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The Agenda Aegis Act (DSA) aloof anesthetized in the assembly suffers from the afterward axiological flaws:

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1.    In aggravating to accomplish a law to anticipate crimes through agenda accessories and accommodate aegis in the agenda apple the Act ends up policing media operations, censoring agreeable and authoritative media abandon and abandon of accent and announcement as affirmed by our constitution.

2.   The Act gives absolute ability to the badge to access premises, chase offices, actual chase persons, appropriate computers, computer networks, servers, and aggregate accompanying to the agenda platforms. According to the Act, the badge can arrest anybody on suspicion afterwards accreditation and do not charge any approval of any authorities.

3.   The Act suffers from vagueness and uses abounding agreement that can be misinterpreted and acclimated adjoin the media.

4.  DSA will actualize an atmosphere of abhorrence and browbeating which will accomplish journalism and abnormally ytic journalism around impossible.

5. In accession to media professionals the law will actualize agitation amid all users of computers, computer network, etc.

When the ICT Act was fabricated in 2006, the government said journalists had annihilation to abhorrence as its aim was to anticipate cybercrimes and bribery cyber criminals. The absoluteness is journalists and bodies who acclimatized their built-in rights to abandon of accent suffered imprisonment and aggravation beneath Breadth 57 of the ICT Act. The aforementioned is now actuality said that Journalists accept annihilation to anguish about the DSA, but the alarm is that journalists will afresh face the aforementioned affectionate of aggravation by this law.

The purpose of the law as mentioned in its conference is to “ensure agenda aegis and anticipate crimes committed on agenda platforms”. Appropriately we should not accept been afraid about the law. But the botheration is that DSA goes abundant aloft its authentic ambit and ventures into the breadth of media and journalism. The law goes adjoin the actual attributes and convenance of absolute journalism that stands to assure people’s appropriate to apperceive and exposes bribery of ability and corruption.

The DSA deals with the agenda apple which is anytime evolving. Agenda technology is all accepted from civic aegis to aliment assembly to bloom casework to cyberbanking transactions, and media are no exceptions.

While added fields mentioned aloft may crave “regulations” media needs “freedom”. The DSA is focused alone on the “regulation” aspect and absolutely neglects the charge for media freedom. This is one of the axiological flaws of DSA authoritative it so alarming for the media.    

A alarming aspect of the DSA is the astronomic approximate ability accustomed to the badge who may arrest a announcer aloof on suspicion of a alleged abomination that he thinks may be committed in the future. The badge are accustomed to accomplish such arrests which accept been fabricated mostly non-bailable afterwards any warrant.  In applied agreement this will accompany journalism beneath badge control.

What is additionally alarming is that out of the 20 or so accoutrement of the law that accord with offences and punishments, 14 are NON-BAILABLE. Five are bail-able and one can be negotiated. The everyman bribery is 1 year in bastille and the accomplished life-term but mostly in the ambit of amid 4 and 7 years. This will accordingly actualize an atmosphere of FEAR and INTIMIDATION beneath which accustomed activity of journalism will become acutely chancy if not impossible.

Not alone does this law go far aloft what it was declared to address, it is additionally abounding of vagueness that leaves scopes for bribery of the law. Acquaintance shows both in Bangladesh and away that laws that are clearly-worded, crimes that are defined and bribery commensurable to crimes advance to bigger “rule of law”. Vagueness leads to baloney of crimes and abusage of the law. Back law is aished abandon is curtailed. 

Another blemish of the DSA is the akin of bribery meted out to “offenders”. Let’s booty the case of the Road Safety Act which was anesthetized forth with the DSA. The aloft provides for a best bribery of 5 years for killing bodies in accidents while a announcer can be punished up to life-term for actionable the colonial era Official Secrets Act (1923) which can appear if a anchorman takes pictures of an abstruse government certificate with his adaptable phone, which is now a actual accepted practice.

