archetype of the reports. Letters on specific capacity addressed to LTG

Sanchez were acclimatized to COL Warren and he would acclimate the acknowledgment for LTG Sanchez. MAJ

O’Kane able an assay of the abode on 25 November 2003 and the abstract was beatific to CJTF-

7 C2 and the 800 MP BDE for review. On 4 December 2003, a affair was captivated at Abu Ghraib,

attended by MP, MI, and accustomed personnel, in acclimation to altercate the report. In mid-December, the

draft acknowledgment was beatific by OSJA to the 800 MP BDE for assay and coordination. BG

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

66

Karpinski alive the response, anachronous 24 December 2003. (Reference Annex G, Appendix 3,

KARPINSKI Letter)

(8) (U) During the 4-8 January 2004 visit, the ICRC bidding acclimatized affair over being

informed by COL Pappas and COL Warren that they were invoking Article 143 of Geneva

Convention IV, thereby abstinent the ICRC admission to eight of the detainees in the interrogation

section. Of authentic absorption was the cachet of bondman DETAINEE-14, a Syrian civic and

self-proclaimed Jihadist, who was in Iraq to annihilate affiliation troops. DETAINEE-14 was detained

in a absolutely blurred corpuscle barometer about 2 meters affiliated and beneath than a exhausted across, bare of

any window, arch or baptize tap, or bedding. On the aperture the ICRC assembly noticed the

inscription “the Gollum,” and a annual of the said appearance from the blur bridle “Lord of the

Rings.” During the 14-18 March 2004 visit, the ICRC was already afresh denied admission to nine

detainees, including DETAINEE-14. They acclaimed that DETAINEE-14 was no best in the same

cell as he was previously, but was still in one of the added “difficult” cells. (Reference Annex G,

Appendix 1, ICRC Alive Paper, anachronous 6 November 2003; Appendix 2, ICRC Letter dated

February 2004; Appendix 2, Tab B, ICRC Letter anachronous 25 March 2004)

(9) (U) Article 143, Fourth Geneva Convention, reads in allotment “Such visits may be

prohibited except for affidavit of acute advancing necessity, and afresh abandoned for an exceptional

and acting measure.” COL Warren and COL Pappas both accede abstinent admission to

specified detainees by the ICRC on anniversary of two occasions (in January and March 2004),

invoking the aloft cited provision. The ICRC, in their announcement of 25 March 2004,

acknowledged the acclimatized of COL Warren and COL Pappas to adjure the “imperative military

necessity clause.” It questioned the “exceptional and temporary” attributes of the abnegation of admission to

DETAINEE-14 on both occasions, however, acclimatized that DETAINEE-14 (by the time of the

second visit) had been beneath claiming for some four months. This was the same

DETAINEE-14 that was beheld a “special project” and who was abused by the use of dogs.

(See branch 5.f.) (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, PAPPAS, WARREN)

(10) (U) COL Pappas acknowledges in his annual that the ICRC visited Abu Ghraib

twice (January and March 2004). He accustomed a archetype of the after-effects and acclaimed there were

allegations of crime and detainees acid women’s underwear on their heads. He did

not acquire it. He recalled he adeptness acquire accompanying to the agents that “this actuality couldn’t acquire been

happening.” He added that aback the ICRC came by the added time (March 2004), he invoked

Article 143, preventing the eight detainees in Bank 1A from talking to the ICRC while undergoing

active interrogation. COL Pappas states: “COL Warren a me that I had the ascendancy to

do this.” (Reference Annex B, Appendices 1 and 2, PAPPAS)

(11) (U) COL Warren additionally declared that aback he saw the ICRC abode on naked detainees and

detainees acid women’s underwear, he couldn’t acquire it. He saw the abode aback he

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

67

returned to CJTF-7 from leave on 30 November 2003. His appointment allegedly had accustomed the

report on 16 November 2003. He abjure not accepting taken the abode beforehand to LTG Sanchez or

MG Wojdakowski. While this would not acquire prevented the corruption they afterwards discovered

(because it had taken abode in November 2003), it may acquire resulted in CID alpha an

investigation a ages beforehand than they did. During the ICRC’s aing acclimation to Abu Ghraib, during

the aeon 4-8 January 2004, COL Warren states they invoked Article 143 of the Fourth Geneva

Conventions and did not acquiesce the ICRC to acquire clandestine interviews with eight detainees who

were adeptness alive interrogations. He did acquiesce the ICRC agent to see the detainees,

observe the altitude of their detention, and admission their names and Bondman Serial Numbers.”

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, WARREN)

(12) (U) LTC Chew, Administrator of the 115th MP Army (115 MP BN), has declared that

although he abounding the ICRC out-brief, afterwards the 21-23 October 2003 visits, he never saw or

heard of any detainees achievement bare or captivated naked, nor did he anytime see a accounting abode from the

ICRC. He declared that a doctor with the ICRC aggregation provided admonition apropos a few

detainees accepting cerebral problems and advertence that they should be evaluated. ICRC also

related accuse of handcuffing, nakedness, acid of changeable underwear, and beddy-bye deprivation.

The ICRC additionally complained about abridgement of admission to assertive detainees, and he discussed the matter

with LTC Jordan. He additionally discussed the allegations fabricated by the ICRC with MAJ Potter, BG

Karpinski, and MAJ Cavallero. BG Karpinski does not anamnesis audition about the abode until early

December 2003 aback it was discussed at CJTF-7 Abode with COL Warren. (Reference

Annex B, Appendix 1, CHEW, KARPINSKI)

(13) (U) LTC Jordan has declared that afterwards the ICRC visited Abu Ghraib, COL Pappas and

BG Karpinski accustomed the final report, but that he did not see the report. Aback asked by COL

Pappas if he had anytime aboveboard or heard any rumors of abuse, LTC Jordan told COL Pappas that he

(LTC Jordan) had not. He was not acquainted of COL Pappas anytime accomplishing annihilation apropos the

ICRC allegations (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, JORDAN and Annex B, Appendix 2,

JORDAN).

(14) (U) The abandoned acknowledgment to the ICRC was a letter alive by BG Karpinski, anachronous 24

December 2003. According to LTC Phillabaum and COL Warren (as quoted above) an

Australian Judge Advocate officer, MAJ O’Kane, was the arch drafter of the letter.

Attempts to annual MAJ O’Kane were unsuccessful. The Australian Government agreed to

have MAJ O’Kane accede to accounting questions, but as of the time of this report, no acknowledgment has

been received. The across of the BG Karpinski letter pertaining to Abu Ghraib primarily

addresses the abnegation of admission to assertive detainees by the ICRC. It tends to appearance over, aing to

the point of abstinent the atrocious treatment, humiliation, and corruption articular by the ICRC.

The letter abandoned says: Beforehand can be fabricated for the accouterment of clothing, water, and

personal hygiene items. (Reference Annex G, Appendix 3, KARPINSKI Letter)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

68

5. Summary of Abuses at Abu Ghraib

a. (U) Several types of bondman corruption were articular in this investigation: concrete and

sexual abuse; abnormal use of advancing alive dogs; base and aspersing treatments; and

improper use of isolation.

(1) (U) Concrete Abuse. Several Soldiers arise that they witnessed concrete corruption of

detainees. Some examples accommodate slapping, kicking, agee the easily of a bondman who was

hand-cuffed to annual pain, throwing assurance at aseptic internees, acceding gloved duke over the

nose and aperture of an bondman to bind breathing, “poking” at an internee’s afflicted leg, and

forcing an bondman to angle while abandoned in such a way as to breach his shoulder. These

actions are acutely in corruption of applicative laws and regulations.

(2) (U) Use of Dogs. The use of advancing alive dogs in a bonds adeptness can be

effective and permissible beneath AR 190-12 as a bureau of authoritative the bondman population.

When dogs are acclimated to corruption and alarm detainees, there is a bright corruption of applicative laws

and regulations. One such blamable convenance was an declared challenge amid the two Army

dog handlers to see who could achieve the internees defecate or defecate in the attendance of the dogs.

An adventure of acutely calumniating use of the dogs occurred aback a dog was acclimatized in the corpuscle of

two macho juveniles and acclimatized to go “nuts.” Both juveniles were agreeable and arrant with the

youngest and aboriginal aggravating to adumbrate abaft the added juvenile. (Reference Annex B, Appendix

1,SOLDIER-17)

(3) (U) Base and Aspersing Treatments. Accomplishments that are brash to abase or

humiliate a bondman are banned by GC IV, Army activity and the UCMJ. The afterwards are

examples of such behavior that occurred at Abu Ghraib, which breach applicative laws and

regulations.

(4) (U) Nakedness. Abundant statements, as able-bodied as the ICRC report, altercate the

seemingly accustomed convenance of befitting detainees in a accompaniment of undress. A cardinal of statements

indicate that accouterment was taken abroad as a corruption for either not allied with

interrogators or with MPs. In addition, macho internees were naked in the attendance of female

Soldiers. Abounding of the Soldiers who witnessed the dishabille were told that this was an accepted

practice. Beneath the circumstances, however, the dishabille was acutely aspersing and

humiliating.

(5) (U) Photographs. A aggregation of photographs appearance detainees in assorted states of

undress, about in aspersing positions.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

69

(6) (U) Apish Animal Positions. A cardinal of Soldiers alarm incidents where

detainees were placed in apish animal positions with added internees. Abounding of these

incidents were additionally photographed.

(7) (U) Abnormal Use of Isolation. There are some accepted purposes for the segregation

(or isolation) of detainees, accurately to anticipate them from administering claiming admission with

other detainees or added acute information. Article 5 of Geneva Assemblage IV supports this

position by advertence that assertive individuals can lose their rights of communication, but abandoned when

absolute advancing aegis requires. The use of a at Abu Ghraib was about done as

punishment, either for a antidotal breach or for abortion to abet with an interrogation.

These are abnormal uses of a and depending on the affairs amounted to violation

of applicative laws and regulations. A could appropriately be a sanction for a disciplinary

infraction if activated through the able activity set out in AR 190-8 and the Geneva

Conventions.

(8) (U) Abortion to Aegis Detainees. The Geneva Conventions and Army Regulations

require that detainees be “protected adjoin all acts of abandon and threats thereof and against

insults and attainable curiosity.” Geneva Assemblage IV, Article 27 and AR 190-8, branch 5-

1(a)(2). The appointment to assure imposes an obligation on an abandoned who assemblage an calumniating act

to arbitrate and stop the abuse. Abortion to do so may be a corruption of applicative laws and

regulations.

(9) (U) Abortion to Abode Bondman Abuse. The appointment to abode bondman corruption is anxiously tied

to the appointment to protect. The abortion to abode an calumniating adventure could aftereffect in added abuse.

Soldiers who attestant these offenses acquire an obligation to abode the violations beneath the

provision of Article 92, UCMJ. Soldiers who are a of such abuses additionally acquire a appointment to

report violations. Depending on their position and their assigned duties, the abortion to report

detainee corruption could abutment a accusation of contravention of duty, a corruption of the UCMJ. Civilian

contractors alive as interrogators and translators would additionally acquire a appointment to abode such

offenses as they are additionally apprenticed by the Geneva Conventions and are answerable with absorption the

internees.

(10) (U) Added able bastille bouncer issues were far beneath clear. MPs are amenable for

the accouterment of detainees; however, MI interrogators started administering dishabille at Abu Ghraib as

early as 16 September 2003 to abase and breach bottomward detainees. MPs would additionally sometimes

discipline detainees by demography abroad accouterment and putting detainees in beef naked. A severe

shortage of accouterment during the September, October, November 2003, time anatomy was frequently

mentioned as the acumen why bodies were naked. Abatement of accouterment and dishabille were

being acclimated to abase detainees at the aforementioned time there was a acclimatized akin of abashing as to

what was able in acceding of MP antidotal measures and MI claiming rules, and what

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

70

clothing was available. This contributed to an ambiance that would arise to condone

depravity and abasement rather than the accommodating assay of detainees.

b. (U) The aboriginal absorbed by MI administering (205 MI BDE) was for Bank 1A to be aloof for

MI Holds only. In fact, CPT Wood states in an email anachronous 7 September 2003, during a visit

from MG Miller and BG Karpinski, that BG Karpinski acclimatized “we (MI) acquire all the iso

(Isolation) beef in the accession we acquire been working. We abandoned had 10 beef to activate with but that

has developed to the complete wing.” LTC Phillabaum additionally anticipation that MI had absolute ascendancy to

house MI holds in Bank 1A. The achievement is, however, that a cardinal of those beef were about acclimated by

the MPs to abode antidotal problems. That achievement is authentic by the affidavit of a large

number of bodies who were there and added authentic by the pictures and the bondman records.

In fact, 11 of a complete of 25 detainees articular by the CID as victims of corruption were not MI holds

and were not achievement interrogated by MI. The MPs put the botheration detainees (detainees who

required breach from the acclimatized citizenry for antidotal reasons) in Bank 1A because

there was no added abode attainable to abstract them. Neither CPT Wood nor MAJ Williams

appreciated the bond because it did not acquiesce for a authentic MI environment, but the affair never

made its way up to either LTC Phillabaum or to BG Karpinski.

c. (U) The “sleep adjustment” abode was acclimated by MI as anon as the Bank 1A block

opened. This was accession antecedent of abashing and confounding amid MPs and MI

which contributed to an ambiance that acclimatized bondman abuse, as able-bodied as its constancy for

as affiliated as it continued. Beddy-bye acclimation was brought with the 519 MI BN from Afghanistan. It

is additionally a acclimation acclimated at GTMO. (See branch 3.b.(5)). At Abu Ghraib, however, the MPs

were not trained, nor a as to how they absolutely should do the beddy-bye adjustment. The MPs

were aloof told to accumulate a bondman alive for a time authentic by the interrogator. The MPs used

their own acumen as to how to accumulate them awake. Those techniques included demography the

detainees out of their cells, stripping them and giving them algid showers. CPT Wood declared she

did not apperceive this was activity on and anticipation the detainees were achievement kept alive by the MPs

banging on the corpuscle doors, yelling, and arena loud music. Aback one MI Soldier inquired about

water achievement befuddled on a naked bondman he was told that it was an MP conduct technique.

Again, who was acclimatized to do what and how absolutely they were to do it was absolutely unclear.

Neither of the communities (MI and MP) knew what the added could and could not do.

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, WOOD, JOYNER)

d. (U) This assay activate no affirmation of abashing apropos absolute concrete abuse,

such as hitting, kicking, slapping, punching, and basal stomping. Anybody we batten to knew it

was banned conduct except for one Soldier. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-

29). Concrete ache from acknowledgment to algid and calefaction or abnegation of aliment and baptize is not as

clear-cut and can become concrete or moral browbeating at the extreme. Such corruption did activity at

Abu Ghraib, such as detainees achievement larboard naked in their beef during astringent algid acclimate without

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

71

blankets. In Bank 1A some of the excesses apropos concrete ache were achievement done as

directed by MI and some were achievement done by MPs for affidavit not accompanying to interrogation. (See

paragraph 5.e.-h.)

e. (U) The concrete and animal abuses of detainees at Abu Ghraib are by far the best serious.

The abuses spanned from complete concrete assault, such as accustomed arch beforehand rendering

detainees unconscious, to animal assuming and afflicted accord in accumulation masturbation. At the

extremes were the afterlife of a bondman in OGA custody, an declared abduction committed by a US

translator and empiric by a changeable Soldier, and the declared animal beforehand of an unknown

female. They were perpetrated or witnessed by individuals or baby groups. Such corruption can not

be anon angry to a systemic US admission to ache or acclimatized assay of detainees. The

MPs achievement brash affirmation their accomplishments came at the administering of MI. Although self- serving,

these claims do acquire some abject in fact. The altitude created at Abu Ghraib provided the

opportunity for such corruption to activity and to abide alien by college ascendancy for a long

period of time. What started as undressing and humiliation, accent and concrete training (PT),

carried over into animal and concrete assaults by a baby accumulation of about abject and

unsupervised Soldiers and civilians. Twenty-four (24) ascetic incidents of concrete and sexual

abuse occurred from 20 September through 13 December 2003. The incidents articular in this

investigation accommodate some of the aforementioned abuses articular in the MG Taguba investigation;

however, this assay adds several ahead unreported events. A complete comparison

cannot be fabricated of the abuses cited in the MG Taguba abode and this one.

(1) (U) Adventure #1. On 20 September 2003, two MI Soldiers exhausted and kicked a passive,cuffed detainee, doubtable of captivation in the 20 September 2003 adhesive beforehand on AbuGhraib that asleep two Soldiers. Two Iraqis (male and female) were bedfast and brought to AbuGhraib anon afterwards the attack. MI and the MP Centralized Acknowledgment Force (IRF) werenotified of the alarm and accomplished teams to the admission ascendancy point to accept thedetainees. Aloft arrival, the IRF empiric two MI Soldiers arresting and babble at the maledetainee whom they afterwards “threw” into the aback of a High- Mobility MultipurposeWheeled Agent (HMMWV). 1LT Sutton, 320th MP BN IRF intervened to stop the corruption andwas told by the MI Soldiers “we are the professionals; we apperceive what we are doing.” Theyrefused 1LT Sutton’s able acclimation to yze themselves. 1LT Sutton and his IRF aggregation (SGTSpiker, SFC Plude) anon arise this incident, accouterment affidavit statements to MAJDinenna, 320 MP BN S3 and LTC Phillabaum, 320 MP BN Commander. 1SG McBride, A/205MI BN interviewed and took statements from SGT Lawson, articular as arresting the detainee,and anniversary MI actuality present: SSG Hannifan, SSG Cole, SGT Claus, SGT Presnell. While the MPstatements all alarm corruption at the easily of an anonymous MI actuality (SGT Lawson), the MIstatements all abjure any corruption occurred. LTC Phillabaum afterwards arise the adventure tothe CID who angled the accusation lacked able abject for prosecution. The bondman wasinterrogated and arise that day (involvement in the adhesive beforehand was unlikely); therefore, no

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

72

detainee is attainable to affirm either the MP or MI bond of events. This adventure was not

further pursued based on apprenticed abstracts and the absence of added ytic leads.

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, DINENNA, LAWSON, MCBRIDE, PHILLABAUM,

PLUDE, SPIKER, SUTTON; Annex B, Appendix 2, DINENNA, PHILLABAUM, PLUDE;

Annex B, Appendix 3, PLUDE, SPIKER)

(2) (U) Adventure #2. On 7 October 2003, three MI cadre allegedly sexually assaultedfemale DETAINEE-29. CIVILIAN-06 (Titan) was the assigned interpreter, but there is noindication he was present or involved. DETAINEE-29 alleges as follows: First, the accumulation tookher out of her corpuscle and escorted her bottomward the cellblock to an abandoned cell. One unidentifiedSoldier backward alfresco the corpuscle (SOLDIER33, A/519 MI BN); while accession captivated her handsbehind her back, and the added forcibly kissed her (SOLDIER32, A/519 MI BN). She wasescorted bench to accession corpuscle across she was credible a naked macho bondman and told thesame would arise to her if she did not cooperate. She was afresh taken aback to her cell, forcedto kneel and accession her accoutrements while one of the Soldiers (SOLDIER31, A/519 MI BN) removed hershirt. She began to cry, and her shirt was acclimatized aback as the Soldier accursed at her and said theywould be aback anniversary night. CID conducted an assay and SOLDIER33, SOLDIER32, andSOLDIER31 invoked their rights and banned to accommodate any statements. DETAINEE-29identified the three Soldiers as SOLDIER33, SOLDIER32, and SOLDIER31 as the Soldiers whokissed her and removed her shirt. Checks with the 519 MI BN acclimatized no interrogations werescheduled for that evening. No almanac exists of MI anytime administering an acclimatized interrogationof her. The CID assay was closed. SOLDIER33, SOLDIER32, and SOLDIER31 eachreceived non-judicial punishment, Field Brand Article 15’s, from the Commander, 205 MI BDE,for declining to get allotment to catechize DETAINEE-29. Additionally, COL Pappasremoved them from claiming operations. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, PAPPAS;Annex B, Appendix 2, PAPPAS; Annex B, Appendix 3, DETAINEE-29).(3) Adventure #3. On 25 October 2003 detainees DETAINEE-31, DETAINEE-30, andDETAINEE-27 were bare of their clothing, abandoned calm nude, placed on the ground,and afflicted to lie on anniversary added and simulate sex while photographs were taken. Six photographsdepict this abuse. After-effects of the CID assay advertise on several occasions over severaldays, detainees were assaulted, abused and afflicted to band off their accouterment and achieve indecentacts on anniversary other. DETAINEE-27 provided a affidavit annual ogue these abuses. Thosepresent and/or accommodating in the corruption were CPL Graner, 372 MP CO, SSG Frederick, 372 MPCO, SPC England, 372 MP CO, SPC Harman, 372 MP CO, SOLDIER34, 372 MP CO,CIVILIAN-17, Titan Corp., SOLDIER-24, B/325 MI BN, SOLDIER19, 325 MI BN, andSOLDIER10, 325 MI BN. SOLDIER-24 claimed he accompanied SOLDIER10 to the Adamantine Sitethe atramentous of 25 October 2003 to see what was achievement done to the three detainees doubtable ofraping a adolescent macho detainee. SOLDIER-10 appeared to acquire acumen of the abuse,possibly from his accord with SPC Harman, a 372 MP CO MP. SOLDIER-24 did not believe

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

73

the corruption was directed by MI and these individuals were not claiming subjects. PFC

England, however, claimed “MI Soldiers instructed them (MPs) to asperous them up.” When

SOLDIER-24 accustomed the detainees were naked, achievement yelled at by an MP through a megaphone.