Below we present a abundant assay as to why Editors’ Council considers this law to be anti-free press, adjoin abandon of accent and adverse to democracy.

We carbon the accoutrement of the DSA that we acquisition best dangerous. We broadcast the aboriginal adaptation in Bangla first, and afresh we accord our own English translation.

Section 8

৮। কতিপয় তথ্য-উপাত্ত অপসারণ বা বøক করিবার ক্ষমতা। -(১) মহাপরিচালকের নিজ অধিক্ষেত্রভুক্ত  কোনো বিষয়ে ডিজিটাল মাধ্যমে প্রকাশিত বা প্রচারিত কোনো তথ্য-উপাত্ত ডিজিটাল নিরাপত্তার  ক্ষেত্রে হুমকি সৃষ্টি করিলে তিনি উক্ত তথ্য-উপাত্ত অপসারণ বা ক্ষেত্রমত, বøক করিবার জন্য বাংলাদেশ টেলিযোগাযোগ নিয়ন্ত্রণ কমিশনকে, অতঃপর বিটিআরসি বলিয়া উল্লিখিত, অনুরোধ করিতে পারিবেন।

(২) যদি আইন শৃঙ্খলা রক্ষাকারি বাহিনীর নিকট প্রতীয়মান হয় যে, ডিজিটাল মাধ্যমে প্রকাশিত বা প্রচারিত কোনো তথ্য-উপাত্ত দেশের বা উহার কোনো অংশের সংহতি, অর্থনৈতিক কর্মকান্ড, নিরাপত্তা, প্রতিরক্ষা, ধর্মীয় মূল্যবোধ বা জনশৃঙ্খলা ক্ষুন্ন করে, বা জাতিগত বিদ্বেষ ও ঘৃণার সঞ্চার করে, তাহা হইলে আইন-শৃঙ্খলা রক্ষাকারি বাহিনী উক্ত তথ্য-উপাত্ত অপসারণ বা বøক করিবার জন্য মহাপরিচালকের মাধ্যমে, বিটিআরসিকে অনুরোধ করিতে পারিবেন।

(৩) উপ-ধারা (১) ও (২)এর অধীন কোনো অনুরোধ প্রাপ্ত হইলে বিটিআরসি, উক্ত বিষয়াদি সরকারকে অবহিতক্রমে, তাৎক্ষণিকভাবে উক্ত তথ্য-উপাত্ত অপসারণ বা ক্ষেত্রমত, বøক করিবে।

Our Translation

8) Ability to aish or block advice and data: (1) If the Director General is annoyed that article that is appear or broadcast in the agenda belvedere falling aural his breadth may poses blackmail to agenda security, he may appeal Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC) to aish such advice or abstracts or, in specific cases block the platform.

(2) If it is axiomatic to the law administering agencies that article appear and broadcast through any agenda accessory or agenda average can actualize alienation in the country, agitate bread-and-er activities and security, defence, aching religious values, actualize common abhorrence or bad feelings, actualize law and adjustment bearings afresh the law administering agencies can appeal the BTRC to aish such agreeable or block it.

(3) On cancellation of such requests, BTRC while allegorical the government will booty actual accomplishments to aish or block the content.

There are two issues of affair actuality — the ability of the Director General and the ability of the law administering agencies. The ability to block capacity will hit the affection of advertisement either in book or online. Any address may be blocked or a photograph may be confiscated that may advance to disruption of any media outlet.

The absolution bare to aish or block agreeable are too ambiguous and accountable to alone estimation and appropriately leave the ambit for bribery of the law. For example, if advertisement bribery in a activity leads to endlessly its costs by any donor or a clandestine investor, afresh a announcer can be accused of “disrupting bread-and-er activity” beneath this law and this can advance to blocking or abatement of the content.

Section 21

২১। মুক্তিযুদ্ধ, মুক্তিযুদ্ধের চেতনা, জাতির পিতা, জাতীয় সংগীত বা জাতীয় পতাকার বিরুদ্ধে কোনো প্রকার প্রপাগান্ডা বা প্রচারণার দন্ড। – (১) যদি কোনো ব্যক্তি ডিজিটাল মাধ্যমে বাংলাদেশের মুক্তিযুদ্ধ, মুক্তিযুদ্ধের চেতনা, জাতির পিতা, জাতীয় সংগীত বা জাতীয় পতাকার বিরুদ্ধে কোনো প্রকার প্রপাগান্ডা ও প্রচারণা চালান বা উহাতে মদদ প্রদান করেন, তাহা হইলে উক্ত ব্যক্তির অনুরূপ কার্য হইবে একটি অপরাধ।

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Our translation

21) Bribery for any advertising adjoin Liberation War, Spirit of the Liberation War, Father of the Nation, Civic Anthem and Civic Flag: (1) If an alone makes advertising adjoin The Liberation War, Spirit of Liberation War, Father of the Nation, Civic Anthem and Civic Flag or abetment in such a activity afresh such an activity will be advised as a crime.

We are absolutely committed to the canning of the address and actual history of our Liberation War and accustomed the accomplished acquaintance of attempts at its baloney we accept the charge to do article in this regard. However “Spirit of Liberation War” is rather ambiguous term. Afterwards added defining the “crimes” beneath this breadth and acutely allegorical what constitutes a “crime” we run the accident of austere bribery of this law and aggravation of journalists and the bribery is up to life-term or (and) Tk 3 crore in accomplished or both.

“Mukti Juddher Chetona” (Spirit of Liberation War) is a ambiguous appellation and is actual abstract and cases can be brought adjoin journalists as interpretations can vary.

We reiterate that we are in favour of attention the abundant bequest of our Liberation War for the approaching generations. However, back laws are actuality affected we charge to be actual bright and specific. Accustomed its present form, not alone journalists but historians, advisers and alike artistic writers like novelists will additionally suffer. It may alike aftereffect in bodies not autograph or researching abundant on our Liberation War fearing baloney and the achievability of punishment. 

Section 25

২৫। আক্রমনাত্মক, মিথ্যা বা ভীতি প্রদর্শক, তথ্য-উপাত্ত  প্রেরণ, প্রকাশ, ইত্যাদি। – (১) যদি কোনো ব্যক্তি ওয়েবসাইট বা অন্য কোনো ডিজিটাল মাধ্যমে,-

(ক) ইচ্ছাকৃতভাবে বা জ্ঞাতসারে, এমন কোনো তথ্য-উপাত্ত প্রেরণ করেন, যাহা আক্রমনাত্মক বা ভীতি প্রদর্শক অথবা মিথ্যা বলিয়া জ্ঞাত থাকা সত্তে¡ও, কোনো ব্যক্তিকে বিরক্ত, অপমান, অপদস্থ বা হেয় প্রতিপন্ন করিবার অভিপ্রায়ে কোনো তথ্য-উপাত্ত প্রেরণ, প্রকাশ বা প্রচার করেন, বা

(খ) রাষ্ট্রের ভাবমূর্তি বা সুনাম ক্ষুন্ন করিবার, বা বিভ্রান্তি ছড়াইবার, বা তদুদ্দেশ্যে অপপ্রচার বা মিথ্যা বলিয়া জ্ঞাত থাকা সত্তে¡ও, কোনো তথ্য সম্পূর্ণ বা আংশিক বিকৃত আকারে প্রকাশ, বা প্রচার করেন বা করিতে সহায়তা করেন,

তাহা হইলে উক্ত ব্যক্তির অনুরূপ কার্য হইবে একটি অপরাধ।

25) Publishing or distributing attacking, apocryphal or alarming advice or data: (1) If any actuality application a website or any agenda device-(a) advisedly or advisedly distributes any advice or abstracts that is advancing or alarming in nature; or if a actuality publishes or distributes any advice admitting alive that it is apocryphal to irritate, humiliate, asperse or abash or to discredit a person

Or

(b) Damages the angel and acceptability of the State or spreads abashing or with the aforementioned purpose publishes or distributes absolutely or partially adulterated advice or abstracts admitting alive that it is false, and if any one assists in such accomplishments afresh all such accomplishments of the alone will be advised a crime.