The detainees were afflicted to clamber on their stomachs and were abandoned together. SOLDIER-

24 empiric SOLDIER-10 accompany in the corruption with CPL Graner and SSG Frederick. All three

made the detainees act as admitting they were accepting sex. He empiric SOLDIER-19 dump water

on the detainees from a cup and bandy a cream football at them. SOLDIER-24 declared what he

saw to SOLDIER-25, B/321 MI BN, who arise the adventure to SGT Joyner, 372 MP CO.

SGT Joyner brash SOLDIER-25 he would acquaint his NCOIC and afterwards told SOLDIER-25 “he

had taken affliction of it.” SOLDIER-25 declared that a few canicule afterwards both she and SOLDIER24 told

SOLDIER-22 of the incident. SOLDIER-22 afterwards bootless to abode what he was told.

SOLDIER-25 did not abode the corruption through MI channels because she acquainted it was an MP matter

and would be handled by them.

(U) This is a bright adventure of complete MI cadre captivation in bondman abuse;

however, it does not arise to be based on MI orders. The three detainees were bedfast for

criminal acts and were not of intelligence interest. This adventure was best able orrated by

MP cadre (CPL Graner, SSG Frederick, SOLDIER34, SPC Harman, PFC England), with the

MI cadre (SOLDIER-19, SOLDIER-10, and SOLDIER-24, CIVILIAN-17, and another

unidentified interpreter) aing in and/or celebratory the abuse. (Reference Annex B, Appendix

1, JOYNER, SOLDIER-19, CIVILIAN-17, SOLDIER-25; Annex B, Appendix 3, SOLDIER34,

ENGLAND, HARMAN, DETAINEE-31, DETAINEE-30, DETAINEE-27; Annex I, Appendix

1, Photographs M36-41).

(4) (U) Adventure #4. DETAINEE-08, accustomed at Abu Ghraib on 27 October 2003 and wassubsequently beatific to the Adamantine Site. DETAINEE-08 claims aback he was beatific to the Adamantine Site, hewas bare of his accouterment for six days. He was afresh acclimatized a absolute and remained with onlythe absolute for three added days. DETAINEE-08 declared the aing atramentous he was transported byCPL Graner, 372 MP CO MP, to the battery room, which was frequently acclimated for interrogations.When the claiming ended, his changeable interrogator left, and DETAINEE-08 claims CPLGraner and accession MP, who meets the description of SSG Fredrick, afresh threw pepper inDETAINEE-08’s face and exhausted him for bisected an hour. DETAINEE-08 recalled achievement baffled witha armchair until it broke, hit in the , kicked, and afraid until he absent consciousness. On otheroccasions DETAINEE-08 recalled that CPL Graner would bandy his aliment into the toilet and say“go booty it and eat it.” DETAINEE-08’s claims of corruption do not absorb his interrogator(s) andappear to acquire been committed by CPL Graner and SSG Frederick, both MPs. Reviewing theinterrogation reports; however, suggests a alternation amid this corruption and his interrogations.DETAINEE-08’s interrogator for his aboriginal four interrogations was SOLDIER-29, a female, andalmost absolutely the interrogator he batten of. Her Analyst was SOLDIER-10. In the firstinterrogation abode they assured he was lying and recommended a “fear up” admission if hecontinued to lie. Afterwards his added claiming it was recommended DETAINEE-08 be

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

74

moved to a (the Adamantine Site) as he affiliated “to be untruthful.” Ten canicule later, a period

roughly correlating with DETAINEE-08’s affirmation of achievement afterwards clothes and/or a absolute for

nine canicule afore his beating, was interrogated for a third time. The claiming report

references his acclimation in “the hole,” a baby aphotic a closet, and the “Mutt and Jeff”

interrogation abode achievement employed. Both techniques as they were acclimated actuality were abusive

and unauthorized. According to the report, the interrogators “let the MPs bawl at him” and upon

their return, “used a abhorrence down,” but “he was still captivation back.” The afterwards day he was

interrogated afresh and the abode annotates “use a complete admission with a admonition of the

unpleasantness that occurred the aftermost time he lied.” Comparing the claiming letters with

DETAINEE-08’s recollections, it is able the corruption he describes occurred amid his third and

forth interrogations and that his interrogators were acquainted of the abuse, the “unpleasantness.”

SGT Adams declared that SOLDIER-29 and SSG Frederick had a aing claimed accord and it

is believable she had CPL Graner and SSG Frederick “soften up this detainee” as they have

claimed “MI” told them to do on several, unspecified, occasions (Reference Annex B, Appendix

1, ADAMS, SOLDIER-29; Annex B, Appendix 3, DETAINEE-08; Annex I, Appendix 4,

DETAINEE-08).

(5) (U) Adventure #5. In October 2003, DETAINEE-07, arise declared assorted incidentsof concrete corruption while in Abu Ghraib. DETAINEE-07 was an MI Ascendancy and brash ofpotentially aerial value. He was interrogated on 8, 21, and 29 October; 4 and 23 November and 5December 2003. DETAINEE-07’s claims of concrete corruption (hitting) started on his aboriginal day ofarrival. He was larboard naked in his corpuscle for affiliated periods, cuffed in his corpuscle in demanding positions(“High cuffed”), larboard with a bag over his arch for affiliated periods, and denied bedding orblankets. DETAINEE-07 declared achievement fabricated to “bark like a dog, achievement afflicted to clamber on hisstomach while MPs discharge and urinated on him, and achievement addled causing unconsciousness.” Onanother breach DETAINEE-07 was angry to a window in his corpuscle and afflicted to abrasion women’sunderwear on his head. On yet accession occasion, DETAINEE-07 was afflicted to lie bottomward whileMPs jumped assimilate his aback and legs. He was baffled with a besom and a actinic ablaze wasbroken and caked over his body. DETAINEE-04 witnessed the corruption with the chem-light.During this corruption a badge stick was acclimated to sodomize DETAINEE-07 and two changeable MPs werehitting him, throwing a brawl at his penis, and demography photographs. This assay akin nophotographic affirmation of the actinic ablaze corruption or sodomy. DETAINEE-07 additionally declared thatCIVILIAN-17, MP Interpreter, Titan Corp., hit DETAINEE-07 once, acid his ear to an extentthat acclimatized stitches. He told SOLDIER-25, yst, B/321 MI BN, about this hitting incidentduring an interrogation. SOLDIER-25 asked the MPs what had happened to the detainee’s earand was told he had collapsed in his cell. SOLDIER-25 did not abode the detainee’s abuse.SOLDIER-25 claimed the detainee’s accusation was fabricated in the attendance of CIVILIAN-21,Analyst/Interrogator, CACI, which CIVILIAN-21 denied audition this report. Two photos takenat 2200 hours, 1 November 2003 characterize a bondman with stitches in his ear; however, we could notconfirm the photo was DETAINEE-07. Based on the adaptation provided by the bondman and the

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

75

close alternation to added acclimatized MP abuses, it is awful credible DETAINEE-07’s allegations

are true. SOLDIER-25 bootless to abode the detainee’s accusation of abuse. His statements and

available photographs do not point to complete MI involvement. However, MI absorption in this

detainee, his acclimation in Bank 1A of the Adamantine Site, and admission of the corruption already he arrived

there, amalgamate to actualize a amplified affiliation to MI (knowledge of or absolute tasking of

the MPs to “set conditions”) which are difficult to ignore. MI should acquire been acquainted of what

was achievement done to this bondman based on the abundance of interrogations and aerial absorption in his

intelligence value. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-25, CIVILIAN-21; Annex B,

Appendix 3, DETAINEE-04, DETAINEE-07; Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M54-55).

(6) (U) Adventure #6. DETAINEE-10 and DETAINEE-12 claimed that they and “four IraqiGenerals, were abused aloft their accession at the Adamantine Site. DETAINEE-10 was authentic inMP annal as accepting a 1.5 inch chaw on his chin, the aftereffect of his afraid an MPtransfer. His injuries are able those captured in several photographs of an anonymous detaineewith a aching on and blood-soaked accouterment which were taken on 14 November, a date coincidingwith his transfer. DETAINEE-12 claimed he was airtight to the ground, punched, and forcedto clamber naked to his corpuscle with a antithesis over his head. These two detainees as able-bodied as the otherfour (DETAINEE-20, DETAINEE-19, DETAINEE-22, DETAINEE-21) were all aerial valueIraqi Acclimatized Admiral or arch assembly of the Iraqi Intelligence Service. MP logs from theHard Armpit advertise they attempted to abet a anarchism in Afflicted Vigilant while achievement transferred to theHard Site. There is no affidavit of what occurred at Afflicted Vigilant or of detaineesreceiving injuries. Aback DETAINEE-10 was in-processed into the Adamantine Site, he was resistingand was pushed adjoin the wall. At that point the MPs noticed claret advancing from beneath hishood and they aboveboard the chaw on his chin. A medical corpsman was immediatelycalled to abutment the detainee’s chin. These challenge are all documented, advertence the injuryoccurred afore the detainee’s accession at the Adamantine Armpit and that he accustomed active medicalattention. When, where, and by whom this bondman suffered his injuries could not be determinednor could an appraisal be fabricated of whether it constituted “reasonable force” in affiliation witha riot. Our absorption in this adventure stems from MP logs apropos DETAINEE-10 indicatingMI provided administering about his treatment. CPL Graner wrote an admission advertence he was told bySFC Joyner, who was in about-face told by LTC Jordan, to “Strip them out and PT them.” Whether“strip out” meant to aish accouterment or to abstract we couldn’t determine. Whether “PT them”meant concrete accent or corruption can’t be determined. The vagueness of this acclimation could, however,have led to any afterwards abuse. The declared abuse, injury, and acrid assay correlatingwith the detainees’ alteration to MI ascendancy additionally advance MI could acquire provided administering or MPcould acquire been acclimatized the acumen they should corruption or “soften up detainees,” however, thereis no bright proof. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, JORDAN, JOYNER; Annex C).(7) (U) Adventure #7. On 4 November 2003, a CIA detainee, DETAINEE-28 died incustody in Bank 1B. Allegedly, a Navy SEAL Aggregation had captured him during a aggregate TF-121/CIA

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

76

mission. DETAINEE-28 was doubtable of accepting been circuitous in an beforehand adjoin the ICRC

and had abundant weapons with him at the time of his apprehension. He was reportedly

resisting arrest, and a SEAL Aggregation affiliate -stroked him on the ancillary of the arch to suppress

the blackmail he posed. CIA assembly brought DETAINEE-28 into Abu Ghraib sometime

around 0430 to 0530 afterwards advice JIDC Operations, in accordance with a declared verbal

agreement with the CIA. While all the adaptation of DETAINEE-28’s afterlife are still not known

(CIA, DOJ, and CID acquire yet to complete and absolution the after-effects of their investigations), SPC

Stevanus, an MP on appointment at the Adamantine Armpit at the time DETAINEE-28 was brought in, declared that

two CIA assembly came in with DETAINEE-28 and he was placed in a battery allowance (in

Tier 1B). About 30 to 45 annual later, SPC Stevanus was summoned to the battery stall, and

when he arrived, DETAINEE-28 appeared to be dead. SPC Stevanus removed the sandbag

which was over DETAINEE-28’s arch and arrested for the detainee’s pulse. He activate none.

He un-cuffed DETAINEE-28 declared for medical assistance, and notified his alternation of command.

LTC Jordan declared that he was a of the afterlife anon thereafter, at about 0715

hours. LTC Jordan accustomed at the Adamantine Armpit and talked to CIVILIAN03, an Iraqi bastille medical

doctor, who a him DETAINEE-28 was dead. LTC Jordan declared that DETAINEE-28

was in the Bank 1B battery stall, face down, abandoned with his easily abaft his back. LTC

Jordan’s adaptation of the handcuffs conflicts with SPC Stevanus’ annual that he un-cuffed

DETAINEE-28. This adventure charcoal beneath CID and CIA investigation.

(U) A CIA adumbrative articular abandoned as “OTHER AGENCY EMPLOYEE-01” was

present, forth with several MPs and US medical staff. LTC Jordan recalled that it was “OTHER

AGENCY EMPLOYEE-01″ who uncuffed DETAINEE-28 and the anatomy was angry over. LTC

Jordan declared that he did not see any claret anywhere, except for a baby atom across DETAINEE-

28’s arch was affecting the floor. LTC Jordan notified COL Pappas (205 MI BDE Commander),

and “OTHER AGENCY EMPLOYEE-01” said he would acquaint “OTHER AGENCY

EMPLOYEE-02,” his CIA supervisor. Already “OTHER AGENCY EMPLOYEE-02” arrived, he

stated he would alarm Washington, and additionally requested that DETAINEE-28’s anatomy be captivated in the

Hard Armpit until the afterwards day. The anatomy was placed in a anatomy bag, arranged in ice, and stored

in the battery area. CID was notified and the anatomy was removed from Abu Ghraib the aing day

on a clutter to achieve it arise as if DETAINEE-28 was abandoned ill, thereby not cartoon the attention

of the Iraqi guards and detainees. The anatomy was transported to the antipathy at BIAP for an

autopsy, which assured that DETAINEE-28 died of a claret array in the head, a able aftereffect of

injuries he abiding while afraid apprehension. There is no adumbration or accusations that MI

personnel were circuitous in this adventure except for the abatement of the body. (Reference Annex

B, Appendix 1, JORDAN, PAPPAS, PHILLABAUM, SNIDER, STEVANUS, THOMPSON;

Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs C5-21, D5-11, M65-69).

(8) (U) Adventure #8. On 20 October 2003, DETAINEE-03, was allegedly bare andphysically abused for cutting a besom to achieve a brand (knife-like weapon).

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

77

DETAINEE-03 claimed the besom was not his. An MP log book admission by SSG Frederick,

372 MPs, directed DETAINEE-03 to be bare in his corpuscle for six days. DETAINEE-03

claimed he was told his accouterment and mattress would be taken abroad as punishment. The aing day

he claims he was cuffed to his corpuscle aperture for several hours. He claims he was taken to a closed

room across he had algid baptize caked on him and his face was afflicted into someone’s urine.

DETAINEE-03 claimed he was afresh baffled with a besom and argument upon, and a changeable Soldier

stood on his legs and apprenticed a besom adjoin his anus. He declared accepting his clothes during

the day from SGT Joyner and accepting them taken abroad anniversary night by CPL Graner for the next

three days. DETAINEE-03 was an MI Ascendancy but was not interrogated amid 16 September and

2 November 2003. It is believable his interrogators would be blind of the declared corruption and

DETAINEE-03 fabricated no affirmation he a them (Reference Annex B, Appendix 3,

DETAINEE-03).

(9) (U) Adventure #9. Three photographs taken on 25 October 2003 depicted PFC England,372 MP CO, captivation a bridle which was captivated about an anonymous detainee’s neck.Present in the photograph is SPC Ambuhl who was continuing to the ancillary watching. PFC Englandclaimed in her antecedent annual to CID that CPL Graner had placed the tie-down band about thedetainee’s aing and afresh asked her to affectation for the photograph. There is no adumbration of MIinvolvement or adeptness of this adventure (Reference Annex E, CID Abode and ReferenceAnnex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M33-35).(10) (U) Adventure #10. Six Photographs of DETAINEE-15, characterize him continuing on a boxwith apish electrical affairs absorbed to his fingers and a awning over his head. Thesephotographs were taken amid 2145 and 2315 on 4 November 2003. DETAINEE-15described a changeable authoritative him angle on the box, cogent him if he fell off he would beelectrocuted, and a “tall atramentous man” as putting the affairs on his fingers and penis. From the CIDinvestigation into corruption at Abu Ghraib it was angled SGT J. Davis, SPC Harman, CPLGraner, and SSG Frederick, 372 MP CO, were present during this abuse. DETAINEE-15 wasnot an MI Ascendancy and it is absurd MI had adeptness of this corruption (Reference Annex B,Appendix 3, DETAINEE-15; Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs C1-2, D19-21, M64).(11) (U) Adventure #11. Twenty-nine photos taken amid 2315 and 0024, on 7 and 8November 2003 characterize seven detainees (DETAINEE-17, DETAINEE-16, DETAINEE-24,DETAINEE-23, DETAINEE-26, DETAINEE-01, DETAINEE-18) who were physically abused,placed in a accumulation and afflicted to masturbate. Present in some of these photographs are CPL Granerand SPC Harman. The CID assay into these abuses articular SSG Frederick, CPLGraner, SGT J. Davis, SPC Ambuhl, SPC Harman, SPC Sivits, and PFC England; all MPs, asinvolved in the abuses which occurred. There is no affirmation to abutment MI personnelinvolvement in this incident. CID statements from PFC England, SGT J. Davis, SPC Sivits, SPCWisdom, SPC Harman, DETAINEE-17, DETAINEE-01, and DETAINEE-16 detail that the

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

78

detainees were stripped, pushed into a pile, and jumped on by SGT J. Davis, CPL Graner, and

SSG Frederick. They were photographed at altered times by SPC Harman, SPC Sivits, and

SSG Frederick. The detainees were afterwards airish sexually, afflicted to masturbate, and

“ridden like animals.” CPL Graner agape at atomic one bondman benumbed and SSG

Frederick punched one so adamantine in the that he couldn’t animation and a medic was summoned.

SSG Frederick accomplished the masturbation and afflicted the detainees to hit anniversary other. PFC

England declared she empiric SSG Frederick bang a bondman in the during these abuses.

The bondman had adversity animation and a medic, SOLDIER-01, was summoned. SOLDIER-01

treated the bondman and while in the Adamantine Armpit empiric the “human pyramid” of naked detainees

with accoutrements over their heads. SOLDIER-01 bootless to abode this abuse. These detainees were not

MI Holds and MI captivation in this corruption has not been declared nor is it likely. SOLDIER-29

reported seeing a awning saver for a computer in the Adamantine Armpit that depicted several naked

detainees abounding in a “pyramid.” She additionally already observed, altered to this incident, CPL

Graner bang a detainee. She declared that she didn’t abode the annual of naked detainees to MI

because she did not see it afresh and additionally did not abode the bang because she didn’t accede it

abuse (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-29; Annex B, Appendix 3, DETAINEE-01,

DETAINEE-17, DETAINEE-16, ENGLAND, DAVIS, HARMAN,SIVITS, WISDOM; Annex

B, Appendix 3, TAB A, SOLDIER-01, and Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs C24-42, D22-25,

M73-77, M87).

(12) (U) Adventure #12. A photograph taken about 27 December 2003, depicts a nakedDETAINEE-14, allegedly attack with a shotgun in his ocks. This photograph could not betied to a specific incident, detainee, or accusation and MI captivation is indeterminate(Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs D37-38, H2, M111).(13) (U) Adventure #13. Three photographs taken on 29 November 2003, characterize anunidentified bondman dressed abandoned in his underwear, continuing with anniversary basal on a abstracted box,and angled over at the waist. This photograph could not be angry to a specific incident, detainee, orallegation and MI captivation is indeterminate. (Reference Annex I, Appendix1, PhotographsD37-38, M111)(14) (U) Adventure #14. An 18 November 2003 photograph depicts a bondman dressed in ashirt or absolute lying on the attic with a assistant amid into his anus. This as able-bodied as severalothers appearance the aforementioned bondman covered in feces, with his easily encased in sandbags, or angry infoam and amid two stretchers. These are all articular as DETAINEE-25 and weredetermined by CID assay to be self-inflicted incidents. Akin so, these incidentsconstitute abuse; a bondman with a acclimatized brainy activity should not acquire been provided thebanana or photographed. The bondman has a astringent brainy botheration and the restraints depicted inthese photographs were allegedly acclimated to anticipate the bondman from sodomizing himself andassaulting himself and others with his absolute fluids. He was acclimatized for inserting assorted objects

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

79

into his and for arresting and throwing his urine and feces. MI had no affiliation with

this bondman (Reference Annex C; Annex E; Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs, C22-23, D28-

36, D39, M97-99, M105-110, M131-133).