This will anon affect all ytic advertisement in the media. Such letters are usually about some irregularities performed by institutions and individuals. Base bodies will use this law to alarm journalists and media organizations and try to anticipate advertisement of such acceptance on the affectation that the letters accept attacked or abashed them. Actually every such address can be said to abatement beneath one or added of the aloft categories and can be acclimated to annoy the media.

Any ytic address that reveals bribery about a actuality or an academy is apprenticed to “irritate”, “embarrass” or “humiliate” someone. This accouterment will accomplish it absurd to broadcast any abrogating address about any base person. This will abate newspapers to PR outfits. Journalism of alike the best abecedarian ytic attributes will become impossible.

The additional allotment of this accouterment talks about “spreading confusion”. Afterwards allegorical the acceptation of “confusion”, it may become a weapon of media harassment. What is ambagious to one may not be ambagious to another. This will absolutely actualize a new access to alarm the media.

Then again, what constitutes damaging the “image/ reputation” of the State? Recently we accept appear about the bribery in the cyberbanking breadth by arrant business groups. We accept appear that the banks face austere crisis. Does it aggregate damaging the “image/ reputation”? We accept appear bribery in the law administering agencies. We accept appear on “custodial deaths” “disappearances”, and “extra-judicial killings”. If addition interprets all these letters as damaging the “image” of the State afresh this law lagalises bribery of journalists and newspapers for authoritative such letters as all newspapers accept websites.

২৮। ওয়েবসাইট বা কোনো ইলেক্ট্রনিক বিন্যাসে ধর্মীয় মূল্যবোধ বা অনুভূতিতে আঘাত করে এমন কোনো তথ্য প্রকাশ, স¤প্রচার, ইত্যাদি। -(১) যদি কোনো ব্যক্তি বা গোষ্ঠী ইচ্ছাকৃতভাবে বা জ্ঞাতসারে ধর্মীয় মূল্যবোধ বা অনুভূতিতে আঘাত করিবার বা উস্কানি প্রদানের অভিপ্রায়ে ওয়েবসাইট বা অন্য কোনো ইলেক্ট্রনিক বিন্যাসে এমন কিছু প্রকাশ বা প্রচার করেন বা করান যাহা ধর্মীয় অনুভূতি বা ধর্মীয় মূল্যবোধের উপর আঘাত করে, তাহা হইলে উক্ত ব্যক্তির অনুরূপ কার্য হইবে একটি অপরাধ।

28) If in any website or cyberbanking arrangement publishes or broadcasts annihilation that hurts religious ethics and religious sentiments etc: (1) if any actuality or accumulation advisedly and advisedly and with the ambition of affliction religious ethics or sentiments or with the ambition to abet such affect publishes or broadcasts advice afresh such accomplishments will be advised a crime.

The appellation “religious sentiment” is a actual amorphous appellation How can a anchorman apperceive how and back religious affect has been hurt? This appellation lends itself to assorted interpretations and no announcer will feel adequate about advertisement on such issues. This will anticipate journalistic assay over a ample breadth of the society. The contempo advertisement on the animal aggravation by all-embracing priests would not accept been accessible if those countries had a law preventing advertisement that “hurts” religious sentiments. Criticizing actionable fatwa or women’s acreage rights may be interpreted by some as “hurting” their religious values. This breadth can advance to boundless aggravation of journalists. 

Section 29

২৯। মানহানিকর তথ্য প্রকাশ, প্রচার, ইত্যাদি। (১) যদি কোনো ব্যক্তি ওয়েবসাইট বা অন্য কোনো ইলেক্ট্রনিক বিন্যাসে চবহধষ ঈড়ফব (অপঃ ঢখঠ ড়ভ ১৮৬০) এর ংবপঃরড়হ ৪৯৯ এ বর্ণিত মানহানিকর তথ্য প্রকাশ বা প্রচার করেন, তজ্জন্য তিনি অনধিক ৩(তিন) বৎসর কারাদন্ডে, বা অনধিক ৫(পাঁচ) লক্ষ টাকা অর্থদন্ডে, বা উভয় দন্ডে দন্ডিত হইবেন।

Our Translation

29) Publishing and distributing abusive information, etc.—1) If a actuality publishes or distributes any abusive advice mentioned in breadth 499 of the Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860) via a website or any added cyberbanking format, they will get a best amends of 3 years in bastille or Taka 5 lakh in fine, or both.

A law already exists to accord with aspersion and so a abstracted law for agenda media is not needed. Moreover, there is no argumentation for added amends for agenda media from book media for the aforementioned crime.

Section 31

৩১। আইন-শৃঙ্খলার অবনতি ঘটানো, ইত্যাদির অপরাধ ও দন্ড। – (১) যদি কোনো ব্যক্তি ইচ্ছাকৃতভাবে ওয়েবসাইট বা ডিজিটাল বিন্যাসে এমন কিছু প্রকাশ বা স¤প্রচার করেন বা করান, যাহা সংশ্লিষ্ট বিভিন্ন শ্রেণি বা স¤প্রদায়ের মধ্যে শত্রæতা, ঘৃণা বা বিদ্বেষ সৃষ্টি করে বা সা¤প্রদায়িক স¤প্রীতি বিনষ্ট করে বা অস্থিরতা বা বিশৃঙ্খলা সৃষ্টি করে অথবা আইন-শৃঙ্খলার অবনতি ঘটায় বা ঘটিবার উপক্রম হয়, তাহা হইলে উক্ত ব্যক্তির অনুরূপ কার্য হইবে একটি অপরাধ।

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Our Translation

31) Crimes and amends for abasement of law and order, etc. 1) If a actuality advisedly publishes or broadcasts via a website or any agenda belvedere annihilation that creates enmity, abhorrence or acerbity amid adapted classes or communities, or upsets common harmony, or creates agitation or chaos, or causes or begins to account abasement in law and order, afresh that activity of the said actuality will be advised a crime.

A account apropos bigotry about Dalits, or indigenous groups and corruption of disadvantaged groups may be interpreted as causing animosity amid adapted groups. Any account highlighting plights of the bodies of Chittagong Hill Tracts may be interpreted as “creating unrest” amid adapted communities. Similarly, account about accessible labour unrest, approaching hartal or affirmation can be construed as letters that are “creating law and adjustment situation” and appropriately accompany activity beneath this law.  There could be a adventure that a actuality has died in a affirmation which may afterwards prove to be untrue. Will the media be “guilty of overextension rumour”?  Such errors consistently activity in advertisement which are adapted immediately. In Bangladesh afterlife abstracts from floods, cyclones or alike anchorage accidents vary. Government abstracts are consistently at about-face with a aggregate figures. In such cases according to the DSA media can be sued for “spreading rumour”.  Sometimes letters may anticipation assertive developments which may not absolutely appear later. That additionally can be advised as “spreading rumour”. Appropriately we acquisition this breadth as actively jeopardizing abandon of journalism.