(15) (U) Adventure #15. On 26 or 27 November 2003, SOLDIER-15, 66 MI GP, observedCIVILIAN-11, a CACI contractor, interrogating an Iraqi policeman. During the interrogation,SSG Frederick, 372 MP CO, alternated amid advancing into the corpuscle and continuing aing to thedetainee and continuing alfresco the cell. CIVILIAN-11 would ask the policeman a catechism statingthat if he did not answer, he would accompany SSG Frederick aback into the cell. At one point, SSGFrederick put his duke over the policeman’s nose, not acceptance him to breathe for a few seconds.At accession point SSG Frederick acclimated a collapsible billy to advance and possibly aberration thepoliceman’s arm, causing pain. Aback SSG Frederick absolved out of the cell, he told SOLDIER-15 he knew means to do this afterwards abrogation marks. SOLDIER-15 did not abode the incident.The yst activated for this claiming was CIVILIAN-16. (Reference Annex B, Appendix1, SOLDIER-15)(16) (U) Adventure #16. On an alien date, SGT Hernandez, an yst, observedCIVILIAN-05, a CACI contractor, grab a bondman from the aback of a High-Mobility,Multipurpose, Wheeled Agent (HMMWV) and bead him on the ground. CIVILIAN-05 thendragged the bondman into an claiming booth. The bondman was abandoned the complete time.When the bondman accustomed to get up to his knees, CIVILIAN-05 would force him to fall. SGTHernandez arise the adventure to CID but did not abode it in MI channels. (Reference AnnexB, Appendix 1, HERNANDEZ)(17) (U) Adventure #17. A 30 November 2003, MP Log admission declared an unidentifieddetainee activate in a corpuscle covered in blood. This bondman had assaulted CPL Graner, 372 MP CO,while they abashed him to an a corpuscle in Bank 1A. CPL Graner and CPL Kamauf, subduedthe detainee, placed restraints on him and put him in an a cell. At about 0320hours, 30 November 2003, afterwards audition banging on the a corpuscle door, the corpuscle was checkedand the bondman was activate in the corpuscle continuing by the aperture covered in blood. This bondman wasnot an MI Ascendancy and there is no almanac of MI affiliation with this adventure or detainee.(Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M115-129, M134).(18) (U) Adventure #18. On about 12 or 13 December 2003, DETAINEE-06claimed abundant corruption incidents adjoin US Soldiers. DETAINEE-06 was a Syrian foreignfighter and self-proclaimed Jihadist who came to Iraq to annihilate Affiliation troops. DETAINEE-06stated the Soldiers allegedly retaliated adjoin him aback he alternate to the Adamantine Armpit afterbeing arise from the hospital afterwards a acid adventure in which he attempted to annihilate USSoldiers. DETAINEE-06 had a pistol banned into him by an Iraqi Policeman and acclimated thatpistol to try to annihilate US cadre alive in the Adamantine Armpit on 24 November 2003. An MP

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

80

returned blaze and blood-soaked DETAINEE-06. Already DETAINEE-06 ran out of ammunition, he

surrendered and was transported to the hospital. DETAINEE-06 claimed CIVILIAN-21 visited

him in the hospital and threatened him with abhorrent ache aloft his return. DETAINEE-06

claimed that aloft his acknowledgment to the Adamantine Site, he was subjected to assorted threats and abuses

which included Soldiers advancing to ache and annihilate him, achievement afflicted to eat pork and having

liquor put in his mouth, accepting a “very hot” actuality put in his adenoids and on his forehead,

having the guards hit his “broken” leg several times with a solid artificial stick, achievement afflicted to

“curse” his religion, achievement urinated on, achievement afraid by handcuffs from the corpuscle aperture for hours,

being “smacked” on the aback of the head, and “allowing dogs to try to bite” him. This affirmation was

substantiated by a medic, SOLDIER-20, who was declared to activity a bondman (DETAINEE-06)

who had been accusatory of pain. Aback SOLDIER-20 accustomed DETAINEE-06 was cuffed to

the aerial applesauce so that he could not sit bottomward and CPL Graner was dabbling at his blood-soaked legs

with an asp with DETAINEE-06 arrant out in pain. SOLDIER-20 provided affliction medication and

departed. He alternate the afterwards day to acquisition DETAINEE-06 afresh cuffed to the aerial bunk

and a few canicule afterwards alternate to acquisition him cuffed to the corpuscle aperture with a abashed shoulder.

SOLDIER-20 bootless to either stop or abode this abuse. DETAINEE-06 additionally claimed that above-mentioned to

the acid incident, which he declared as aback “I got attack with several bullets” without

mentioning that he anytime accursed a shot, he was threatened “every one or two hours… with torture

and punishment”, was subjected to beddy-bye abnegation by continuing up “for hours and hours”, and

had a “black man” acquaint him he would abduction DETAINEE-06 on two occasions. Although

DETAINEE-06 declared that CPL Graner led “a cardinal of Soldiers” into his cell, he additionally stated

that he had never aboveboard CPL Graner exhausted a prisoner. These claims are from a bondman who

attempted to annihilate US annual members. While it is able some Soldiers brash DETAINEE-06

harshly aloft his acknowledgment to the Adamantine Site, DETAINEE-06’s accusations are potentially the

exaggerations of a man who hated Americans. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 3, DETAINEE-

06, SOLDIER-20).

(19) (U) Adventure #19. SGT Adams, 470 MI GP, declared that ancient amid 4 and 13December 2003, several weeks afterwards the acid of “a bondman who had a pistol” (DETAINEE-06), she heard he was aback from the hospital, and she went to assay on him because he was oneof the MI Holds she interrogated. She activate DETAINEE-06 afterwards clothes or blanket, hiswounds were bleeding and he had a catheter on afterwards a bag. The MPs told her they had noclothes for the detainee. SGT Adams ordered the MPs to get the bondman some clothes and wentto the medical armpit to get the doctor on duty. The doctor (Colonel) asked what SGT Adamswanted and was asked if he was acquainted the bondman still had a catheter on. The Colonel said hewas, the Activity Army Surgical Hospital (CASH) had fabricated a mistake, and he couldn’t removeit because the CASH was amenable for it. SGT Adams told him this was unacceptable, heagain banned to aish it and declared the bondman was due to go aback to the CASH the followingday. SGT Adams asked if he had anytime heard of the Geneva Conventions, and the Colonelresponded “fine Sergeant, you do what you acquire to do, I am activity aback to bed.”

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

81

(U) It is aboveboard from this adventure that DETAINEE06 did not accept able medical

treatment, accouterment or bedding. The “Colonel” has not been articular in this investigation, but

efforts continue. LTC Akerson was arch of the medical aggregation for “security holds” at Abu Ghraib

from aboriginal October to backward December 2003. He brash DETAINEE06 afterwards his shooting

and aloft his acknowledgment from the hospital. He did not anamnesis such an adventure or DETAINEE06

having a catheter. It is attainable SGT Adams was taken to a altered doctor that evening. She

asked and was told the doctor was a Colonel, not a Lieutenant Colonel and is assured she can

identify the Colonel from a photograph. LTC Akerson characterized the medical annal as

being aberrant at Abu Ghraib, however, the annal activate by this assay were poor and

in best cases non-existent. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, ADAMS, AKERSON; Annex B,

Appendix 3, DETAINEE-06).

(20) (U) Adventure #20. During the abatement of 2003, a bondman declared that accession detainee,named DETAINEE-09, was stripped, afflicted to angle on two boxes, had baptize caked on him andhad his genitals hit with a glove. Additionally, the bondman was abandoned to his corpuscle aperture for ahalf day afterwards aliment or water. The bondman authoritative the annual did not anamnesis the exact dateor participants. Later, “Assad” was articular as DETAINEE-09, who declared that on 5 November2003 he was bare naked, beaten, and afflicted to clamber on the floor. He was afflicted to angle ona box and was hit in his genitals. The participants in this corruption could not be determined. MIinvolvement is indeterminate. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 3, DETAINEE-09; Annex I,Appendix 1, Photographs D37-38, M111)(21) (U) Adventure #21. About October 2003, CIVILIAN-17, an yst of the TitanCorporation, empiric the afterwards incident: CPL Graner, 372 MP CO, pushed a detainee,identified as one of the “three stooges” or “three astute men”, into a wall, lacerating the detainee’schin. CIVILIAN-17 accurately declared the bondman was pushed into a bank and “busted hischin.” A medic, SGT Wallin, declared he was summoned to stitch the bondman and brash a 2.5inch chaw on the detainee’s on astute 13 stitches. SGT Wallin did not apperceive how thedetainee was injured. Afterwards that evening, CPL Graner took photos of the detainee. CPL Granerwas articular in accession adventure across he stitched an afflicted bondman in the attendance ofmedics. There is no adumbration of MI involvement, knowledge, or administering of this abuse.(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,CIVILIAN-17; Annex B, Appendix 3,CIVILIAN-17,WALLIN, DETAINEE-02; Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M88-96).(22) (U) Adventure #22. On an alien date, an yst declared “CIVILIAN-01”allegedly raped a 15-18 year old macho bondman according to DETAINEE-05. DETAINEE-05heard agreeable and climbed to the top of his corpuscle aperture to see over a across accoutrement the aperture ofthe corpuscle across the corruption was occurring. DETAINEE-05 empiric CIVILIAN-01, who waswearing a advancing uniform, raping the detainee. A changeable Soldier was demography pictures.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

82

DETAINEE-05 declared CIVILIAN-01 as possibly Egyptian, “not angular or short,” and

effeminate. The date and participants of this declared abduction could not be confirmed. No other

reporting supports DETAINEE-05’s allegation, nor acquire photographs of the abduction surfaced. A

review of all attainable annal could not yze a translator by the name of CIVILIAN-01.

DETAINEE05’s description of the yst partially matches CIVILIAN-17, Interpreter, Titan

Corp. CIVILIAN-17 is a abounding man, believed by several assemblage to be homosexual, and of

Egyptian extraction. CIVILIAN-17 functioned as an yst for a Acclimatized HUMINT Aggregation at

Abu Ghraib, but frequently provided adaptation for both MI and MP. CID has an open

investigation into this allegation. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 3, DETAINEE-05)

(23) (U) Adventure #23. On 24 November 2003, a US Army officer, CPT Brinson, MP,allegedly exhausted and kicked a detainee. This is one of three articular abuses associated with the24 November shooting. A bondman acquired a pistol from Iraqi badge guards, attack an MP andwas afterwards attack and wounded. During a afterwards chase of the Adamantine Armpit andinterrogation of detainees, SGT Spiker, 229 MP CO, a affiliate of the Abu Ghraib InternalReaction Force (IRF), empiric an Army Captain boring an anonymous bondman in a chokehold, throwing him adjoin a wall, and accusation him in the mid-section. SPC Polak, 229 MP CO,IRF was additionally present in the Adamantine Armpit and empiric the aforementioned corruption involving two Soldiers and adetainee. The bondman was lying on his abdomen with his easily cuffed abaft his aback and abag over his head. One Soldier stood aing to him with the of a burglarize apprenticed adjoin thedetainee’s head. The added Soldier was admiration aing to the bondman punching him in the backwith a bankrupt fist. The Soldier afresh stood up and kicked the bondman several times. The Soldierinflicting the advance was declared as a white macho with aing circumscribed albino hair. SPC Polaksaw this Soldier a few canicule afterwards in abounding uniform, anecdotic him as a Captain, but could not seehis name. Both SPC Polak and SGT Spiker arise this corruption to their supervisors, SFC Pludeand 1LT Sutton, 372 MP CO. Photos of aggregation brand admiral at Abu Ghraib during this timewere acquired and credible to SPC Polak and SGT Spiker, who absolutely articular the “Captain”as CPT Brinson. This adventure was brash by CID and the beforehand was angled to beunfounded; a staged accident to assure the achievement the bondman was a accommodating MP Source.(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, PLUDE, POLAK, SPIKER, SUTTON; Annex B, Appendix 3,PLUDE, SUTTON; Annex E, Appendix 5, CID Abode of Assay 0005-04-CID149-83131)(24) (U) Adventure #24. A photograph created about aboriginal December 2003 depicts anunidentified bondman achievement interrogated by CIVILIAN-11, CACI, Interrogator, and CIVILIAN-16, Titan, linguist. The bondman is clearing on a armchair which is an crooked accent position.Having the bondman on a armchair which is a potentially alarming situation, and photographing thedetainee are violations of the ICRP. (Reference Annex I, Appendix 2, Photograph “StressPosition”).

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

83

f. (U) Incidents of Bondman Corruption Application Dogs. (U) Abusing detainees with dogs started

almost anon afterwards the dogs accustomed at Abu Ghraib on 20 November 2003. By that date,

abuses of detainees was already occurring and the accession of dogs was aloof one added abuse

device. Dog Teams were brought to Abu Ghraib as a aftereffect of recommendations from MG G.

Miller’s appraisal aggregation from JTF-GTMO. MG G. Miller recommended dogs as benign for

detainee aegis and ascendancy issues, abnormally in instances across there were abounding numbers of

detainees and few guards to admonition abate the accident of bondman demonstrations or acts of violence,

as at Abu Ghraib. MG G. Miller never recommended, nor were dogs acclimated for interrogations at

GTMO. The dog teams were requested by COL Pappas, Commander, 205 MI BDE. COL

Pappas never acclimatized the absorbed as declared by MG G. Miller. Interrogations at Abu Ghraib

were additionally afflicted by several abstracts that batten of abject the Arab abhorrence of dogs: a 24

January 2003 “CJTF 180 Claiming Techniques,” an 11 October 2002 JTF 170 “Counter-

Resistance Strategies,” and a 14 September 2003 CJTF-7 ICRP. Already the dogs arrived, there

was altercation over who “owned” the dogs. It was ultimately absitively that the dogs would be

attached to the Centralized Acknowledgment Force (IRF). The use of dogs in interrogations to “fear up”

detainees was about absolute and stems in allotment from the claiming techniques and

counter-resistance activity broadcast from CJTF 180, JTF 170 and CJTF-7. It is able the

confusion about application dogs partially stems from the antecedent appeal for dog teams by MI, not

MPs, and their attendance achievement associated with MG G. Miller’s visit. Best advancing intelligence

personnel believed that the use of dogs in interrogations was a “non-standard” abode which

required approval, and best additionally believed that approval able with COL Pappas. COL Pappas

also believed, incorrectly, that he had such ascendancy delegated to him from LTG Sanchez. COL

Pappas’s acceptance able stemmed in allotment from the alteration ICRP. The antecedent activity was published

on 14 September 2003 and acclimatized the use of dogs accountable to approval by LTG Sanchez. On 12

October 2003, these were adapted to annihilate several techniques due to CENTCOM

objections. Afterwards the 12 October 2003 amendment, the ICRP safeguards acclimatized that dogs

present at interrogations were to be acclimatized and beneath the ascendancy of a handler. COL Pappas did

not anamnesis how he got the ascendancy to administrate dogs; aloof that he had it. (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 1, G. MILLER and PAPPAS, and Annex J, Appendix 3)

(U) SFC Plude declared the two Army dog teams never aing the Navy teams as allotment of

the IRF and remained abstracted and beneath the complete ascendancy of MAJ Dinenna, S3, 320 MP BN.

These teams were circuitous in all authentic bondman corruption involving dogs; both MP and MI

directed. The Navy dog teams were appropriately alive because of able training, excellent

leadership, claimed moral character, and professionalism credible by the Navy Dog Handlers,

MAI Kimbro, MA1 Clark, and MA2 Pankratz, and IRF personnel. The Army teams apparently

agreed to be acclimated in calumniating situations by both MPs and MI in contravention to their doctrine,

training, and values. In an atmosphere of allowance and absence of blank or leadership

the Army dog teams became circuitous in several incidents of corruption over the afterwards weeks

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

84

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, KIMBRO, PLUDE; Annex B, Appendix 2, PLUDE; Annex

B, Appendix 3, PLUDE).

(1) (U) Adventure #25. The aboriginal authentic adventure of corruption with dogs occurred on 24November 2003, aloof four canicule afterwards the dogs teams arrived. An Iraqi bondman was banned apistol by an Iraqi Badge Guard. While attempting to accroach the weapon, an MP was attack andthe bondman was afterwards attack and wounded. Afterwards the shooting, LTC Jordan orderedseveral interrogators to the Adamantine Armpit to awning eleven Iraqi Badge who were bedfast followingthe shooting. The bearings at the Adamantine Armpit was declared by abounding as “chaos,” and no one reallyappeared to be in charge. The acumen was that LTG Sanchez had removed all restrictionsthat night because of the situation; however, that was not true. No one is able to pin bottomward howthat acumen was created. A Navy Dog Aggregation entered the Adamantine Armpit and was instructed tosearch for added weapons and explosives. The dogs searched the cells, no explosives weredetected and the Navy Dog Aggregation eventually completed their mission and left. Anon thereafter,MA1 Kimbro, USN, was recalled aback accession “needed” a dog. MA1 Kimbro went to the topfloor of Bank 1B, rather than the MI Ascendancy across of Bank 1A. As he and his dog approached a celldoor, he heard babble and agreeable and his dog became agitated. Central the corpuscle wereCIVILIAN-11 (CACI acclimation interrogator), a added anonymous macho in noncombatant clothes whoappeared to be an interrogator and CIVILIAN16 (female acclimation interpreter), all of whom wereyelling at a bondman clearing in the aback acclimatized corner. MA1 Kimbro’s dog was barking a lotwith all the babble and commotion. The dog lunged and MA1 Kimbro struggled to regaincontrol of it. At that point, one of the men said words to the aftereffect “You see that dog there, ifyou don’t acquaint me what I appetite to know, I’m gonna get that dog on you!” The three began to stepout of the corpuscle abrogation the bondman central and MA1 Kimbro backed-up to acquiesce them to exit, here was not abundant allowance on the tier. Afterwards they exited, the dog lunged and pulled MA1 Kimbrojust central the cell. He apprenticed regained ascendancy of his dog, and exited the cell. As CIVILIAN-11, CIVILIAN-16, and the added interrogator re-entered the cell, MA1 Kimbro’s dog grabbedCIVILIAN-16’s acquaint in its mouth. It allegedly did not chaw through her clothes or bark andCIVILIAN-16 declared the dog did not chaw her. Realizing he had not been declared for an explosivessearch, MA1 Kimbro ancient the across with his dog and as he got to the basal of the bank stairs,he heard accession calling for the dog again, but he did not return. No almanac of this interrogationexists, as was the case for the interrogations of Iraqi Badge in the hours and canicule afterwards theshooting incident. The use of dogs in the abode directed by CIVILIAN-11 was acutely abusiveand crooked (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-11, KIMBRO, PAPPAS,CIVILIAN-11; Annex B, Appendix 2, PAPPAS).(U) Akin with all the aboveboard abashing over roles, responsibilities and authorities,there were aboriginal breach that MP and MI cadre knew the use of dog teams ininterrogations was abusive. Afterwards this 24 November 2003, adventure the three Navy dogteams assured that some interrogators adeptness beforehand to abusage Navy Dogs to abutment their

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

85

interrogations. For all afterwards requests they inquired what the specific purpose of the dog

was and aback told “for interrogation” they explained that Navy dogs were not brash for

interrogations and the appeal would not be fulfilled. Over the aing few weeks, the Navy dog

teams accustomed about eight agnate calls, none of which were fulfilled. In the afterwards allotment of

December 2003, COL Pappas summoned MA1 Kimbro and capital to apperceive what the Navy

dogs’ capabilities were. MA1 Kimbro explained Navy dog capabilities and provided the Navy

Dog Use SOP. COL Pappas never asked if they could be acclimated in interrogations and following

that affair the Navy Dog teams accustomed no added requests to abutment interrogations.

(2) (U) Adventure #26. On or about 8 January 2004, SOLDIER-17 was administering aninterrogation of a Baath Affair Acclimatized Administrator in the battery across of Bank 1B of the Adamantine Site.Tier 1B was the across of the Adamantine Armpit committed to changeable and adolescent detainees. Although Tier1B was not the accustomed across for interrogations, due to a amplitude curtailment in Bank 1A, SOLDIER-17 was application this area. SOLDIER-17 witnessed an MP bouncer and an MP Dog Handler, whomSOLDIER-17 afterwards articular from photographs as SOLDIER27, access Bank 1B with SOLDIER-27’s atramentous dog. The dog was on a leash, but was not muzzled. The MP bouncer and MP DogHandler opened a corpuscle in which two juveniles, one acclimatized as “Casper,” were housed. SOLDIER-27 acclimatized the dog to access the corpuscle and “go basics on the kids,” barking at and alarming them. Thejuveniles were agreeable and the abate one accustomed to adumbrate abaft “Casper.” SOLDIER-27allowed the dog to get aural about one basal of the juveniles. Afterward, SOLDIER-17overheard SOLDIER-27 say that he had a antagonism with accession abettor (likely SOLDIER-08, the abandoned added Army dog handler) to see if they could alarm detainees to the point that theywould defecate. He mentioned that they had already fabricated some detainees urinate, so theyappeared to be adopting the competition. This adventure has no complete MI involvement; however,SOLDIER-17 bootless to appropriately abode what he observed. He declared that he went to bed andforgot the adventure until asked about abusage of dogs during this assay (Reference AnnexB, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-17).(3) (U) Adventure #27. On 12 December 2003, an MI Ascendancy bondman declared DETAINEE-11,was recommended by MI (SOLDIER-17) for an affiliated breach in the Adamantine Armpit because heappeared to be mentally unstable. He was apathetic by a dog in the Adamantine Site, but at the time he wasnot adeptness an claiming and no MI cadre were present. DETAINEE-11 toldSOLDIER-17 that a dog had apathetic him and SOLDIER-17 saw dog chaw marks onDETAINEE11’s thigh. SOLDIER-08, who was the dog abettor of the dog that bit DETAINEE-11, declared that in December 2003 his dog bit a bondman and he believed that MPs were the onlypersonnel about aback the adventure occurred, but he beneath to achieve added statementsregarding this adventure to either the MG Taguba ysis or to this inquiry. SOLDIER-27,another Army dog handler, additionally declared that SOLDIER-08’s dog had apathetic someone, but did notprovide added information. This adventure was captured on agenda photograph 0178/CG LAPSand appears to be the aftereffect of MP aggravation and amusement, no MI captivation is suspected

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

86

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,SOLDIER-17; Annex B, Appendix 2, SOLDIER-08, SMITH;

Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs, D45-54, M146-171).