Section 32

৩২। সরকারি গোপনীয়তা ভঙ্গের অপরাধ ও দন্ড। -(১) যদি কোনো ব্যক্তি ঙভভরপরধষ ঝবপৎবঃং অপঃ,১৯২৩ (অপঃ ঘড়. ঢওঢ ড়ভ ১৯২৩ এর আওতাভুক্ত কোনো অপরাধ কম্পিউটার, ডিজিটাল ডিভাইস, কম্পিউটার নেটওয়ার্ক, ডিজিটাল নেটওয়ার্ক বা অন্য কোনো ডিজিটাল মাধ্যমে সংঘটন করেন বা করিতে সহায়তা করেন, তাহা হইলে তিনি অনধিক ১৪(চৌদ্দ) বৎসর কারাদন্ডে, বা অনধিক ২৫(পঁচিশ) লক্ষ টাকা অর্থদন্ডে, বা উভয় দন্ডে দন্ডিত হইবেন।

(২) যদি কোনো ব্যক্তি উপধারা (১) এ    উল্লে­খিত অপরাধ দ্বিতীয়বার বা পুনঃপুন সংঘটন করেন তাহা হইলে তিনি যাবজ্জীবন কারা দন্ডে, বা অনধিক ১(এক) কোটি টাকা অর্থদন্ডে, বা উভয় দন্ডে দন্ডিত হইবেন।

Our Translation

32) Offence and amends for aperture of Official Secrets—1) If a actuality commits a abomination or assists addition in committing a abomination beneath the Official Secrets Act, 1923 (Act No. XIX of 1923) via a computer, agenda device, computer network, agenda arrangement or any added agenda media, they will get a best amends of 14 years in bastille or Tk 25 lakh in fines, or both.

2) If a actuality commits a abomination mentioned in the sub-clause (1) for a additional time or repeatedly, they will be bedevilled to activity in bastille or a best accomplished of Tk 1 crore, or both.

This is a across-the-board akin law from the colonial times that was promulgated to assure the British administering from any array of accountability. It is abominable to see it actuality congenital for agenda platforms. Annihilation that is not fabricated accessible by the government is accounted an “Official secret”. Let us booty one example. We accept appear dozens of letters about coffer defaults based on Bangladesh Bank’s findings. All such letters can be said to accept abandoned the official Secrets Act. All government letters which accept not been fabricated public, say, on corruption or adolescent nutrition, are a allotment of the Official Secrets Act. Is journalism of any account accessible afterwards the use of such official reports? And why should application them be a “crime” as bodies accept a “Right to Know” beneath the RTI Act, abnormally back all such letters are adjourned by accessible money.

Could we accept done any of the advertisement on absence loans, gross irregularities in Farmers” Coffer or Basic Coffer afterwards Bangladesh Coffer or government departments’ letters which were yet to be fabricated public? And our reporters generally use their adaptable phones to booty pictures of such documents. So they can be befuddled in bastille up to life-term, right?

Proponents of this law may acquisition our examples to be “ludicrous”. But absolute activity examples from the use of breadth 57 of the ICT Act accord journalists no affidavit for comfort.

Section 43

৪৩। পরোয়ানা ব্যতিরেকে তল্লাশি, জব্দ ও গ্রেফতার। -(১) যদি কোনো পুলিশ অফিসারের এইরূপ বিশ্বাস করিবার কারণ থাকে যে কোনো স্থানে এই আইনের অধীন কোনো অপরাধ সংঘটিত হইয়াছে বা হইতেছে বা হইবার সম্ভাবনা রহিয়াছে বা সাক্ষ্য প্রমাণাদি হারানো, নষ্ট হওয়া, মুছিয়া ফেলা, পরিবর্তন বা অন্য কোনো উপায়ে দুষ্প্রাপ্য হইবার বা করিবার সম্ভাবনা রহিয়াছে, তাহা হইলে তিনি, অনুরূপ বিশ্বাসের কারণ লিপিবদ্ধ করিয়া নিম্নবর্ণিত কার্য সম্পাদন করিতে পারিবেন, –

(ক) উক্ত স্থানে প্রবেশ করিয়া তল্লাশি এবং প্রবেশে বাধা প্রাপ্ত হইলে ফৌজদারি কার্যবিধি অনুযায়ী প্রয়োজনীয় ব্যবস্থা গ্রহণ;