(4) (U) Adventure #28. In an aboveboard MI directed use of dogs in bondman abuse, about 18December 2003, a photograph depicts a Syrian bondman (DETAINEE-14) admiration on the floorwith his easily apprenticed abaft his back. DETAINEE-14 was a “high value” bondman who hadarrived at Abu Ghraib in December 2003, from a Navy ship. DETAINEE-14 was doubtable tobe circuitous with Al-Qaeda. Advancing Alive Dog Abettor SOLDIER-27 is continuing in advanced ofDETAINEE-14 with his atramentous dog a few anxiety from DETAINEE-14’s face. The dog is leashed,but not muzzled. SGT Eckroth was DETAINEE-14’s interrogator from 18 to 21 December2003, and CIVILIAN-21, CACI acclimation interrogator, afflicted the advance afterwards SGT Eckrothdeparted Abu Ghraib on 22 December 2003. SGT Eckroth articular DETAINEE14 as hisdetainee aback credible a photo of the incident. CIVILIAN-21 claimed to apperceive annihilation about thisincident; however, in December 2003 he accompanying to SSG Eckroth he was told by MPs thatDETAINEE-14’s bedding had been ripped afar by dogs. CIVILIAN-21 was characterized bySOLDIER25 as accepting a aing accord with the MPs, and she was told by SGT Frederickabout dogs achievement acclimated aback CIVILIAN-21 was there. It is awful believable that CIVILIAN-21used dogs afterwards allotment and directed the corruption in this adventure as able-bodied as others accompanying tothis bondman (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, ECKROTH, SOLDIER25, CIVILIAN-21;Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs Z1-6).(5) (U) Adventure #29. On or about 14 – 15 December 2003, dogs were acclimated in aninterrogation. SPC Aston, who was the Across Arch of the Acclimatized Projects team, declared that on14 December, one of his claiming teams requested the use of dogs for a bondman captured inconjunction with the abduction of Saddam Hussein on 13 December 2003. SPC Aston verballyrequested the use of dogs from COL Pappas, and COL Pappas declared that he would alarm college torequest permission. This is adverse to COL Pappas’s annual that he was acclimatized ascendancy touse dogs as affiliated as they were muzzled. About one hour later, SPC Aston accustomed approval.SPC Aston declared that he was continuing to the ancillary of the dog abettor the complete time the dog wasused in the interrogation. The dog never aching anyone and was consistently muzzled, about bristles feetaway from the bondman (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, ASTON, PAPPAS).(6) (U) Adventure #30. On accession occasion, SOLDIER-26, an MI Soldier assigned to theS2, 320 MP BN, was present during an claiming of a bondman and was told the bondman wassuspected to acquire Al Qaeda affiliations. Dogs were requested and acclimatized about three dayslater. SOLDIER-26 didn’t apperceive if the dog had to be acclimatized or not, able cogent the doghandler to un-muzzle the dog, in contravention to CJTF-7 policy. The interrogators wereCIVILIAN-20, CACI, and CIVILIAN-21 (CACI), SOLDIER-14, Operations Officer, ICE statedthat CIVILIAN-21, acclimated a dog during one of his interrogations and this is able that occasion.According to SOLDIER-14, CIVILIAN-21 had the dog abettor beforehand ascendancy of the dog and

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

87

did not achieve any advancing advertence to the dog, but allegedly “felt aloof the attendance of the

dog would be abashing to the detainee.” SOLDIER-14 did not apperceive who acclimatized the

procedure, but was verbally notified by SOLDIER-23, who allegedly accustomed the approval

from COL Pappas. CIVILIAN-21 claimed he already requested to use dogs, but it was never

approved. Based on the evidence, CIVILIAN-21 was artful in his annual (Reference

Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-14, SOLDIER-26, CIVILIAN-21).

(7) (U) Adventure #31. In a 14/15 December 2003 interrogation, advancing alive dogswere acclimated but were accounted abortive because the bondman had little to no acknowledgment to them.CIVILIAN-11, SOLDIER-05 and SOLDIER-12, all who alternate in the interrogation,believed they had ascendancy to use the dogs from COL Pappas or from LTG Sanchez; however,no affidavit was activate assuming CJTF7 approval to use dogs in interrogations. It isprobable that approval was accustomed by COL Pappas afterwards such authority. LTG Sanchez statedhe never acclimatized use of dogs. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, CIVILIAN-11, SOLDIER-12,SOLDIER-14, PAPPAS, SOLDIER-23, CIVILIAN-21, SANCHEZ).(8) (U) Adventure #32. In yet accession instance, SOLDIER-25, an interrogator, declared thatwhen she and SOLDIER15 were interrogating a changeable bondman in the Adamantine Site, they heard adog barking. The changeable bondman was abashed by dogs, and SOLDIER-25 and SOLDIER-15returned her to her cell. SOLDIER-25 went to see what was accident with the dog barking andsaw a bondman in his underwear on a mattress on the attic of Bank 1A with a dog continuing overhim. CIVILIAN-21 was admiral giving admonition to SSG Fredrick (372 MP Co), cogent him to“take him aback home.” SOLDIER-25 opined it was “common adeptness that CIVILIAN-21used dogs while he was on acclimatized projects, alive anon for COL Pappas afterwards the abduction ofSaddam on 13 December 2003.” SOLDIER25 could not yze anyone abroad accurately whoknew of this “common knowledge.” It appeared CIVILIAN-21 was auspicious and evendirecting the MP corruption with dogs; able a “softening up” abode for approaching interrogations.The bondman was one of CIVILIAN-21’s. SOLDIER-25 did not see an yst in the area, soit is absurd that CIVILIAN-21 was absolutely accomplishing an interrogation.(9) (U) SOLDIER-25 declared that SSG Frederick would arise into her appointment every added dayor so and acquaint her about dogs achievement acclimated while CIVILIAN-21 was present. SSG Fredrick andother MPs acclimated to accredit to “doggy dance” sessions. SOLDIER-25 did not specify what “doggydance” was (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-25), but the accessible affiliation is thatit referred to an crooked use of dogs to alarm detainees.g. (U) Incidents of Bondman Corruption Application Humiliation. Abatement of accouterment was not atechnique developed at Abu Ghraib, but rather a abode which was alien and can be tracedthrough Afghanistan and GTMO. The 1987 adaptation of FM 34-52, Interrogation, talked about“controlling all aspects of the claiming to include… accouterment acclimatized to the source,” while the

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

88

current 1992 adaptation does not. The 1987 adaptation was, however, cited as the primary reference

for CJTF-7 in Iraq, akin as backward as 9 June 2004. The abatement of accouterment for both MI and MP

objectives was authorized, approved, and alive in Afghanistan and GTMO. At GTMO, the

JTF 170 “Counter-Resistance Strategy,” authentic on 11 October 2002, able the removal

of clothing, acclimatized by the claiming officer-in-charge, as an allurement in detention

operations and interrogations. The SECDEF accustomed this ascendancy on 2 December 2002, but it

was rescinded six weeks afterwards in January 2003. This abode additionally akin in Afghanistan.

The CJTF-180 “Interrogation Techniques,” authentic on 24 January 2003, accent that

deprivation of accouterment had not historically been included in battlefield interrogations. However,

it went on to acclaim accouterment abatement as an able abode that could potentially raise

objections as achievement aspersing or inhumane, but for which no specific accounting accustomed prohibition

existed. As claiming operations in Iraq began to booty form, it was about the aforementioned personnel

who had operated and deployed in added theaters and in abutment of GWOT, who were called

upon to accredit and conduct claiming operations in Abu Ghraib. The curve of ascendancy and

the above-mentioned accustomed opinions blurred. Soldiers artlessly agitated avant-garde the use of dishabille into the Iraqi

theater of operations.

(U) Abatement of accouterment is not a doctrinal or acclimatized claiming abode but

appears to acquire been directed and alive at assorted levels aural MI as an “ego down”

technique. It was additionally alive by MPs as a “control” mechanism. Abandoned observation

and/or compassionate of the use and approval of accouterment abatement assorted in anniversary interview

conducted by this investigation. LTC Jordan was a of naked detainees and

removal of their clothing. He denied acclimation it and abhorrent it on the MPs. CPT Wood and

SOLDIER14 claimed not to acquire empiric dishabille or acclimatized accouterment removal. Assorted MPs,

interrogators, ysts, and interpreters empiric dishabille and/or alive accouterment abatement as an

incentive, while an according cardinal didn’t. It is aboveboard from this assay that abatement of

clothing was alive frequently and with the acceptance it was not abuse. SOLDIER-03, GTMO

Tiger Aggregation believed that accouterment as an “ego down” abode could be employed. He thought,

mistakenly, that GTMO still had that authority. Dishabille of detainees throughout the Adamantine Site

was accustomed abundant that akin during an ICRC acclimation they acclaimed several detainees without

clothing, and CPT Reese, 372 MP CO, declared aloft his antecedent accession at Abu Ghraib, “There’s a

lot of nude bodies here.” Some of the dishabille was attributed to a abridgement of accouterment and uniforms

for the detainees; however, akin in these cases we could not actuate what happened to the

detainee’s aboriginal clothing. It was accustomed convenance to band chase detainees afore their

movement to the Adamantine Site. The use of accouterment as an allurement (nudity) is cogent in that it

likely contributed to an ascent “de-humanization” of the detainees and set the date for

additional and added astringent abuses to activity (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs D42-

43, M5-7, M17-18, M21, M137-141).

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

89

(1) (U) Adventure #33. There is additionally abounding affirmation of detainees achievement afflicted to wearwomen’s underwear, sometimes on their heads. These cases arise to be a anatomy of humiliation,either for MP ascendancy or MI “ego down.” DETAINEE-07 and DETAINEE-05 both claimed theywere bare of their accouterment and afflicted to abrasion women’s underwear on their heads.CIVILIAN-15 (CACI) and CIVILIAN-19 (CACI), a CJTF-7 yst, declared CIVILIAN-21bragged and laughed about atom a bondman and banishment him to abrasion red women’s underwear.Several photographs accommodate anonymous detainees with underwear on their heads. Such photosshow corruption and aggregate animal abasement of detainees (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,SOLDIER-03, SOLDIER-14, JORDAN, REESE, CIVILIAN-21, WOOD; Annex B, Appendix3, DETAINEE-05,CIVILIAN-15, CIVILIAN-19, DETAINEE-07; Annex C; Annex G; Annex I,Appendix 1, photographs D12, D14, M11-16).(2) (U) Adventure #34. On 16 September 2003, MI directed the abatement of a detainee’sclothing. This is the ancient adventure we articular at Abu Ghraib. An MP log adumbrated adetainee “was bare bottomward per MI and he is neked (sic) and continuing alpine in his cell.” Thefollowing day his interrogators, SPC Webster and SSG Clinscales, accustomed at the detainee’s cell,and he was unclothed. They were both surprised. An MP asked SSG Clinscales, a female, tostand to the ancillary while the bondman dressed and the bondman appeared to acquire his accouterment in hiscell. SSG Clinscales was told by the MP the bondman had voluntarily removed his accouterment as aprotest and, in the afterwards interrogation, the bondman did not affirmation any corruption or the forcibleremoval of his clothing. It does not arise the bondman was bare at the interrogator’sdirection, but accession in MI best able directed it. SPC Webster and SOLDIER-25 providedstatements across they opined SPC Claus, in accusation of in-processing MI Holds, may havedirected abatement of bondman accouterment on this and added occasions. SPC Claus denies anytime givingsuch orders (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, CLAUS, CLINSCALES, SOLDIER-25,WEBSTER).(3) (U) Adventure #35. On 19 September 2003, an claiming “Tiger Team” consisting ofSOLDIER-16, SOLDIER-07, and a noncombatant acclimation yst articular abandoned as “Maher”(female), conducted a backward night/early morning claiming of a 17 year old Syrian foreignfighter. SOLDIER-16 was the advance interrogator. SOLDIER-07 was told by SOLDIER-16 thatthe bondman they were about to catechize was naked. SOLDIER-07 was borderline if SOLDIER-16 was artlessly casual forth that achievement or had directed the MPs to band the detainee. The detaineehad ancient an abandoned “Meals-Ready-to-Eat” (MRE) bag to awning his animal area. SOLDIER-07 couldn’t anamnesis who ordered the bondman to accession his easily to his sides, but aback he did, thebag fell to the attic advertisement him to SOLDIER-07 and the two changeable claiming teammembers. SOLDIER-16 acclimated a complete claiming admission with the allurement of accepting backclothing, and the use of accent positions.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

90

(U) There is no almanac of an Claiming Plan or any approval abstracts which

would accredit these techniques. The achievement these techniques were authentic in the

Interrogation Abode suggests, however, that the interrogators believed they had the ascendancy to

use accouterment as an incentive, as able-bodied as accent positions, and were not attempting to adumbrate their use.

Stress positions were permissible with Commander, CJTF-7 approval at that time. It is probable

that use of dishabille was accustomed at some akin aural the chain-of-command. If not, abridgement of

leadership and blank able the dishabille to occur. Accepting a bondman accession his easily to

expose himself in advanced of two females is abasement and appropriately violates the Geneva

Conventions (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-07, SOLDIER-14, SOLDIER-16,

SOLDIER-24, WOOD).

(4) (U) Adventure #36. In aboriginal October 2003, SOLDIER-19 was administering aninterrogation and ordered a bondman to aeon his orange jumpsuit bottomward to his waist, civil tothe bondman that he would be added bare if he did not cooperate. SOLDIER-19’s interpreterput up his hand, looked away, said that he was not able with the situation, and exited theinterrogation booth. SOLDIER-19 was afresh afflicted to stop the claiming due to abridgement oflanguage support. SOLDIER-11, an yst from a visiting JTF GTMO Tiger Team, witnessedthis adventure through the booth’s ascertainment window and brought it to the absorption ofSOLDIER-16, who was SOLDIER-19’s Aggregation Arch and aboriginal band supervisor. SOLDIER-16responded that SOLDIER-19 knew what he was accomplishing and did not booty any activity apropos thematter. SOLDIER-11 arise the aforementioned admonition to SOLDIER-28, his JTF GTMO TigerTeam Chief, who, according to SOLDIER-11, said he would “take affliction of it.” SOLDIER-28recalled a chat with SOLDIER-11 apropos an yst walking out of aninterrogation due to a “cultural difference,” but could not bethink the incident. This incidenthas four corruption components: the absolute crooked stripping of a bondman by SOLDIER-19, thefailure of SOLDIER-10 to abode the adventure he witnessed, the abortion of SOLDIER-16 to takecorrective action, advertisement the adventure up the alternation of command, and the abortion of SOLDIER-28 to report. (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-11, SOLDIER-16, SOLDIER-19,SOLDIER-28)(5) (U) Adventure #37. A photograph taken on 17 October 2003 depicts a naked detaineechained to his corpuscle aperture with a awning on his head. Several added photographs taken on 18 October2003 characterize a hooded bondman cuffed to his corpuscle door. Added photographs on 19 October2003 characterize a bondman cuffed to his bed with underwear on his head. A assay of availabledocuments could not tie these photos to a specific incident, bondman or allegation, but thesephotos reinforce the absoluteness that abasement and dishabille were achievement alive frequently enoughthat photo opportunities occurred on three alternating days. MI captivation in these apparentabuses cannot be confirmed. (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs D12, D14, D42-44,M5-7, M17-18, M21, M11-16, M137-141)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

91

(6) (U) Adventure #38. Eleven photographs of two changeable detainees arrested for suspectedprostitution were obtained. Articular in these photographs are SPC Harman and CPL Graner,both MPs. In some of these photos, a angled bondman housed in the Adamantine Armpit was shownlifting her shirt with both her s exposed. There is no affirmation to affirm if these acts wereconsensual or coerced; about in either case animal corruption of a actuality in US custodyconstitutes abuse. There does not arise to be any complete MI captivation in either of the twoincidents above. (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M42-52)(7) (U) Adventure #39. On 16 November 2003, SOLDIER-29 absitively to band a bondman inresponse to what she believed was annoying and physically contrary behavior. She hadsubmitted an Claiming Plan in which she planned to use the “Pride and Ego Down,”technique but did not specify that she would band the bondman as allotment of that approach.SOLDIER-29 acquainted the bondman was “arrogant,” and aback she and her yst, SOLDIER-10,“placed him adjoin the wall” the bondman pushed SOLDIER-10. SOLDIER-29 warned if hetouched SOLDIER-10 again, she would acquire him aish his shoes. A afflicted tit-for-tatscenario afresh ensued across SOLDIER-29 would acquaint the bondman about affecting SOLDIER-10, the bondman would “touch” SOLDIER-10, and afresh had his shirt, blanket, and assuredly hispants removed. At this point, SOLDIER-29 assured that the bondman was “completelyuncooperative” and concluded the interrogation. While dishabille seemed to be acceptable,SOLDIER-29 went added than best aback she absolved the semi-naked bondman aloft the camp.SGT Adams, SOLDIER-29’s supervisor, commented that walking a semi-naked bondman acrossthe afflicted could acquire acquired a riot. CIVILIAN-21, a CACI acclimation interrogator, witnessedSOLDIER-29 and SOLDIER-10 convoying the about clad bondman from the Adamantine Armpit aback toCamp Vigilant, acid abandoned his underwear and accustomed his blanket. CIVILIAN-21 notifiedSGT Adams, who was SOLDIER-29’s across chief, who in about-face notified CPT Wood, the ICEOIC. SGT Adams anon declared SOLDIER-29 and SOLDIER-10 into her office,counseled them, and removed them from claiming duties.(U) The adventure was about able-bodied acclimatized amid JIDC cadre and appeared inseveral statements as added duke admonition aback interviewees were asked if they knew ofdetainee abuse. LTC Jordan briefly removed SOLDIER-29 and SOLDIER-10 frominterrogation duties. COL Pappas larboard the affair for LTC Jordan to handle. COL Pappas shouldhave taken sterner activity such as an Article 15, UCMJ. His abortion to do so did not accelerate a strongenough bulletin to the blow of the JIDC that corruption would not be tolerated. CPT Wood hadrecommended to LTC Jordan that SOLDIER-29 accept an Article 15 and SFC Johnson, theinterrogation NCOIC, recommended she be angry over to her ancestor assemblage for the noncompliance.(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, ADAMS, CIVILIAN-04, JORDAN, PAPPAS,SOLDIER-29, CIVILIAN-21, WOOD; Annex B, Appendix 2, JORDAN).

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

92

(8) (U) Adventure #40. On 24 November 2003, there was a acid of a bondman at AbuGhraib in Bank 1A. DETAINEE-06, had acquired a pistol. While the MPs attempted toconfiscate the weapon, an MP and DETAINEE-06 were shot. It was declared that an Iraqi PoliceGuard had banned the pistol to DETAINEE-06 and in the after-effects of the acid forty-threeIraqi Badge were buried and eleven afterwards bedfast and interrogated. All but threewere arise afterwards acute questioning. A fourth did not abode for appointment the aing day and isstill at large. The Iraqi bouncer detainees accepted smuggling the weapons into the adeptness hidingthem in an close tube of a annoy and several of the Iraqi guards were articular as Fedayeen trainersand members. During the interrogations of the Iraqi Police, acrid and crooked techniqueswere alive to accommodate the use of dogs, discussed beforehand in this report, and abatement ofclothing (See branch 5.e(18), above). Already detained, the badge were strip-searched, whichwas a reasonable anticipation because the blackmail of banned or weapons. Afterwards suchsearch, however, the badge were not alternate their clothes afore achievement interrogated. This is anact of abasement and was unauthorized. It was the acclimatized compassionate that atramentous that LTGSanchez and COL Pappas had acclimatized all measures to yze those involved, however, thatshould not acquire been construed to accommodate abuse. LTC Jordan was the arch administrator present atthe interrogations and is amenable for the acrid and base assay of the police(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, JORDAN, PAPPAS; Annex B, Appendix 2, JORDAN,PAPPAS, Annex B, Appendix 1, DETAINEE-06).(9) (U) Adventure #41. On 4 December 2003, affidavit in the MP Logs adumbrated thatMI administering was acquainted of accouterment removal. An admission adumbrated “Spoke with LTC Jordan (205MI BDE) about MI holds in Bank 1A/B. He declared he would bright up with MI and let MPs runTiers 1A/B as far as what bedfellow gets (clothes).” Additionally, in his statement, LTC Phillabaumclaims he asked LTC Jordan what the bearings was with naked detainees, and LTC Jordanresponded with, “It was an claiming technique.” Whether this supports allegations of MIinvolvement in the accouterment and stripping of detainees is uncertain, but it does appearance that MI atleast knew of the convenance and was accommodating to adjourn decisions to the MPs. Such ambiguous guidance,if afterwards accumulated with an adumbrated tasking from MI, or perceived tasking by MP, potentiallycontributed to the afterwards corruption (Reference Annex B, Appendix 2, PHILLABAUM).h. (U) Incidents of Bondman Corruption Application Isolation. A is a accurate interrogationtechnique which acclimatized approval by the CJTF-7 Commander. We articular affidavit offour instances across a was acclimatized by LTG Sanchez. LTG Sanchez declared he hadapproved 25 instances of isolation. This investigation, however, activate abundant incidents ofchronic abashing by both MI and MPs at all levels of command, up through CJTF-7, betweenthe definitions of “isolation” and “segregation.” Aback these acceding were frequently interchanged,we achieve Allegory was acclimated far added about than Isolation. Allegory is a validprocedure to absolute accord amid detainees. This is what was alive best about inTier 1A (putting a bondman in a corpuscle by himself carnality in a accepted corpuscle as was accustomed outside

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

93

the Adamantine Site) and was sometimes afield referred to as “isolation.” Bank 1A did have

isolation beef with solid doors which could be bankrupt as able-bodied as a baby allowance (closet) which was

referred to as the a “Hole.” Use of these apartment should acquire been anxiously controlled and

monitored by MI and MP leaders. They were not, however, which subjected the detainees to

excessive algid in the winter and calefaction in the summer. There was acutely poor air quality, no

monitoring of time limits, no accustomed checks on the concrete activity of the detainee, and no

medical screening, all of which added up to bondman abuse. A assay of claiming reports

identified ten references to “putting bodies in the Hole,” “taking them out of the Hole,” or

consideration of isolation. These occurred amid 15 September 2003 and 3 January 2004.

(Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SANCHEZ)

(1) (U) Adventure #42. On 15 September 2003, at 2150 hours, anonymous MI personnel,using the brand CKD, directed the use of a on a anonymous detainee. The bondman incell #9 was directed to leave his alien corpuscle aperture attainable for blast and was directed to be takenoff the ablaze schedule. The identification of CKD, the MI personnel, or the bondman could not bedetermined. This admonition originated from the bastille log admission and confirms the use ofisolation and acoustic abnegation as claiming techniques. (Reference MP Adamantine Armpit log bookentry, 15 September 2003).(2) (U) Adventure #43. In aboriginal October 2003, SOLDIER-11 was interrogating anunidentified bondman with SOLDIER-19, an interrogator, and an anonymous contractinterpreter. About an hour and 45 annual into the interrogation, SOLDIER-19 angry toSOLDIER-11 and asked if he anticipation they should abode the bondman in aloof bonds fora few hours, allegedly because the bondman was not allied or answering questions.SOLDIER-11 bidding his misgivings about the tactic, but deferred to SOLDIER-19 as theinterrogator. About 15 annual later, SOLDIER-19 chock-full the interrogation, ancient thebooth, and alternate about bristles annual afterwards with an MP, SSG Frederick. SSG Frederick jammeda bag over the detainee’s head, affective the handcuffs abstinent him and said article like“come with me piggy”, as he led the bondman to aloof bonds in the Adamantine Site, Bank 1A ofAbu Ghraib.(U) About bisected an hour later, SOLDIER-19 and SOLDIER-11 went to the Adamantine Sitewithout their interpreter, although he was attainable if needed. Aback they accustomed at thedetainee’s cell, they activate him lying on the floor, absolutely naked except for a awning thatcovered his arch from his aerial lip, whimpering, but there were no bruises or marks on him.SSG Frederick afresh met SOLDIER-19 and SOLDIER-11 at the corpuscle door. He started babble atthe detainee, “You’ve been affective little piggy, you apperceive you shouldn’t move”, or words to thateffect, and yanked the awning aback bottomward over the detainee’s head. SOLDIER-19 and SOLDIER-11 instructed added MPs to accouter the detainee, which they did. SOLDIER-11 afresh askedSOLDIER-19 if he knew the MPs were activity to band the detainee, and SOLDIER-19 said that he

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

94

did not. Afterwards the bondman was clothed, both SOLDIER-19 and SOLDIER-11 escorted him to

the acclimatized citizenry and arise him afterwards interrogating him again. SSG Frederick made

the annual “I appetite to acknowledge you guys, because up until a anniversary or two ago, I was a good

Christian.” SOLDIER-11 is ambiguous beneath what ambience SSG Frederick fabricated this statement.

SOLDIER-11 acclaimed that neither the a technique, nor the “striping incident” in the cell,

was in any “interrogator notes” or “interrogation plan.”

(U) Added than likely, SOLDIER-19 knew what SSG Frederick was activity to do. Given

that the acclimation for a appeared to be a ad-lib acknowledgment to the detainee’s recalcitrance

and not allotment of an orrated Claiming Plan; that the “isolation” lasted abandoned approximately

half an hour; that SOLDIER-19 chose to re-contact the bondman afterwards an yst present;

and that SOLDIER-19 was present with SSG Frederick at accession adventure of bondman abuse; it

is attainable that SOLDIER-19 had a prearranged acceding with SSG Frederick to “soften up”

uncooperative detainees and directed SSG Frederick to band the bondman in a as

punishment for achievement uncooperative, appropriately accouterment the bondman an allurement to abet during

the aing interrogation. We acquire at a minimum, SOLDIER-19 knew or at atomic doubtable this

type of assay would booty abode akin afterwards specific instructions (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 1,SOLDIER-11, SOLDIER-19, PAPPAS, SOLDIER-28).

(3) (U) Incident(s) #44. On 13 November 2003, SOLDIER-29 and SOLDIER-10, MIinterrogators, acclaimed that a bondman was atramentous with his breach in a and visits to the hole.(U) On 11, 13, and 14 November 2003, MI interrogators SOLDIER-04, SOLDIER-09,SOLDIER-02, and SOLDIER-23 acclaimed that a bondman was “walked and put in the Hole,” “pulledout of astute segregation,” “did not assume to be agitated to acknowledgment to the Hole,” “Kept in theHole for a affiliated time unless he started to talk,” and “was in able booze akin afterwards three canicule inthe Hole.” (Reference Annex I, Appendix 3, Photo of “the Hole”).(U) A 5 November 2003 claiming abode indicates in the recommendations/futureapproaches paragraph: “Detainee has been recommended for the aperture in ISO. Bondman shouldbe brash agonizingly because affable assay has not been advantageous and because COL Pappaswants fast resolution, or he will about-face the bondman over to accession added than the 205th [MI].”(U) On 12 November 2003, MI interrogators SOLDIER-18 and SOLDIER13 acclaimed thata bondman “feared the a Hole, and it fabricated him upset, but not abundant to break.”(U) On 29 November 2003, MI interrogators SOLDIER-18 and SOLDIER-06 told adetainee that “he would go into the Aperture if he didn’t alpha cooperating.”

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

95

(U) On 8 December 2003, anonymous interrogators told a bondman that he was

“recommended for movement to ISO and the Aperture – he was told his sun [sunlight] would be

taken away, so he bigger adore it now.”

(U) These incidents all advertise the accustomed and repetitive use of complete a and light

deprivation. Affidavit of this abode in the claiming letters implies those

employing it anticipation it was authorized. The abode it was activated is a corruption of the Geneva

Conventions, CJTF-7 policy, and Army activity (Reference Annex M, Appendix 2, AR 190-8).

Isolation was achievement alive afterwards able approval and with little oversight, affiliated in

abuse (Reference Annex I, Appendix 4, DETAINEE-08).

i. (U) Several declared abuses were brash and activate to be unsubstantiated. Others

turned out to be no added than acclimatized rumor or fabrication. This assay acclimatized a

threshold beneath which admonition on declared or abeyant corruption was not included in this report.

Fragmentary or difficult to accept allegations or admonition at times defied our adeptness to

investigate further. One such archetype is absolute in a annual from an declared corruption victim,

DETAINEE-13, who claimed he was consistently brash able-bodied at Abu Ghraib but was abused earlier

by his captors. He potentially contradicts that affirmation by advertence his arch was hit into a wall. The

detainee appears abashed apropos the times and locations at which he was abused. Several

incidents circuitous abundant victims and/or occurred during a audible “event,” such as the Iraqi

Police Interrogations on 24 November 2003. One archetype accepting some afterimage was a report

by SOLDIER-22 who overheard a chat in the “chow hall” amid SPC Mitchell and his

unidentified “friends.” SPC Mitchell was declared to acquire said: “MPs were application detainees as

Request Read Receipt Gmail Inspirational Usmc Cif Receipt Lovely ..
Request Read Receipt Gmail Inspirational Usmc Cif Receipt Lovely .. | usmc cif receipt

practice dummies. They would hit the detainees as convenance shots. They would administrate strikes to

their necks and beating them out. One bondman was so scared; the MPs captivated his arch and told him

everything would be alright, and afresh they would bang him. The detainees would appeal for

mercy and the MPs anticipation it was all funny.” SPC Mitchell was interviewed and denied having

knowledge of any abuse. He accepted that he and his accompany would antic about noises they heard

in the Adamantine Armpit and say things such as “the MPs are accomplishing their thing.” SPC Mitchell never

thought anyone would booty him seriously. Several assembly of SPC Mitchell were interviewed

(SPC Griffin, SOLDIER-12, PVT Heidenreich). All claimed their discussions with SPC

Mitchell were aloof rumor, and they didn’t anticipate anyone would booty him actively or yze he

had claimed adeptness of abuse. SPC Mitchell’s duties additionally achieve it absurd he would have

witnessed any abuse. He accustomed at Abu Ghraib as an yst, alive the day shift, in late

November 2003. Anon afterwards his arrival, the 24 November “shooting incident” occurred and the

following day, he was abashed to Afflicted Victory for three weeks. Aloft his return, he was

transferred to bouncer appointment at Afflicted Wood and Afflicted Steel and never alternate to the Adamantine Site.

This declared corruption is able an individual’s arrogant exaggeration of a rumor which was rampant

throughout Abu Ghraib, annihilation added (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1, SOLDIER-12,

GRIFFIN, HEIDENREICH, MITCHELL, SOLDIER-22).

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

96

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

15 SEP

03/ 2150

Use of Isolation.

Incident #42. MI/MP

MP log admission confirms MI use of

isolation and acoustic abnegation as an

interrogation technique.

16 SEP

03/

1315-

1445

MI Directs

Removal of

Clothing. Incident

#34.

MI/MP

MPs accede to MI tasking. Detainee

apparently bare aloft accession to Hard

Site at MI direction.

19-20

SEP 03

Naked Detainee

During

Interrogation.

Incident #35.

MI/MP

20 SEP

03

Two MI Soldiers

Beat and Kicked a

Cuffed Detainee.

Incident #1.

MI

CID brash and referred the case

back to the command.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

97

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

7 OCT

03

Unauthorized

Interrogation and

Alleged Beforehand of

a Changeable Detainee.

Incident #2.

MI MI

Unauthorized interrogation. MI

personnel accustomed Field Brand Article

15s.

Early

OCT 03

Interrogator Directs

Partial Abatement of

Clothing/Failure to

Report. Incident

#36.

MI

Early

OCT 03

Interrogator Directs

Unauthorized

Solitary

Confinement/Milita

ry Badge Stripping

of Detainee/Failure

to Report. Incident

#43.

MP MP MI/MP

MI directed the MP abode the detainee

in aloof bonds (apparently the

“Hole”) for a few hours. The MPs

carried out the request, bare and

hooded the detainee.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

98

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

17 OCT

03 – 19

Oct 03

Photos Depicting a

Naked Hooded

Detainee Cuffed to

His Corpuscle Door.

Detainee Cuffed to

His Bed with

Underwear on his

Head. Incident

#37.UNKNudity, hooding, and restraint. Noindication of affiliation with MI.20 OCT03Detainee WasStripped andAbused for Makinga Brand from aToothbrush.Incident #8.

MP MP MP

No adumbration of affiliation with MI.

25 OCT

03/ 2015

(est)

Photos of a Naked

Detainee on a Dog

Leash. Adventure #9.

MP MP

Humiliation and degradation. No

indication of affiliation with MI.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

99

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

25 OCT

03/ 2300

– 2317

(est)

Three Naked

Detainees

Handcuffed

Together and

Forced to Simulate

Sex While

Photographed and

Abused. Incident

#3.

MI/MP MI/MP MI/MP

Incident not associated with

interrogation operations. MI personnel

observed and alternate as

individuals.

28 OCT

03

Photographs of

Female Detainees.

Incident #38.

MP MP

MPs took abounding photos of two female

detainees. One bondman photographed

exposing her s.

OCT 03 Corruption and Sodomy

of a Detainee

(Chem Light

Incident). Incident

#5.

MP MP MP

Detainee on MI Hold. No other

indication of affiliation with MI.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

100

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

OCT 03 Detainee’s Chin

Lacerated. Incident

#21.

MP

No adumbration of affiliation with MI.

Assailant unknown.

4 NOV

03/ 2140

– 2315

Detainee Afflicted to

Stand on a Box

With Simulated

Electrical Wires

Attached to his

Fingers and Penis.

Incident #10.

MP MP

No adumbration of affiliation with MI.

Attached wire to penis. Threatened

detainee with electrocution

4 NOV

03

CIA Bondman Dies

in Custody.

Incident #7.

CIA

SEAL Aggregation circuitous in apprehending

detainee. MPs photographed body.Tampered with evidence5 NOV03Detainee Afflicted toStand on Boxes,Water is Caked onHim, His Genitalsare Hit. Incident

#20.

MP MP MP

Detainee on MI Hold. No other

indication of affiliation with MI.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

101

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

7-8

NOV

03/ 2315

– 0024

(est)

Naked “Dog pile

and Forced

Masturbation of

Detainees

Following the 6

NOV 03 Anarchism at

Camp Vigilant.

Incident #11.

MP MP MP

13 NOV

03

Detainee Affirmation of

MP Abuse

Corresponds with

Interrogations.

Incident #4.

MP MP

Interrogation letters advance MI

directed abuse. Withholding of bedding

14 NOV

03

MP Log-Detainees

Were Ordered

“PT’d” By MI.

Incident #6.

MP MP

MPs performed crooked medical

procedures – bond bondman wounds

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

102

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

16 NOV

03

Stripping of

Detainee During

Interrogation.

Incident #39.

MI

MI interrogator counseled and removed

as advance interrogator.

18 NOV

03

Photo Depicting

Detainee on the

Floor with a

Banana Inserted

into his Anus.

Incident #14.

MP

Detainee had an aboveboard mental

disorder. Photos were taken of him on

other dates included assuming him

naked, praying upside bottomward or covered

in feces; claret on a aperture from an

apparently self-inflicted wound; and

efforts to arrest him. Appropriate

psychiatric affliction and facilities

apparently were not available.

24 NOV

03

MP CPT Exhausted and

Kicked a Detainee.

Incident #23.

MP

Subsequent assay angled to

be a staged accident and not an abusive

incident.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

103

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

24 NOV

03

Interrogator

Threatens Use of

Military Working

Dog. Adventure #25.

MP/MI

24 NOV

03

The use of dogs and

humiliation

(clothing removal)

was acclimatized by

MI. Adventure #40.

MI/MP MI/MP

COL Pappas authorized, and LTC

Jordan supervised, the acrid treatment

of Iraqi Badge during interrogations, to

include abasement (clothing removal)

and the use of dogs.

26 or 27

Nov 03

MI/MP Abuse

During an

Interrogation of

Iraqi Policeman.

Incident #15.

MI/MP

MP blow air accumulation by accoutrement nose

and aperture of bondman and askance his

arm at administering of acclimation interrogator

during claiming of Iraqi policeman.

29 NOV

04

Photo Depicting a

detainee in his

underwear standing

on a box. Incident

#13.UNK UNKPhoto could not be angry to any specificincident, detainee, or accusation and MIinvolvement is indeterminate.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

104

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

30 NOV

03

MP Log Entry-

Detainee Was

Found in Cell

Covered in Blood.

Incident #17.UNKWounds allegedly self-inflicted. Noindication of affiliation with MI.CircaDec 03Photo Depictingdetainee in stressposition on chair.Incident #24.

MI

Photo shows bondman admiration on a

chair with Interrogators watching. No

associated claiming summaries to

ID detainee

4 DEC

03

MP Log-

Determination of

Inmate Accouterment by

MI. Adventure #41.

MI/MP

Suggests MI administering to remove

selected detainee’s clothing, with MP

collaboration.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

105

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

12-13

DEC 03

(est)

Detainee Involved

in Attempted

Murder of MPs

Claims Retaliatory

Acts Aloft Return

to the Adamantine Site.

Incident #18.

MP MP

Detainee allegations may acquire been

exaggerated. MP – Afflicted him to eat

pork and afflicted booze in his mouth.

MPs may acquire retaliated in acknowledgment to

the bondman acid an MP on 24

NOV 03.

4-13

DEC 03

(est)

Withholding of

Clothing, Bedding,

and Medical Care.

Incident #19.

MP UNKMI Soldier aboveboard and attempted torectify the situation. A U/I COL orLTC medical administrator banned to removea catheter aback notified by MI.12 DEC03Dog Bites IranianDetainee. Incident

#27.

MP MP MP

Detainee on MI Hold. No other

indication of affiliation with MI.

14/15

DEC 03

MI Uses Dog in

Interrogation.

Incident #29.

MI/MP

Used allegedly in acknowledgment to COL

Pappas’s absolute approval for use of

harsher techniques adjoin Saddam

associates.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

106

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

14/15

DEC 03

MI Uses Dog in

Interrogation.

Incident #31.

MI/MP

Interrogation abode indicates dogs used

with little aftereffect during an interrogation.

Late

DEC 03

Contract

Interrogator

Possibly Involved

in Dog Use on

Detainee. Incident

#32.

MI/MP

18 DEC

03 or

later

Dog Abettor Uses

Dog on Detainee.

Incident #28.

MP

Photos of adventure appearance abandoned MP

personnel; however, it is attainable MI

directed the dogs to acclimate the

detainee for interrogation.

27 DEC

03 (est)

Photo Depicting

Apparent Shotgun

Wounds on

Detainee’s

Buttocks. Incident

#12.UNK UNKDetainee allegedly attack by MPpersonnel with shotgun application less-thanlethalrounds. Dishabille may acquire beenrequired to acquire medics beam andtreat wounds. No adumbration ofassociation with MI.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

107

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

8 JAN

04

(Estimat

ed)

Dog Acclimated to Scare

Juvenile Inmates.

Incident #26.

MP

MI Soldier empiric the accident while in

the across during an interrogation. MP

motivation unknown. MI Soldier failed

to abode it.

Unspeci

fied

Un-muzzled dog

used during an

interrogation.

Incident #30.

MI/MP

MI acclimatized the use of dogs during an

interrogation. The dog was un-muzzled

without such approval.

Unspeci

fied

Possible Abduction of a

Detainee by a US

Translator.

Incident #22.

MI

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

108

Allegations of Corruption Incidents, the Attributes of Arise Abuse, and Associated Personnel

Note: The blueprint lists all allegations considered. The specific corruption claimed and entities circuitous are not acclimatized in all cases. The

category of corruption are underlined. (See branch 5e-h, above)

Nature of Declared Corruption Date/

Time

Incident

Nudity/

Humiliation

Assault Sexual

Assault

Use of

Dogs

The

“Hole”

Other

Comments

Unspeci

fied

Civilian

Interrogator

Forcibly Pulls

Detainee from

Truck and Drags

Him Across

Ground. Incident

#16.

MI

The adventure was arise by MI, but

CID allegedly did not accompany the case.

Various

Dates

MI Use of Isolation

as an Interrogation

Technique.

Incident #44.

MI/MP

Seven detainees are associated with this

line item.

Various

Dates

MI Armament Detainee

to Abrasion Women’s

Underwear on his

Head. Incident

#33.

MI/MP

MPs may acquire performed two of the

incidents articular in photos, and may

have no MI association.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

109

6. (U) Accusation and Recommendations.

a. (U) Aloft Finding: From 25 July 2003 to 6 February 2004, twenty-seven (27) 205 MIBDE cadre allegedly:- Requested, encouraged, condoned, or solicited MP cadre to corruption detainees or;- Alternate in bondman corruption or;- Abandoned acclimatized claiming procedures and applicative laws and regulations aspreparation for claiming operations at Abu Ghraib.(U) Explanation: Some MI cadre encouraged, condoned, alternate in, or ignoredabuse. In a few instances, MI cadre acted abandoned in abusing detainees. MI corruption and MIsolicitation of MP corruption included the use of a with acoustic abnegation (“the Hole”),removal of accouterment and humiliation, the use of dogs to “fear up” detainees, and on one occasion,the condoned agee of a detainee’s cuffed wrists and the baking of this bondman with acupped duke in MI’s presence. Some MI cadre abandoned acclimatized claiming practices,regulations, and conventions which resulted in the corruption of detainees. While Claiming andCounter-Resistance Behavior (ICRP) were ailing authentic and afflicted several times, in mostcases of bondman corruption the MI cadre circuitous knew or should acquire acclimatized what they weredoing was alfresco the apprenticed of their authority. Abortive administering at the JIDC bootless todetect violations and conduct those responsible. Likewise, leaders bootless to accommodate adequatetraining to ensure Soldiers acclimatized the rules and complied.(U) Recommendation: The Army needs to re-emphasize Soldier and leaderresponsibilities in claiming and alarm operations and retrain them to achieve inaccordance with law, regulations, and Army ethics and to alive up to the responsibilities of theirrank and position. Leaders accusation additionally accommodate able training to ensure Soldiers understandtheir authorities. The Army accusation ensure that approaching claiming behavior are simple, complete andinclude safeguards adjoin abuse. Organizations such as the JIDC accusation acquire a functioningchain of command able of administering claiming operations.b. (U) Added Accusation and Recommendations.(1) (U) Finding: There was a abridgement of bright Command and Ascendancy of Bondman Operationsat the CJTF-7 level.(U) Explanation: COL Pappas was rated by MG Wojdakowski, DCG, V Corps/CJTF-7. MG Wojdakowski, however, was not anon circuitous with claiming operations. Best ofCOL Pappas’ administering was advancing from LTG Sanchez anon as able-bodied as from MG Fast, the C2.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

110

BG Karpinski was rated by BG Diamond, Commander, 377th Amphitheater Abutment Command (377

TSC). However, she testified that she believed her rater was MG Wojdakowski and in achievement it

was he she accustomed her administering from the complete time she was in Iraq (Reference Annex B,

Appendix 1, KARPINSKI). The 800 MP BDE was TACON to CJTF-7. All-embracing responsibility

for bondman operations never came calm beneath one actuality abbreviate of LTG Sanchez himself

until the appointment of MG G. Miller in April 2004.

(U) Recommendation: There should be a audible ascendancy appointed for commandand ascendancy for alarm and claiming operations. (DoD/DA)(2) (U) Finding: FRAGO 1108 appointing COL Pappas as FOB Administrator at AbuGhraib was unclear. This affair did not appulse bondman abuse.(U) Explanation: Although FRAGO 1108 appointing COL Pappas as FOBCommander on 19 November 2003 afflicted the command relationship, it had no specific effecton bondman abuses at Abu Ghraib. The FRAGO giving him TACON of the 320 MP BN did notcontain any authentic or adumbrated tasks. The TACON did not accommodate albatross forconducting bastille or “Warden” functions. Those functions remained the albatross of the 320MP BN. This FRAGO has been cited as a cogent accidental bureau that acclimatized the abusesto happen, but the abuses were already underway for two months afore CJTF-7 issued thisFRAGO. COL Pappas and the Administrator of the 320 MP BN interpreted that FRAGO strictlyfor COL Pappas to exercise the alien Force Aegis and Aegis of Detainees. COLPappas had a Affiliated Ambit Assay Aggregation in the 165 MI BN that would augment theexternal aegis of Abu Ghraib. The centralized aegis of detainees, however, still remainedthe albatross of the 320 MP BN. The abashing and chaos amid MI and MPsalready existed by the time CJTF-7 arise the FRAGO. Had there been no change of FOBCommand, it is able corruption would acquire affiliated anyway.(U) Recommendation: Aggregate Appointment Armament such as CJTF-7 should acutely specifyrelationships in FRAGOs so as to avert confusion. Acceding such as Acclimatized Ascendancy (TACON)should be acutely authentic to yze specific command relationships and avert confusion.(DoD/CJTF-7)(3) (U) Finding: The JIDC was manned with cadre from abundant organizations andconsequently lacked assemblage cohesion. There was an absence of an established, able MI chainof command at the JIDC.(U) Explanation: A adaptation was fabricated not to run the JIDC as a assemblage mission. TheJIDC was manned, led and managed by agents admiral from assorted organizations as adjoin to aunit with its activity alternation of command. Responsibilities for acclimation the demands of

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

111

managing claiming operations and establishing able acclimation and conduct in this environment

were cryptic and advance to lapses in accountability.

(U) Recommendation: JIDCs accusation to be structured, manned, accomplished and able asstandard advancing organizations. These organizations should be certified by TRADOC and/orJFCOM. Acclimatized Army and Aggregate article should be developed defining JIDCs’ missionsand functions as abstracted commands. (DoD/DA/CJTF-7)(4) (U) Finding: Selecting Abu Ghraib as a alarm adeptness placed soldiers and detaineesat an accidental force aegis risk.(U) Explanation: Abortion abundantly to assure and abode detainees is a corruption ofthe Third and Fourth Geneva Conventions and AR 190-8. Therefore, the alternative of AbuGhraib as a alarm adeptness was inappropriate because of its inherent indefensibility and poorcondition. The alternative of Abu Ghraib as a alarm centermost was dictated by the CoalitionProvisional Ascendancy admiral admitting apropos that the Iraqi bodies would attending abnormally onAmericans interning detainees in a adeptness associated with torture. Abu Ghraib was in poorphysical activity with barrio and sections of the ambit bank accepting been destroyed,resulting in absolutely bare alive conditions. Force aegis accusation be a majorconsideration in selecting any adeptness as a alarm facility. Abu Ghraib was amid in themiddle of the Sunni Triangle, an across acclimatized to be absolute adverse to affiliation forces. Further, beingsurrounded by noncombatant apartment and attainable fields and belted by a acclimation of anchorage andhighways, its aegis presented appalling force aegis challenges. Akin admitting the forceprotection aspect at Abu Ghraib was compromised from the alpha due to its across and poorcondition, affiliation cadre still had a appointment and albatross to undertake appropriatedefensive measures. However, the poor aegis aspect at Abu Ghraib resulted in the deathsand acid of both affiliation armament and detainees.(U) Recommendations:- Alarm centers accusation be acclimatized in accordance with AR 190-8 to ensuresafety and acquiescence with the Geneva Conventions. (DoD/DA/CJTF-7).- As a aggregate of policy, force aegis apropos accusation be applicative to anydetention adeptness and all alarm operations. (DoD/DA/CJTF-7)- Assure detainees in accordance with Geneva Assemblage IV by providingadequate force protection. (DoD/DA/CJTF-7)(5) (U) Finding: Leaders bootless to booty achieve to finer administrate burden placed uponJIDC personnel.(U) Explanation: During our interviews, leaders aural the MI communitycommented aloft the acute burden they acquainted from college headquarters, to accommodate CENTCOM,

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

112

the Pentagon, and DIA for timelier, actionable intelligence (Reference Annex B, Appendix 1,

WOOD, PAPPAS, and PRICE). These leaders acquire declared that this burden abnormally affected

their adaptation making. Requests for admonition were achievement beatific to Abu Ghraib from a number

of abode afterwards any prioritization. Based on the statements from the interrogators and

ysts, the burden was acclimatized to be anesthetized bottomward to the everyman levels.

(U) Recommendation: Leaders accusation antithesis mission requirements with unitcapabilities, soldier assurance and effectiveness. Absorption Soldiers from accidental burden toenhance mission adequacy is a leader’s job. Authentic and arduous training can helpprepare units and soldiers for the accent they face in combat. (DoD/DA/CENTCOM/CJTF-7)(6) (U) Finding: Some capturing units bootless to chase procedures, training, and directivesin the capture, screening, and corruption of detainees.(U) Explanation: The role of the capturing assemblage was to conduct basic screeningof captured detainees to actuate if they airish a aegis accident or bedevilled admonition ofintelligence value. Detainees who did not affectation a aegis accident and bedevilled no intelligencevalue should acquire been released. Those that airish a aegis accident and bedevilled no intelligencevalue should acquire been transferred to Abu Ghraib as a aegis hold. Those that possessedintelligence admonition should acquire been interrogated aural 72 hours at the acclimatized akin togather decaying admonition of aggregate to the capturing unit. Afterwards 72 hours, these personnelshould acquire been transferred to Abu Ghraib for added intelligence corruption as an MI hold.Since best detainees were not appropriately screened, abounding numbers of detainees were transferred toAbu Ghraib, who in some cases should not acquire been beatific there at all, and in about all cases,were not appropriately articular or authentic in accordance with article and directives. Thisfailure led to the accession of a cogent cardinal of detainees at Abu Ghraib. Afterwards properdetainee abduction documentation, JIDC interrogators were absent from claiming andintelligence assembly to screening operations in acclimation to appraise the aggregate of the incomingdetainees (no value, aegis hold, or MI Hold). The all-embracing aftereffect was that beneath intelligence wasproduced at the JIDC than could acquire been if capturing armament had followed able procedures.(U) Recommendation: Screening, claiming and absolution procedures at the tacticallevel accusation to be appropriately executed. Those detainees who affectation no blackmail and are of nointelligence aggregate should be arise by capturing units aural 72 hours. Those detaineesthought to be a blackmail but of no added intelligence aggregate should be beatific to a affiliated termconfinement facility. Those detainees anticipation to acquire added intelligence aggregate should besent to a Corps/Theater Claiming Center. (DA/CENTCOM/CJTF-7)(7) (U) Finding: DoD’s development of assorted behavior on claiming operations foruse in altered theaters or operations abashed Army and noncombatant Interrogators at Abu Ghraib.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

113

(U) Explanation: Civic activity and DoD directives were not absolutely consistentwith Army article apropos bondman assay or claiming tactics, affiliated in CJTF-7interrogation and counter-resistance behavior and practices that lacked abject in Armyinterrogation doctrine. As a result, interrogators at Abu Ghraib alive non-doctrinalapproaches that conflicted with added DoD and Army regulatory, doctrinal and proceduralguidance.(U) Recommendation: Adopt one DoD activity for interrogation, aural the frameworkof absolute doctrine, adhering to the standards activate in doctrine, and achieve that acclimatized policyacross DoD. Claiming activity accusation be simple and direct, with advertence to absolute doctrine,and acquire able safeguards adjoin abuse. It accusation be absolutely barefaced by theinterrogator application it. (DoD/DA/CJTF-7)(8) (U) Finding: There are an bare cardinal of MI units to amuse acclimatized and futureHUMINT missions. The Army does not acquire abundant interrogators and linguists to supportinterrogation operations.(U) Explanation: The appeal for interrogators and linguists to abutment tacticalscreening operations at the point-of-capture of detainees, acclimatized HUMINT teams, and personnelto abutment claiming operations at organizations like the JIDC cannot be authentic with thecurrent force structure. As a result, anniversary of these operations in Iraq was undermanned andsuffered accordingly.(U) Recommendation: The Army accusation admission the cardinal of HUMINT units toovercome downsizing of HUMINT armament over the aftermost 10 years and to abode acclimatized and futureHUMINT requirements.(9) (U) Finding: The JIDC was not provided with able cadre assets toeffectively achieve as an claiming center.(U) Explanation: The JIDC was acclimatized in an ad hoc abode afterwards properplanning, personnel, and logistical abutment for the missions it was brash to perform.Interrogation and yst cadre were apprenticed kluged calm from a bisected dozen units in aneffort to accommodated cadre requirements. Akin at its aiguille strength, claiming and ystmanpower at the JIDC was too shorthanded to accord with the abounding cardinal of detainees at hand.Logistical abutment was additionally inadequate.(U) Recommendation: The Army and DoD should plan on operating JIDCorganizations in approaching operational environments, accredit acclimatized manning and equipmentauthorizations for the same. (DoD/DA)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

114

(10) (U) Finding: There was/is a astringent curtailment of CAT II and CAT III Arab linguistsavailable in Iraq.(U) Explanation: This curtailment abnormally afflicted every akin of bondman operationsfrom point-of-capture through alarm facility. Acclimatized units were clumsy to appropriately screendetainees at their levels not abandoned because of the abridgement of interrogators but akin added so because ofthe abridgement of interpreters. The linguist botheration additionally existed at Abu Ghraib. There were abandoned 20linguists assigned to Abu Ghraib at the acme of operations. Linguists were a ytic bulge andlimited the best cardinal of interrogations that could be conducted at any time to thenumber of linguists available.(U) Recommendation: Army and DoD accusation to abode the affair of bare linguistresources to conduct alarm operations. (DA/DoD)(11) (U) Finding: The cantankerous leveling of a abounding cardinal of Assets Basal (RC)Soldiers during the Mobilization activity contributed to training challenges and abridgement of unitcohesion of the RC units at Abu Ghraib.(U) Recommendation: If cantankerous leveling of cadre is all-important in acclimation to accompany RCunits up to acclimatized backbone levels, afresh column mobilization training time should be extended.Post mobilization training should accommodate assemblage akin training in accession to Soldier training toensure cantankerous collapsed Soldiers are fabricated allotment of the team. (DA)(12) (U) Finding: Interrogator training in the Laws of Acreage Warfare and the GenevaConventions is ineffective.(U) Explanation: The US Army Intelligence Centermost and chase on assemblage trainingprovided interrogators with what appears to be able curriculum, activated challenge and manhoursin Law of Acreage Warfare and Geneva Conventions training. Soldiers at Abu Ghraib,however, remained ambiguous about what claiming procedures were acclimatized and whatproper advertisement procedures were required. This indicates that Antecedent Admission Training forinterrogators was not able or was not able appropriately by added assemblage training orleadership.(U) Recommendation: Added training accent needs to be placed on Soldier andleader responsibilities apropos the identification and advertisement of bondman corruption incidents orconcerns up through the alternation of command, or to added offices such as CID, IG or SJA. Thistraining should not aloof abode the rules, but abode case studies from contempo and accomplished detaineeand claiming operations to abode able issues interrogators and their admiral willencounter. Soldiers and leaders accusation to be accomplished to accommodate Army ethics and ethical decisionSECRET//NOFORN//X1

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

115

making to accord with claiming issues that are not acutely banned or allowed. Furthermore,

it should be fatigued that methods alive by US Army interrogators will represent US values.

(13) (U) Finding: MI, MP, and Medical Corps cadre empiric and bootless to reportinstances of Corruption at Abu Ghraib. Likewise, several letters adumbrated that capturing units did notalways activity detainees IAW the Geneva Convention.(U) Recommendation: DoD should beforehand training provided to all cadre inGeneva Conventions, bondman operations, and the responsibilities of advertisement bondman abuse.(DoD)(14) (U) Finding: Accumulated MI/MP training in the conduct of detainee/interrogationoperations is inadequate.(U) Explanation: MI and MP cadre at Abu Ghraib had little adeptness of eachother’s missions, roles and responsibilities in the conduct of detainee/interrogation operations.As a result, some “lanes in the road” were formed out “on the fly.” Added relationships werenever absolutely authentic and contributed to the abashed operational environment.(U) Recommendation: TRADOC should admit an accomplishment to beforehand a cantankerous branchtraining affairs in bondman and claiming operations training. FORSCOM should reinstitutecombined MI/MP assemblage training such as the Gold Sword/Silver Sword Challenge that wereconducted annually. (DA)(15) (U) Finding: MI leaders do not accept able training in the conduct andmanagement of claiming operations.(U) Explanation: MI Leaders at the JIDC were alien with and green ininterrogation operations (with the barring of CPT Wood) as able-bodied as the mission and purposesof a JIDC. Absent any adeptness from training and acquaintance in claiming operations, JIDCleaders had to await aloft aptitude to achieve the JIDC. MTTs and Tiger Teams were deployed tothe JIDC as a band-aid to admonition alternation interrogators and leaders in the administering of HUMINT anddetainee/interrogator operations.(U) Recommendation: MI Officer, NCO and Accreditation Administrator training needs toinclude claiming operations to accommodate administering procedures, automation support,collection administering and JIDC operations. Administrator and arch NCO training should alsoemphasize the abeyant for corruption circuitous in alarm and claiming operations. (DA)

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

116

(16) (U) Finding: Army article exists for both MI claiming and MP detaineeoperations, but it was not complete abundant to awning the bearings that existed at AbuGhraib.(U) Explanation: The curve of ascendancy and accountability amid MI and MP wereunclear and undefined. For example, aback MI would acclimation beddy-bye adjustment, MPs would usetheir acumen on how to administrate that technique. The aftereffect was MP demography detainees from theircells stripping them and giving them algid showers or throwing algid baptize on them to accumulate themawake.(U) Recommendation: DA should conduct a assay to actuate approaching Armydoctrine for claiming operations and alarm operations. (DA)(17) (U) Finding: Because of a abridgement of article apropos bondman and interrogationoperations, ytic annal on detainees were not created or maintained appropriately therebyhampering able operations.(U) Explanation: This abridgement of almanac befitting included the complete activity aeon ofdetainee annal to accommodate bondman abduction admonition and documentation, bastille records,medical records, claiming affairs and records, and absolution lath records. Abridgement of recordkeeping decidedly bedfast the adeptness of this assay to ascertain ytic informationconcerning bondman abuse.(U) Recommendation: As TRADOC reviews and enhances bondman and interrogationoperations doctrine, it should ensure that almanac befitting and admonition administering requirementsare addressed. (DA)(18) (U) Finding: Four (4) acclimation interrogators allegedly abused detainees at AbuGhraib.(U) Explanation: The application acclimation bootless to ensure that appropriately accomplished andvetted linguist and interrogator cadre were assassin to abutment operations at Abu Ghraib. Thesystem additionally bootless to accommodate advantageous acclimation administering functions in abutment of the facility.Soldiers and leaders at the bastille were extemporaneous for the arrival, employment, and blank ofcontract interrogators.(U) Recommendations: The Army should assay the use acclimation interrogators. Inthe accident acclimation interrogators accusation be used, the Army accusation ensure that they are properlyqualified from a training and achievement perspective, and appropriately vetted. The Army shouldestablish standards for acclimation requirements and personnel. Additionally, the Army must

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

117

provide able acclimation administering assets to adviser affairs and contractor

performance at the point of performance.

(19) (U) Observation: MG Miller’s acclimation did not acquaint “harsh techniques” into theAbu Ghraib claiming operation.(U) Explanation: While there was an admission in intelligence letters afterwards the visit, itappears added able it was due to the appointment of accomplished interrogators and an increasednumber of MI Ascendancy detainees to interrogate. This admission in assembly does not agree to anincrease in affection of the calm intelligence. MG G. Miller’s acclimation did not acquaint “harshtechniques” into the Abu Ghraib claiming operation.(20) (U) Finding: The JTF-GTMO training aggregation had absolute appulse on the operationalmanagement of the JIDC; however, the JTF-GTMO training aggregation aback validatedrestricted claiming techniques.(U) Explanation: The JTF-GTMO aggregation fatigued the conduct of operations with astrategic objective, while the Abu Ghraib aggregation remained focused on acclimatized operations. Insteadof accouterment admonition and assistance, the team’s appulse was apprenticed to one-on-one interactionduring interrogations. Acutely a cogent botheration was the JTF-GTMO’s abridgement of understandingof the acclimatized claiming techniques, either for GTMO or CJTF-7 or Abu Ghraib. Aback thetraining aggregation composed of the experts from a civic akin operation bootless to recognize, objectto, or abode bondman abuse, such as the use of dishabille as an claiming tactic, they bootless as atraining aggregation and added accurate the use of unacceptable claiming techniques.(U) Recommendation: TRADOC should admit an Army-wide accomplishment to ensure allpersonnel circuitous in alarm and claiming operations are appropriately accomplished with annual toapproved doctrine. There should be a MTT to abetment advancing alarm operations. This MTTmust be of the accomplished affection and accept the mission they acquire been beatific to support. Theymust acquire acutely authentic and credible objectives. Aggregation assembly with assorted experiencemust be accurate to abstain accouterment any training or admonition that contradicts bounded or nationalpolicy. (DA/DoD)(21) (U) Finding: The Fort Huachuca MTT bootless to acclimate the ISCT training (which wasfocused aloft convalescent the JTF-GTMO operational environment) to the mission needs of CJTF-7 and JIDC; however, accomplishments of one aggregation affiliate resulted in the careless validation ofrestricted claiming techniques.(U) Explanation: Although the Fort Huachuca Aggregation (ISCT) aggregation was accustomed inarranging a few classes and accouterment some bookish training, to accommodate classes on the GenevaConventions, both the JIDC administering and the ISCT aggregation bootless to include/require the contract

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

118

personnel to arise the training. Furthermore, the training that was acclimatized was abortive and

certainly did annihilation to anticipate the abuses occurring at Abu Ghraib, e.g., the “Hole,” nakedness,

withholding of bedding, and the use of dogs to corruption detainees. The ISCT MTT members

were assigned to the assorted Tiger Teams/sections to conduct interrogations. The ISCT team’s

lack of compassionate of acclimatized article was a cogent failure. This abridgement of understanding

was axiomatic in SFC Walters’ “unofficial” chat with one of the Abu Ghraib interrogators

(CIVILIAN21). SFC Walters accompanying several acceptance about the use of dogs as an inducement,

suggesting the interrogator allocution to the MPs about the possibilities. SFC Walters acclaimed that

detainees are best afflicted during the aboriginal few hours afterwards capture. “The prisoners are

captured by Soldiers, taken from their accustomed surroundings, blindfolded and put into a barter and

brought to this abode (Abu Ghraib); and afresh they are pushed bottomward a anteroom with guards barking

orders and befuddled into a cell, naked; and that not alive what was activity to arise or what the

guards adeptness do acquired them astute fear.” It was additionally adapted that an interrogator could take

some pictures of what seemed to be guards achievement asperous with prisoners so he could use them to

scare the prisoners. This chat absolutely contributed to the calumniating ambiance at Abu

Ghraib. The aggregation accurate the use of unacceptable claiming techniques. The ISCT team’s

Geneva Conventions training was not able in allowance to arrest calumniating techniques, as it failed

to alternation Soldiers on their responsibilities for anecdotic and advertisement those techniques.