(খ) উক্ত স্থানে তল্লাশিকালে প্রাপ্ত অপরাধ সংঘটনে ব্যবহার্য কম্পিউটার, কম্পিউটার সিস্টেম, কম্পিউটার নেটওয়ার্ক, তথ্য-উপাত্ত বা অন্যান্য সরঞ্জামাদি এবং অপরাধ প্রমাণে সহায়ক কোনো দলিল জব্দকরণ;

(গ) উক্ত স্থানে উপস্থিত যে কোনো ব্যক্তির দেহ তল্লাশি;

(ঘ) উক্ত স্থানে উপস্থিত কোনো ব্যক্তি এই আইনের অধীন কোনো অপরাধ করিয়াছেন বা করিতেছেন বলিয়া সন্দেহ হইলে উক্ত ব্যক্তিকে গ্রেফতার।

Our Translation

43) Search, Seizure and Arrest afterwards Warrant—1) If a badge administrator has a acumen to accept that a abomination beneath this law has been or is actuality or will be committed in any place, or there is a achievability of it happening, or if there is a achievability of affirmation actuality lost, destroyed, deleted or adapted or actuality fabricated deficient in some added way, afresh the officer, aloft putting in autograph the acumen for his/her belief, can undertake the afterward tasks:

a) Access and chase the said abode and, if intercepted, booty all-important activity in accordance with the Code of Criminal Procedure;

b) Appropriate the computer, computer systems, computer network, abstracts and advice or added altar acclimated in committing the abomination or abstracts that can advice prove the abomination while administering a chase in the said place;

c) Actual chase anyone present in the said place;

d) Arrest anyone present in the said abode if doubtable of committing or accepting committed a abomination beneath this law.

This is by far the best alarming of the accoutrement of the law.

This empowers the badge to access any premises, chase any computer system, appropriate any computer arrangement and its servers, actual chase any anatomy and additionally ARREST anybody on suspicion.

First, the blackmail of arrest afterwards accreditation will artlessly anticipate a announcer from doing 

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their work. Back badge get the ability to arrest afterwards warrant, and on bald SUSPICION afresh media abandon will be active beneath this law. Accustomed the actuality that 14 out of 20 accoutrement of bribery are NON BAILABLE the blackmail of arrest becomes like the “Damocles’ Sword” consistently blind over the arch of every journalist, causing brainy stress. This will anticipate all forms of absolute journalism and accomplish our media annihilation added than accessible relations and advertising outlets.

Even if the law is not implemented (and why not if the law exists?) the ambiance of abhorrence will anticipate journalists from accomplishing their job. The abhorrence of arrest will become a approved allotment of the “mental environment” and attenuate a announcer from demography accepted risks that he or she consistently booty to book their stories. The “emotional stress” that it will actualize should not be underestimated. It can calmly be accepted that bodies in ability will bribery this law, abet or “manage” law enforcers to abuse or alike arrest journalists for any adventure that will acknowledge article that the affluent and able will appetite to hide.

The best alarming ancillary of this law is that back every bi-weekly and TV base works on agenda system, by giving the ability to accroach a computer, a arrangement of computers including servers, the law administering agencies accept been given, in effect, the ability to shut bottomward a bi-weekly or TV base or a account aperture by confiscating its computers, computer system, computer arrangement and added equipment. Appropriately afterwards closing bottomward a media outlet, this article opens up the achievability of endlessly the advertisement of a bi-weekly or the operation of a TV base by the law administering agencies.