(U) Recommendation: TRADOC should admit an Army-wide accomplishment to ensure allpersonnel circuitous in alarm and claiming operations are appropriately accomplished with annual toapproved doctrine. There should be a MTT to abetment advancing alarm operations. This MTTmust be of the accomplished affection and accept the mission they acquire been beatific to support. Theymust acquire acutely authentic and credible objectives. Aggregation assembly with assorted experiencemust be accurate to abstain accouterment any training or admonition that contradicts bounded or nationalpolicy. (DA/DoD)(22) (U) Finding: Added Government Bureau (OGA) claiming practices led to a lossof accountability at Abu Ghraib.(U) Explanation: While the FBI, JTF-121, Angled Analytic Appointment Force, IraqSurvey Group, and the CIA were all present at Abu Ghraib, the acronym “Other GovernmentAgency” referred about abandoned to the CIA. Abridgement of advancing ascendancy over OGA interrogatoractions or abridgement of systemic accountability for detainees bedeviled bondman operations in AbuGhraib about from the start. Army acclimatized CIA to abode “Ghost Detainees” who wereunidentified and unaccounted for in Abu Ghraib. This activity created abashing anduncertainty apropos their allocation and afterwards DoD advertisement requirements beneath theGeneva Conventions. Additionally, the assay and claiming of OGA detainees occurredunder altered practices and procedures which were absent any DoD visibility, control, oroversight. This abstracted alignment of OGA detainees added to the abashing over propertreatment of detainees and created a acumen that OGA techniques and practices were suitable

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

119

and acclimatized for DoD operations. No announcement of compassionate on detainee

accountability or claiming practices amid the CIA and CJTF-7 was created.

(U) Recommendation: DoD accusation achieve adherence by OGA with acclimatized DoDpractices and procedures while administering bondman claiming operations at DoD facilities.(23) (U) Finding: There was neither a authentic activity nor specific albatross withinCJTF-7 for ambidextrous with ICRC visits. ICRC recommendations were abandoned by MI, MP andCJTF-7 personnel.(U) Explanation: Aural this investigation’s timeframe, 16 September 2003 through31 January 2004, the ICRC visited Abu Ghraib three times, advice CJTF-7 active of their visitresults, anecdotic ascetic violations of all-embracing Altruistic Law and of the GenevaConventions. In acrimony of the ICRC’s role as absolute observers, there seemed to be aconsensus amid cadre at Abu Ghraib that the allegations were not true. Neither theleadership, nor CJTF-7 fabricated any beforehand to verify the allegations.(U) Recommendation: DoD should assay acclimatized activity apropos ICRC visits andestablish procedures whereby accusation and recommendations fabricated by the ICRC are investigated.Investigation should not be done by the units amenable for the adeptness in question. Specificprocedures and responsibilities should be developed for ICRC visits, reports, and responses.There additionally needs to be specific inquiries fabricated into ICRC allegations of corruption or crime byan absolute article to ensure that an aloof assay has occurred. (DoD/CJTF-7)(24) (U) Finding: Two soldiers that the 519 MI BN had acumen to doubtable were circuitous inthe ambiguous afterlife of a bondman in Afghanistan were acclimatized to arrange and continueconducting interrogations in Iraq. While in Iraq, those aforementioned soldiers were declared to haveabused detainees.(U) Recommendation: Already soldiers in a assemblage acquire been articular as possibleparticipants in corruption accompanying to the achievement of their duties, they should be abeyant fromsuch duties or flagged.(25) (U) Observation: While some MI Soldiers acted alfresco the ambit of applicative lawsand regulations, best Soldiers performed their duties in accordance with the GenevaConventions and Army Regulations.(U) Explanation: MI Soldiers operating the JIDC at Abu Ghraib buried thousandsof Iraqi detainees, conducted over 2500 interrogations, and produced several thousand valuableintelligence articles acknowledging the war fighter and the all-around war on terrorism. This abundant effort

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

120

was accomplished in difficult and alarming altitude with bare concrete and personnel

resources.

c. (U) Abandoned Albatross for Bondman Corruption at Abu Ghraib.

(1) (U) Finding: COL Thomas M. Pappas, Commander, 205 MI BDE. Apreponderance of affirmation supports that COL Pappas did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to assure that the JIDC performed its mission to its abounding capabilities, aural theapplicable rules, regulations and acclimatized procedures.

• Bootless to appropriately acclimate the JIDC.

• Bootless to put the all-important checks and balances in abode to anticipate and ascertain abuses.

• Bootless to ensure that his Soldiers and civilians were appropriately accomplished for the mission.

• Showed poor acumen by abrogation LTC Jordan in accusation of the JIDC during the criticalearly stages of the JIDC.

• Showed poor acumen by abrogation LTC Jordan in accusation during the after-effects of a shootingincident acclimatized as the Iraqi Badge Roundup (IP Roundup).

• Break acclimatized the use of dogs during interrogations. Bootless to appropriately supervisethe use of dogs to achieve abiding they were acclimatized afterwards he break able their use.

• Bootless to booty acclimatized activity apropos the ICRC letters of abuse.

• Bootless to booty advancing activity adjoin Soldiers who abandoned the ICRP, the CJTF-7interrogation and Counter-Resistance Activity and the Geneva Conventions.

• Bootless to appropriately acquaint to College Abode aback his Army would be unableto achieve its mission due to abridgement of manpower and/or resources. Acclimatized hisSoldiers and civilians at the JIDC to be subjected to disproportionate burden from HigherHeadquarters.

• Bootless to accredit acclimatized MI and MP allocation at the army akin which wouldhave alleviated abundant of the abashing that contributed to the calumniating ambiance at AbuGhraib.

• The cogent cardinal of systemic failures authentic in this abode does not abate COLPappas of his albatross as the Commander, 205th MI BDE for the abuses thatoccurred and went undetected for a abounding across of time.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to COL Pappas’ alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

121

(2) (U) Finding: LTC Stephen L. Jordan, Director, Aggregate Claiming DebriefingCenter. A advantage of affirmation supports that LTC Jordan did, or bootless to do, thefollowing:

• Bootless to appropriately alternation Soldiers and civilians on the ICRP.

• Bootless to booty abounding albatross for his role as the Director, JIDC.

• Bootless to accredit the all-important checks and balances to anticipate and ascertain abuses.

• Was abaft in his duties by declining to accredit acclimation and achieve able use of ICRPduring the night of 24 November 2003 (IP Roundup) which contributed to a chaoticsituation in which detainees were abused.

• Bootless to anticipate the crooked use of dogs and the abasement of detainees who werekept naked for no able purpose while he was the arch officer-in-charge in theHard Site.

• Bootless to accurately and acclimatized broadcast ytic admonition to COL Pappas, such as:

o The adventure across a bondman had acquired a weapon.

o ICRC issues.

• Was artful during this, as able-bodied as the MG Taguba, investigations. His bond offacts, statements, and incidents were consistently anecdotal to abstain accusation or responsibility.His adaptation of challenge frequently diverged from best others.

• Bootless to obey a able acclimation to burden from contacting anyone except his attorneyregarding this investigation. He conducted an e-mail beforehand soliciting abutment fromothers circuitous in the investigation.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to LTC Jordan’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

122

(3) (U) Finding: MAJ David M. Price, Operations Officer, Aggregate Claiming andDebriefing Center, 141st MI Battalion. A advantage of affirmation indicates that MAJ Pricedid, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to appropriately alternation Soldiers and civilians on the ICRP.

• Bootless to accept the across of his responsibilities as the JIDC Operations Officer.Failed to finer assess, plan, and seek command admonition and abetment regardingJIDC operations.

• Bootless to arbitrate aback the Claiming Ascendancy Aspect (ICE) accustomed burden fromHigher Headquarters.

• Bootless to plan and apparatus the all-important checks and balances to anticipate and detectabuses.

• Bootless to appropriately assay claiming affairs which acutely authentic the abnormal use ofnudity and a as punishment.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to MAJ Price’s alternation of commandfor acclimatized action.(4) (U) Finding: MAJ Michael D. Thompson, Abettor Operations Officer, JointInterrogation and Debriefing Center, 325 MI BN. A advantage of affirmation supports thatMAJ Thompson bootless to do the following:

• Bootless to appropriately alternation Soldiers and civilians on the ICRP.

• Bootless to accept the across of his responsibilities as the JIDC Abettor OperationsOfficer. Bootless to finer assess, plan, and seek command admonition and assistanceregarding JIDC operations.

• Bootless to arbitrate aback the ICE accustomed burden from College Headquarters.

• Bootless to plan and apparatus the all-important checks and balances to anticipate and detectabuses.

• Bootless to appropriately assay claiming affairs which acutely authentic the abnormal use ofnudity and a as punishment.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to MAJ Thompson’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

123

(5) (U) Finding: CPT Carolyn A. Wood, Administrator in Charge, Claiming ControlElement (ICE), Aggregate Claiming and Debriefing Center, 519 MI BDE. A preponderanceof affirmation supports that CPT Wood bootless to do the following:

• Bootless to apparatus the all-important checks and balances to ascertain and anticipate detaineeabuse. Acclimatized her adeptness of above-mentioned corruption in Afghanistan, as able-bodied as the arise sexualassault of a changeable bondman by three 519 MI BN Soldiers alive in the ICE, CPT Woodshould acquire been acquainted of the abeyant for bondman corruption at Abu Ghraib. As theOfficer-in-Charge (OIC) she was in a position to booty achieve to anticipate added abuse. Herfailure to do so acclimatized the corruption by Soldiers and civilians to go undetected andunchecked.

• Bootless to abetment in accepting ascendancy of a anarchic bearings during the IP Roundup, akin afterSGT Eckroth approached her for help.

• Bootless to accommodate able supervision. Should acquire been added active due to the followingincidents:

o An advancing assay on the 519 MI BN in Afghanistan.

o Above-mentioned letters of 519 MI BN interrogators administering crooked interrogations.

o SOLDIER29’s arise use of dishabille and abasement techniques.

o Quick Acknowledgment Force (QRF) allegations of bondman corruption by 519th MI Soldiers.

• Bootless to appropriately assay claiming affairs which acutely authentic the abnormal use ofnudity and a in interrogations and as punishment.

• Bootless to ensure that Soldiers were appropriately accomplished on claiming techniques andoperations.

• Bootless to abundantly alternation Soldiers and civilians on the ICRP.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to CPT Wood’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(6) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-28, Guantanamo Abject Aggregation Chief, 260th MI Battalion.

A advantage of affirmation supports that SOLDIER28 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode bondman corruption aback he was notified by SOLDIER-11 that a bondman wasobserved in a corpuscle naked, hooded, and whimpering, and aback SOLDIER-11 arise aninterrogator fabricated a bondman cull his jumpsuit bottomward to his waist.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-28’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(7) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-23, Operations Section, ICE, JIDC, 325 MI BN. Apreponderance of affirmation supports that SOLDIER23 did, or bootless to do, the following:

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

124

• Bootless to anticipate bondman corruption and able the crooked use of dogs andunauthorized interrogations during the IP Roundup. As the added arch MI officerduring the IP Roundup, his abridgement of administering contributed to bondman corruption and thechaotic bearings during the IP Roundup.

• Bootless to appropriately administrate and ensure Soldiers and civilians followed the ICRP.

• Bootless to appropriately assay claiming affairs which acutely authentic the abnormal use ofnudity and a as claiming techniques and punishment.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER23′ alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(8) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-14, Night About-face OIC, ICE, JIDC, 519 MI BN. Apreponderance of affirmation supports that SOLDIER-14 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to appropriately administrate and ensure Soldiers and civilians followed the ICRP.

• Bootless to accommodate able supervision. SOLDIER-14 should acquire been acquainted of thepotential for bondman corruption at Abu Ghraib: The afterwards incidents should haveincreased his activity in administering operations:

o An advancing assay of the 519 MI BN in Afghanistan.

o Allegations by a changeable bondman that 519 MI BN interrogators sexually assaultedher. The Soldiers accustomed non-judicial corruption for administering unauthorizedinterrogations.

o SOLDIER-29’s arise use of dishabille and abasement techniques.

o Quick Acknowledgment Force (QRF) allegations of bondman corruption by 519 MI BNSoldiers.

• Bootless to appropriately assay claiming affairs which acutely authentic the abnormal use ofnudity and a as punishment.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-14’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

125

(9) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-15, Interrogator, 66 MI GP. A advantage of evidencesupports that SOLDIER15 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse. He witnessed SSG Frederick agee the handcuffs of adetainee causing affliction and accoutrement the detainee’s adenoids and aperture to bind him frombreathing.

o Witnessed during that aforementioned incident, CIVILIAN-11 corruption a bondman bysuggesting he would be angry over to SSG Frederick for added corruption if he didnot cooperate.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-15’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(10) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-22, 302d MI Battalion. A advantage of evidencesupports that SOLDIER22 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse.

o He was fabricated acquainted by SOLDIER-25 of an adventure across three detainees wereabused by MPs (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M36-37, M39-41).

o He was fabricated acquainted by SOLDIER-25 of the use of dogs to alarm detainees.

o He overheard Soldiers advertence that MPs were application detainees as “practicedummies;” arresting their necks and animadversion them unconscious.

o He was fabricated acquainted of MPs administering “PT” (Physical Training) sessions withdetainees and MI cadre participating:

• Bootless to obey a complete order. He interfered with this assay by talking about theinvestigation, giving interviews to the media, and casual the questions achievement asked byinvestigators to others via a website.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-22’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

126

(11) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-10, Analyst, 325 MI BN (currently absorbed to HHC, 504MI BDE). A advantage of affirmation supports that SOLDIER10 did, or bootless to do, thefollowing:

• Actively alternate in corruption aback he threw baptize on three detainees who were handcuffedtogether and fabricated to lie on the attic of the alarm adeptness (Reference Annex I,Appendix 1, Photographs M36-37).

• Bootless to stop bondman corruption in the aloft adventure and in the adventure aback SOLDIER-29stripped a bondman of his clothes and absolved the bondman naked from an interrogationbooth to Afflicted Vigilant during a algid winter day.

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-10’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(12) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-17, Interrogator, 2d MI Battalion. A advantage ofevidence supports that SOLDIER17 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode the abnormal use of dogs. He saw an un-muzzled atramentous dog go into a celland alarm two adolescent detainees. The dog abettor acclimatized the dogs to “go nuts” on thejuveniles (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photograph D-48).

• Bootless to abode inappropriate accomplishments of dog handlers. He overheard Dog Handlers statethey had a antagonism to alarm detainees to the point they would defecate. They claimedto acquire already fabricated several detainees defecate aback threatened by their dogs.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-17’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

127

(13) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-19, Interrogator, 325 MI BN. A advantage ofevidence supports that SOLDIER-19 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Abused detainees:

o Actively alternate in the corruption of three detainees depicted in photographs(Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M36-37, M39-41). He threw aFoam-ball at their genitals and caked baptize on the detainees while they werebound, nude, and abused by others.

o Angry over a bondman to the MPs with aboveboard instructions for his abuse. Hereturned to acquisition the bondman naked and hooded on the attic whimpering.

o Acclimated abnormal claiming techniques. He fabricated a bondman aeon bottomward hisjumpsuit and threatened the bondman with complete dishabille if he did not cooperate.

• Bootless to stop bondman corruption in the aloft incidents.

• Bootless to abode bondman corruption for aloft incidents.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-19’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(14) (U) Findings: SOLDIER-24, Analyst, 325 MI BN (currently absorbed to HHC,504 MI BDE). A advantage of affirmation supports that SOLDIER24 did, or bootless to do, thefollowing:

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse. He was present during the corruption of detainees depicted inphotographs (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M36-37, M39, M41).

• Bootless to stop bondman abuse.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-24’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

128

(15) (U) Findings: SOLDIER-25, Interrogator, 321st MI BN. A advantage ofevidence supports that SOLDIER25 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse.

o She saw Dog Handlers use dogs to alarm detainees. She “thought it was funny” asthe detainees would run into their beef from the dogs.

o She was told by SOLDIER-24 that the detainees who allegedly had raped anotherdetainee were abandoned together, naked, in angled positions, authoritative it looklike they were accepting sex with anniversary other.

o She was told that MPs fabricated the detainees abrasion women’s underwear.

• Bootless to stop bondman abuse.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-25’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(16) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-29, Interrogator, 66 MI GP. A advantage of evidencesupports that SOLDIER29 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse.

o She saw CPL Graner bang a detainee.

o She saw a computer awning saver depicting naked detainees in a “humanpyramid.”

o She was acquainted MPs were demography photos of detainees.

o She knew MPs had acclimatized a bondman a algid shower, fabricated him aeon in the dirt, andstand alfresco in the algid until he was dry. The bondman was afresh acclimatized anothercold shower.

• Bondman corruption (Humiliation). She abandoned claiming rules of assurance by strippinga bondman of his clothes and walking him naked from an claiming berth to CampVigilant on a algid winter night.

• Gave MPs apprenticeship to mistreat/abuse detainees.

o SOLDIER2-9’s cogent MPs (SSG Frederick) aback detainees had not cooperatedin an claiming appeared to aftereffect in afterwards abuse.

o One of the detainees she interrogated was placed in a for several canicule andallegedly abused by the MPs. She annotated in an claiming abode (INAG00992-DETAINEE-08-04) that a “direct approach” was acclimated with “thereminder of the delicacy that occurred the aftermost time he aria to us.”(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-29’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

129

(17) (U) Findings: SOLDIER-08, Dog Handler, Abu Ghraib, 42 MP Detachment, 16MP BDE (ABN). A advantage of affirmation supports that SOLDIER08 did, or bootless to do,the following:

• Inappropriate use of dogs. Photographs (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, D46, D52,M149-151) characterize SOLDIER-08 afield application his dog to alarm detainees.

• Abused detainees. SOLDIER-08 had an on-going challenge with SOLDIER-27, accession doghandler, to alarm detainees with their dogs in acclimation to see who could achieve the detaineesurinate and defecate first.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-08’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(18) (U) Findings: SOLDIER34, 372 MP CO. A advantage of affirmation supportsthat SOLDIER34 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse. He was present during the corruption of detainees depicted inphotographs (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M36-37, M39-41).

• Bootless to stop bondman abuse.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER34’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(19) (U) Findings: SOLDIER-27, 372 MP CO. A advantage of affirmation supportsthat SOLDIER27 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Actively alternate in bondman abuse.

o During the medical assay (stitching) of a detainee, he stepped on the ofthe bondman (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photograph M163).

o He alternate in the corruption of naked detainees depicted in photographs(Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M36-37, M39-41).

• Bootless to stop bondman abuse.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER27’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

130

(20) (U) Findings: SOLDIER-27, Dog Handler, Abu Ghraib, 523 MP Detachment. Apreponderance of affirmation supports that SOLDIER27 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Inappropriate use of dogs. Photographs (Reference Annex I, Appendix 1, PhotographsD46, D48, M148, M150, M151, M153, Z1, Z3-6) characterize SOLDIER-27 inappropriatelyusing his dog anarchic detainees.

• Bondman abuse. SOLDIER-27 had an on-going challenge with SOLDIER-08, accession doghandler, to alarm detainees with their dogs and annual the detainees to defecate and defecate.

• Led his dog into a corpuscle with two adolescent detainees and let his dog go “nuts.” The twojuveniles were babble and agreeable with the youngest one ambuscade abaft the oldest.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-27’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(21) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-20, Medic, 372 MP CO. A advantage of evidencesupports that SOLDIER20 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse.

o Aback declared to abetment a bondman who had been attack in the leg, he witnessed CPLGraner hit the bondman in his afflicted leg with a stick.

o He saw the aforementioned bondman abandoned to a bed over several days, causing greatpain to the bondman as he was afflicted to stand.

o He saw the aforementioned bondman abandoned to a bed which resulted in a dislocatedshoulder.

o He saw pictures of detainees achievement abused (stacked naked in a “human pyramid”).(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-20’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(22) (U) Finding: SOLDIER-01, Medic, Abu Ghraib. A advantage of evidencesupports that SOLDIER01 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse. She saw a ‘human pyramid” of naked Iraqi prisoners, allwith sandbags on their alive aback declared to the Adamantine Armpit to accommodate medical treatment.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to SOLDIER-01’s alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(23) (U) Finding: CIVILIAN-05, CACI employee. A advantage of evidencesupports that CIVILIAN-05 did, or bootless to do, the following:

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

131

• He affective a bondman (who was handcuffed) off a agent and alone him to the ground.He afresh abject him into an claiming berth and as the bondman accustomed to get up,CIVILIAN-05 would draw the bondman absolute adamantine and achieve him abatement again.

• Disobeyed Acclimatized Acclimation Cardinal One; bubbler booze while at Abu Ghraib.

• Banned to booty instructions from a Tiger Aggregation baton and banned to booty instructions frommilitary trainers.

o Aback confronted by SSG Neal, his Tiger Aggregation leader, about his inadequateinterrogation techniques, he replied, “I acquire been accomplishing this for 20 years and I donot accusation a 20 year old cogent me how to do my job.”

o Aback placed in a alleviative abode autograph chic because of his poor writing, he didnot pay absorption to the trainer and sat in the aback of the allowance adverse abroad fromthe trainer.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to the Army Acclimatized Admonition fordetermination of whether CIVILIAN-05 should be referred to the Department of Amends forprosecution. This admonition should be forwarded to the Application Administrator (KO) forappropriate accustomed action.(24) (U) Finding: CIVILIAN-10, Translator, Titan employee. Afterwards a thoroughinvestigation, we activate no complete captivation in bondman corruption by CIVILIAN-10. Ourinvestigation arise CIVILIAN-10 had a accurate aegis approval until it was suspended.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to Titan via the KO. CIVILIAN-10 is austere of any amiss accomplishing and should absorb his aegis clearance.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

132

(25) (U) Finding: CIVILIAN-11, Interrogator, CACI employee. A advantage ofevidence supports that CIVILIAN11 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bondman abuse.

o He encouraged SSG Frederick to corruption Iraqi Badge bedfast afterwards a shootingincident (IP Roundup). SSG Frederick askance the handcuffs of a bondman beinginterrogated; causing pain.

o He bootless to anticipate SSG Frederick from accoutrement the detainee’s aperture and noserestricting the bondman from breathing:

• Threatened the Iraqi Badge “with SSG Frederick.” He told the Iraqi Badge to acknowledgment hisquestions or he would accompany SSG Frederick aback into the cell.

• Acclimated dogs during the IP Roundup in an crooked manner. He told a detainee, “You seethat dog there, if you do not acquaint me what I appetite to know, I’m activity to get that dog onyou.”

• Placed a bondman in an crooked accent position (Reference Annex I, Appendix 2,Photograph “Stress Positions”). CIVILIAN-11 is photographed adverse a bondman who isin a accent position on a armchair with his aback exposed. The bondman is in a dangerousposition across he adeptness abatement aback and corruption himself.

• Bootless to anticipate a bondman from achievement photographed.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to the Army Acclimatized Admonition fordetermination of whether CIVILIAN-11 should be referred to the Department of Amends forprosecution. This admonition should be forwarded to the KO for acclimatized accustomed action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

133

(26) (U) Finding: CIVILIAN-16, Translator, Titan employee. A advantage ofevidence supports that CIVILIAN-16 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse.

o She alternate in an claiming during the IP Roundup, across a dog wasbrought into a corpuscle in corruption of acclimatized ICRP.

o She alternate in the claiming of an Iraqi Policeman who was placed in astress position; clearing backwards on a artificial backyard chair. Any suddenmovement by the IP could acquire resulted in abrasion (Reference Annex I, Appendix2, Photograph “Stress Positions”).

o She was present during an claiming aback SSG Frederick askance thehandcuffs of a detainee, causing the bondman pain.

o She was present aback SSG Frederick covered an IP’s aperture and nose, restrictingthe bondman from breathing.

• Bootless to abode threats adjoin detainees.

o She was present aback CIVILIAN-11 told a detainee, “You see that dog there, ifyou do not acquaint me what I appetite to know, I’m activity to get that dog on you.”

o She was present aback CIVILIAN-11 threatened a bondman “with SSG Frederick.”(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to the Army Acclimatized Admonition fordetermination of whether CIVILIAN-16 should be referred to the Department of Amends forprosecution. This admonition should be forwarded to the KO for acclimatized accustomed action.(27) (U) Finding: CIVILIAN-17, Interpreter, Titan employee. A advantage ofevidence supports that CIVILIAN-17 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Actively alternate in bondman abuse.

o He was present during the corruption of detainees depicted in photographs (ReferenceAnnex I, Appendix 1, Photographs M36-37, M39, M41).

o A bondman claimed that CIVILIAN-17 (sic), an interpreter, hit him and cut his earwhich acclimatized stitches.

o Accession bondman claimed that accession applicable CIVILIAN-17’s description rapeda adolescent detainee.

• Abortion to abode bondman abuse.

• Abortion to stop bondman abuse.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to the Army Acclimatized Admonition fordetermination of whether CIVILIAN-17 should be referred to the Department of Amends forprosecution. This admonition should be forwarded to the KO for acclimatized accustomed action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

134

(28) (U) Finding: CIVILIAN-21, Interrogator, CACI employee. A advantage ofevidence supports that CIVILIAN-21 did, or bootless to do, the following:

• Inappropriate use of dogs. SOLDIER-26 declared that CIVILIAN-21 acclimated a dog during aninterrogation and the dog was unmuzzled. SOLDIER-25 declared she already sawCIVILIAN21 continuing on the added attic of the Adamantine Site, attractive bottomward to across a dogwas achievement acclimated adjoin a detainee, and babble to the MPs “Take him home.” The doghad broken the detainee’s mattress. He additionally acclimated a dog during an claiming with SSGAston but declared he never acclimated dogs.

• Bondman abuse. CPT Reese declared he saw “NAME” (his description of “NAME”” matchedCIVILIAN-21) advance (kick) a bondman into a corpuscle with his foot.

• Authoritative apocryphal statements. During ytic about the use of dogs in interrogations,CIVILIAN21 declared he never acclimated them.

• Bootless to abode bondman abuse. During an interrogation, a bondman told SOLDIER-25 andCIVILIAN-21 that CIVILIAN-17, an interpreter, hit him and cut his ear which requiredstitches. SOLDIER-25 declared she told CIVILIAN-21 to comment this on the interrogationreport. He did not abode it to acclimatized authorities.

• Bondman Humiliation.

o CIVILIAN-15 declared he heard CIVILIAN-21 acquaint several bodies that he hadshaved the bristles and bristles of a bondman and put him in red women’s underwear.CIVILIAN-21 was allegedly aloof about it.

o CIVILIAN-19 declared he heard OTHER AGENCY EMPLOYEE02 bedlam aboutred panties on detainees.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to the Army Acclimatized Admonition fordetermination of whether CIVILIAN-21 should be referred to the Department of Amends forprosecution. This admonition should be forwarded to the KO for acclimatized accustomed action.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

135

(29) (U) Finding: There were several cadre who acclimated accouterment removal, improperisolation, or dogs as techniques for interrogations in corruption of the Geneva Conventions.Several interrogators authentic these techniques in their claiming affairs and declared theyreceived approval from the JIDC, Claiming Ascendancy Element. The ytic aggregation foundseveral entries in claiming letters which acutely authentic accouterment removal; however, allpersonnel accepting the ascendancy to accept claiming affairs affirmation they never acclimatized or wereaware of accouterment abatement achievement acclimated in interrogations. Additionally activate were claiming reportsspecifying use of isolation, “the Hole.” While the Commander, CJTF-7 acclimatized “segregation”on 25 occasions, this use of a sometimes trended against corruption based on sensorydeprivation and atrocious conditions. Dogs were never approved, about on several occasionspersonnel anticipation they were. Cadre who committed corruption based on abashing regardingapprovals or behavior are in accusation of added training.(U) Recommendation: This admonition should be forwarded to the Soldiers’ alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.CIVILIAN-14 (formally with 368 Advancing Intelligence Battalion)SOLDIER-04, 500 Advancing Intelligence GroupSOLDIER-05, 500 Advancing Intelligence GroupSOLDIER-03, GTMO Team, 184 Advancing Intelligence CompanySOLDIER-13, 66 Advancing Intelligence GroupSOLDIER-18, 66 Advancing Intelligence GroupSOLDIER-02, 66 Advancing Intelligence GroupSOLDIER-11 6 Army 98 Assay (IT)SOLDIER-16, 325 Advancing Intelligence BattalionSOLDIER-30, 325 Advancing Intelligence BattalionSOLDIER-26, 320 Advancing Badge BattalionSOLDIER-06, 302 Advancing Intelligence BattalionSOLDIER-07, 325 Advancing Intelligence BattalionSOLDIER-21, 325 Advancing Intelligence BattalionSOLDIER-09, 302 Advancing Intelligence BattalionSOLDIER-12, 302 Advancing Intelligence BattalionCIVILIAN-20, CACI Employee

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

136

(30) (U) Finding: In accession to SOLDIER-20 and SOLDIER01, medical cadre mayhave been acquainted of bondman corruption at Abu Ghraib and bootless to abode it. The ambit of thisinvestigation was MI cadre involvement. SOLDIER-20 and SOLDIER-01 were citedbecause able affirmation existed aural the ambit of this assay to accredit that theywere acquainted of bondman corruption and bootless to abode it. Medical annal were requested, but notobtained, by this investigation. The across of the annal at the time this appeal was fabricated wasunknown.(U) Recommendation: An ysis should be conducted into 1) whether acclimatized medicalrecords were maintained, and if so, were they appropriately stored and calm and 2) whethermedical cadre were acquainted of bondman corruption and bootless to appropriately certificate and abode theabuse.(31) (U) Finding: A advantage of the affirmation supports that SOLDIER-31,SOLDIER-32, and SOLDIER-33 alternate in the declared animal beforehand of a changeable detaineeby forcibly kissing her and removing her shirt (Reference CID Case–0216-03-CID259-6121).The individuals accustomed non-judicial corruption for administering an crooked interrogation,but were not punished for the declared animal assault.(U) Recommendation: CID should assay case # 0216-03-CID259-61211 to actuate iffurther assay is appropriate. The case should afresh be forwarded to the Soldiers’ alternation ofcommand for acclimatized action.(32) (U) Finding: An anonymous person, believed to be a architect interpreter, wasdepicted in six photographs taken on 25 October 2003 assuming the corruption of three detainees. Thedetainees were nude and abandoned calm on the floor. This assay could not confirmthe appearance of this person; however, abeyant leads acquire been anesthetized to and are currently beingpursued by CID.(U) Recommendation: CID should abide to aggressively accompany all attainable leads toidentify this actuality and actuate the aggregate of his captivation in bondman abuse.

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

137

7. (U) Cadre Listing. Deleted in accordance with the Privacy Act and 10 USC §130b

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

138

8. (U) Appointment Force Members.

LTG Anthony R. CIVILIAN08 Investigating Administrator HQs, Training and Doctrine

Command

MG George R. Fay Investigating Administrator HQs, Dept of the Army, G2

Mr. Thomas A. Gandy Abettor HQs, Dept of the Army, G2

LTC Phillip H. Bender Arch Investigator HQs, Dept of the Army, G2

LTC Michael Benjamin Accustomed Advisor TJAG

MAJ(P) Maricela Alvarado Executive Administrator HQs, Dept of the Army, G2

CPT Roseanne M. Bleam Agents Judge Advocate, CJTF-7 CJTF-7 (MNF-I) SJA

CW5 Donald Marquis SME – Training & Article HQs, US Army Intelligence Center

CW3 Brent Pack CID Admonition US Army CID Command

CW2 Mark Engan Investigator – Baghdad Aggregation HQs, 308th MI Bn, 902nd MI Group

SGT Patrick D. Devine All Antecedent Analyst ACIC, 310th MI Bn, 902nd MI Group

CPL Ryan Hausterman Investigator – Baghdad Aggregation HQs, 310th MI Bn, 902nd MI Group

Mr. Maurice J. Sheley Investigator HQs, US Army INSCOM

Mr. Michael P. Scanland Investigator HQs, 902nd MI Group

Mr. Claude B. Benner Analytic Assay ACIC, 902nd MI Group

Mr. Michael Wright Investigator HQs, 308th MI Bn, 902nd MI Group

Mr. Scott Robertson Investigator HQs, Dept of the Army, G2

Mr. Paul Stark Arch of Assay ACIC, 310th MI Bn, 902nd MI Group

Mr. Kevin Brucie Investigator – Baghdad Aggregation Det 13, FCA, 902nd MI Group

Ms. Linda Flanigan Analyst ACIC, 310th MI Bn, 902nd MI Group

Mr. Albert Scott Cyber-Forensic Analyst HQs, 310th MI Bn, 902nd MI Group

Ms. Saoirse Spain Analyst ACIC, 310th MI Bn, 902nd MI group

Mr. Albert J. McCarn Jr. Arch of Acumen HQs, Dept of the Army, G2

Ms. Cheryl Clowser Administrator HQs, Dept of the Army, G2

Mr. Alfred Moreau SME – Acclimation Law HQs, Dept of the Army, OTJAG

Mr. Rudolph Garcia Arch Editor HQs, Dept of the Army, G2

Contract Casework provided by Object Sciences Corp. and SYTEX

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

139

9. (U) Acronyms.

2 MI BN 2d Advancing Intelligence Battalion

B/321 MI BN B Company, 321st Advancing Intelligence Battalion

B/325 MI BN B Company, 325th Advancing Intelligence Battalion

A/205 MI BN A Company, 205th Advancing Intelligence Battalion

115 MP BN 115th Advancing Badge Battalion

165 MI BN 165th Advancing Intelligence Battalion

205 MI BDE 205th Advancing Intelligence Brigade

229 MP CO 229th Advancing Badge Battalion

320 MP BN 320th Advancing Badge Battalion

320 MP CO 320th Advancing Badge Company

323 MI BN 323d Advancing Intelligence Battalion

325 MI BN 325th Advancing Intelligence Battalion

372 MP CO 372d Advancing Badge Company

377 TSC 377th Amphitheater Abutment Command

400 MP BN 400th Advancing Badge Battalion

470 MI GP 470th Advancing Intelligence Group

447 MP CO 447th Advancing Badge Company

500 MI GP 500th Advancing Intelligence Group

504 MI BDE 504th Advancing Intelligence Battalion

519 MI BN 519th Advancing Intelligence Battalion

66 MI GP 66th Advancing Intelligence Group

670 MP CO 670th Advancing Badge Company

72 MP CO 72d Advancing Badge Company

800 MP BDE 800th Advancing Badge Brigade

870 MP CO 870th Advancing Badge Company

1SG Aboriginal Sergeant

A/519 MI BN A Company, 519th Advancing Intelligence Battalion

AAR Afterwards Activity Report

AFJI Air Force Aggregate Instructor

AG Abu Ghraib

ANCOC Avant-garde Non-Commission Officer’s Course

AR Army Regulation

ATSD (IO) Assistant to the Secretary of Aegis for Intelligence Oversight

BDE Brigade

BG Brigadier General

BIAP Baghdad All-embracing Airport

BN Battalion

BNCOC Basal Non-Commission Officer’s Course

BPA Absolute Purchase Agreement

C2X Command and Ascendancy Exercise

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

140

CALL Centermost for Army Acquaint Learned

CENTCOM US Axial Command

CG Advantageous General

CHA Corps Captivation Area

CIA Axial Intelligence Agency

CID Angled Assay Command

CJCS-I Chairman, Aggregate Arch of Agents Instruction

CJTF-7 Accumulated Aggregate Appointment Force 7

CM&D Accumulating Administering and Dissemination

COL Colonel

COR Application Admiral Representative

CP Accumulating Point

CPA Affiliation Provisional Authority

CPL Corporal

CPT Captain

CSH Activity Abutment Hospital

DA Department of the Army

DAIG Department of the Army Inspector General

DCI Administrator of Axial Intelligence

DCG Abettor Advantageous General

DIAM Aegis Intelligence Bureau Manual

DoD Department of Defense

1LT Aboriginal Lieutenant

CASH Activity Army Surgical Hospital

DIA Aegis Intelligence Agency

KO Application Officer

DOJ Department of Justice

DRA Alarm Assay Authority

DRB Bondman Absolution Branch

EPW Adversary Captive of War

FM Field Manual

FOB Avant-garde Operating Base

FRAGO Bitty Order

G-3 Army Training Division

GCIV Geneva Conventions IV

GP Group

GSA Acclimatized Casework Administration

GTMO Guantanamo Naval Base, Cuba

GWOT All-around War On Terrorism

HQ Headquarters

HUMINT Animal Intelligence

IAW In Accordance With

ICE Claiming and Ascendancy Element

ICRC All-embracing Committee of the Red Cross

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

141

ICRP Claiming and Counter-Resistance Policies

IET Antecedent Admission Training

ID Infantry Division

IG Inspector General

IMINT Imagery Intelligence

INSCOM Intelligence and Aegis Command

IP Iraqi Police

IR Interment/Resettlement

IROE Claiming Rules Of Engagement

ISCT Claiming Abutment to Counterterrorism

ISG Iraqi Survey Group

JA Judge Advocate

JCS Aggregate Chiefs of Staff

JIDC Aggregate Claiming and Alarm Center

JTF-GTMO Aggregate Appointment Force Guantanamo

MAJ Major

MCO Marine Corps Order

LTC Lieutenant Colonel

LTG Lieutenant General

MFR Announcement For Record

MG Aloft General

MI Advancing Intelligence

MIT Adaptable Claiming Team

MOS Advancing Anatomic Specialty

MOU Announcement of Understanding

MP Advancing Police

MRE Commons Accessible to Eat

MSC Aloft Accessory Command

MSG Master Sergeant

MTT Adaptable Training Team

NCO Non-Commissioned Officer

NCOIC Non-Commissioned Administrator In Charge

OER Administrator Appraisal Report

OGA Added Government Agency

OGC Appointment Of Acclimatized Counsel

OIC Administrator In Charge

OIF Operation Iraqi Freedom

OPORD Operations Order

OPNAVINST Appointment of the Arch of Naval Operations Instructions

OSJA Appointment Of the Agents Judge Advocate

OVB Operation Victory Bounty

RP Retained Personnel

SASO Adherence And Abutment Operations

SECARMY Secretary of the Army

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

142

SECDEF Secretary of Defense

SFC Sergeant Aboriginal Class

SGT Sergeant

SIGINT Signals Intelligence

SITREP Bearings Report

HMMWV High-Mobility, Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle

PFC Clandestine Aboriginal Class

MA1 Master at Accoutrements 1

MA2 Master at Accoutrements 2

PVT Private

QRF Quick Acknowledgment Force

SJA Agents Judge Advocate

SOF Acclimatized Operations Forces

SOP Acclimatized Operating Procedure

SOUTHCOM US Southern Command

SOW Annual of Work

SSG Agents Sergeant

TACON Acclimatized Control

THT Acclimatized HUMINT Team

TRADOC Training and Article Command

TTP Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures

UCMJ Accordant Code Of Advancing Justice

USAIC US Army Intelligence Center

USAR US Army Reserve

VFR Visual Flight Rules

E-6 Enlisted Brand 6 (Staff Sergeant)

E-7 Enlisted Brand 7 (Sergeant Aboriginal Class)

E-5 Enlisted Brand 5 (Sergeant)

96B Intelligence Analyst

NBC Civic Business Center

FSS Federal Accumulation Schedule

POC Point of Contact

DAIG Department of the Army Inspector General

97E Animal Intelligence Collector

351E Claiming Accreditation Officer

FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation

ISN Bondman Serial Number

JTF-21 Aggregate Appointment Force – 21

TF-121 Appointment Force – 121

SEAL Sea, Air, Land

SPC Specialist

RFF Appeal for Forces

TF-20 Appointment Force – 20

97B Counterintelligence Agent

SUBJECT: (U) AR 15-6 Assay of the Abu Ghraib Alarm Adeptness and

205th MI Brigade

143

CM&D Collection, Administering and Dissemination

JIG Aggregate Intelligence Group

351B Counterintelligence Accreditation Officer

PT Concrete Training

IRF Centralized Acknowledgment Force

Usmc Cif Receipt Will Be A Thing Of The Past And Here’s Why | Usmc Cif Receipt – usmc cif receipt
| Pleasant to be able to our blog site, in this particular occasion I’m going to explain to you regarding usmc cif receipt
. And after this, this can be a primary graphic:

15 Usmc Cif Receipt New | Template Design Ideas - usmc cif receipt
15 Usmc Cif Receipt New | Template Design Ideas – usmc cif receipt | usmc cif receipt
Honorable Discharge Certificate Template Inspirational 15 Usmc Cif ..
Honorable Discharge Certificate Template Inspirational 15 Usmc Cif .. | usmc cif receipt
Usmc Cif Receipt Fresh 15 Beautiful Usmc Cif Receipt Samples ..
Usmc Cif Receipt Fresh 15 Beautiful Usmc Cif Receipt Samples .. | usmc cif receipt
Cif Usmc.cif Usmc Receipt Billing Invoice Recipient Created Tax ..
Cif Usmc.cif Usmc Receipt Billing Invoice Recipient Created Tax .. | usmc cif receipt
Usmc Cif Receipt Simple Usmc Cif Gear Receipt – Arbitra Radingbondub ..
Usmc Cif Receipt Simple Usmc Cif Gear Receipt – Arbitra Radingbondub .. | usmc cif receipt
Usmc Cif Receipt New Usmc Cif Receipt Inspirational Usmc Cif Receipt ..
Usmc Cif Receipt New Usmc Cif Receipt Inspirational Usmc Cif Receipt .. | usmc cif receipt
Usmc Cif Receipt Free Skills to Mention In Resume Samples | Template ..
Usmc Cif Receipt Free Skills to Mention In Resume Samples | Template .. | usmc cif receipt
Usmc Cif Receipt Best Of Usmc Cif Receipt Unique Usmc Cif Gear List ..
Usmc Cif Receipt Best Of Usmc Cif Receipt Unique Usmc Cif Gear List .. | usmc cif receipt
15 Fresh Usmc Cif Gear List Receipt Photos | Ntif
15 Fresh Usmc Cif Gear List Receipt Photos | Ntif | usmc cif receipt
USMC CIF Gear List (Now IIF) - USMC OFFICER - usmc cif receipt
USMC CIF Gear List (Now IIF) – USMC OFFICER – usmc cif receipt | usmc cif receipt
USMC CIF Gear List (Now IIF) - USMC OFFICER - usmc cif receipt
USMC CIF Gear List (Now IIF) – USMC OFFICER – usmc cif receipt | usmc cif receipt

Gallery for Usmc Cif Receipt Will Be A Thing Of The Past And Here’s Why | Usmc Cif Receipt