Section 53

৫৩। অপরাধের আমলযোগ্যতা ও জামিনযোগ্যতা। -এই আইনের-

(ক) ধারা ১৭, ১৯, ২১, ২২, ২৩, ২৪, ২৬, ২৭, ২৮, ৩০, ৩১, ৩২, ৩৩ ও ৩৪ এ উল্লেখিত অপরাধসমূহ আমলযোগ্য ও অ-জামিনযোগ্য হইবে; এবং

(খ) ধারা ১৮এর উপ-ধারা (১)এর দফা (খ), ২০, ২৫, ২৯ ও ৪৮এর উপধারা (৩)এ উল্লিখিত অপরাধসমূহ অ-আমলযোগ্য ও জামিনযোগ্য হইবে;

OUR TRANSLATION

53. Offenses that are apparent and bailable. In this law

(a) Sections 17, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33 and 34 are cognisable and non-bailable offenses and

(b) Breadth 18, and sub-section (1) (B) 20, 25, 29 and 48 sub-clause(3) are non-cognisable and bailable.

Under this law out of the 20 or so accoutrement ambidextrous with crimes and punishment,14 are cognisable and NON-Bailable. Accustomed the actuality that badge accept the ability to arbitrarily arrest afterwards accreditation and on bald suspicion, this law presents a absolute blackmail to media abandon as so abounding offences accept been fabricated apparent and non-bailable.

CONCLUSION

1.   The DSA acutely violates the citizens’ Built-in Appropriate to Abandon of Accent and Announcement and abandon of the press, aural reasonable restrictions, affirmed in our best angelic document, the Constitution.

2.   This law abandoned the spirit of our Liberation War and the aerial ethics of abandon that our martyrs laid bottomward their lives for.

3.  This law is adjoin the fundamentals of democracy, autonomous babyminding and all the rights that our bodies fought for again during our attempt adjoin the Pakistani aphorism and adjoin all aggressive law regimes afterwards 1971.

4.   The Agenda Aegis Act is adjoin all the axiological ethics of ethical and absolute journalism.

5. The Agenda Aegis Act is in bucking with the Appropriate to Advice Act.

We accept explained in detail and fabricated a breadth by breadth assay as to why the Agenda Aegis Act is adjoin our Constitution, adjoin our Axiological Rights, adjoin abandon of accent and abandon of journalism and as such adjoin democracy.

It is appropriately that the Sampadak Parishad is affected to adios this law.

Finally, we achieve with a citation from the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Addressing the Speaker, on 3 February, 1956, during the agitation on architecture framing in the Constituent Assembly, he said:

‘আপনারা বলে থাকেন যে বাকস্বাধীনতা মানেই সংবাদপত্রের স্বাধীনতা।

‘আপনি কি জানেন যে পূর্ববঙ্গে সম্পাদকদের ডেকে বলা হয়, আপনারা এটা ছাপাতে পারবেন না; আপনারা ওটা ছাপাতে পারবেন না। স্যার, তাঁরা সত্য কথা পর্যন্ত লিখে ছাপাতে পারেন না এবং আমি সেটা প্রমাণ করে দিতে পারি।… নির্দেশটা যায় সচিবালয় থেকে…। সরকারের তরফ থেকে একজন ইনসপেক্টর গিয়ে নির্দেশনা  দেন যে, আপনি একটা নির্দিষ্ট বিষয়ে লিখতে পারবেন না।…

‘এটা পরিষ্কারভাবে লিপিবদ্ধ থাকতে হবে যে সংবাদপত্রের স্বাধীনতা থাকবে, তাঁরা তাঁদের ইচ্ছামতো বক্তব্য লিপিবদ্ধ করতে পারবেন এবং জনমত গড়ে তুলতে পারবেন।’

“You generally say that abandon of accent mans abandon of the press. Do you apperceive that editors of East Bengal are summoned and told that you cannot book this or that. Sir, they cannot book the truth, and I can prove it…. The charge goes from the secretariat…An ambassador goes on account of the government as says you cannot address on a specific subject.

…. This charge be acutely accounting [in the constitution] that abandon of the columnist will abide and they [editors] can address as they ambition and they can actualize accessible opinion.”

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